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Réaliser une application Web sémantique grâce à l’outil VIVO - Cas pratique de LOP Inra

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Le but de cette présentation est de faire découvrir les plateformes Vitro et VIVO développées par l’université de Cornell. Vitro est une plate-forme d’édition, de navigation, de recherche et de publication de données en RDF. Son interface permet de modifier à la fois l’ontologie et les instances, et peut être customisé (pour la présentation ou la recherche). VIVO quant à lui est une adaptation particulière de Vitro pour les acteurs de la recherche scientifique.

À l’Inra, nous avons utilisé VIVO pour proposer une version sémantique des publications scientifiques de l’Inra contenues dans l’archive institutionnelle Prodinra. Le résultat offre des fonctions de recherche/découverte/visualisation des acteurs de la recherche (personnes, structures), de leurs activités et productions, ainsi que des événements auxquels ils participent. Le projet a consisté en une migration des données de ProdInra vers VIVO, un chargement des données dans VIVO, une customisation de l’ontologie utilisée par VIVO ainsi que des templates d’affichage des données.

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Réaliser une application Web sémantique grâce à l’outil VIVO - Cas pratique de LOP Inra

  1. 1. VIVO pour une application Web sémantique Linked Open Publications (LOP) Esther Dzalé Yeumo Thomas Francart
  2. 2. Objectifs du projet LOP
  3. 3. Objectifs • Objectif 1 : mettre à disposition le contenu de la base des publications de l’Inra dans le Web de données
  4. 4. Objectifs • Objectif 2 : lier le contenu de la base des publications à d’autres référentiels Inra décrivant la recherche – Structures de recherche (centres, départements, unités, etc.) – Activités de recherche – Personnes – Champs thématiques
  5. 5. Objectifs • Objectif 3 : utiliser les technologies du text- mining pour annoter le contenu et mettre le résultat dans le Web de données – Lier les contenus Inra à des vocabulaires de référence dans nos domaines (Agrovoc, Gene Ontology, etc.) – Lier les contenus de l’Inra à des sources de données variées (banques de données génomiques et génétiques, etc.) – Offrir des fonctions de recherche, de visualisation et d’analyse intelligentes
  6. 6. Choix de VIVO
  7. 7. Pourquoi VIVO • VIVO nous permet de répondre rapidement aux objectifs 1 et 2 – Intégration et mise à disposition d’informations actualisées, pertinentes et précises sur les personnes, les structures, leurs activités et leurs réalisations • VIVO offre des fonctions de recherche et de visualisation clé en main intéressantes
  8. 8. Intégration des données et mise à disposition dans le Web de données Customisation de l’interface VIVO Chargement des données dans VIVO Rapprochement vers des référentiels externes Transformation au format RDF Récupération des données à partir des référentiels Inra Annotation sémantique des contenus Customisation de l’ontologie Itérations successives
  9. 9. Résultats
  10. 10. Résultats • Résultat 1 : synthèse d’informations pertinentes et actualisées sur les personnes (agents Inra), les structures Inra, leurs activités et leurs productions – Mise en réseau de données de « silos » différents
  11. 11. Résultats • Résultat 2 : identification rapide/facile des experts d’un domaine Champ thématique Structures/Personnes Map Of Science Temporal graph Disciplines dans lesquelles la structure/personne publie, sur la base des publications chargées dans VIVO Comparaison graphique de la prodution des structures et des personnes
  12. 12. Limites, difficultés
  13. 13. Limites, difficultés • Mise à jour des informations – Modifications faites par les personnes via l’interface de VIVO vs mises à jour (semi)automatiques à partir des sources – Doublons avec les mêmes URIs lors de chargements successifs • Solution de contournement: réinitialisation de la base de données + reconfiguration de l’interface Web à chaque chargement • Solution à moyen terme: chargement des données dans un triple store Sesame • Performances : ralentissements observés pour • Le chargement des données via l’interface • La génération des graphiques
  14. 14. VIVO / VITRO “Plateforme web sémantique et open- source de publication et de découverte de chercheurs et de leurs travaux de recherche”
