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{Medical Jurisprudnece} Forensic evidence

Handouts for students of LL.B. Part III.
Medical Jurisprudence.

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{Medical Jurisprudnece} Forensic evidence

  1. 1. 1 What is a Forensic Evidence, how a Medical Man has to give Evidence and how many documentary evidence are presented by a Medical Officer during a Criminal Trial? MEDICO-LEGAL EVIDENCE / FORENSIC EVIDENCE: Forensic evidence is evidence obtained by scientific methods such as ballistics, blood test, and DNA test and used in court. Forensic evidence often helps to establish the guilt or innocence of possible suspects. Analysis of forensic evidence is used in the investigation and prosecution of civil as well as criminal proceedings. Forensic evidence can be used to link crimes that are thought to be related to one another. For example, DNA evidence can link one offender to several different crimes or crime scenes. This linking of crimes helps the police authorities to narrow the range of possible suspects and to establish patterns of for crimes to identify and prosecute suspects. MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE LL.B. PART III TOPIC: An Introduction to Medical Jurisprudence 1st Day Oct, 2016 Presented by: SM Zarkoon, Lecturer, B.Sc. LL.B. LL.M. {Criminology & Law of Evidence} University Law College Khojjak Road Quetta.
  2. 2. 2 FORM OF OATH FOR MEDICO-LEGAL EXPERT: Oath has to be taken by every witness in the Court of Law otherwise evidence is not admissible. The Medical Expert has to take the Oath as : “I solemnly affirm that whatever I speak will be truth, whole truth and nothing but truth” TYPES OF MEDICAL EVIDENCE: There are two types of Medical Evidence : (a) Oral Evidence (b) Documentary Evidence. (a) ORAL EVIDENCE: This may be direct which is an evidence of the eye witness or indirect which is related to subsidiary circumstances or associated events. It may be in the form of an opinion. Oral evidence is more important than documentary evidence as it can be cross-examined. However a person who gives documentary evidence may also be called to the Court for oral evidence as well: (b) DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE: These constitute: (i) Medical Certificate of ill health. (ii) Medical Certificate of insanity (iii) Medical certificate for Death (iv) Medico-legal Report of Injury ; (v) Post-Mortem Reports (vi) Dying Declaration (vii) Dying Deposition A medical certificate must be signed by a Registered Medical practitioner. Usually the medical certificate is taken as a piece of evidence and the individual is not called to the Court. If the genuineness of the certificate is doubted then the doctor can be called.
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  • attaullahshah10

    Oct. 4, 2016
  • anashah123

    Jan. 25, 2018

Handouts for students of LL.B. Part III. Medical Jurisprudence.


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