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microteching in education teachnology by
shafaque saira malik
lecturer ,
department of CS & IT
university of Balochistan,quetta.pakistan

Published in: Education


  1. 1. “Teaching How to Teach” Shafaque Saira Malik Lecturer Dept of CS & IT University of Balochistan Shafaque Saira Malik
  2. 2. Key Statement for this Session “Teaching skill is a set ofteacher behaviors which are specially effective inbringing about the desired changes in pupils” Shafaque Saira Malik
  3. 3. Learning ObjectivesParticipants will be able to:• Define Microteaching• Understand teaching Skills• Characteristics of Microteaching• Comparison b/w MT and Traditional teaching• Methodology• Skills of microteaching techniques• Advantages of Microteaching• Microteaching for self Improvement & Colleague motivation Shafaque Saira Malik
  4. 4. • MT( Learner centered experience)• MT Cycle( methodology)  Micro lesson plan  Teach  Feed Back session /Criticism  Re-plan  Re-teach  Re-Feedback• MT Skill :  Introduction  Probing question ,  explanation,  stimulus variation,  Blackboard Writing• Advantages of MT• MT for Self Improvement• Colleague motivation Shafaque Saira Malik
  5. 5. Shafaque Saira Malik
  6. 6. I WILL ALWAYS BE A STUDENT OF TEACHING Shafaque Saira MalikBy “Dr G L Gulhane ,Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University”
  7. 7. Defective Teaching Learning Process• More teacher’s talk: students get less opportunity to express themselves3. Only memory level: During classroom interaction, teacher tends to promote mostly learning requiring memory level thinking. More information & less explanation: Most of the teachers spend more time in giving information and less on clarifying ideas and still less time for giving explanations.Less chance of encouragement: A very low percentage of teacher’s time in the classroom is used for making encouraging remarks. No planning: Most of the teachers are not systematic in planning and carrying out instruction Shafaque Saira Malik
  8. 8. Defective Teaching Learning Process Shafaque Saira Malik
  9. 9. ““Tell me and I will forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I will understand”  The ability of teacher to teach islargely dependent on twomodalities of self training :3.Observation of other teachers4.By a process of trail & errorwhile actually teaching in classroom situation Shafaque Saira Malik
  10. 10. MicroteachingD e f in it io n : A s hort le s s o n ,ta ug ht by a t r a in e ete a c he r to a s m a llg roup o f s tud e nts Shafaque Saira Malik or
  11. 11. Microteaching isAnalogous toputting theteacher under amicroscope Shafaque Saira Malik
  12. 12.  A lle n a n d h is g r o u p e v o lv e d in t h e S t a n f o r d T e a c h e r E d u c t a io n p r o g r a m i n 19 6 0 • A t e a c h in g -s im u la t io n e x e r c is e t h a t w ill p r o v id e y o u w it h im m e d ia t e s u p p o r t iv e f e e d b a c k • It is a s k ill t r a in in g t e c h n iq u e . • It is a s h o r t s e s s io n t e a c h in g . • It is u s e d t o t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e s t u d e n t - t e a c h e r s f o r a c q u ir in g t e a c h in g s k ills . • It is u s e d t o im p r o v e Shafaque Saira Malik the
  13. 13. A Learner-Centered Experience • Microteaching is a way for you to hone your skills in a supportive peer-learning environment. • You will see that your peers share with you many of the same struggles, the same weaknesses, the same strengths. • You will recall techniques or learn new ones by observing your peers. Shafaque Saira Malik
  14. 14. M E TH O D OLOG Y Emphasis on HOW TO TEACH & not what to teach. Shafaque Saira Malik
  16. 16. Explanation of MT cycle step –by -stepStep- I : Micro Lesson Plan ( may take 2 hours / aday)Step-II : Teach 5 Min.Step-III : Feedback Session 5 Min.Step-IV : Re-plan 10 Min.Step-V : Re-teach Another group 5 Min.Step-VI : Re-feedback 5 Min. --------------- Total 30 Min. (Appr.) Shafaque Saira Malik
