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Sexual Rights of a Pedophile

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A plenary talk in the World Congress of Sexual Health 2013 in Porto Alegre, Brazil.

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Sexual Rights of a Pedophile

  1. 1. Right to DESIRE What about pedophilia? Tommi Paalanen Philosopher Specialist in sexual ethics Executive Director Sexpo Foundation FINLAND
  2. 2. SEXUAL RIGHTS sexual freedom autonomy pleasure (WAS)
  3. 3. SEXUAL RIGHTS express sexuality freely enjoy sexuality (IPPF)
  4. 4. SEXUAL RIGHTS pursue satisfying, safe and pleasurable sexual life (WHO)
  5. 5. SEXUAL RIGHTS full enjoyment of freedom of opinion and expression (Yogyakarta principles)
  6. 6. DILEMMA Every person is entitled to sexual rights A person with pedophilic desires is a person How should we promote sexual rights in this case?
  7. 7. SOLUTIONS
  8. 8. EU DIRECTIVE PROPOSAL 2010 Child pornography (iii) any material that visually depicts any person appearing to be a child -- (iv) realistic images of a child -- regardless of the actual existence of such child – child = under 18 years
  9. 9. Lupe Fuentes 20 years
  10. 10. ”Hue” computer graphics by K.Jun
  11. 11. TIGHTENING UP Expanding the scope of child porn  more convictions  collecting political goodwill No proof of effectiveness in prevention Research and therapy experiences suggest the opposite!
  12. 12. CHALLENGES: criminology Use of pornography exploded in western countries  no increase in sex crimes (Diamond 2009-2010) Child pornography legal in Chech, Denmark and Japan for a period of time sex crimes against children decrease (Jozifkova, Weiss, Diamond 2010)
  13. 13. CHALLENGES: forensic psychiatry Internet child porn offenders and actual child molesters have usually different paths to the crimes Use of child pornography doesn’t predict actual sex crimes, antisocial behavior does (Fedoroff/IALMH 2011) IALMH = International Academy for Law and Mental Health
  14. 14. CHALLENGES: preventive therapy Permission and acceptance are the basic elements of sexual counselling (PLISSIT-model) Sexual preferences cannot be erased, controlling them requires positive ways of realisation (Nissinen/Sexpo Foundation) Child pornography can be a substitute for actualising pedophilic fantasies (Jozifkova 2010; Neutze/IALMH 2011)
  15. 15. CONCLUSIONS Proposed EU-directive seeks to criminalise fantasies  draconian and confusing  violates sexual rights  hampers crime prevention Softer approach could work better  preventive therapy instead of punishment  seeking help made easier  frees resources
  16. 16. QUESTIONS Can non-harmful realisation methods (i.e. fictional child porn) be tools for crime prevention? Should we loosen up child porn legislation if it helps in crime prevention?
  17. 17. THANK YOU! tommi.paalanen@sexpo.fi

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