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10

 

YIIK 62l.395

ISSN 0013-5771. «CBJIEKTPOCBSIBL»,  N9 8, 2013

CTAH, D;APTI/ I3AI. II/ I51 I/ IHTEPHETA BEIIIEI‘/ '1...
ISSN 0013-5771. «C-)JIEKTPOCB}I3l>»,  N9 8, 2013

- a nsuxoauun
- uowsro
- mien

   
  

- HE ynuue
- Aoua
- omno munsmepa...
12

ISSN 0013-5771. «3.IIEKTPOCB}l31»,  N2 8, 2013

 

Yposeus
npvrnomeuun

l'lpuno)KeHm1 IoT
I nOl'IHMTe. l1bHa5‘l
no exo...
ISSN 0013-5771. «3J1EKTPOCB}13b»,  N2 8, 2013 13

npenycmarpnsaer s Mrreane daopmrposar-rue e11nHoro cranziapra JIHTEP/1T....
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Стандартизация промышленного интернета и интернета вещей

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Стандартизация промышленного интернета и интернета вещей

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Стандартизация промышленного интернета и интернета вещей

  1. 1. 10 YIIK 62l.395 ISSN 0013-5771. «CBJIEKTPOCBSIBL», N9 8, 2013 CTAH, D;APTI/ I3AI. II/ I51 I/ IHTEPHETA BEIIIEI‘/ '1 MJO. Camconos, svrue-npeamreur 3A0 «fpynna r<oMnaHvIn «CTAPT»», K. T.H. AJO. rpe5ellll(0B, ‘rexnwrecxnn nvlpekrop CaMapcKoro ttnnnana OOO «CTapT2KOM», nporb. Ka¢eApbl asromarwrecxon anexrpocsnan FIFYTVI, K. T.H. A. B. POCJISIKOB, samecrvlrenb Avrpetcropa dwlnnana no nepcnexmsnum pa3pa6o1'KaM CaMapcKoro dwlnnana 000 «CTBPTZKOM», aasenyroumn Kadaenpon asromamuecxon aneicrpocanavl III V I I/ I, A. ‘l’. H. C. B. Bannmnn, senymvln nH)KeHep-npoeK‘rvIposu. |mK CaMapcKoro ovlnvrana O00 «C1'ap'r2KoM», Aouem Kad>e, qpbr asromamuecxon anexrpocsnsvl FIFYTI/ I, K. T.H. K/ no-revue c/ wan: Humepnem, Humepnem semen, loT, ¢u3u- -recrcax eemb, eupmya/ rbmm eemb, cmaudapmusauun. Bsenenne. flosrsnenne s nocnenHee BpeM$l repMnHa «VIH'rep- Her semen» o3HaMeHosano Hossrn aran passnrnn I/ IHrepHera [l]. Konuenumr I/ IHrepHera semen srsnnercn He -mcro 1'exHo- norn-reckon, Ho so MHoroM counansno-rexnonorwrecxon, ‘ITO o6yc. rros. neHo sJ1nnHneM Ha o6mecrso XXI seka cospeMeHHsrx nHcbopMaunoHHbrx rexnonornn. Ero npopbrsr-ion norenunan Hwryrs He MeHbI. I.l€, ‘ICM y caMon Bceivmpnon nayrnnbl. B paM- Kax sron Konuenunn, Koropasr Ha Me)r<11yHaponHoM yposHe yxe o6perae1' -reprsl ctbopmnposasmencn rexnonornn, senyrcn arc- rnsnsre pa6orsr s o6.rracrn crannaprnaaunn apxnrexrypsr, Tex- Hwrecxnx r<oMnoHeHTos, npnnoxennn. B c'ra'rr~, e npencrasnen Kparxnn o63op peaynsraros nccne11o- sannn Mexnynaponnsrx oprannaaunn, ‘nan nenrenbnocrs npnMo mm r<ocseHHo cssraana co crannaprnsaunen Mnrepnera semen. Ofiman mien I/ Inrepnera semen. B csaan c 6ypHI>IM pa3sn- rneM ceren c naKe'rHon KoMMy'raunen n npexare scero I/ IHrep- Hera s Ha-rane 2000-x ronos Mnposoe rener<oMMyHm<aunoHHoe coo6mecrso ssrpa6o'ra. r1o Hosyro napaunrmy paasnrmr KOMMy- Hmcaunn — ceren cnenyromero noxonennn (Next Generation Networks, NGN), a 3areM npncrynnno K ee peannaaunn [2]. TexHonormr NGN yxe npomnn 3somounoHHsrn nyrs pas- snrnn or rn6Knx KOMMyTElT0p0B (Softswitch) no noncncrem Mynbrnmennnnon cssran IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem) n 6eCnp0BOLlHl>lX ceren L1o11rospeMeHHon asomounn LTE (Long Term Evolution) [3]. l'Ipn 3TOM scerna npennonaranocb, -rro OCHOBHBIMH nonbaosarennmn ceren NGN 6y11yT moan 14, ene- nosarensno. Maxcnmansnoe -mcno a5OHCHTOB s raxnx cernx scerna 6yner 0I‘paHH‘ICl-I0 ‘lMCJ1CHHOCTbl0 Hacenenmr nnanersr 3eMnsr. 