Reading Mirror: Social Navigation and Social Comparison for Electronic Textbooks
Reading Mirror: Social Navigation and
Social Comparison for Electronic
Jordan Barria-Pineda, Peter Brusilovsky, Daqing He
University of Pittsburgh, USA
Workshop on Intelligent Textbooks @ AIED’19
Attempts on modernizing digital textbooks:
● Recommendation of relevant external content
● Concept-mapping activities
● Social annotations
● Embedded interactive learning activities
Extend electronic textbooks with progress
Mirrored icicle plot
- Space efficient)
Information Retrieval class at Univ. of Pittsburgh (graduate level)
● Spring 2018 (39 students)
● Fall 2018 (41 students)
Preliminary results (1)
amount of time to
have an effect on
Preliminary results (2)
(*) Only asked in
● Which social performance/behavioral information
should be open to the students?
● In which way should this social information be open?
In which level of granularity?
● In which context should we open this? Always or in
specific periods of time? Whole class’ information or
only a specific subgroup’s information?
Student modeling from reading
Embed personalized learning content
recommendations (e.g. videos,
Visual explanation of
recommendations based on the
Better understanding of
(such videos, Wikipedia articles, etc.)
Social visualization: a technology that uses behavior of past users to guide future reader This extension was motivated by our studies of social comparison interfaces in educational contexts [10, 4], which demonstrated that social comparison (SC) features could act as a motivator for students engagement and enable stronger students to act as guidance for weaker students.
Hypothesis: The effect of the social comparison on improving students success rate on answering quizzes takes more than 3 weeks in appear