History of propaganda


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History of propaganda

  1. 1. HISTORY OF PROPAGANDA By: John Santos Anthony Fracassa
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Propagate: To spread an idea or custom to many people </li></ul>
  3. 4. DESCRIPTION <ul><li>Propaganda: Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc. used ideally for governmental purpose to influence civilians to believe certain things </li></ul>Uncle Sam recruiting poster James Montgomery Flagg 1916 – 1917
  4. 5. DESCRIPTION <ul><li>In art, propaganda is used as an expressionist form of realism </li></ul>
  5. 6. HISTORY <ul><li>The term 'propaganda' first appeared in the 1620’s </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda was and still is convincing large numbers of people about the given ideas about the topic depicted </li></ul>Title : Our Allies Need Eggs. By : Herbert Bayer 1942
  6. 7. LITHOGRAPHY Alois Senefelder Lithography was made in 1796 by a man named Alois Senefelder Lithography is used to transfer pictures on to something smooth like paper stone or metal
  7. 8. Raising The Flag on Iwo Jima Joe Rosenthal 1945
  8. 9. Lifting the Flag on Berlin Yevgeny Khaldei 1945
  9. 10. World War One WWI was a world conflict lasting from 1914 to 1919, with the fighting lasting until 1918. October 19 – November 22, 1914---First Battle of Ypres 1 July and 18 November 1916---Battle of the Somme July 31 – November 6, 1917---Passchendaele
  10. 11. World War Two Six long and bloody years of total war. The war went on from Normandy to the islands of the pacific. World War 2 involved every major world power in a war for global domination and at its end, more than 60 million people had died.
  11. 12. The Korean Conflict While the end of World War II brought peace to most Americans, it also created tension between the Soviet Union and the United States.  
  13. 14. Assertion <ul><li>Assertion: An enthusiastic or energetic statement presented as a fact, although it is not necessarily true </li></ul>1 Pvt. Joe Louis says… Office of Facts and Figures 1942
  14. 15. Bandwagon <ul><li>Bandwagon: An appeal to the audience to follow the crowd and to join in because others are doing so as well </li></ul>2 Are You In This? Robert Baden-Powell 1914 – 1917
  15. 16. Card stacking <ul><li>Card Stacking: The presenting of information that is positive to an idea or proposal and omitting information contrary to it </li></ul>3 Together Anon 1943
  16. 17. Glittering Generalities <ul><li>Glittering Generalities: Words that have different positive meaning for individual subjects </li></ul>4 This Is America Keep It Free unknown 1939 – 1945
  17. 18. Lesser of Two Evils <ul><li>Lesser of Two Evils: The attempt of convincing an audience an idea or proposal by presenting it as the least offensive option </li></ul>5
  18. 19. Name Calling <ul><li>Name Calling: It is the use of derogatory language or words that carry a negative implication when describing an enemy </li></ul>6 What Are YOU Going To Do About It? unknown 1942
  19. 20. Pinpointing the Enemy <ul><li>Pinpointing the Enemy: An attempt to simplify a complex situation by presenting one specific group or person as the enemy </li></ul>7 Proper Hands Heroes of the Fiery Cross 1928
  20. 21. Plain Folks <ul><li>Plain Folks: An attempt by the propagandist to convince the public that his views reflect those of the common person and that they are also working for the benefit of the common person </li></ul>8 I'm making bombs and buying bonds. Buy Victory Bonds. unknown 1939 – 1945
  21. 22. Simplification <ul><li>Simplification (Stereotyping): The reduction of a complex situation to a clear-cut choice involving good and evil (Very similar to Pinpointing the Enemy) </li></ul>9 Liberators unknown (Nazi) 1944
  22. 23. Testimonials <ul><li>Testimonials: Quotations or endorsements, in or out of context, which attempt to connect a famous or respectable person with a product or item </li></ul>10 Advertisement of Vin Mariani with Pope Leo XIII
  23. 24. Transfer <ul><li>Transfer: An attempt to make the subject view of a certain item the same way as the directed audience would view another item, to link the two in the subjects mind </li></ul>11 Office of War Information Poster unknown 1943
  24. 25. DIMITRI MOOR <ul><li>Born 1883 Novocherkassk Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Died 1946, Moscow Russia </li></ul><ul><li>He became a graphic designer for Russia in 1918 creating posters for the last year of the first world war. </li></ul>Lift Together Dmitri Moor
  25. 26. Workers Unite Dmitri Moor DIMITRI MOOR Pomogi Dmitri Moor
  26. 27. Have you enrolled as a volunteer? Dmitri Moor Uncle Sam recruiting poster James Montgomery Flagg 1916 – 1917 DIMITRI MOOR
  27. 28. FAMOUS PROPAGANDA Rosie The Riveter Norman Rockwell  You Talk of Sacrifice unknown
  28. 29. Careless Talk Costs Lives Victor Keppler Loose Lips Essarge FAMOUS PROPAGANDA
  29. 30. SHEPARD FAIREY <ul><li>Shepard Fairey is a well-known American propagandist of the 21st century. Fairey main focus within the majority of his pieces was to mock the governmental use propaganda </li></ul>Obey Propaganda Shepard Fairey 2010
  30. 31. <ul><li>The creation of the Obama poster is a perfect example of modern propaganda for it’s use of colour and influential text </li></ul>Barack Obama “Hope” poster Shepard Fairey 2008 SHEPARD FAIREY