-ST. ANDREWS DAY
• It is celebrated on 30th November, and is the
national day of Scotland. The celebration of St
Andrew as a national festival is thought to originate
from the reign of Malcolm III (1034–1093). It was
thought that ritual slaughter of animals associated
with Samhain was moved to this date, so as to
assure enough animals were kept alive for
winter. But it is only in more recent times that the
30th November has been given national holiday
Hogmanay is the Scots word for the last day of the year and is synonymous
with the celebration of the New Year (Gregorian calendarin the Scottish
manner. It is normally followed by further celebration on the morning
of New Year's Day (1 January) or, in some cases, 2 January—a Scottish Bank
The origins of Hogmanay are unclear, but may be derived
from Norse and Gaelic observances. Customs vary throughout Scotland, and
usually include gift-giving and visiting the homes of friends and neighbours,
with special attention given to the first-foot, the first guest of the new year.
• The first supper was held in memoriam at Burns Cottage by Robert Burns'
friends on 21st July 1801, the 5th anniversary of his death, and have been
a regular occurrence ever since..
• Burns suppers may be formal or informal. Both typically include haggis (a
traditional Scottish dish celebrated by Burns in Address to a
Haggis), Scotch whisky, the recitation of Burns's poetry and occasionally
end with dancing when ladies are present.
The Highland Games ( Games of the Highlands of
Scotland) are events that take place throughout the year to
celebrate Scottish and Celtic cultures , especially that of the
Highlands. Although focus on bagpipes and drum competitions ,
regional dances and athletic disciplines , also include shows and
exhibitions related to other aspects of their culture .
The Cowal Highland Gathering held every August in Dunoon ,
Scotland, and are the most important Highland Games ; Gather
around 3,500 competitors and spectators about 23,000
worldwide . However , if we consider the games internationally,
these are outweighed in audience by San Francisco , held since
1865 and organized by the Caledonian Club.
Scottish folk music (also Scottish traditional music) is music that uses forms
that are identified as part of the Scottish musical tradition. There is
evidence that there was a flourishing culture of popular music in Scotland
the late Middle Ages, but the only song with a melody to survive from this
period is the "Pleugh Song".
• Celtic music is a broad grouping of music
genres that evolved out of the folk
musical traditions of the Celtic people of
Western Europe. It refers to both orally-
transmitted traditional music and recorded
music and the styles vary considerably to
include everything from "trad" (traditional)
music to a wide range of hybrids.
• Gaelic music is an umbrella term for
the folk music of Ireland and of
the Scottish Highlands. It has also been
used for any music written in the Gaelic
languages of Irish and Scottish Gaelic.
Gaelic music is a type of Celtic music.
• The traditional instruments of Scotland are
Accordion, Bagpipe, Fiddle, Guitar, Harp, Tin
Whistle and Bodhran