Turkish Education System

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Turkish Education System

  1. 1. TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM
  2. 2. Official Language: Turkish Alphabet: Latin Alphabet Academic Year: September through June Duration of Schooling: 1 + 5 + 3 + 4 Compulsory Schooling: 9 years (ages 6-14) General Information about Turkish Education System
  3. 3. Age Level of Education 0-6 7-14 15-18 above 18 Pre-school education (kindergarten) Primary education Secondary education Higher education (universities)
  4. 4. Turkish Education System with Numbers in The Educational Year 2008/2009 Level of Education Number of Schools Number of Classrooms Number of Students Number of Teachers Pre-primary education 3 525 39 481 804 765 12 553 Primary Education 33 769 10 709 920 320 393 453 318 Secondary Education 8 675 109 042 3 837 164 196 713 General total 45 969 468 916 15 351 849 662 584
  5. 5.  each 23 students have one teacher,  each school has 334 students,  and each class has 33 in average. These numbers tell us that
  6. 6. Pre-primary Education (0-6)
  7. 7. Pre-primary Education (0-6) The purpose of this education is  to ensure physical, mental and sensory development of children and the acquisition of good habits,  to prepare children for primary education, to create a common atmosphere of growth for those living in inconvenient circumstances  and to ensure that Turkish is spoken correct and well.
  8. 8. Primary education (7-14)
  9. 9. Primary education (7-14)  Primary education is compulsory for all boys and girls at the age of 6, and is given free of charge in public schools.  In most of the primary schools, foreign language lessons start from 4th class.  Most elementary school students dress similarly in a type of uniform to avoid any social class differences between rich and poor students.
  10. 10. Primary education (7-14)  Primary education is compulsory for all boys and girls at the age of 7, and is given free of charge in public schools.  In most of the primary schools, foreign language lessons start from 4th class.  Most elementary school students dress similarly in a type of uniform to avoid any social class differences between rich and poor students.
  11. 11. Primary Education (7-14) The purpose of primary education is to ensure that every child  acquires the basic knowledge, skills, behaviors, and habits to become a good citizen,  is raised in line with the national moral concepts and  is prepared for life and for the next education level parallel to his/her interests and skills.
  12. 12. Secondary Education (15-18)
  13. 13. Secondary Education (15-18) The purpose of secondary education is  to give students a minimum common culture,  to identify individual and social problems,  to search for solutions,  to raise awareness in order to contribute to the socio-economic and cultural development of the country,  and to prepare the students for higher education, for profession, for life and for business in line with their interests and skills.
  14. 14. Secondary Education (15-18) There are 4 main types of high-schools in Turkey.  Public High-Schools  Anatolian High-Schools  Science High-Schools  Vocational High-Schools
  15. 15. University Entrance Examination Approximately 1,600,000 students enter the university examination per year in Turkey. 630,000 students get a chance to enroll any faculty, four or two-year college and open University according to their points. So this exam is very important for every student.
  16. 16. University Entrance Examination  The exam takes place on June every year and it has duration of 3 hours.  Students have to solve the questions about mathematics, literature, geography, history, physics, chemistry, biology and language depends on departments they want

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