Copy of robotics17


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Copy of robotics17

  1. 1. EXPERT SYSTEMS AND SOLUTIONS Email: Cell: 9952749533 PAIYANOOR, OMR, CHENNAI Call For Research Projects Final year students of B.E in EEE, ECE, EI, M.E (Power Systems), M.E (Applied Electronics), M.E (Power Electronics) Ph.D Electrical and Electronics.Students can assemble their hardware in our Research labs. Experts will be guiding the projects.
  3. 3. Abstract Microcontroller based PWM inverter is the recent technique in which output voltage produced by the inverter is easily controlled.In this circuit five MOSFET’s used for high speed switching purpose alone with eight diodes. Here four diodes used as freewheeling diode and remaining four diodes connected across the MOSFET. Single pulse gating signals are generated by microcontroller.The microcontroller is programmed using keil micro vision2 and ISPRO vision3(serial programmer). Atmel 89c52 is used for generation of gating pulses.
  4. 4. This pulse width modulation technique is very much usefulfor the reduction of harmonics in the inverter output voltage.The pulses are produced directly by the microcontrollerthrough it’s programing. The width of the pulses are easilyvaried by the program.Keil software is used for checking and debugging theprogram of the controller. ISPRO software is used for storethe program in microcontroller with the help of computer.Simulation of single phase and three phase inverter is done byusing MATLAB simulation software. After simulationprocess a necessary hardware for single phase inverter is tobe produced.
  5. 5. INVERTERAn inverter is a circuit which converts a D.C power into anA.C power at desired output voltage and frequencyThis conversion can be achieved by controlled turn-on andturn-off devices like BJT,MOSFET and IGBT.For low and medium power outputs the above deviceswere used.The output waveform produced by the inverter should besinusoidal.
  6. 6. • The commonly used PWM control techniques are: • (a) Single-pulse width modulation (SPWM) • (b) Multiple-pulse width modulation (MPWM) • (c) Sinusoidal pulse width modulation (sin PWM)(a) Single-pulse width modulation:In single-pulse width modulation control, there is only onepulse per half-cycle and the width of the pulse is varied tocontrol the inverter output voltage. The generation of gatingsignals and output voltage of single phase full bridgeinverter is shown in Fig
  7. 7. (a) Multiple pulse-width modulation:In this method of pulse width modulation, the harmonic content can bereduced using several pulses in each half-cycle of output voltage. Bycomparing a reference signal with a triangular carrier wave, the gatingsignals are generated for turning-on and turning-off of a thyristor, asshown in Fig
  8. 8. Sinusoidal pulse width modulation : In this method of modulation, several pulses per half-cycle are used as in the case of multiple pulse width modulation. Instead of maintaining the width of all pulses the same as in the case of multiple pulse modulation, width of each pulse is varied proportional to the amplitude of a sine- wave evaluated at the centre of the same pulse. By comparing a sinusoidal refence signal with a triangular carrier wave of frequency, fc, the gating signals are generated, as shown in Fig
  9. 9. Single phase five level inverter   PWM inverter can control their output voltage andfrequency. and also they reduce the harmoniccomponents in load currents. The approach in theseproject also have lot of merits such as an improved outputwaveform, smaller size and low cost In single-phasethree-level inverter output has three values: zero,positive, and negative supply dc voltage level. Therefore,the harmonic components of their output voltage aredetermined by carrier frequency and switching functions.Moreover, the harmonic reduction of them is limited tocertain degree. The developed a single-phase five-levelPWM inverter has an output voltage with five levels, theyare 1.Zero, 2.Half Positive, 3.Full Positive, 4. Half Negative, 5.Full Negative supply dc voltage levels and hencecalled single-phase five-level PWM inverter.
