IDBM Pro sustainable design lecture, 25.8.2011, Design Factory

495 views

Published on

Lecture slides for sustainable design lecture and workshop.

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
495
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • suunnittelunvapaus?\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • just one example,\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • IDBM Pro sustainable design lecture, 25.8.2011, Design Factory

    1. 1. Sustainable design andresearch.
    2. 2. Today’s sermon:1. Why sustainability?2. Pre-assignment lessons3. Simple LCA exercise4. Lunch break5. Practical exercise
    3. 3. Let’s go!1. Why sustainability?2. Pre-assignment lessons3. Simple LCA exercise4. Lunch break5. Practical exercise
    4. 4. Sustainability
    5. 5. People Social aspects and user requirements in design, production, use and recycling
    6. 6. (c) Lisandro Suero / AFP / Getty Images
    7. 7. Picture source: USAF
    8. 8. Picture source: U.S.Army
    9. 9. PeoplePlanet Taking the environment into account
    10. 10. Aino
    11. 11. (c) DIY Kyoto
    12. 12. PeoplePlanetProfit Financial sustainability
    13. 13. PeoplePlanetProfit
    14. 14. The situation:
    15. 15. Big issues:
    16. 16. Big issues:Climate change
    17. 17. Big issues:Climate change -> energy
    18. 18. Big issues:Climate change -> energyWaste streams
    19. 19. Big issues:Climate change -> energyWaste streamsWater
    20. 20. Big issues:Climate change -> energyWaste streamsWater“Peak everything”
    21. 21. 1&#($"#$%&()*+",$-2$+2%.$",$+3.$4.5$6#"*".0$7*.,8&" !"#$%"&#"&()#*+,-#.&)/%,0/1&23&4$5*&.&6789&#.&-0/&$%,:&#;&)1.<&#+-(+-&#; .%-+)%"&<%1&"=+*1&>&+.,#.?/.-#.%"&#"@&%1&,)+*/&#"&()#*+,-#.&("%-/%+1&&IEA World Energy Outlook 2010 !"#$%&
    22. 22. 1&#($"#$%&()*+",$-2$+2%.$",$+3.$4.5$6#"*".0$7*.,8&" ? !"#$%"&#"&()#*+,-#.&)/%,0/1&23&4$5*&.&6789&#.&-0/&$%,:&#;&)1.<&#+-(+-&#; .%-+)%"&<%1&"=+*1&>&+.,#.?/.-#.%"&#"@&%1&,)+*/&#"&()#*+,-#.&("%-/%+1&&IEA World Energy Outlook 2010 !"#$%&
    23. 23. 1&#($"#$%&()*+",$-2$+2%.$",$+3.$4.5$6#"*".0$7*.,8&" ? ? !"#$%"&#"&()#*+,-#.&)/%,0/1&23&4$5*&.&6789&#.&-0/&$%,:&#;&)1.<&#+-(+-&#; .%-+)%"&<%1&"=+*1&>&+.,#.?/.-#.%"&#"@&%1&,)+*/&#"&()#*+,-#.&("%-/%+1&&IEA World Energy Outlook 2010 !"#$%&
    24. 24. By 2050,the environmental footprint of global economy must decrease by 93%
    25. 25. By 2050, the environmental footprint of global economy must decrease by 93%Source: Worldwatch Report 2008
    26. 26. ??!!
    27. 27. By 2050, the environmental footprint of global economy must decrease by 93%(c) Apple. Source: Worldwatch Report 2008
    28. 28. By 2050, the environmental footprint of global economy must decrease by 93%(c) Apple. Source: Worldwatch Report 2008
    29. 29. Good news:
    30. 30. = $40 000 billion opportunitySource: International Energy Agency
    31. 31. = $40 000 billion opportunitySource: International Energy Agency
    32. 32. Everything you see,must be redesigned
    33. 33. By time design phase is over,70 - 90 % of environmentalimpact is “locked in”
    34. 34. Example: 75 % decrease in footprint:Double the lifetimeHalve the materials
    35. 35. The objective:
    36. 36. The objective:closed loop economy
    37. 37. Some ideas:
    38. 38. Some ideas:Cradle to Cradle
    39. 39. Some ideas:Cradle to CradleBiomimicry
    40. 40. Insecta, (c) Shao Yung Yeh 2008
    41. 41. Image (c)Daily Mail
    42. 42. Image (c) Andreas
    43. 43. Source: Wikimedia Commons
    44. 44. Source: Wikimedia Commons
    45. 45. Source:http://www.royaltyfreeimages.net
    46. 46. Source:http://www.ecobuild.co.uk/var/uploads/exhibitor/2641/dhle8pj4fu.jpg
    47. 47. 1. Why sustainability?2. Pre-assignment lessons3. Simple LCA exercise4. Lunch break5. Practical exercise
    48. 48. 1. Why sustainability?2. Pre-assignment lessons3. Simple LCA exercise4. Lunch break5. Practical exercise
    49. 49. The question:What is “green?”
