Juli, el arte de la corrida de toros


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Juli, el arte de la corrida de toros

  1. 1. Juli is a young español bullfighter that started his career around the age of 12. As you read through this presentation, take notes on the worksheet and uploadyour completed answers. Also, to review your vocabulary, answer the question: ¿Dónde está Juli? ineach slide. You answers can be in relation to the bull, the arena, his assistants,or anything else you can imagine. Try to use at least 5 different sentences foreach page and try to use ALL your vocab. You can check them off or tallythem as you use them. The more you use your vocab, the easier it will get foryou! 1
  2. 2. It is believed that bulls charge the color red, but this is false. They actuallycharge anything moving! So, the next time you find yourself in an open fieldwith a bull, stand still and make small movements toward the fence, right?Well, personally I’d run like crazy yelling “every man for himself!” Seriouslythough, it’s the movement, not the color that makes bulls charge. This is whyyou will often see the matador or his banderilleros (explained later) makejerking movements to get the bull to charge. There are breeding ranches that breed bulls to be more aggressive. When abull enters the ring, it’s his first experience with a man on foot. There areunmounted horses that know how to corral the bulls. They are also wearingdifferent bells around their necks so that when the hear a certain bell, everyonein the group knows where they’re supposed to be. These horses are broughtinto the arena to help guide a skiddish bull out of the arena, if necessary. 2
  3. 3. A bullfighter will use a variety of capes throughout the corrida de toros. Alarge one is used first and he may change capes periodically throughout untilfinally using the smallest one, which is used for the final kill. Permission mustbe granted by the alcalde (literally, mayor, who presides over the bullfight andsits at a place of honor throughout the exhibition) before the bull may be killed. There are three tercios to the bullfight and the alcalde is the one who allows thenext tercio to continue. There is distinguishable music played during eachtercio of the bullfight. Likewise unique events take place during tercio. 3
  4. 4. When a bull first enters the ring, he is the most dangerous. He is used to thewide-open pasture and is confused with his new surroundings. He desperatelysearches for a way out. One of the bullfighter’s assistants will make somelarge passes with the bull as the matador observes the specific characteristics ofthe bull. Does he make unique throws with his head? More to the left or theright? Does he run hard and twist his head at the last second? See the guys lined up in the behind the barrier in the red caps? These are the“pooper scoopers” who clean up the arena after each bull. After the bull isdragged from the arena, they throw additional dirt/sand over blood spills andrake over the area to smooth it out again. This is done each time a bull iskilled. 4
  5. 5. If the audience continues to cheer and shout Olé after the bullfight iscompleted because of extreme bravery shown by the matador, the alcalde(mayor) may grant a trophy: 1 ear, 2 ears, or the tail of the bull for a perfectperformance. Spectators also throw flowers and other objects to their favoritematador. 5
  6. 6. The arena seen here in Madrid, Spain is named Las Ventas, which holds 25,000people. It is the oldest and largest bullfight arena in the world. The PlazaMayor, the central plaza in Madrid, originally held bullfights, but is now acenter of commercial and social events. Above the Plaza are apartments thatquite pricy to rent. There are four entrances to the Plaza that lead to the fourdirections of the city. Notice Juli’s uniform. This is called a suit of lights. The more experienced amatador is, the most elegant his traje de luces becomes, reaching into thethousands of dollars! As you read through these pages and look at Juli’sdifferent trajes, you can probably identify which ones were taken earlier in hiscareer and which ones were taken later as his popularity rose. Check out thelast page for a website to purchase your own. 6
  7. 7. A great paso is made when a bull comes dangerously close to the toreador. Hestands erect and quiet, allowing the bull to pass within inches or skimming histraje de luces. If a toreador becomes really good, he will stand in front of thebull, turn his back and walk in the opposite direction. Having complete controlof the bull and total confidence in what he will do is the only way to performthis feat. Another way that a toreador will show his bravery is to do a passwhile kneeling on the ground. It’s much more difficult to run if one iskneeling than standing! 7
  8. 8. The hat that Juli is wearing is the traditional toreador hat. They also wear along, thin ponytail in the back of their head at the bottom. The moreexperienced the toreador is, the longer his ponytail. Nowadays, there is a fakeone attached to the hat…cheeters! 8
  9. 9. The banderilleros are the the matador’s assistants who place the banderillas,three sets of decorative sticks placed in the bulls shoulder muscles, meant toweaken the muscles so that he charges with a lowered head. The first setplaced is the shortest and the next two are progressively longer to reach overthe previously placed banderillas. Sometimes the bullfighter will choose toplace his own banderillas, but it is most common to have the banderilleros do itfor him. After all, that’s what they’re paid to do! Another assistant, the picador, also has the job of weakening the bull’sshoulder muscles as well as enraging the bull. The picador is riding onhorseback and wears a wide brimmed hat with a light brown suit. The horseand the picador’s leg are heavily padded. The bull’s horns are strong enoughto pick up a soccer mom’s van with the team inside or a small bus! As the bullcharges the blind-folded horse (well, would you stand there and let a bull ramyou?), the picador stabs the bull’s shoulder muscles with a long pointed lance.If the picador “damages” the bull by too much blood-shed, the audience willwhistle, showing signs of disapproval. 9