  10. 10. (a) State 1: +(Vd/2)-Q1-R-L-Q4-(-Vd/2), outputvoltage positive (Vo=Vd) and direction of load currentis negative (Io= (+)).(b) State 2: (-Vd/2)-D1-R-L-D4- (+Vd/2), outputvoltage positive (Vo =Vd) and direction of load currentis negative (Io= (-)). (c) State 3: +(Vd/2)-D5-Q5-D8-L-R-Q4, output voltagepositive (Vo = Vd/2) and direction of load current isnegative (Io= (+)).(d) State 4: -(Vd/2)-D4-L-R-D6-Q5-D7- (+Vd/2), outputvoltage positive (Vo =Vd/2) and direction of loadcurrent is negative (Io= (-)).(e) State 5: L-Q4-D3-R -L, output voltage positive (Vo= 0) and direction of load current is negative (Io= (+)).
  11. 11. (f) State 6: L-R-Q3-D4-L, output voltage positive (Vo=0) and direction of load current is negative (Io=(-)).(g) State 7: -(Vd/2-D5-Q5-D8-R-L-D2- (+Vd/2), outputvoltage positive (Vo = -Vd/2) and direction of loadcurrent is negative (Io= (+)).(h) State 8: +(Vd/2)-Q2-L-R-D6-Q5-D7- (-Vd/2), outputvoltage positive (Vo = -Vd/2) and direction of loadcurrent is negative (Io= (-)). (i) State 9: -(Vd/2)-D3-R-L-D2- (+Vd/2), output voltagepositive (Vo = -Vd) and direction of load current isnegative (Io= (+)).(j) State 10: +(Vd/2)-Q2-L-R-Q3- (-Vd/2), outputvoltage positive (Vo =-Vd) and direction of load currentis negative(Io= (-)).
  12. 12. Keil microvision2 Whats New in µVision3 µVision3 adds many new features to the Editor like Text Templates, Quick Function Navigation, Syntax Coloring with brace highlighting, Configuration Wizard for dialog based startup and debugger setup. µVision3 is fully compatible to µVision2 and can be used in parallel with µVision2.
  13. 13. What is µVision3?µVision3 is an IDE (Integrated DevelopmentEnvironment) that helps you write, compile,and debug embedded programs. Itencapsulates the following components:A project manager.A make facility.Tool configuration.Editor.A powerful debugger.
  14. 14. To help you get started, several example programs(located in the C51Examples,C251Examples, C166Examples, andARM...Examples) are provided.HELLO is a simple program that prints the string "HelloWorld" using the Serial Interface.MEASURE is a data acquisition system for analog anddigital systems.TRAFFIC is a traffic light controller with the RTX Tinyoperating system.SIEVE is the SIEVE Benchmark.DHRY is the Dhrystone Benchmark.WHETS is the Single-Precision Whetstone Benchmark.
  15. 15. Additional example programs not listed here are provided for each device architecture. Building an Application in µVision2 To build (compile, assemble, and link) an application in µVision2, you must:1.Select Project - Open Project (for example, C166EXAMPLESHELLO HELLO.UV2).2.Select Project - Rebuild all target files or Build target. µVision2 compiles, assembles, and links the files in your project.
  16. 16. Creating Your Own Application in µVision2 To create a new project in µVision2, you must:1. Select Project - New Project.2. Select a directory and enter the name of the project file.3. Select Project - Select Device and select an 8051, 251, or C16x/ST10 device from the Device Database™.4. Create source files to add to the project.5. Select Project - Targets, Groups, Files. Add/Files, select Source Group1, and add the source files to the project.
  17. 17. Debugging an Application in µVision2To debug an application created using µVision2,you must: 1.Select Debug - Start/Stop Debug Session. 2.Use the Step toolbar buttons to single-step through your program. You may enter G, main in the Output Window to execute to the main C function. 3.Open the Serial Window using the Serial #1 button on the toolbar.Debug your program using standard options likeStep, Go, Break, and so on.
  18. 18. CONCLUSIONSingle-phase five-level PWM inverter to reduce the harmoniccomponents of output voltage and load current. Theoperational principles and the switching functions areanalyzed in detail. The controller is also designed for thesingle-phase five-level PWM inverter to keep the outputvoltage being sinusoidal and have high dynamic performanceeven in the cases of load variations and also the single-phasefive-level PWM inverter has been compared with a single-phase three-level PWM inverter. The simulation results showthat Total harmonic distortion of the five-level inverter isconsiderably alleviated.