    50. 50. Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons
    51. 51. Photo Source: Library of Congress
    52. 52. (c) Royal Claddagh, claddagh.com
    53. 53. Photo Source: Brian Gleeson/Discover Ireland
    54. 54. ≈ 1/3
    55. 55. Materials
    56. 56. Manuf.Materials
    57. 57. Manuf.Materials
    58. 58. MaterialsManuf.Materials
    59. 59. MaterialsManuf.Materials
    60. 60. Sustainability isn’t self-evident
    61. 61. Sustainability must be designed
    62. 62. Sustainability must be designed
    63. 63. to do so, we need to knowthe starting point
    64. 64. One way to nd out:subjective estimation
    65. 65. ⅞
    66. 66. ...but:sometimes it’s not enough
    67. 67. Morrison & Murtonen
    68. 68. ?Morrison & Murtonen
    69. 69. BroadOpinion Fact Narrow
    70. 70. BroadOpinion Fact Narrow
    71. 71. BroadOpinion Fact Total Beauty Narrow
    72. 72. BroadOpinion Fact LiDS Total Beauty Narrow
    73. 73. Broad PharosOpinion Fact LiDS Total Beauty Narrow
    74. 74. Broad Qualitative Matrix LCA PharosOpinion Fact LiDS Total Beauty Narrow
    75. 75. Broad Qualitative Matrix LCA PharosOpinion Fact LiDS Total MBDC Beauty Narrow
    76. 76. Broad Qualitative Matrix LCA PharosOpinion Fact Ecological LiDS Footprint Total MBDC Beauty Narrow
    77. 77. Broad Qualitative Matrix LCA Eco-99, Pharos OkalaOpinion Fact Ecological LiDS Footprint Total MBDC Beauty Narrow
    78. 78. Broad Life Qualitative Cycle Matrix LCA Assesment Eco-99, Pharos OkalaOpinion Fact Ecological LiDS Footprint Total MBDC Beauty Narrow
    79. 79. Broad Life Qualitative Cycle Matrix LCA Assesment Eco-99, Pharos OkalaOpinion Fact Ecological LiDS Footprint Total MBDC Beauty Narrow
    80. 80. Broad Qualitative Matrix LCA Eco-99, Pharos OkalaOpinion Fact Ecological LiDS Footprint Total MBDC Beauty Narrow
    81. 81. Broad Qualitative Matrix LCA Eco-99, Pharos OkalaOpinion Fact Ecological LiDS Footprint Total Beauty Narrow
    82. 82. Broad Eco-99, Pharos OkalaOpinion Fact Ecological LiDS Footprint Total Beauty Narrow
    83. 83. Broad Eco-99, OkalaOpinion Fact Ecological LiDS Footprint Total Beauty Narrow
    84. 84. Broad Eco-99, OkalaOpinion Fact LiDS Total Beauty Narrow
    85. 85. Broad Eco-99, OkalaOpinion Fact LiDS Narrow
    86. 86. Broad Eco-99, OkalaOpinion Fact Narrow
    87. 87. Broad Eco-99, Okala IdeationOpinion Fact Cards Narrow
    88. 88. Broad Eco-99, Eco-99, Okala Okala IdeationOpinion Fact Cards Narrow
    89. 89. To recap:the principles of life cycleassessment
    90. 90. Full scale life cycle analysis:Heavy ja time-consuming
    91. 91. Lightweight LCA rides to rescue!Photo Source: Library of Congress
    92. 92. For example, Eco-99 and Okala:Single value accounts for:
    93. 93. For example, Eco-99 and Okala:Single value accounts for:- health effects- ecosystem damages- resource depletion
    94. 94. For example, Eco-99 and Okala:Single value accounts for:- health effects- ecosystem damages- resource depletion
    95. 95. For example, Eco-99 and Okala:Single value accounts for:- health effects- ecosystem damages- resource depletion
    96. 96. For example, Eco-99 and Okala:Single value accounts for:- health effects- ecosystem damages- resource depletion...and enables comparisons!