  15. 15. Un peu de background • Cornell University, 2009, puis University of Florida – Suite d’autres projets de publications à Cornell depuis 2003 • Portail officiel (liens vers les déploiements VIVO) – http://vivoweb.org • WIKI et documentation – https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/VIVO/VIVO • Introduction – https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/VIVO/Introduction+to+VIVO+2014+Workshop
  16. 16. (ORCID)
  17. 17. VITRO • Plate-forme « nue » de recherche, navigation, édition, publication de données RDF • 90% du code de VIVO • Permet d’éditer son ontologie et ses données pour prototyper des applications VIVO • Customisation de VITRO • Ontologie • Templates de pages (regroupement, ordre des propriétés) • Menus de navigation • Visualisations
  18. 18. foaf (personnes, organisations) bibo (publications) Skos (classifications) event vcard vivo relationships
  19. 19. Gestion de l’ordre des auteurs Gestion des personnes inconnues
  20. 20. Extension de l’ontologie Conserver à la fois la sémantique riche des données et les fonctionnalités de l’application
  21. 21. .029 A use case of ontology adaptation: the Vivo Ontology adapted to the INRA 25/ 09/ 2014 1st European Ontology Network (EUON) Workshop, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 25 / 09 / 2014 Agent Organization Division Private Sector Actor Local Government Specialized Public Institution Research Center Research Department Ministry or Parliament International Organization INRA Unit Experimental Unit Research Support Unit Research Unit Service Unit Person INRA Staff Other Person European Organization Authorship Information Resource has authorship to an Geopolitical Entity Subject Area has research interest adresses Dataset Collection Document Software Image Map Audio Document Audio-Visual Document Article Book Report Academic Article Editorial Article Review Research Paper Interview Correspondence Letter to Publisher Lecture Notes Critical Review Full Paper Short Paper Extended Abstract Abstract Conference Paper Oral Presentation Television Broadcast Conference Poster Chapter Thesis Patent Proceedings Working Paper Research Note Book Dictionary Essay Encyclopedia Review Comic Strip Bibliography Book Review State of Art Collective Scientific Expert Report Foresight Report Analysis Report Outside Duty Report Technical Report Working Paper Literature Review Contract End Report Tender Submission Project Annual Report Research Report Vision Document Contract of Agreed Objectives Directoriales Report Activity Report Self Assessment Report Situation Report Charter Guide Booklet Quality Plan Certification Audit Report Website Database Terminology Ontology FOAF VIVINRA VIVO core BIBO Event Other Relation Subtype Relation
  22. 22. .030 A use case of ontology adaptation: the Vivo Ontology adapted to the INRA 25/ 09/ 2014 1st European Ontology Network (EUON) Workshop, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 25 / 09 / 2014 Agent Organization Division Private Sector Actor Local Government Specialized Public Institution Research Center Research Department Ministry or Parliament International Organization INRA Unit Experimental Unit Research Support Unit Research Unit Service Unit Person INRA Staff Other Person European Organization Authorship InformationResource has authorship to an Geopolitical Entity Subject Area has research interest adresses Dataset Collection Document Software Image Map Audio Document Audio-Visual Document Article Book Report Conference Paper Oral Presentation Conference Poster Chapter Thesis Patent Proceedings Working Paper Event Colloquium Congress Public Debate Summer School Exposition Forum Working Meeting Open House Event Study Day Trade Exhibition Symposium Seminar Round Table Periodical Journal Published in FOAF VIVINRA VIVO core BIBO Event Other Relation Subtype Relation
  23. 23. vivosearch.org • Portail de recherche fédérée sur les données provenant de plusieurs déploiements VIVO • Possible seulement grâce à des données ouvertes et connectées
  24. 24. Merci! • Contributeurs au projet – Andro Mathieu – Aubin Sophie – Aventurier Pascal – Cocaud Sylvie – Dedet Fanny – Dzalé Yeumo Esther – Francart Thomas – Lehenaff Diane – Li Linlu – Mader Claudine

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