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Structure of a Speech (Introduction & Conclusion)

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Structure of a Speech (Introduction & Conclusion)

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Structure of a Speech (Introduction & Conclusion)

  1. 1. Writing a Presentation By: Bishara Adam1
  2. 2. Structure of a speech (Introduction & Conclusion) The introduction and conclusion;  are vitally important  occupy less than 20% of speaking time  help listeners form impressions early  leave lasting impressions
  3. 3. Types of Introductions  Identification with audience  Reference to situation  Statement of purpose  Statement of importance of topic  Surprise audience with claim or statistic  Anecdotal Story  Rhetorical Question (Why me?)  Quotation  Humor
  4. 4. Functions of Introduction  Get Attention  Introduce Topic  Provide Motivation  Establish Credibility  Preview Speech
  5. 5. Ask a question/pose a statistic “Did you know that adults who began volunteering as youth are twice as likely to volunteer as those who did not volunteer when they were younger?” Examples of Introductions
  6. 6. Refer to something familiar “Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Steve Jobs. These are all great inventors and innovators that have had an enormous effect on everyone living in the world today.” Examples of Introductions
  7. 7. Preview “I’ll begin with why volunteering first and foremost improves the lives of those being helped, then why it personally changes and benefits the person volunteering, and lastly I will convince you that the long term impacts of volunteering are high.” Examples of Introductions
  8. 8. Preview “To begin, I will tell you about the early life of Steve Jobs with his childhood and education. Then, I’ll tell you about his professional achievements, and lastly about his death.” Examples of Introductions
  9. 9. Preview “First, I will tell you what Eid is and where it came from; Second, I will tell you about the traditions and customs that go along with this holiday; and lastly, I will tell you about the activities that people like to participate in during this day.” Examples of Introductions
  10. 10. Experience “Volunteering is something that has been a huge part of my life for about 5 years.” Examples of Introductions
  11. 11. Reason for choosing/Authority on Topic “Steve Jobs had a personal impact on my own life by inspiring me to major in technology innovation. I’ve also read his biography recently.” Examples of Introductions
  12. 12. How many people in here have a hard time balancing school work, working, family, and personal time? For many of you in here, time management can be a major struggle, but it doesn’t have to be. I’ve been effectively using time management strategies for years now, and it has made my life much easier to balance. First, I’ll discuss how to manage your school time, then work time, and lastly family and personal time. Examples of Introductions
  13. 13. Types of Conclusions Summary Quotation Personal reference Challenge to audience Offer vision of the future
  14. 14. Functions of Conclusions Summarize speech Reemphasize main idea Motivate response Provide closure
  15. 15. Examples of Conclusions Transition statement “With that in mind, let me conclude.”
  16. 16. Examples of Conclusions Recap “First, I told you about the positive impact it has on the person being helped, then I told you about how it affects the volunteer and lastly I told you about the long term benefits of volunteering.”
  17. 17. Examples of Conclusions Call to Action I hope this inspires all of you to begin volunteering today!
  18. 18. Examples of Conclusions Memorable thought This is our time—let’s make a difference.”
  19. 19. Group Task Choose a topic. Discuss and write an introduction and a conclusion for the given type. ( 10 to 15 minutes to discuss) Present the written introduction and conclusion.

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