0I1HaK0 s IIOCJICIIHCC spemr 3Ha‘<IHTeJ'lbHOC paaswrne nony- lmnn MCTOI1bI pa11no-rac1'o'rHon nnenrncpnxaunn RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification), éecnposonnsre CeHCOpHbIC cern WSN (Wireless Sensor Network), KoMMyHm<aunn Manoro paunyca nencrsnn NFC (Near Field Communication) M Me)I(MaLl. IIAHHbl6 KoMMyHm<aunn M2M (Machine-to—Machine), Koropsre, nHrer- pnpyncs s I/ lHrepHer, o6ecnel1nsaror l'Ip0C'I'yI0 cams paannlrnsrx rexnn-recrcnx ycrponcrs («semen»), npn-rem nx Imcno MO)KCT 65111. 0I‘p0MHbIM. l'Io nannbnvr 3Kcnep'ros, B 2008-2009 rr. K0- nwrecrso l'I0l1KIIIO‘l6HHbIX K I/ lHrepHe1'y npermeros npesblcnno tmcno nHrepHer-nonbaosarenen. A yxe 3 6nr/ nxanmen nepc- nercrnse npon-roanpyercsr 3i<cnoHeHuna. r1sHs1n pocr Konn-iecrsa rarcnx ycrponcrs. Taxmvr o6pa3oM, Hacronmnn nepnon xapar<re- pnaye-rcn asomounonnsm nepexonom or «I/ IHrepHera monen» K «I/ IH'repHe1'y semen» (Intemet of Things, IoT). Mexmynaponnun coIo3 anernpocsasu (Intemational Telecommunication Union, ITU). Cercrop crannaprnaaunn re- J1er<oMMyHnr<aunn Me>KnyHaponHoro coroaa anercrpocsnan (MC3-T) peaJ1n3ye'r ceromm Tpn I‘J‘lO6aJ'lbHI>IC nnnunarnsbr (Global Standards Initiative, GSI). Hon l‘JI05aJlbHOP'l nnnunarnson noHnMae1'c; r Komnnekc pa- 6o'r, ssrnonnnembix napannensno pa3HsrMn ncc. rre11osarem, cr<n- Mn KoMnccnnMn MC3 B coorsercrsnn co cKoop11nHnposaH- HblM nnaHoM pa6o'rb1. O11Ha M3 Taxnx nnnunarns - loT-GSI (Global Standards Initiative on Internet of Things) — nocssrmena crannaprrnaaunn I/ lHrepHera semen [4]. Ilse npyrne GSI — no crannaprnaaunn ceren nocnenyromnx noKoJ1eHnn NGN-GSI n cncrem 'reJ1esvu1eHmr Ha ocnose nHrepHer-npororcona lPTV- GSI — Toxe 6a3MpyroTcn Ha ncnonbaosanvm IP-Texnonornn. loT-GSI crponr csoro pa6o1'y, ncxowl n3 ycmmn MC3-T s raxnx oénacrnx, Kax ceressre acnercrbr nneHrncbm<aunoH- HbIX cncreM (NID), scenponnxalomne CeHCOpHbIC cern (USN). Me)KMamvrHHan CB$l3b (MZM), WEB semen (WoT) M T. n. B paM- Kax cepnn MC3-T Y.2xxx, nocsnmennon cernm cnenyromero noxonenmr NGN, yxe yrsep>K11eHsr l1€pBbIC per<oMeH11aunn, HenocpeJ1c'rseHHo Kacaromnecn I/ IHrepHera semen: Y.2060 «O6- 3op lrlnrepnera semen», Y.2063 «0cHosa WEB semen» in Y.2069 «Tepmrnbi vi onpenenennn I/ IHrepHera semen». B nocnemme l‘O1IbI npvrnsrr raroxe psm peKoMeH11aunn MC3—T s CM6)KHblX ofinacrnx, KOTOpbl6 sarparnsaror I/ IH'repHer semen: Y.2061, Y.2062, cepmr H.642.x, F.747.l M 11p. Cornacno onpenenenmo, npnse11eHHoMy s Per<oMeH11aunn MC3—T Y.2060, I/ IHrepHer semen (Internet of Things, IoT) — r. r1o6anbHasr nHd)pacTpyKTypa nHt])opMaunoHHoro o6mecrsa, ofiecneqnsaromasr nepenossre ycnyrn c norvrombro oprannaauvm csnan Mexny semarvm (rbnawrecrcnmn mm snpryansnsrmn) Ha ocHose cymecrsyromnx n paasnsaromnxcn cosmecrnmsrx MH- d)opMaunoHHs1x M KOMMyHHKaLlHOHHblX rexnonornn. [Ion «semamn» (things) anecs nor-umaercsr cbnan-recxnn 05'l>€KT (dmawrecxan semb) mm o6LeKT snp1'yaJ1r. Horo (MHd)op- MaunoHHoro) Mnpa (snpryansnan B€l. l1b, Hanpmvrep My. r1s'rnMe- 11nnHr. rn KOHTCHT mm npnxnannan nporpaMMa), KOT0pble Moryr 6srrs m1eH'rndmunposaHbr I/ I o6Le11nHeHsr -repea r<oMMyHnr<aun- 0HHbI€ cern. KpoMe noHnTmr «sems», MC3-T Taroxe ncnonbayer l'IOH$I- me «ycrponcrso» (device) — Hacrb o6opy11osaHnn c o6si3are. r1b- HBIMPI B03M0)KHOCT$lMH no r<oMMyHnI<aunn vi He055l3aTC. IIbHblMM