The Livestock and Fish Program (ENG)

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  • A weakness of our research approach to date has been its piecemeal nature. By this I mean…To address this, our initiative is adopting 4 key features for a ‘business unusual’ approach
  • Page title minimum of 30 points and maximumof two linesMain point 6 point smaller than slide titleBullet points 4 point less than main pointFont type is CalibriIt is advised in one slide maximum 6 bulletsWe recommend you use images on slidesYou can change partner logos on front pageYou have to duplicate this slide for more inside pages
  • Page title minimum of 30 points and maximumof two linesMain point 6 point smaller than slide titleBullet points 4 point less than main pointFont type is CalibriIt is advised in one slide maximum 6 bulletsWe recommend you use images on slidesYou can change partner logos on front pageYou have to duplicate this slide for more inside pages
  • Page title minimum of 30 points and maximumof two linesMain point 6 point smaller than slide titleBullet points 4 point less than main pointFont type is CalibriIt is advised in one slide maximum 6 bulletsWe recommend you use images on slidesYou can change partner logos on front pageYou have to duplicate this slide for more inside pages
  • Page title minimum of 30 points and maximumof two linesMain point 6 point smaller than slide titleBullet points 4 point less than main pointFont type is CalibriIt is advised in one slide maximum 6 bulletsWe recommend you use images on slidesYou can change partner logos on front pageYou have to duplicate this slide for more inside pages
  • Page title minimum of 30 points and maximumof two linesMain point 6 point smaller than slide titleBullet points 4 point less than main pointFont type is CalibriIt is advised in one slide maximum 6 bulletsWe recommend you use images on slidesYou can change partner logos on front pageYou have to duplicate this slide for more inside pages
  • The Livestock and Fish Program (ENG)

