LANGUAGE1. Definition of Language2. Characteristics of Language3. Scope of Language
1. Definition of Language Language is systematic communication by vocal symbols (Concise Columbia Encyclopedia, 1994: 479). Language is a complex, specialized skill, which develops in the child spontaneously, without conscious effort or formal instruction, is deployed without awareness of its underlying logic, is qualitatively the same in every individual and is distinct from more general abilities to process information or behave intelligently (Pinker, 1994: 18)
2. Characteristics of Language 1. Systematic 2. Arbitrary 3. Symbolic
3. Scope of Language1. Explicit and formal accounts of the system of language on several possible levels.2. The symbolic nature of language; the relationship between language and reality; the philosophy of language; the history of language.3. Phonetics; phonology; writing systems; kinesics, proxemics, and other “paralinguistic” feature of language.4. Semantics; language and cognition; psycholinguistics.5. Communication system; speaker-hearer interaction; sentence processing.6. Dialectology; sociolinguistic; language and culture; bilingualism and second language acquisition.7. Human language and nonhuman communication; the physiology of language.8. Language universals; first language acquisition.
4. ConclusionThere are many definitions of language,but the main point of all those definitionsis that language is system ofcommunication.