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UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED 19/23/2015
AFG Overview: 15-21AUG2015
LEGEND
Insurgent Activity
GIRoA/ANSF Actions
Political Eve...
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
LEGEND
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
AFGHANISTAN UPDATE 15-21 AUGUST
Insurgent Activity
Government Operations
Poli...
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Afghan Update 15 Aug- 21 Aug

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Afghan Update 15 Aug- 21 Aug

  1. 1. UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 19/23/2015 AFG Overview: 15-21AUG2015 LEGEND Insurgent Activity GIRoA/ANSF Actions Political Events ISAF Bases ANA Base with NATO Access (U) TAAC – N: (TB, IMU) (U) Insurgent (INS) attacks are reported as below average for time of year while overall FS2015 averages slightly above the norm. Activity is largely focused in Kunduz, Baghlan Provinces, and Balk Province. INS efforts are largely focused on establishing FoM. (U) Kunduz Province: On 09AUG2015, an INS reportedly detonated a SVBIED in Khanabad District which killed at least 21 civilians. (U) TAAC – E: (TB, HQN, ISIS) (U) The threat of ISIS expansion in Nangarhar Province has been the focus of TB efforts and likely the reason for limited kinetic attacks against ANDSF this past week. It’s unknown if attacks are down overall in the province. Additionally, the removal of a mid-tier INS CDR in Laghman Province has constrained the capability of local cells executing complex attacks against ANDSF, degrading TB C2. TTPs are likely to adapt and change as a new C2 is implemented. (U) Kunar Province: On 17AUG2015 the PAKMIL received Small Arms Fire (SAF) from an unknown enemy/position prompting an engagement between Afghan Border Patrol (ABP) and PAKMIL during which PAKMIL utilized IDF. The engagement ended in cease fire after approx 2 hours; 4xABP KIA and 1xPAKMIL WIA. (U) TAAC – S: (TB) (U) Kinetic activity in Kandahar has decreased due to focus on the poppy harvest that last through September and lack of coordination among TB Senior Leadership (TBSL) following appointment of new Supreme Leader. ANDSF in Helmand retook the Now Zad District Center (DC), though limited ANA coordination with police will likely restrict their ability to maintain its security as INS target ANDSF CPs to improve FoM in northern Helmand while reducing GIRoA legitimacy. (U) Daikundi Province: TB temporarily blocked an unknown location of the Kabul-Daikundi HWY. TB will likely continue establishing CPs to facilitate MWE and poppy following the harvest degrading route security. (U) TAAC – W: (TB) (U) INS in northern Herat are likely collecting ammunition and explosives ISO attack plans potentially targeting DCs. PBIED and VBIEDs remain credible threats IVO Herat City, FSB Herat, and Camp Zafar. (U) Herat Province: On 18JUL, 6x Afghan police officers were killed by a roadside IED. (U) War horse Assessment: (U) TB internal power struggles will likely result in a limited ability to coordinate strategic scale operations as the TBSL remain conflicted over replacement of their Supreme Leader. In TAAC-S, the TB will likely sustain hawala threat financing, narcotics facilitation, and FoM operations consistent with activities following previous poppy harvests. While the poppy harvest will likely result in short term economic gain, historically, GIRoA legitimacy is undermined through TB control of the local markets and INS “tax collecting” operations. In TAAC-E, TICs between ABP and PAKMIL could result in INS exploiting tensions; increasing the facilitation of MWE through routes south of Torkam gate following engagements. This will continue to undermine the effectiveness of the ABP and likely be used to resupply and reinforce INS networks in both TAAC-E and TAAC-S. Conversely to TB efforts, the continuing conflict between TB and ISIS does create an opportunity for GIRoA to establish legitimacy through effective security operations. 1 2 3 4 4 2 LEGEND Insurgent Activity GIRoA/ANDSF Actions Political Events ISAF Bases ANA Base with NATO Access 1 3