so3Mo>KHoc'rnMn no ceHcopnHry/3oH.11nposaHmo, npnsenenmo semn s nencrsne, c6opy, o6pa6orKe H xpaHeHmo 11aHHsrx. Or- crona cnenyer, qro MC3-T 6onsme sHnMaHnn y1.1e. rmer acnexram r<oMMyHnr<ar. mn n Mexcoennnennn, Hexenn npnnoxenmrm IoT. Konuenumr ceren cnenyromero noxonennsr NGN npe11no- narana so3Mo)KHoc'rn KoMMyHnKaunn Jnonen (HenocpencrseH- Ho mm Irepea KOMIIbl0TepbI) B mo6oe spemr n s mo6on T0‘lKC npocrpancrsa. Konuenunn I/ IH'repHera semen sxmorraer eme onHo Hanpasnenne — KoMMyHm<auvno JIl06bIX ycrponcrs (se- men) (pnc. 1). 1/13 cxeMbr orofipaxennsr danswrecxnx :4 snp1'yaJn. Hbrx semen (pnc. 2) cnenyer, Irro snpryansnsre semn Moryr cymecrsosars n 6e3 csonx cbnan-recxnx sonnomeflnn, s 10 spew: Kax cbn3wrec- KPIM o6ser<'raM/ semam o6n3a'rensHo coorsercrsyer 1vmHnMyM onnn BMp’l'yaJIbHbIfi o61.er<'r. l'Ipn arorvr sezzymyio pom. nrparor
  2. 2. ISSN 0013-5771. «C-)JIEKTPOCB}I3l>», N9 8, 2013 - a nsuxoauun - uowsro - mien - HE ynuue - Aoua - omno munsmepa - usury Kounhlompauu - usury mousuu (653 | ‘0IAl'Ib|0T398) - uemy I'I|0flbMH >1 ycrponcraam - uexuly ycrponcrsauu Puc. I. Home nanpasnenue Koimynnxaunn, peannsyemoe Pllrrepnemm semen (ncro-nrnx: MC3-T Y.2060) MMeHHo re ycrponcrsa, KOT0pbIC Moryr co6Mpars pasnwn-ryro MH¢>opMauMro M pacnpocrpannrs ee no KoMMyHMKauMoHHsnM ce- rnM pa3J'Ilrl‘lHl>lMIrl cnoco6aMM: Irepes LLU'lI03bl n cers; 6e3 mmoaos, H0 Irepez certs; Hanpsmyro Mexaly co6on. PeKoMeru1aunn Y.2060 onMcr.1saer pa3J'll/ l‘lH0€ co-reraHMe nepe-rMcneHHsrx cnoco6os co- e11MHeHvIn. 3ro yKa3srsaer Ha To, ‘-ITO MC3-T npe11ycMa'rpMsae'r HCIIO. IIb30BaHHe rum IoT MHo)Kecrsa ceressrx rexnonomn: mo- 6a. nsHsrx ceren, J'l0KaJ1bHblX ceren, 5eCnp0B0£[Hl>lX caMoopraHM- ayromnxcn (ad-hoc) n ntrencrsrx (mesh) ceren. YKa3aHHsre cern csn3M nepenocnr £laHHbIC, co6paHHsre ycrponcrsarvm, K coor- sercrsyromMM l'lp0I‘paMMHblM npM. no>KeHnnM, a raroxe nepenaror KOMaH1.1lzI or l'lp0l‘paMMHbIX npnno>KeHMn K ycrponcrsam. Cnenyer orMerMrs, -rro semM M csn3aHHsre c HMMM ycrponc- rsa Moryr oénauars noJIHoueHHbrMn ynpasJ1snomMMM npouecco- paMn Mn o6pa6orKM l1aHHI>IX s sM11e «cMcreMsr-Ha-Kpncralure», s TOM Imcne c co6crseHHon onepaunor-nron cMcreMon, 6noKoM ceHcopnHra/3oH11MposaHmr oKpy)Karomen cpensr n 6noKoM KorMMyHMKauMM. B PeKoMeHJ1auMM Y.2060 npMseneHa raK)Ke 3ra. noHHan M0- nens IoT, Koropan ouens noxo)Ka Ha MoJ1eJ1s NGN M TaK)l(C sxmouaer -rersipe 6a3ossrx ropn3oHra. nsHsrx yposnn (pnc. 3): 9 yposens npnno)KeHnn IoT; 0 yposens no1mep)KKM cepsncos M npM. no)KeHMn; 0 cereson yposeHs; 0 yposens ycrponcrs. Cymecrsyer eme nsa BepTHKa. IIbHbIX yposnsr — yposeHs yn- pasnennn n yposens 6e3onacHocrM, OHM oxsarbrsaror sce seru- pe ropnsonransnsrx yposnn. Yposens npn. no)KeHnn IoT s PeKoMeH. z1aunn Y.2060 nera. ns- no He paccmarpnsaercn. Vposens nom1ep>KKn cepsMcos n npM- J1o>KeHMn sxmo-raer o6mMe so3Mo>KHocrn 11115! paannlrnbrx o6rb- eKros IoT no o6pa6orKe n xpanenmo 1.1aHHbIX, a raroKe re, -rro Heo6xonMMsr mm HeKoropsrx npMno)KeHMn IoT min rpynn raKnx npMno)KeHMn. Cereson yposeHs o6r. e11nHner ceressre (¢>yHKumr ynpasnennn pecypcaMM cerM nocryna M rpancnoprnon cerM, ynpasnennn Mo6nJrsHocrs1o, ¢)yHKuMn asropnaaunn, ayreH- rncpnxaunn M pacqeros, AAA) n rpancnoprnsre B03MO)KHOC- rM (ofiecnelrenne csnanocrn cern Mn nepena-in MHd)opMar.1MM cepsMcos n npnJ1o)KeHMn IoT). HaKoHeu, yposens