    97. 97. What is “light” LCA good for?Concept design phase!- benchmarking- comparison of concepts- testing assumptions- comparing products
    98. 98. Light LCA:Not for public consumption- marketing- greenwash :(
    99. 99. ...calculations areinevitably uncertain
    100. 100. Uncertainties crop up from e.g.- errors in modeling- errors in data
    101. 101. Important distinction!- relative error- absolute error
    102. 102. When materials & processes are similar:Similar products ≈ relative error≈ no worries
    103. 103. When materials & processes differDifferent products ≈ absoluteerror ≈ might be a problem!
    104. 104. Rule of thumb for meaningful differences:- similar products: 10-50 %- different products: 100 % !
    105. 105. Veneer ≈ 420 MoldingTransport 50 Wax/ 3,75 Glass bre paint 54 10,5 Polypropylene 45,5 Wood ≈ 25
    106. 106. EXERCISE: Single figure LCAPhoto Source: Library of Congress
    107. 107. Photo Source: Pop Art Toaster
    108. 108. Part Material Process Quantity Polystyrene GPS Shell (virgin) Injection molding 0,24 kg 80 % nickel, 20 % Wiring chrome Drawing 0,03 kg Steel (25% Rolling,Structure recycled) galvanizing, cutting 0,93 kgInsulator PVC, ex, Extrusion 0,045 kg Copper (30% Cable recycled) Drawing 0,011 kg Plug PVC, ex. Injection molding 0,037 kgFittings Stainless steel Rolling 0,03 kg Power Electricity use value 5,45/kWh 970 W Usage Minutes/day During breakfast 9 minLifetime Years Before disposal 3 vuotta
    109. 109. Part Material Process Quantity Polystyrene GPS Shell (virgin) Injection molding 0,24 kg 80 % nickel, 20 % Wiring chrome Drawing 0,03 kg Steel (25% Rolling,Structure recycled) galvanizing, cutting 0,93 kgInsulator PVC, ex, Extrusion 0,045 kg Copper (30% Cable recycled) Drawing 0,011 kg Plug PVC, ex. Injection molding 0,037 kgFittings Stainless steel Rolling 0,03 kg Power Electricity use value 5,45/kWh 970 W Usage Minutes/day During breakfast 9 minLifetime Years Before disposal 3 vuotta
    110. 110. Part Quantity Material Processing TOTAL Shell 0,24 kg 18 10 6.7 0.8 * 270 + Wiring 0,03 kg 0.2 * 240 29 8.8 0.75 * 25 + 2.5 + 4.1 +Structure 0,93 kg 0.25 * 9.3 0.0047 25.7Insulator 0,045 kg 17 2.9 0.9 0.7 * 320 + Cable 0,011 kg 0.3 * 37 29 2.9 Plug 0,037 kg 17 10 1Fittings 0,03 kg 64 7.1 2.1 Power 970 W 0.97 kW Usage 9 min * 9/60 h 5,45/kWh 868 * 365 * 3Lifetime 3 vuotta
    111. 111. Shell Wiring Structure InsulatorCable Plug Fittings Energy 2% 98 %
    112. 112. Question:how to improve the toaster?
    113. 113. How to improve the toaster?Basic principles
    114. 114. Basic principles
    115. 115. Basic principles Recyclable: Products manufactured from biobased materials, and they are recyclable or disposable safely, OR products are made from materials that stay in a closed loop.
    116. 116. Basic principles Recyclable: Products manufactured from biobased materials, and they are recyclable or disposable safely, OR products are made from materials that stay in a closed loop. Renewable: Product uses energy sources that last for future generations, are safe and environmentally friendly.
    117. 117. Basic principles Recyclable: Products manufactured from biobased materials, and they are recyclable or disposable safely, OR products are made from materials that stay in a closed loop. Renewable: Product uses energy sources that last for future generations, are safe and environmentally friendly. Safe: Products are non-toxic in use and disposal. Manufacturing or service production doesn’t result to toxic emissions or ecosystem damages.
    118. 118. Basic principles Recyclable: Products manufactured from biobased materials, and they are recyclable or disposable safely, OR products are made from materials that stay in a closed loop. Renewable: Product uses energy sources that last for future generations, are safe and environmentally friendly. Safe: Products are non-toxic in use and disposal. Manufacturing or service production doesn’t result to toxic emissions or ecosystem damages.⅞ Efficient: The ef ciency of manufacturing/production and use is much higher than products of comparable utility.