    1. 1. The Livestock & Fish Program Tom Randolph Nicaragua Dairy Value Chain Planning Meeting Managua, 5 August 2013
    2. 2. The challenge • Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculture development to benefit the poor? – Mixed record to date – Systematic under-investment – Also related to our research-for-development model? • Focus on increasing productivity of small-scale production and marketing systems – ‘by the poor’  poverty reduction – ‘for the poor’  food security
    3. 3. Managing a smoother transition out of agriculture • Estimates for smallholders in Africa and Latin America (Wiggins 2012; Dorward 2009) : • Can 2/3 be enabled to develop into commercial producers, accumulate capital and transition out of agriculture?  deeper rural economic growth  avoid social disruption (Johnston et al. 1995) 1/3 Will ‘step up’ to become commercial farmers 1/3 Will ‘step out’ and work for other, go to the city 1/3 Could go either way
    4. 4. But productivity gap remains despite investment in livestock development 0.06 0.08 0.03 0.17 0.06 0.11 0.04 0.2 Meat (kg output/kg biomass/yr) 1980 2005 411 1021 517 4226 397 1380 904 6350Milk (kg/cow/yr) 1980 2005
    5. 5. Consumers Solutions developed for isolated issues in specific settings, but ignoring other constraints in the value chain that discourage uptake Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers ...in Country A Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers ...in Country D ...in Country C ...in Country B Why haven’t we had more impact? Is it the piecemeal nature of our research?
    6. 6. A smarter approach? Drawing from recent experiences, can we accelerate research to impact?
    7. 7. Strategic L&F CRP Cross-cutting Platforms • Technology Generation • Market Innovation • Targeting & Impact ConsumersR4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Value chain development team + research partners GLOBAL RESEARCH PUBLIC GOODS INTERVENTIONS TO SCALE OUT REGIONALLY #1: Addressing the whole value chain Major intervention with development partners Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact #2: Working directly to design and support intervention at scale #3: In partnership with development actors
    8. 8. #4 Focus, focus, focus! Working in 8 target value chains  accountability PIGS AQUACULTURE SHEEP & GOATS DAIRY DUAL-PURPOSE CATTLE
    9. 9. Our engagement in a value chain embodies our impact pathway Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact Year 1 Year 8-12 Relativedegreeofinvolvement Research partners Development partners Assessment Mobilization Best bets Experiment s Evaluation Evidence Design Piloting Lessons Context Advocacy Disseminatio n Attracting investment Implementin g large-scale interventions Knowledge partner Along the impact pathway
    10. 10. DEVELOPMENT Strategic partners Global Regional Local • CARE • SNV • Novus • FAO • NGOs (CRS,Heifer, ..) • Private Sector • TechnoServe • Etc. RESEARCH Global Regional Local • SLU (Sw) • Wageningen UR • CATIE • UNA • INTA
    11. 11. Our proposition Increased access to animal-source foods for the poor, especially women and children, can be achieved at scale by strengthening carefully selected meat, milk and fish value chains in which the poor can capture a significant share of the benefits. Technologies and lessons generated through this focused approach will be applicable in broader regional and global settings. More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor
    12. 12. Research outputs to global development goals MDGs - SDGs 12-18 years CGIAR System Level Outcomes Livestock & Fish goals Intermediate Development Outcomes + Target statements + Theory of Change 9-12 years Value Chain Impact Pathway VC1 Nicaragua VC2 Uganda VC3 India etc. Δ behaviour  direct benefit 3-yr milestones 0-12 years CRP Activities + Outputs (research, capacity building, engagement) IPG Impact Pathway Enabling Environment 3-yr milestones
    13. 13. Research outputs to global development goals MDGs - SDGs 12-18 years SLO1 Reduce Poverty CRP goals IDO6 Better policies9-12 years Value Chain Impact Pathway0-12 years CRP Activities + Outputs • Actionable options • Engagement/transformation Process • Evidence base IPG Impact Pathway SLO2 Food Security SLO3 Nutrition & Health SLO4 Environment IDO5 Environmental benefits IDO4 Reduce nutrient gap IDO3 More employment & income, esp. for women IDO1 Improved productivity IDO2 More & better supply IDO7 More forage?
    14. 14. Status • Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centers • Officially started January 1st, 2012 • Forming core team • Developing strategy by component and value chain • Identifying strategic partners • Consolidating ongoing activities
    15. 15. Nicaragua Value Chain Progress so far • VC Analysis (on-going) • Bilateral projects being implemented • Proposal Development • Institutional linkages • Key achievements in 2012 and 2013 – Funding partly secured through bilateral projects (recent: ADA, FSP-Solidaridad – Preliminary analysis value chain (workshops) – Development of innovative concepts related to the dairy value chain, including carbon insetting and combining forage options with agroforestry practices
    16. 16. Nicaragua Value Chain Partners and other major actors • Research institutes: CATIE • Government: Ministry of Agriculture, INTA • Famers associations – cooperatives (CONAGAN, UNAG, NicaCentro) • Sector organizations – CANISLAC, CANICARNE • Private sector – Dairy and meat processing (Centrolac, Eskimo, MACESA, San Martin) • Universities (national: UNA, UCA; international: Florida, Mississippi) • Development organizations, NGOs, consultants – CRS, Heifer, Solidaridad, TechnoServe
    17. 17. Nicaragua Value Chain Bilateral projects activities in 2014 THEME DONOR SINCE Integration of new forage hybrids to intensify agriculture and to mitigate climate change through regulation of nitrification in soil BMZ Mid 2012 Dry season forage options and dairy processing USDA through CRS Starting Increasing the productivity of dual-purpose cattle in Nicaragua through use of appropriate breed types and application of best husbandry practices ADA Starting Sustainable grassland intensification through ecosystem services and improved grazing management strategies USAID Starting Competitive beef and dairy through sustainable intensification and specialized market access Netherlands Government (FSP) / Solidaridad Starting
    18. 18. Nicaragua Value Chain Main activities expected in 2014 • Refined VCA tools developed (2013) • Situational analysis implemented using VCA tools • Dual-purpose productivity improved in target areas • Ecosystem services identified and validated (e.g., carbon insetting) to increase natural resource integrity and generate income • Cattle farmers with acquired knowledge and implementing good farm management practices
    19. 19. Nicaragua Value Chain Main challenges we are facing • Sustained funding (flagship) – developing concept notes and proposals • Critical mass – hiring staff, collaboration/integration with other CRPs and partners (e.g., CATIE, Heifer) • Knowledge/Expertise – hiring specialized staff, collaboration with other CRPs, partners • Partner involvement – workshops, communicating results, “advocacy” • Effective impact pathways – workshops, consultations with partners/ vc actors
    20. 20. CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish livestockfish.cgiar.org

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