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Dave Szatmary- Vice Provost University of Washington


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Dave Szatmary- Vice Provost University of Washington

  1. 1. Online Learning, MOOCs and the Future of Higher Education Dave Szatmary, Vice Provost University of Washington
  2. 2. Online Learning • The primary use of Internet technologies for teaching • A variety of possible technologies – Print, video, PowerPoint, audio, simulations, Second Life • Instructor-led • Content and assessment combined • Interactive
  3. 3. Online Graduate Degrees (15) at the University of Washington College of Built Environments (2) • Master of Infrastructure Planning and Management • Master of Science in Construction Management College of Arts and Sciences (5) • Master of Science in Computational Linguistics • Master of Science in Computational Finance and Risk Management • Master of Geographic Information Systems • Master of Science in Applied Mathematics • Master of Supply Chain Transportation & Logistics (requires 1 week in Seattle at start of program) College of Engineering (6) • Master of Sustainable Transportation • Master of Aerospace Engineering in Composite Materials and Structures • Master of Science in Civil Engineering: Construction Engineering • Master of Science in Aeronautics and Astronautics • Master of Aerospace Engineering • Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering Information School (1) • Master of Library and Information Science School of Nursing (1) • Master of Science: Clinical Informatics and Patient-Centered Technologies
  4. 4. Online Certificate Programs (40) at the University of Washington • Android Application Development • Applied Biostatistics • Advanced Applied Biostatistics • Biotechnology Project Management • C++ Programming • Cloud Computing • Computational Finance • Construction Management • Data Science • Database Management • Decision-Making for Climate Change • E-Learning Design and Development • Embedded and Real-Time Systems Programming • Facility Management • Financial Risk Management • Food, Nutrition & Health • Gerontology • Green Stormwater Infrastructure Design Principles • Health Economics and Outcomes Research • Heavy Construction Project Management • Information Security & Risk Management • Infrastructure Construction • iOS and Mac Application Development • Localization: Customizing Software for the World • Medical Devices and Commercialization • Microsoft Dynamics CRM • Natural Language Technology • .NET Development • .NET Advanced Web Development • Oracle Database Administration • Paralegal Studies • Professional Open Source Web Development • Project Management • Radiation: Sources, Detection, Imaging & Safety • SQL Server Specialist • Statistical Analysis with R Programming • Sustainable Transportation: Environmental Issues & Impacts • Sustainable Transportation Planning & Livable Communities • Virtual Worlds • Web Technology Solutions
  5. 5. UW Group Start Pilot Course Enrollments Summary
  6. 6. 15 OpenUW Free Courses Started in 2001 • The American Civil War • The American Revolution • BENEFIT (Fluency with Information Technology) • Dance • Energy, Diet and Weight • Gulliver's Travels • Hamlet • Heroic Fantasy: Tolkien • HTML Basics • History of Jazz: New Orleans • Political Economy • Project Management • Shakespeare's Comedies • Study of Personality • World War II
  7. 7. Growth in Online Learning • In fall 2002, 1.6 million college students took at least one online class • This represented 9.6% of all college students • In fall 2011, 6.7 million college students took at least one online class • This represented 32% of all college students • Among Chief Academic Officers in 2012, 69% indicated that online learning will be critical long-term
  8. 8. Impact of Online Learning: Access • Allows greater access to the resources of higher education for a broad-based population • Importance of the dissemination of broadband access with interactive discussion boards, video, etc. – By 2006, 68% of American homes had access to broadband
  9. 9. Impact of Online Learning: Unbundling of Education Unbundles the educational experience – Content Development • Team nature of development (content expert, instructional designer, technologists such as video editors and videographers, IT professionals, etc.) – Content Delivery (Wikipedia, MOOCs) – Assessment (Competency-based learning) – Infrastructure (Learning Management System (LMS) rather than classrooms) – Different audiences: Traditional & Nontraditional
  10. 10. Impact of Online Learning: Learning Analytics • Mass of data collected through web-based learning • Allows instructors and administrators to better revise and deliver education • Impact of learning analytics: – Enhanced retention – Better graduation rates – Better and more tested course materials
  11. 11. Impact of Online Learning: Partnerships Online learning allows universities to collaborate more fully on programs. • ASG example: Joint online certificate in Decision Making for Climate Change with University of Washington, UC-Irvine, Northwestern and University of British Columbia • Arizona State University and Pearson collaboration – Allows a very quick entry into online learning • Joint marketing agreements – Wisconsin and Washington (ASG) • Reverse Transfer agreements: Rio Salado, Seattle Community Colleges and the University of Washington
  12. 12. Cost of Online Education • Online and onsite courses cost approximately the same.