ycrponcrs — 3ro so3Mo>KHocrM ycrponcrsa n mmoaa. (l>yHKuMoHaJrsHocrs ycrponcrsa Hauenena Ha npsmon o6MeH c cersio csnsn, o6MeH qepea mmoa, o6MeH -repea 6ecnposo11Hyro 11nHaMn-recxyio ad- hoc-cers, a raioxe speMeHHsrn ocranos n so3o6HosJIeHMe pa6o- rsr ycrponcrsa win 3Heproc6epe)KeHMn. Bo3Mo)KHocrM mmoaa npezinonararor nonnepxxy MHo>Kecrsa nnrepqaencos win ycr- poncrs (mnna CAN, ZigBee, Bluetooth, V]/1Fi) H JJUISI ceren 110- cryna/ rpancnoprnsrx ceren (2G/3G, LTE, DSL). I. IImo3 raloxe nonnepxcnsaer Konsepcmo nporoxonos, ecnn nporoxonsr nH- reptbencos ycrponcrs n ceren ornntrarorcsr npyr or npyra. ll Vlmtopmauuonuun Mvlp "I Onzmecmn Map YCTDOWCYBO | .|lf| |03 ¢—p fifllh ---> ooorsercraus 4-a-> cams Hopes uinm 4-b-> IXHJB 69: urnma 1-o-> npnman cams Puc. 2. Cxema orofipsunennn ibnsnsecxnx n snprymrsnux semen (ll(: ‘l‘0‘llIlll(2 MC3-T Y.2060) Bo3Mo)KHocrM BepTlr{KaJlbHOI‘0 yp0BHfl 3KcnnyaraunoHHo- ro ynpasnenmr npenycrvrarpnsaror ynpasJ1eHMe nocnezicrsnsmn orKa3os, d)yHI(L[Pl0HaJ'lbHOCTbl0 cerM, Koncpnrypaunen, 6e30- nacnocrslo M 11aHHsrMM ILTISI 6MnJrMHra. 0cHosHsrMM o6seK'rarMM ynpasneHMn nsnmorcn ycrponcrsa, noKaJrsHsre cern M Mx rono- nornn, rpac[mK M neperpy3Kn Ha cernx. BO3M0)KHOCTH seprrM- Kansnoro yposnn 6e3onacHocrM aasncnr or I‘Opl/ I30!-lTaJ'lbH0l'O yposnn. [Inn yposnsr l'l0£[, £[ep)KKM cepsncos n npMno)KeHnn on- pe11eJ1eHsrd)yHKunM AAA, aHrnsMpycHan 3amMra, recrsr uenoc- rHocrn Ila]-lHbIX, mm ceresoro yposnn — asropMaauMsr, ayreHrM- d)nKaLmsr, aamnra MHcbopMaLlnM nporoKonos cMrHa. nn3aunM, Ha yposne ycrponcrs — asropnsaunsr, ayreHrnd>MKauMn, KOH'I’p0.Ilb nocryna M KoHc[wu1eHuMa. nsHocrs nannsrx. B paMKax MC3 s 2006 r. coanana TaK)KC rpynna no cosMec- rHon Koopnnnaunonnon nenrensnocrn s o6nacrM I/ IHrepHera semen (JCA-IoT), sauaua Koropon, s -racrnocrn, 3aK. rnoqaercn s nozmep>KaHnn s aK1yaJ1sHoM cocronnnn «11opo>KHon Kaprsr» no craHJ.1apraM I/ lHrepHera semen, sxmonaromen yrsep)I<21eHHsre (MnM paspafiarsrsaemsre) cral-maprsr sceMMpHon 3KocncreMsr opraHM3aunn no crafllmprrnsaunn. Esponencrurn npoelcr no apxnrelcrype I/ [Irrepnera semen IoT-A. OcHosHon uensro zrenrensnocrn Esponencxoro MHrerpa- uMoHHoro npoeKra IoT-A (Intemet-of-Things Architecture) [5], s Koropsin sxossr KorMnaHnM Siemens, NEC, Alcatel-Lucent, Hitachi, NXP, SAP, Telefonica, IBM n 11p. , nsnnercn pa3pa6or- Ka 3ranoHHon apxnreK'rypHon MOJICJIH (Architectural Reference Model, ARM) I/ Ir-rrepnera semen c onncannervr 0CHOBHb[X KOM- noHeHros, Koropan noasonnna 60 nnrerpnposars pa3HOpOJ1- Hue rexHonorMn IoT s e11nHy1o s3anMocsn3aHHyro apxMreKrypy. d>yHKunoHaJrsHasr Monens IoT-A (pnc. 4) Heckonsxo ornM- Iraerca orr Monenn MC3 (cM. pnc. 3): xorn oHa ro>Ke nsJ1sIer- ca Mepapxwrecxon, H0 cocronr y)Ke n3 ceMn I'0pM3OHTa. IIbHbIX yposHen, z1ononHsreMsrx nsymr seprnKa. nsHsrMn (ynpasneHMe M 6e3onacHocrs), Koropsre yqacrsyror so scex npoueccax. EcnM o6parMrsc; r K rexnwrecxnm oco6eHHocrsM MOIICJIH, npnsenennon Ha pMc. 4, ro MO)KI-{O cKa3ars, -rro M0£leJ'lb nepe- nalm }1aHHbIX s I/ IHrepHere semen IoT-A 6y)1er ornwrarbcn or cymecrsylomen MOIJCJIH nepenatrn 11aHHsrx lrepea Mnrepner. B MOIICJIPI apxnreK'rypsr IoT-A tpnrypnpyror nsa Ba)I(HI>IX IIOH$I- rnn. Cers c orpauwrennsmn xapaxrepnsyercn orHocnrensHo Hn3KnMM cKopocrnMn nepena-in — MeHee l M6nr/ c (HanpMMep, crannapr IEEE 802. 15.4) M nocraroqno ssrcoKM1Mn 3anep>KKaMM, cers 6e3 orpannqennn — coorsercrsenno ssreoKnMM cKopocrsI— Mn nepenatm J. 'laHHblX (necsrrxn Mera6Mr s ceKyH11y n 6onee) n noxo)Ka Ha cymecrsyromyro cers I/ IHrepHer. Paanwme nan: -rsrx Monenen ceren noKa3aHo Ha pnc. 5. Monens apxnreKryps1 IoT-A nocrosrHHo Koppexrnpyercsr n 1.Iono. rn-mercsr Hoss1MM cneunqmxaunsmn. B Hacrosrmee spervrsr 1.IocrynHa sropasi sepcnn Monenn IoT-A v2. . qbmmsamn 06599:! . snpryansnun ofiussrr
