Future Dreams 1 I’m going to be an astronaut when I grow up.
Future Dreams 2 Before we have a baby, we’ll buy a bigger house.
Future Dreams 3 I won’t quit my job until I win the lottery.
Future Dreams 4 After we retire, we’re going to travel.
Form I’m going to be an astronaut when I grow up . A complex sentence about future time has two clauses: a main clause and a time clause . Main Clause Time Clause
Main Clause will The verb in the main clause is often in the future . TIME CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE after we retire. until he wins the lottery. before we have a baby. travel are going to We his job quit won’t He a house buy We Other information Verb (base form) Will or be + going to Subject
Time Clause The verb in the time clause is often in the present . TIME CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE we are going to travel. he won’t quit his job. we will buy a house. retire we After the lottery wins he Until a baby have we Before Other information Verb ( present) Subject Time word
Be Careful! <ul><li>Don’t use will or be going to in the future time clause. </li></ul>When I save enough money, I’m going to buy a car. will X When I save enough money, I’m going to buy a car.
Clause Order 1 Before we have a baby we’ll buy a bigger house. , Use a comma only when the time clause begins the sentence. I’m going to be an astronaut when I grow up . Time clauses can come at the beginning or end of sentences. Time Clause Time Clause
<ul><li>When she finishes school she’ll join the Peace Corps . </li></ul><ul><li>I won’t get married until I meet the right person . </li></ul><ul><li>As soon as they graduate they’ll look for a job . </li></ul>Clause Order 2 , , Time Clause (present) Time Clause (present) Time Clause (present) Main Clause (future) Main Clause (future) Main Clause (future)
Time Expressions 1 Introduce the first event When they save money, they’ll buy a new car. past now future when after not . . . until as soon as
Practice 1 Put the verbs in the correct tense. Add commas where necessary. Example : After he (graduate) ___ he (go) ___ to law school. After he graduates, he’ll go to law school. 1. They (own) __ a house by the time they (be) ___ married. 2. She (not/start) __ her own business until she (get) ___ more experience. 3. As soon as he (become) __ manager he (take) __ a vacation. They will own a house by the time they are married. She won’t start her own business until she gets more experience. As soon as he becomes manager, he’s going to take a vacation.
Time Expressions 2 Introduce the second event Before he gets married, he’ll find a good job. past now future before until by the time
Practice 2 Combine the sentences using the time word provided. In each pair, A is the first event. Example: A. The children will go to college. B. She will go back to school. [as soon as] As soon as the children go to college, she’ll go back to school. 1. A. You will finish your exams. B. We will (not) celebrate. [until] We won’t celebrate until you finish your exams. 2. A. My brother will buy a new suit. B. He will go on an interview. [before] My brother will buy a new suit before he goes on an interview. 3. A. She will pass the driving test. B. She will borrow the family car. [after] After she passes the driving test, she will borrow the family car.