  2. 2. UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO LEGEND UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO AFGHANISTAN UPDATE 15-21 AUGUST Insurgent Activity Government Operations Political Events ISAF Bases ANA Base with NATO Access BAF Camp Dwyer KAF TAAC-S FOB Fenty TAAC-E FOB Gamberi TAAC-E Herat Airfield TAAC-W Mazra-e Sharif Airfield TAAC-N XXX 205 XXX 215 XXX 207 XXX 203 XXX 201 XXX 209 Two Soldiers Killed On Aug 26, 2015, on a military base located in Kabul, two US soldiers were shot and killed by men in ANSF uniforms. NATO had said that the shooter opened fire on a vehicle with international troops inside. Both shooters were killed shortly after NATO forces returned fire. This is the third insider attack this year the previous two attacks took place at the Kabul airport and inside the compound of the governor of Jalalabad. Afghanistan's Largest girls' School Over this past summer the largest girls' school was opened Mazar-i- Sharif. The new school is 18,000 square feet and includes 26 classrooms, state of the art bathrooms and two large courtyards. The opening of this school provides a better future to afghan girls who would other wise be married off or forced into the sex trade. New Taliban Amir Accepts al Qaeda’s Oath of Allegiance Al-Qaeda has formally released their oath of allegiance to the New Taliban leadership. Al- Qaeda had taken an oath of allegiance to previous Taliban leader Mullah Omar, But Omar had never released a statement acknowledging or accepting the oath. However new leadership has publically accepted Al-Qaeda’s oath, releasing a statement made by Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Mansour the new Amir (leader) of the Taliban. Chinese Ambassador Visits Kandahar On AUG 30, 2015 the Chinese ambassador met with local business men and officials to asses problems in the area and ways to fix them. Afghan officials and businessmen are pushing for more involvement from the Chinese government in rebuilding the economy. Businessmen are asking for bilateral trade and economic relations. Pakistan Demands Afghanistan Protect Its Diplomatic Staff Afghans have been supposedly harassing Pakistani diplomats who do not reside on the embassy compound. After a Pakistani diplomat was attempted to be kidnapped by unknown men; Foreign Ministry spokesman Qazi Kahlilullah has urged Afghanistan to provide better protection Pakistani diplomatic staff in Kabul to prevent incidents from happening. Jihadists Say Nephew of 9/11 Mastermind Killed in Raid by Pakistani Intelligence. Idris al Balushi, a senior planner in Al Qaeda and nephew of KSM was claimed to have been killed during a ISI raid that took place in Karachi, Pakistan. His death has been confirmed by Al Qaeda senior leader Sanafi al Nasr but no formal martyrdom statement has been released by Al Qaeda. Nasr has been known to assist other Al Qaeda leaders faking their death to include his own after he suffered from severe injuries. REPORTING Karachi, Pakistan RED WARRIOR ASSESSMENT 1 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 2 2 3 1 6 5 • Three green on blue attacks over the past year have taken place in eastern Afghanistan, two out of three took place in Kabul, the other in Jalalabad. In the Taliban’s spring offensive announcement they list their main target as Afghan Security Forces, US and Coalition Forces. This could be a result of the change from US and Coalition Forces to ANFS leading and conducting ground missions. Placing NATO forces into a training role to Afghan forces. • Since the Taliban took control of Afghanistan in the 1990s, Afghan females were forbidden from attending school and often taught in secret. Recently, even with schools being built for Afghan girls, only 1/3 are able to attend school, leaving almost 3 million girls without educational opportunities. The recent opening of the largest all girls school is a huge step forward for Afghan female education. Females living in Mazar-i-Sharif now have the ability to go to school in a safe learning environment. • After Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Mansour released a pro Al-Qaeda statement in June naming Al-Qaeda’s leaders as the “heroes of the current jihadist era”, Ayman al Zawahiri took an oath of allegiance to the new Taliban leader. The two groups have had ties for many years and recently Al Qaeda has relied heavily on Taliban financial and logistic support because of a recent ISI raid in Karachi, Pakistan. The raid resulted in the death of senior Al Qaeda leader Idris al Balushi. ISI has been under scrutiny by the international community for supporting terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda. ISI taking action against Al Qaeda shows that ISI is beginning to increase its counterterrorism role. China has offered to help Afghanistan economically by providing training to 3,000 government workers and 500 scholarships to Afghan school children. By assisting with economic stabilization of Afghanistan, China will be able to expand their regional influence into Southwest Asia with expectations of gaining access to natural resources needed for continued economic growth of both nations. 4 5 6

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