  13. 13. MOOCs Massive Open Online Courses • Free classes on peer-to-peer platform • No instructor to answer questions • Format: video interspersed with quizzes and midterm/final exams • Assessment: Autograded or peer assessed
  14. 14. Major MOOCs • Coursera • edX • Udacity
  15. 15. MOOC Benefits • Increased access to new massive audiences • Increased brand awareness of the UW in general and of the UW as a leading online innovator • Increased recognition of top faculty • Focus on top high-quality institutions and their faculty
  16. 16. MOOC Challenges • Assessment weak link – many answers to exam questions posted online • FERPA issues • State authorization
  17. 17. MOOCs by the Numbers • Coursera had 3.4 million registrants in one year • 55% never complete one lesson (1.88M) • 32% of the remainder complete one lesson (490K) • 32% of the remainder complete two lessons (490K) • 32% of the remainder complete half the lessons (490K) • 3% to 5% complete the class (102K)
  18. 18. MOOC Student Profile • 70% have a baccalaureate degree • 70% international students • Most are professional students seeking enhanced skills • Older, nontraditional students
  19. 19. Coursera • For-profit company, developed by two Stanford professors • 62 academic partners • 200+ courses with 3 million users • Proprietary platform featuring video interspersed with short quizzes with no instructor but peer-to-peer engagement in the classes • UW a partner since July 2012 (one of the first 16) • UW offered 8 classes in winter with 207,000 registrants
  20. 20. edX • Nonprofit company, headed by Harvard and MIT • 24 partners • Less than 40 classes • Open-source platform with no instructor but peer-to- peer engagement in the classes • UW signed with edX in May 2013 • Features a research mission and improvement of classes on campus
  21. 21. New MOOC Developments: Credentials • Coursera generally provides a letter of accomplishment from Coursera and the course developer • Coursera Signature Track: For $50, the student receives a credential branded by Coursera and the institution. Six institutions have done so. • Credit: ACE offers credit for some MOOC classes for $110 per class • Some California schools (e.g. San Jose State) have agreed to offer credit for MOOCs
  22. 22. New MOOC Developments: Enhanced MOOC • University of Washington first offered enhanced MOOC classes with – Additional content – More and varied assessment – Instructor-led – Fee-based
  23. 23. New MOOC Developments: Partners • Both edX and Coursera have expanded partners beyond elite educational institutions – State systems – Education professional development (New Teacher Center, Match Teacher Center) – Specialty schools (e.g. Berklee College of Music)
  24. 24. MOOC Business • Cost to generate a MOOC: $25K to $100K • MOOC funding sources: – Grants – Business (e.g. Boeing at the University of Washington) • Neither MOOC has generated significant revenue for itself or its partners • UW experiment of enhanced classes has had a minimal return
  25. 25. MOOC Monetization: Other Options • Match students and companies • Make deals with vendors (e.g. book publishers) • Sell enterprise platform and its content to companies and universities • Use the platform as a Learning Management System (LMS) for a school • Tutoring services • Sponsorships • Transcript service
  26. 26. Future of MOOCs • Free web content will be here to stay • The challenge of large-scale, meaningful assessment • University-led MOOCs
  27. 27. Final Assessment • Bricks and mortar classes will not disappear for traditional students • The use of technology and its added cost to an onsite class will create further funding challenge for higher education • Online will continue to grow with student demand and interest among adult, nontraditional students • Major institutions must deal with online learning to be considered innovative • MOOCs will morph