  3. 3. 12 ISSN 0013-5771. «3.IIEKTPOCB}l31», N2 8, 2013 Yposeus npvrnomeuun l'lpuno)KeHm1 IoT I nOl'IHMTe. l1bHa5‘l no exoca oesvioos Ceressie so: iMo>roiocrM Tauenornsie B03M0)KHOCT I'- man notqnepriata ee - = Moos Yposeus noqnepxom eepsuoos M npw1ox<eHMn § E E 2 3 2 S vuneuaeduk u. r.noo-oxowcog Puc. 3. C-)raJroiiiiasr Mozrens IOT (cornaciio MC3-T Y.2060) Esponencimn ricc. riezrosareJu. cKnn iuracrep 1/Irirepiiera semen IERC. HenpasMre. rrscrseHHasi accounaunsi «Espe- nencKMn MccJ1eLrosareJrscKMn Knacrep HHrepHera semen» (IoT European Research Cluster, IERC) [6] c 20|0 r. ocymecr- snsier Kooprlmiaunro pasnwrnsrx npoeKros Espocoroaa (EC) s o61racrM IoT c uerrsro onpenenenrisi o6mero l'10HHMaHl/ [51 npM- Hunnos M rexnonornn, a raK>Ke Koopr1MHauMn npoeKros espo- nencKMx pa3pa6orHMKos. Zlenrensnocrs IERC s o6JracrM IoT HaIlpaBJleHa Ha r1ocrmKeHMe o6mero noHMMaHMn nyren, eperrcrs H MCTOIIOB pa3svrrM$i IoT. IERC nperennyer Ha craryc senymen o6meMMposon wro- maJ1Kn Mn KOHTaKTOB s o6nacrM IoT-pa3pa6oroK. y‘laCTHl/ IKM H 3Kcneprsr IERC onperrerrnror Me>K11yHapozrHyro crparernro co- TP)’[lHH‘leCTBa s o6nacrM IoT, npMopMrerHsie Hanpasnenmi Mc- cnenosannn. Accounaumi IERC Kooprrnnnpyer £[e$lT6J1bHOCTb no corpyrinwiecrsy H s3aMMo11encrsMro r1pyrMx Krracrepos EC, opraHM3yerr1McKyccMM M KoHd)epeHuMM no sonpocaiw IoT. B ne- DC‘-IHC y‘<laCTHHKOB IERC 3Ha-rarcn 6onee 20 nencrsyromnx MnM aasepmnsmnxcn esponencKMx IoT-npoeKros. M0)KHO ssrziennrb npoeKr EU—IFM: «yMHsre rpaHcnop- rnsre r1oKyMeHrsr» (6Mnersr Mn noe3J1oK s o6mecrseHHoM rpaHcnopre), sseLieHHsre s pa3rrM-rnsrx rocynapcrsax EC. I'lpoeKr BRIDGE nperiyciviarpnsaer HCn0JI1>30BaHMe rexHoJro- rmi RFID ruin npnevra-nepezratrn 3J1eKrpoiiHoro Kozia rosapa (Electronic Product Code) s paMKax cMcreMHon apxnrexrypsr GSI System Architectury s o61racrM 3r1pasooxpaHeHM; i ii chap- rMauesrMKM, nocrasoK cse>KMx n cKoponopr; imMxc; i npo11yK- ros, orcJre>KMsaHMn Lieno-reK nocrasoK npomsnurrennsrx rosa- pos. B paMKax npoeKra KoHcopunyiMa EUWB is 2008-2011 rr. nposonmrncs MccJ1eLl()saHMsr M pa3pa6orKn s o6Jracrn yJrsrpa- mnpoxononocnsrx pamiorexnonornn (Ultra Wideband radio technology) crannapros ECMA 368/369, IEEE 802.l5.3c/4a ruin nepeztatin cMrHaJros Ha KoporKMe paccro; iHMn npM ric- no. rrs3osaHMM so BHyTpM06'bCKTOBblX M sHyrpnKsaprMpHsix cernx. Ha asroMo6Mrrr. HorM Pl o6mecrseHHoM rpancnopre, s MH11ycrpnM My. rrsrMMeriMa-paasrreiiennn. Peaynbrarsr pa6ori. r IERC ssrpaxarorcn s 6)K€l'011Hb1X ssrnycKax o63opHo-aHaJrn- rM-iecKMx 11oKyMeHros no sonpocarvr crparerwrecKoro pa3sM- rmi IoT. Ansirric IPSO. HeKoMrMep-recKnn aJl1>$lHC IPSO (IP for Smart Objects, <<IIporoKo. rr IP ruin «yMHI>lX 06'l>6KTOB»») [7] c 2008 r. 06'l: C£ll/ IHHCT pa3.rrM-rHsre coo6mecrsa, KoMnaHMn n opraHM3auriM s uensix nponsM)KeHmi l1pOT01(0J1a Mexceresoro s3aMMoLtenc- rsmi IP KaK KoMMyHnKaunoHHon cpensr