  10. 10. This is an excellent pass by Juli! He is standing tall, not reaching out towardthe bull, but rather allowing the bull to pass right beside him, even touch him.Notice how he has even extended his midsection. This is why the traje deluces is form-fitting. Chicos, how many of you would be extending that part ofyourself to that much danger!? The cape often is twirled and sometimes getswrapped around the toreador at the end of the pass as he awaits another pasofrom the toro. Notice the sign above Juli’s head. This is the sign that is presented to theespectadores before the bull first enters the ring. If I have a job at the bullfight,I want that one: in the ring without a bull! The sign announces the breadingranch, ranch colors, breader’s sign, as well as the age and weight of the bull. 10
  11. 11. You can see from this picture the banderillas in the bull’s shoulders. Yes, thatis real blood from the bull, probably from the picador at the beginning of thebullfight. Often times they fall out during passes, when the bull runs violentlyinto the barrier surroundong the arena, or just from running during theexhibition due to poor placement. The bull occasionally gets and attacks thecape from the matador. This is when one of his assistants (you can see thembehind this barrier at the top of the picture ready to jump out and help him if hewere to be gored, thrown, or somehow placed in too much danger from thebull) will hand him another cape. I have seen videos where the bull has jumped the barrier (up to 5 1/2 feet tall!)and into the stands. I have witnessed a bull jump sideways at the barrier andslide across the top of the barrier. It is quite scary as there are numerousemployees and media personnel directly behind the barrier. There is another,taller barrier in front of the spectators and behind the arena barrier, maybe 12feet or so separating the two, so the chance of a bull jumping both is quite rare,but it has happened. 11
  12. 12. This is a great example of how Juli has so much control over the bull that he iskneeling on one knee while making his paso. Be careful Juli! It looks like thebull has stopped; he may throw his horns at you at any second! 12
  13. 13. The banderillas are placed during the first tercio, shortly after the picador doeshis job. The second tercio is when the toreador is making his dangerouslyclose pasos. The third tercio is the inevitable kill, if lucky the matador kills thetoro. OUCH! Watch the horn! 13
  14. 14. Juli receives the sword to kill the bull. Again, the cape is typically smaller thanthe previous capes. You can compare them nicely in this picture. A real swordis hidden beneath the cape and passes are made by the bullfighter to get thebull into the correct position for a “clean kill”. Remember, he must first askpermission from the alcalde to make the kill. If the alcalde waves his whitehanky from his balcony or tips his hat or other indicator, he can proceed withthe kill; if not, he must continue to make additional passes. A clean kill is when the bull stands with his two front feet together, separatingthe shoulder blades and the spine. He charges full force toward the matador,one foot in front of the other, the matador “slides” his sword between theshoulder blade and the spine with great force, finding the avenue that leadsdirectly to the heart. If this is done correctly, the bull dies instantly. He maystammer a bit before he dies, but it’s a quick, painless death. If not, he mayget whistles and shouts from the spectators showing their disapproval. If toomany attempts are made at a kill and audience thinks the animal is sufferingunnecessarily or too much, he will be put down by a veterinarian on staff at thebullfight. A dying animal is perhaps the most dangerous. A small-bladed knifeis used to sever the spinal chord at the base of the skull and the animal diesinstantly. I have personally witnessed this during a bullfight in Mexico City inthe mid90s. The novice toreador made about a dozen failed attempts at killing 14
  15. 15. This is when the bull first comes out. You know it’s a new bullfight becausethe largest cape is used, the bull only has a ribbon with the ranch colors onthem placed on his back. 15
  16. 16. Amazing paso, Juli! There are a total of seven bulls brought to the bullring for each fight. Each bullhas a number. Before the bullfight starts, these numbers are put into a hat. Thethree bullfighters pull out two papers each. These are the bulls they willencounter. The additional bull becomes the spare if a bull is sick ordisfunctional due to lack of charging or other reasons. The most novicebullfighter begins the corrida de toros and the most experienced bullfighterfights last. After each bullfighter has performed, the three fight again in thesame order. If the spare bull is not used, he is sent to the slaughter houseanyway. Arenas do various things with the meat. Some will auction it off tothe highest bidder, others give the meat to charities, others will sell it to lockersor other private vendors. 16
  17. 17. This photo shows how a matador will walk slowly toward a bull, making jerkymovements to get the bull to charge. 17
  18. 18. The twirling action of the cape, as described earlier, is best captured in thisphoto. 18
  19. 19. Juli is setting up the bull to be in good position for the kill. Hey bull, nothingto see back here! Fact: All cows will die. A bullfight is said to give the bull an honorable death.Some say it is their chance to kill the one who kills them. It is said to be an artform because the the bull is killed gracefully, with skill in an artistic way. It isfair to mention that not all Spaniards see this as an art form; some animalrights’ activists have been seen outside bullfight arenas worldwide protestingthe event. Bullfighting originated in medieval times to fight the arabs who ruled Spainfrom 711-1492. It was used as training to kill the enemy. They practiced withbulls and fought on horseback. Eventually it evolved to fighting bulls on foot,a more dangerous sport. Equestrian bullfights still take place in some citiestoday. 19
  20. 20. There are often rituals that are performed before and after the bullfight by thetoreador. Some of the services provided at the arena include a small chapel for thebullfighter to pray before he enters the ring, a small clinic in case of accidents,and a jail cell for unruly spectators, to name a few. All pictures in this presentation have come from Juli’s official websites. To learn more about bullfighting, check out these websites:http://www.anglophone-direct.com/A-load-of-bullToroshopping.com supplies for the toreadorhttps://www.toroshopping.com(all in Spanish, but cool bullfight posters!)http://www.mundotoro.com/ 20