    119. 119. Basic principles Recyclable: Products manufactured from biobased materials, and they are recyclable or disposable safely, OR products are made from materials that stay in a closed loop. Renewable: Product uses energy sources that last for future generations, are safe and environmentally friendly. Safe: Products are non-toxic in use and disposal. Manufacturing or service production doesn’t result to toxic emissions or ecosystem damages.⅞ Efficient: The ef ciency of manufacturing/production and use is much higher than products of comparable utility. Social: Manufacturing, production, use and disposal do not have adverse effects to people.
    120. 120. Exercise:Eco-efficient kitchen furniture
    121. 121. Your brief, in brief:conceptualize an item ofkitchen furniture (e.g. cabinet)that a) has low environmentalimpact and b) supportssustainable behavior
    122. 122. Your brief, in more detail:use ideation cards to brainstormuser needs
    123. 123. ideationcards.com
    124. 124. 4. Production Improvement 5. Distribution Improvement 3. Material Improvement 6. Reduce Use Stage Impact 2. Initial Lifetime Improvement 7. End-of-Life Improvement PLANET 1 .New Concept Development 1. Activities 5. Customer Care 2. Environments 3. Distribution PEOPLE PROFIT3. Interactions 3. Distribution 4. Objects 5. Users 1. Marketing 2. Sales www.ideationcards.com
    125. 125. Working from your brief,prototype early and often
    126. 126. 7 minutes
    127. 127. Do not forget!use LCA to estimate impact(s)
    128. 128. Fastest company wins, soact efficientlyprepare to present by 15:00
    129. 129. To recap:sustainable kitchen furniturework in teamsuse ideation cardsestimate impactscreate a cardboard model
    130. 130. Viimeinen asia:mitä sitten?
    131. 131. ABCD:
    132. 132. Kyky analysoida tuotteiden ja tuotannonA sosiaalisia ja ympäristövaikutuksia, sekä selvittää organisaation kyky puuttua niihin. Assess Bridge Kyky yhdistää muutokseen valmiitaB tahoja ja tuoda yhteen oikeat osaamisalueet ja oikeat ihmiset tuotteiden ja palvelujen uudelleensuunnittelua varten. Kyky luoda ja suorittaa projekteja, joidenC kautta vastuullisuutta ja sen vaikutusta tuotekehitysprosessiin voidaan testata ja oppia. Kyky jakaa tietoutta, saada oikea tietoD oikeiden ihmisten käsiin oikeana aikana, ja tuoda suunnittelijan vastuu projektin Diffuse Create lopputuloksesta näkyväksi.
    133. 133. Pelisääntöjen Liike- toiminta muuttaminen toimialallaVastuullisuuden Brändi jakulttuurin kulttuuri Uusienkehittäminen tarpeiden Markkinat synnyttämien markkinoidenTuotedifferen- hyödyntäminen Tuotteettiaatio Prosessikus- Prosessit tannusten minimointiMinimivaati-musten Riskitnoudattaminen
    134. 134. Ekodesignin tulevaisuus?
    135. 135. Vastuullisuus 1.0: sääntöjennoudattaminen, CSR,rajoitukset...
    136. 136. Vastuullisuus 2.0: kannattavaabisnestä, yhteistyötä, tiedonjakamista
    137. 137. Vastuullisuus 1.0: jos raakavoima ei auta, et käytä sitätarpeeksi
    138. 138. Vastuullisuus 2.0: jos äly kertaavoima on vakio...?
    139. 139. ...tulee tietysti mieleenmuutama pikku ongelma...
    140. 140. Maailman raaka-aineiden kulutus: yli 10 miljardia tonnia v. 19951970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995
    141. 141. ...osa ratkaisuista on ongelmia
    142. 142. “The challenge of sustainability is broad enough that there is no one right place to start. The important part is just tostart somewhere. So, just pick a location and dig in.”- Paul Murray, EHS Director and product sustainability innovator at Herman Miller Inc.
    143. 143. Kirjallisuutta:IDSA: Okala Design GuideMcDonough & Baumgard: Cradle to CradleBar-Yam: Making Things WorkBenyus: Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by NatureWillard & Elkington: The Sustainability AdvantageMaailman Tila 2010-raporttiwww.slideshare.net/jmkorhonen

    ×