rum «yMHb1X o6seKros» (Smart Objects, SO). l. Ien; iMn anssinca nsnnrorcn pa3pa6orKa cnoco6os l'1pHMCHeHHfl l'1p0TOK0)'la IP LUIS] Llocryna K SO, co3r1a- Hne n o6HosJreHMe Heo6xor1MrMsrx crar-mapros s Kooneparrnn c IETF, IPv6 Forum, Z-Wave Alliance, Zigbee, onpeLieJ1eHMe ad)- cpeKrnsHsrx cnoco6os m-ulycrpnansnoro HCIIOJIb30BaHM$l SO c IP, Mapxernr-rr SO c IP. AJrs; iHc IPSO oprarinayer recrnposarine paanwrnsrx S0 M npM. rro>KeHnn Ha cnoco6Hocrs K s3aMMo11encrsnro (interoperability) c ncno. rrs3osaHrieM flp0TOK0.I1a IP. IPSO He 9HN‘I.1fllMKl0l. D11 11 91011190 TMDOKJBIJWOQ MJDONXGNIEOQ Ynpasn HMS 6vi: iHec- npoueecamu IoT Bnpryanbt-rue cyuniocrn Ynpaaneime 0prar-m3ar. iwi 099 Beoonaaaocrh Puc. 4. ¢1>yrrrnuioiia. m.iiasi Mozreris apxnrexrypu 1oT-A pa3pa6ari. rsaer co6crseHHo rexHonorMM o6MeHa M TeXHWl€C- KMe CTaHl1ap’I‘bI, Ho r1oKyMer-rrnpyer n pacnpocrpanner nepe- noson onsrr ncno. vrs3osaHMsi nporoKo. rra IP rum npMMeHeHM; i SO. B Irncno ocnosarenen a. rrwiHca IPSO sxomrr Bosch, Cisco, Ericsson, Fujitsu, Oracle, SAP, Sun M 11p. , a scero anssinc 061.- CLIPIHSICT 6oJ1ee 70 KoiMnaHMn M oprar-rnaaunn M3 Esponsi, CLUA, }1noHMM, Knrasi, 10ro-Bocroliiion A3nM. IPSO perynnpno ny6JrnKyer CBCLICHVDI o JIy‘Hl. lI/ IX npaKrM- Kax IrlCl10Jlb30BaHHfl S0 c noruiep)KKon IP, pacnpocrpaiisier cserieHM; i o pa3pa6orKe H o6HosJreHnM HOBblX c1'aH11apros, y-iacrsyer s npodmrrsnsrx KoHd>epeHuM5ix M ssicrasKax. IPSO nposozinr KOHKypCbl nHHosauMoHHsrx KoHuentrMn Mcnons3o- sarrmi IP rum Mnrepqnencos, opraHM3ar. rnM cssisen n npMJro- >KeHMn s CeHCOpHb1X cersix, cersix y11paBJ1eHlrlil, npnno)KeHM- nx M2M ILIISI loT s npoMsrmneHHocrn, 3npasooxpaHeHMn, Ha rpancnopre. 1‘Jro6a. vrsnun rraprriiepcruin npoeKr oneM2M. Me)KMaLUMH- Hsre KoMMyHMKauMn (M2M) sisnnrorcn sa)KHenmen cocrasJrn- iomen 1/1HTCpHCTa semen. B Hacrosimee spemr MO)KHO Ha3sars 6oJree I40 opraHM3ar. iMn, l1pFlMO Mnn KocseHHo yqacrsyromnx s npoueccax craHziaprM3auMM M2M. 1'Io3roMy s 2012 r. 6blJ'l co311aH 1‘. iro6a. trsHsrn naprHepcKMn npoeKr oneM2M [8], cno- co6crsyromMn <bopMMposaHMro o6me11ocrynHsrx Pl o6menpM- 3HaHHsrx TCXHPNCCKHX cneundmxaunn M rexHM-recKnx or-ie- ros, Koropsre OTHOCHTCH npe>Kzre scero K yposHro ycnyr M2M (M2M Service Layer). I/ lHMunaroparMM C03£I, aHml npoeKra oneM2M ssrcrynmrn CeMb pe1‘MOHaJ1bHblX opraHn3aLrMn no craruraprnsaunn rene- KoMrMyHMKar. inn: mecrepxa naprnepos, cosnasmasi sceMMpHo flpVl3HaHHb1l7l naprHepcKMn npoeKr 3GPP (ETSI (Espona), ARIB ($1nor-inn), TTC (flnonusi), CCSA (Knran), TIA (Cl. LlA), TTA (Kopen)) nnroc AMepnKaHcKnn aJrssiHc no 11p0MbIIlUICH- i-rsrM re. rreKorvriMyHnKaunoHHi. rM pemeHmrM (ATIS). B paMKax npoeKra oneM2M co311aHr. r iiersrpe pa6oliMe rpyn- nsr no crrenyromr/ iM HanpasneHmiM: rexHwrecKne rpe6osaHMsi; apxrirexrypa; 6e3onacHocrs; ynpasnenne, o6mee onncaHMe o6'seKros n Mx ceMaHrnKa. Peayrrsrarsr Mccneziosannn HOCSIT noKa npezisapnrensnsrn xaparcrep, paspafiarsrsaervrisre £l0KyMeH- rsr Haxorisircsi Ha crazimix cornacosanmi. I/ lnnunarnsa oneM2M Oranaapruan uonarua Mirrepuera Monens IoT Con. c Cars 583 Can. :2 orpanmeiivsmu orpariwm-iMn orpanmeuvsmu Puc. 5. Cpasiierine Monenen neperia-iii riainrux s Plirrepirere H s IoT