  17. 17. 1) The duration of teaching as well as number of students are less.2) The content is divided into smaller units which makes the teaching easier.3) Only one teaching skill is considered at a time.4) There is a provision of immediate feedback.5) In micro teaching cycle, there is facility of re- planning, re-teaching and re-evaluation.6) It puts the teacher under the microscope7) All the faults of the teacher are observed.8) The problem of discipline can also be controlled. Shafaque Saira Malik
  18. 18. FEEDBACKVIDEO OBSERVERS Shafaque Saira Malik
  19. 19. Feedback is the information supplied to theindividual.The success of micro teaching depends onfeedback. Which can also be used within theprocess of teaching as well as after the lessontaught.It is used in various forms in case of microteaching by the supervisor, video-tape, films, T.V.,which are various sources of feedback. Shafaque Saira Malik
  20. 20. VIDEO RECORDINGAt the end – Feed back on the deficiencies Playing back the video recording (Same Lesson) Replan ------------ Reteach ----------------- Another group Shafaque Saira Malik
  21. 21. Difference between traditional teaching andmicroteaching Shafaque Saira Malik
  22. 22. Shafaque Saira Malik
  23. 23. LEARNING TO SWIMCLASS ROOM MICROTEACHINGLearning to Opportunity toswim at deeper practise at theend of pool shallower and less risky side Shafaque Saira Malik
  24. 24. 1. Introduction Skill 4. Skill of Stimulus2. Skill of Probing VariationQuestions 5. Skill of Black- board Writing3. Skill of Explanation 6. Skill of Achieving Closure Shafaque Saira Malik
  25. 25. Skills of Micro Teaching skills:o In t r o d u c t io n S k ill:In t r o d u c in g le s s o no le s s o n p la n n in go E x p la n a t io no P r o b i n g Q u e s t i o n i n g : Probingquestions are those which help the pupils to think in depth about thevarious aspects of the problem. By asking such questions again, theteacher makes the pupils more thoughtful. He enable the pupils tounderstand the subject deeply.•U s e o f a p p r o p r i a t e A Va id s•B l a c k -b o a r d w r i t i n g Shafaque Saira Malik
  26. 26. o S t im u lu s v a r ia t io n : Stimulus variation is described as deliberate change in the behaviors of the teacher in order to sustain the attention of his learners throughout the lesson. Stimulus variation determines teacher liveliness in the classroom.The components of this skill are: Body movement ,Gestures, Change in voice, eye contact pausingo A c h ie v in g C lo s u r e : When a student- teacher delivers lecture and sums upproperly and in an attractive way, the skill is termed as “Closure Skill”.The lesson/period remains ineffective in the absence of proper closure. Shafaque Saira Malik
  27. 27. a g e s o f M ic r o t e a c h in g • Sharpen the teaching skills • Eliminates errors • Builds up confidence • Training for teachers at all levels • Provides expert supervision and constructive feedback • It enables understanding of behaviors important in class-room teaching . 7. It increases the confidence of the learner teacher. 8. It is a vehicle of continuous training for both beginners and for senior teachers. 9. It enables projection of model instructional skills. Shafaque Saira Malik
  28. 28. MT for Self Improvement & Colleague motivationMotivation of teacher :•to improve himself ability of the observer• to give good feedback•Over a period of time microteaching proceduresproduces remarkable improvement in teachingskills Shafaque Saira Malik
  29. 29.  Microteaching involves presentation of micro lesson Audience….small group of peers. Feedback given by peers role playing as students Participants learn about strengths & weakness in themselves as teachers Plan strategies for improvement in performance Shafaque Saira Malik
  30. 30. Shafaque Saira Malik
  31. 31. Vision of Students today Shafaque Saira Malik
  32. 32. References Paula Colston, RN-C, BSN, BA(clinical educator) Dr G L Gulhane(P G Department of Education Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University Amravati) http:// R , r. S .S A N K A Teacher, Medical College, Trivandrum  The Graduate School, University of Kentucky Developed by Dr. Morris A. Grubbs, July 2009   Mit open course Shafaque Saira Malik
  33. 33. R e me mb e r ! “ Even the best teacher can learn a great deal from his or her students ” Thank You Shafaque Saira Malik