Europen gender roles portrayed in Japanese literature

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Europen gender roles portrayed in Japanese literature

  1. 1. European Literature’s Gender Roles portrayed in Japanese Literature in both the Romantic periods
  2. 2. Not biological but a socially accepted norm.  It decides the way men and women should behave. 
  3. 3. •Romanticism was an •Originated in Europe artistic, literary, and in the end of the 18th intellectual movement century (from 1800 to 1850) •Relevant Novels and Dramas Pride and Prejudice Sense and Sensibility Wuthering Heights Anna Karenina Doll’s House
  4. 4. Meiji Era (1857-1898) Themes changes in gender roles Individualism modernization of society Chijin no Ai(The Fool’s Love) Sasame Yuki (Makiyoka Sisters) Nigorie Maihime(The Dancing Girl) Nora
  5. 5. Find out the effect of European Gender Roles in Japanese Literature of Romantic Period  Identify the acceptance of Westernized Japanese Gender Roles in Meiji Era  Examine how the themes of Feminism and Women’s freedom came into Japan with Romanticism 
  6. 6. Wollstonecraft – “If someone writes to highlight the role of the softer sex, then, it can be fairly deduced from the present conduct of the sex…” Ikuni Kaori - “the new breed of Japanese women writers seems to be cracking under the strain of contemporary Japanese society, which has been slow to acknowledge new gender roles....”
  7. 7. 1. 2. 3. Gather information from i. Internet ii. Books iii. Lecturers Analyze data according to the two different Literatures Identify how Japanese society responded to the Westernization
  8. 8. Man Woman •Dominating •Individualized •Acts with a Free-will •Radical •Free-thinking •Craving for Equality •Breaking social boundaries
  9. 9. Man Woman •Dominating •Protecting the family •Earning for the family •Traditionally bound •Being obedient to the husband •Performing the role of the house –wife •Limitation of their individual desires Japanese woman was considered to be a ‘children-making machine’
  10. 10. •Pioneer of the Japanese Romantic Movement •Influenced by Gothe , Henric Ibsen, Hans Christian Anderson
  11. 11. Maihime Toyotarō Alexandrovich Karenin
  12. 12.  Nora Woman a traditional 'New „Japanese Feminism’ and ‘Freedom for Japanese women „
  13. 13. •Influence of the new environment of Osaka •Portrays the negative side of the Westernization •Contrasts Asian and Western standards of beauty
  14. 14. Naomi Anna Karenina
  15. 15. Makioka Sisters Bennet Sisters
  16. 16. •First Japanese female novelist •Recognized as a feminist
  17. 17. ORIKI CATHERINE
  18. 18. Japanese feminism emerged as a result of Japanese Romanticism Japanese society was reluctant to accept westernized gender roles  The influence of Western gender roles changed the minds of Japanese people gradually

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