  4. 4. ISSN 0013-5771. «3J1EKTPOCB}13b», N2 8, 2013 13 npenycmarpnsaer s Mrreane daopmrposar-rue e11nHoro cranziapra JIHTEP/1T. VPA ycnyr M2M‘ Ems om“ Banaqa oneM2M _ m’Ipa6°1-K3 “Influx 1. KyIrepanHnA. E. I/1H'repHe'r semen / / Bnelcrpocssss. — 2013. — N9 1. "°m‘°n°B K B3a"M°11°fi°T3"‘° C y'*a°T”"KaM“ PHHK3 Y“-"Yr "°‘ 2. Cern crrerryromero noKo. rreHmi NGN / H011 pen. A. B. Pocnsxosa. penaqn rinipopmaurm, seprnKa. JrbHsrMn pbll-1KaMH n pa3pa6orr- _ M_; 3Ko-TpeHn3’ 2oo3_ ‘IPIKBMH IIDOFDBMMHBIX aDXHT6K'I'YP- 3. Forrsmmenn B. C., Ky-iepnsun A. E. Cern cssrari nocr-NGN. — 3aK. riio-ieriiie. Bonpocawrn crar-maprnaaunn H npaK'rwiecKo- CH6; BXB-l'Ierep6ypr, 2013. ro srrerrperrmr ornenbnux cocrannmourprx I/ [1-[1-epne-ra nemefi 4. Intemet of Things Global Standards Initiative [3neK'r'poHHLrn pe- (M2M, RFID, scenpor-rnKaromne ceHcopHsre cern 14 up. ) aa- CYPCL - PGXHM 1100730181 httpi/ /WWW-imint/ en/ [TU-T/85i/ i°V Hvmaiorcsr Mr-tome Me)KlIYHapO)11-[ble oprar-rrrraaunn, Henpa- P3895/defaul‘-3§P" (11aTa‘°5P3"1°“""3 20-02-13)- snrerrscrseniisre acconnatrnn, aJ'lbiIHCbI nponasozrnrenen Pl 5‘ Im°"‘°t'°f'Th"‘3s A’°h“°°“"° [3”°’“p°"””fi p°°yp°]' T Pew“ oncpa. l.opoB napmepcxfle npoembl B Hacmflmee Bpem mm nocryna: http: // www. iot-a. eu(11ara o6pameHnsi: 20.02.13). ’ ' 6. European Research Cluster on the Intemet of Things [3JrercrpoH- I/ Iiirepnera semen Kax Hosoro Hanpasnenmr passnrnn nHc]3o- Hhrn ec . — Pe)Kr-rrM soc a: htt : wwwfintemet-of-thi s- KoMMyHnKa1inn s ueJroM onpesenensr caMsre o6mne KoH1ren- P we] W” D / / 1 ng research. eu (zrara oépamer-inn: 20.02.13). ryansiisre H apxnrexrypr-irate peurer-inn. Ocriosrron npo6JIeMon 7_ ":30 Alliance [gnempouflun pecypc]_ _ pew” HOCTYI-la; http: // B 6Jm)Kan111ee spemr 6y11er rapMor-insaunn pasnnlmrsrx craH- www. ipso-al1iance. org (nara o6pameHwi: 20.02.13). I. 'lapToB c Llenbto c])opMnpoBa1-[mi emu-ton H Henpornsopeqnson 8. 'I‘rrxsiiricinin 13.0. l'Iapr1-repcxrrrn npoercr oneM2M / / 3.rreK'rpo- HopMarnsHon 6a3sr rum npaKrHIrecKon peannsaunn I/ IHrepHe- cssras. — 2012. — N9 11. ra semen. Ha/ ry-rem) 04. 04. I3 V| H(DOPMAL| |/IFI Ha 2-n Bcepoccvincxon KoH¢epeHi. uniii «Ks-iecrso a renerroiviuiynvixaumix — pe- uimi, npo6neivrsi, nepcneicmsu» (opra- Husaropsi: 3A0 «3K¢no-Tenexom H OAO «rMnPOCBil3b») paccmcrpnsanncs Kon- uenryansnsie nomronu K Konrpomo Ka- iiecrsa, Hieronu n peuienmi no nonunio- Hmo Kn-tense l'IPOA0¢‘I’IllI$IIMbIX ycnyr csnairi. KoHd>epeHum1 co6pana Gonbuioe HVICIIO xrenaioumx 05CyI. '|| (|Tb crons ai<1'yansHyio Ami o1'pac: iM npo6neMy. Beau span nM Hannercn uenosex, Hvrxorna He cranKMsasruMncn c npe- pblBaHMeM cssi3M s xone pasrosopa, rpyAHo- c'rsiMM c AOSBOHOM s AsM)i<eHMM, orcyrcrsMeM cnruana Ha HVDKHMX 3ra>Kax >KWIb| X AOMOB, s BblCOTHblX agar-max M Kpyl1HblX 6vi3Hec-ueHr- pax M 14.1. l'lpnHeM orcyrcrsMeM nperenavln co croponsi nomasosarenen He Momer noxsac- rarscn HM OAVIH M3 oneparopos «oonsuron rponxm. B csoe spew! npo6neMa o6cy)KAa- nacs Ha ¢aMOM BNCOKOM ypoaHe: rorna xyA- u. rMM Mecrom no yposHio cMrHana coroson csnsn 6bln npvtaHaH Lreiirp MOCKBH. Hano organ: Aomiriioe J1enap1'aMeHry MH4>opMai. wr- oHHsix rexnonornn (AMT) CTOI1VlL| bl, Ann Ko- roporo MoHMropnHrM Ka-iecrsa ycnyr csnavr cranvr Aenom npMssi-iHsrM. Cyrb o5cy>iq: aeMon npo6neMsi cKoHr. reH- rpMposaHa s 'reMarMi<e KoH<]>epeHr. rvm: KOH- uerrryanbuue nonxonu K KOHTp0I1l0 Ka-iecrsa npenocrasnnembix ycnyr csiisn s Poccvincxon meneparmvi M METOAH nossiurenvrii Ka-iecrsa ycnyr