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Interesting facts about Andaman and nicobar.pptx

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Interesting facts about Andaman and nicobar.pptx

  1. 1. Andaman
  2. 2. ■ The Andaman Islands are an archipelago in northeastern Indian Ocean about 130 km (81 mi) southwest off the coasts of Myanmar's Ayeyarwady Region. Together with the Nicobar Islands to their south, the Andamans serve as a maritime boundary between the Bay of Bengal to the west and the Andaman Sea to the east. Most of the islands are part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a Union Territory of India, while the Coco Islands and Preparis Island in the archipelago's north belong to Myanmar. ■ The Andaman Islands are home to the Andamanese, a group of indigenous people that includes a number of tribes, including the Jarawa and Sentinelese tribes While some of the islands can be visited with permits, entry to others, including North Sentinel Island, is banned by law. The Sentinelese are generally hostile to visitors and have had little contact with any other people. The government protects their right to privacy.
  3. 3. ■ The territory is about 150 km (93 mi) north of Aceh in Indonesia and separated from Thailand and Myanmar by the Andaman Sea. It comprises two island groups, the Andaman Islands (partly) and the Nicobar Islands, separated by the 150 km wide Ten Degree Channel (on the 10°N parallel), with the Andamans to the north of this latitude, and the Nicobars to the south (or by 179 km). The Andaman Sea lies to the east and the Bay of Bengal to the west. ■ The territory's capital is the city of Port Blair. The total land area of the islands is approximately 8,249 km2 (3,185 sq mi). The territory is divided into three districts: Nicobar District with Car Nicobar as capital, South Andaman district with Port Blair as capital and North and Middle Andaman district with Mayabunder as capital. ■ The islands host the Andaman and Nicobar Command, the only tri-service geographical command of the Indian Armed Forces
  4. 4. CULTURE OF ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS ▪ The people of Andaman and Nicobar are divided mainly into two categories indigenous tribal people and outside settlers. ▪ The indigenous tribes are mainly hunters or horticulturists and do not have much contact with outsiders. The present culture is mostly influenced by the outside settlers who have a high standard of living. ▪ The most spoken language in Andaman and Nicobar Islands is Bengali. Hindi is the official language and spoken widely after Bengali. -SREEJON
  5. 5. • People from diverse religions are a part of the total population of Andaman. However, Hindu community constitutes the majority. • Literary art is not much prevalent in the region. There are many local authors and historians, who have produced many works but the same do not earn recognition. • The main occupation, which forms a major part of the livelihood of the people of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing. • The people lead a very simple lifestyle. Most of the population is engaged in Agricultural, Forestry and Fishing activities. There are less advancement and development in the region in terms of jobs, resources and healthcare facilities. -SREEJON
  6. 6. ORIGIN OF ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS • Andaman and Nicobar Islands were formed due to collision between Indian Plate and Burma Minor Plate. (similar to the Himalayas) • THE BARREN AND NARCONDAM ISLANDS, north of Port Blair, are volcanic islands [these are the only active volcanoes in India] • The earliest archaeological evidence yet documented goes back some 2,200 years; however, the indications from genetic, cultural and isolation studies suggest that the islands may have been inhabited as early as the Middle Paleolithic Period. • The Andaman Islands were visited by the navy of the English East India Company in 1789, and in 1872 they were linked administratively by the British to the Nicobar Islands. • The two sets of islands became a union territory of the Republic of India in
  7. 7. Main occupations- Agriculture is the occupation of most of the residents of the Andaman Islands. Principal crops include rice, coconuts, betel, fruits, and spices . Rubber, oil palms, and cashews also are important. In addition to farming there is a small forestry sector on the islands, which focuses on production of sawn wood for domestic use; surpluses are exported to the Indian mainland. Similarly, the products of the islands’ fisheries are intended primarily for domestic consumption. Neither the Andaman nor the Nicobar island groups are highly industrialized. However, a variety of manufacturing activities are undertaken on both sets of islands. Furniture and other wood products are manufactured on the Andaman Islands
  8. 8. Festivals and special events- Island Tourism Festival Island Tourism Festival welfares the numerous outsiders visiting Andaman. The fair adds expressively to the local or neighborhood growth. This festival works as a wonderful system for all amateur musicians and artisans that bring as well as offer their finest. The art works put together via months of effort are showcased and also draw substantial admiration in addition to commercial gains. The assortment of creative productions are exhibited available for sale.
  9. 9. lorem ipsum dolor st ameti bati aneisan sanisinai anil anusalani bani oneca binis salanasil atasanila ebeti Third Service The Sentinelese Tribe of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands prefer to wear no clothes and move around naked. Traditional clothing __________ The jarwas community dress themselves in necklaces made out of shells and barks of trees, armbands & other conventional clothing & jewelries
  10. 10. Andaman Cuisine - Get high on Sea-food. The close proximity to the sea influences the cuisine and it is evident in all the signature dishes of the Andaman & Nicobar islands. Sorry Vegetarians. aneisan sanisinai anil Your Name aneisan sanisinai anil Your Name aneisan sanisinai anil Your Name Grilled Fish Prawn Curry Paneer Masala Grilled Lobster Grilled Fish Shrimp Tempura
  11. 11. INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR • Andaman and Nicobar Islands have the world’s largest sea turtle, the Leatherback .They are huge in size and thousands of them flock to the Andamans every year. • The Robber crab also called the Coconut Crab, is the largest land-living arthropod in the world. They live on land, but at nights climb the coconut trees. • Jal Hans, India’s first amphibious aircraft was launched here in 2013 • Katchal Islands in Andaman enjoyed the distinction of being the first place to receive the sun rays of sunrise of this millennium. • Coral reefs in Andaman are the least affected by the coral bleaching in the entire world. You can find nearly 197 species of coral in thirteen sites • The extremely narrow limestone Alfred Caves are home to Swiftlet birds that make edible nests. These caves change their shape every monsoon due to a chemical process.This tiny brown bird uses its saliva and attaches its sticky home as a little cup against the most inaccessible places on the cave walls.
  12. 12. • Pandanus is a wedge-shaped fruit that has an immensely hard, woody and fibrous body in which several narrow, edible seeds are embedded. Each section has a fleshy base that contains an aromatic pulp that, after cooking, is a staple food in Nicobar. • The revolt of 1857 cellular Andaman and Nicobar Islands were so remote that they became the dreaded Kala Pani for Indian freedom fighters under the British. The Cellular Jail was built to disconnect the prisoners from the outer world – the prisoners were kept in solitary cells and made to work for long hours . • The Ross Island was the erstwhile British headquarter for the most of the Andaman Islands from 1858 till it was rocked by an earthquake in 1941. In 1941, the Japanese converted the site into POW camp, and built war installations, remnants of which can still be seen. • The location of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands straddles one of the most critical naval and trade choke points in the world. The Andaman and Nicobar Command is India’s first and only joint tri-service command, with rotating three-

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