csa3M. Bsicrynnemin Ha aacenar-max, npoxonnaumx s ¢opMare ocrpsix vi 6ecKoM- I1p0MV| CCHbIX AMcKyccnn, s 0|-repent-Ion pas npoiremoncr-pMposanM cyurecrsosanne Kax MMHviMyM Asyx |1p0TMBOnOn0)KHbIX ro-ieK ape- Husi Ha npo6neMy. Flepayio oasytmn, 0‘l'Kpb| - sasi KoH4>epeHumo, reHepanbHsin Anpercrop «Fl/ ||'IPOCB'iI3M» B. Eonmpmc ceronnsi, KOI'- Aa Hossie MrpoKM Ha pblHKe nparcm-iecKM He KA‘-IECTBO CTOI/ IT AOPOFO nonsnmorcs, trro He cnocoécrsyer KoHr<ypeH- unM, nossuueHMe Kauecrsa nperrocrasnnervisix ycnyr Heso3Mo>KHo 6e3 snvmHMn rocynapcrsa, 6e3 sse, i:reHMsi perynriropHsrx METOAOB. AnonoreraMM sropon noawuvm, ocHo- saHHon Ha aKcMoMe npouinux ner — «PblHOK ace paccraawr no csovm Mecram, BblCTyl'lM- nM npencraswrenu oneparopoa. OHM c'rpo- vrnM Aoxaaarensnyro 6a3y Ha TOM, -rro KOM- Mepuecxvwi KoMnaHvmM npocro HeBb| I'OAHO 6srrs HEAO6p0COBeCTHb| MM nocrasurvrKaMM ycnyr, I10CKOI1bKy sro cHM)Kaer Mx KoHKypeH- TOCl1OCO6HOCT| >. Kpome roro, oneparopsr ccsmatorcn Ha cyutecrseHHyro . qonio Heo6oc- HOBaHHbIX >Kano6, «cepbie» cxemsi, HOBble ramxersi c nnoxon npotunsxon, «ApeMyuMe» 'rene¢oHsi, M3MeHeHMe o; KvrAaHvin a6oHeH- ros. .. Ho 6onee scero roprvroanr ABWKEHVIE, VI c 3TVlM cornacnu sce y‘-laCT| -MKM KoH¢e- peHuuM, orcyrcrsne HopMarMsHon npaso- son 6a3u, Koropan He 06:-iosnnnacs 0|-lel-lb Aaano. l'lo nosony nocnennero 3aMeHaHMH Ha- uansHvu< Ynpasneuna KoH'rpom1 M Hagaopa B ctbepe csn3M PocxoMHan3opa A. nIIIbl. |flII cooéurvrn, Hro Mx aenomcrso yme pa3pa6o- rano M HanpasMno s MMHKoMcsn3M PoccnM Ha yrsep)iqreHne Konuenumo Konrponri Ka- uecrsa csn3M Vl METOAMKM oueHKM Kauecrsa. Taioxe 5blJ1O o61=nsneHo o nnaHax aanycxa noprana, Ha Koropsin nonsaosarenn cMoryr coo6u. rars o npo6neMax c Ka-iecrsom y roro MnM MHoro oneparopa, a Kpome roro, nony- -mrs MHd>opMar. |Mio o Ka-iecrse coroson can- 3M, Aocryna s I/ lHrepHer, TB-cMrHana. B noroxe ynpexoa Ha HeyAosnerso- pMrensHoe Kauecrso co CTOPOHH norpe- 6vrrenen VI )Kano6 nocrasu. rvrKos ycnyr Ha Hecoaepruencrso 6M3Hec-cpensr Gonee OHTMMMCTW-IHO npossyrian Aoxnan 3aMec- rwrenn pykosonwrenn l1VIT MOCKBH A. rop- 6l‘l'bI(0. OH coo6u. |Mn o6 ycvrnmrx cronvi-iHon ap, umHMcrpar. rMvi csn3M, HaI'lpaBlIeHHb| X Ha oKa3aHne noMourM oneparopam s Aene Ha- pau. |l~1Bal-Mil Konwiecrsa 6a3ossix craHuMn (EC), Heo6xoAnMbix Ann yny-imeHMn Kauecraa csn3M. Fog Ha3aA oHM aaasminu, tire was 31'0- ro ‘rpeoyerca AOI10I1HMTeJ'IbH0 1500 6a3osbix cranuvin. Bnaronapn corpy. qHMHecray AMT c POCKOMHaA30p0M yxre ssu: raHbr paapeuieiinn Ha crpowremacrso 800 EC. O. nHaKo s 3Kcnny- A. I'op6s'mro: avsonuuioum Konvi-iocrn SC s core senor K yny-inmimo vIH¢p-crpvxrvpwv araumo sseneno noKa TOJ1bKO 150. 0neparo- pbl O5bilCl-IRIOT raxyio Hecneumocrs rem, Hro rexHMKo-3KoHoMMHecKMe O6OCH08aHV| fi He scema cornacyrorai c d>MHaHcossiMM orpaHM- HeHnsiMn M nnaHaMM aKuMoHepos KoMnaHMn. C03AaHV| e Mnopacrpyicrypbr, cnoco6Hon o6ecne-Mrs BHCOKOE Kauecrso ycnyr csn3M, KoHe-iHo, Aeno Aoporoe, M perynnpoaaHMe Kaiiecrsa ycnyr AOIDKHO y-twrsisars sonpo- Cbl Aoxonnocm, rem He Meriee cneuManMcrsi y6e>i<. qeHsi, -no AOI10nHVl'I’eI'IbHble sarparsi Ha BHeApeHVIe cospeMeHHsrx rexnonornn npM Mx pa3yiMHoM MC| 'I0nb30BaHMM l103BOJ1fi|0T oneparopam BKOHOMVITI: cpencrsa, a 3HaHvir, yBeJ'| VI'-WlBaTb AOXOAHOCTB. (OKoHv4aHue CM. c. 39)

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