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Richard Milhous Nixon
<ul><li>January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>the  37th  President (1969 to 1974)  </li></ul><ul><li>the 36th...
<ul><li>Parents :  </li></ul><ul><li>A. Nixon and Hannah Milhous Nixon </li></ul><ul><li>(the Quakers) </li></ul><ul><li>4...
<ul><li>attended Fullerton High School in Fullerton </li></ul><ul><li>later he transferred to Whittier High School, where ...
<ul><li>1933, Nixon became engaged to Ola Florence Welch </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon received a full scholarship to Duke Unive...
Marriage <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Thelma &quot;Pat&quot; Ryan </li></ul><ul><li>wed at a small ceremony on June 21, 194...
<ul><li>he joined the United States Navy ( the attack on Pearl Harbor ) </li></ul><ul><li>Lieutenant Commander. </li></ul>...
In the Senate … <ul><li>Against the global communism </li></ul><ul><li>He supported statehood for Alaska and Hawaii, voted...
<ul><li>1969–1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon set out to reconstruct the Western Alliance, developed a relationship with China...
U.S. space program <ul><li>Nixon visits the Apollo 11 astronauts in quarantine aboard USS Hornet. </li></ul><ul><li>On Nov...
The comprehensive health insurance <ul><li>February 6, 1974, he introduced the Comprehensive Health Insurance Act.  </li><...
Yom Kippur War and 1973 oil crisis <ul><li>The Nixon administration supported Israel, during the Yom Kippur War.  </li></u...
<ul><li>1973, OPEC reduced volumes of oil output to influence world prices, which had to play in their hands </li></ul><ul...
Watergate scandal <ul><li>June, 17th 1972 in a staff of the candidate in presidents from George Makgoverna's Democratic pa...
<ul><li>Nixon refused to give evidences refering to that executive power has privileges </li></ul><ul><li>Has been accused...
In popular culture <ul><li>1987 an opera,  « Nixon In China » </li></ul><ul><li>In  « Oliver Stone's »  1995 </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Gloomy Gus   -  nickname awarded by his fellow students at Duke University School of Law, referring to his serious...
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Richard milhous nixon

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Richard milhous nixon

  1. 1. Richard Milhous Nixon
  2. 2. <ul><li>January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>the 37th President (1969 to 1974) </li></ul><ul><li>the 36th Vice President (1953 to 1961) </li></ul><ul><li>The only person to be elected twice to both the Presidency and the Vice Presidency. </li></ul><ul><li>A member of the Republican Party, he was the only President to resign the office. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Parents : </li></ul><ul><li>A. Nixon and Hannah Milhous Nixon </li></ul><ul><li>(the Quakers) </li></ul><ul><li>4 brothers: Harold (1909–1933), Donald (1914–1987), Arthur (1918–1925), and Ed (born 1930). </li></ul><ul><li>Four of the five Nixon boys were named after early English kings </li></ul><ul><li>Richard was named after Richard the Lionheart </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>attended Fullerton High School in Fullerton </li></ul><ul><li>later he transferred to Whittier High School, where he graduated second in his class in 1930. </li></ul><ul><li>Richard was offered a scholarship to Harvard </li></ul><ul><li>took up a scholarship to Whittier College,a local Quaker school, where he co-founded a fraternity known as The Orthogonian Society. </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon was : </li></ul><ul><li>a formidable debater </li></ul><ul><li>standout in collegiate drama productions </li></ul><ul><li>student body president </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1933, Nixon became engaged to Ola Florence Welch </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon received a full scholarship to Duke University School of Law. </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon was elected president of the Duke Bar Association and graduated third in his class in June 1937. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Marriage <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Thelma &quot;Pat&quot; Ryan </li></ul><ul><li>wed at a small ceremony on June 21, 1940. </li></ul><ul><li>After a honeymoon in Mexico, the Nixons moved to Long Beach </li></ul><ul><li>In January 1942, they moved to Washington, D.C., where Richard Nixon took a job at the Office of Price Administration. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>he joined the United States Navy ( the attack on Pearl Harbor ) </li></ul><ul><li>Lieutenant Commander. </li></ul><ul><li>He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1946 representing California's 12th congressional district. </li></ul><ul><li>1950 he was elected to the United States Senate as the Junior Senator from California. </li></ul><ul><li>1952 one of the youngest Vice Presidents in history. </li></ul><ul><li>1968 ran again for President of the United States and was elected. </li></ul>
  8. 8. In the Senate … <ul><li>Against the global communism </li></ul><ul><li>He supported statehood for Alaska and Hawaii, voted in favor of civil rights for minorities, and supported federal disaster relief for India and Yugoslavia </li></ul><ul><li>He voted against price controls and other monetary controls, benefits for illegal immigrants, and public power </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>1969–1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon set out to reconstruct the Western Alliance, developed a relationship with China, pursued arms control agreements with the Soviet Union, activated a peace process in the Middle East, restrained inflation, implemented anti-crime measures, accelerated desegregation, and reformed welfare. The most immediate task, however, was the Vietnam War. </li></ul>
  10. 10. U.S. space program <ul><li>Nixon visits the Apollo 11 astronauts in quarantine aboard USS Hornet. </li></ul><ul><li>On November 14, 1969, he became the first incumbent president to attend a rocket launch, Apollo 12. Nixon's signature is included on the plaque left by the Apollo 11 astronauts on the Moon in 1969. </li></ul><ul><li>On January 5, 1972, Nixon approved the development of NASA's Space Shuttle program </li></ul><ul><li>NASA's budget declined </li></ul><ul><li>On May 24, 1972, Nixon approved a five-year cooperative program between NASA and the Soviet space program </li></ul>
  11. 11. The comprehensive health insurance <ul><li>February 6, 1974, he introduced the Comprehensive Health Insurance Act. </li></ul><ul><li>(employers purchase health insurance for their employees) </li></ul><ul><li>provided a federal health plan, similar to Medicaid, that any American could join by paying on a sliding scale based on income </li></ul>
  12. 12. Yom Kippur War and 1973 oil crisis <ul><li>The Nixon administration supported Israel, during the Yom Kippur War. </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon cut through inter-departmental squabbles and bureaucracy to initiate an airlift of American arms. </li></ul><ul><li>1973 oil crisis; the members of OPEC decided to raise oil prices in response to the American support of Israel </li></ul><ul><li>On January 2, 1974, Nixon signed a bill that lowered the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 miles per hour (88.5 km/h) to conserve gasoline during the crisis. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>1973, OPEC reduced volumes of oil output to influence world prices, which had to play in their hands </li></ul><ul><li>pressed down on the world community to refuse to help Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Almost all countries of Africa refused to help </li></ul><ul><li>So, that political position strengthened dependence of Israel on the USA and opened true scales of dependence of the developed countries of the prices for oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil crisis promoted strengthening of export of oil to the west from Soviet Union. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Watergate scandal <ul><li>June, 17th 1972 in a staff of the candidate in presidents from George Makgoverna's Democratic party, located in the Washington complex &quot;Uotergejt&quot;, 5 people were detained in hotel for burglary. </li></ul><ul><li>They were engaged in adjustment of overhearing equipment and, according to some information, photographing of internal documents of the democrats. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Nixon refused to give evidences refering to that executive power has privileges </li></ul><ul><li>Has been accused of partnership of a crime and has retired </li></ul><ul><li>On April 22, 1994, he died (he was 81) </li></ul>
  16. 16. In popular culture <ul><li>1987 an opera, « Nixon In China » </li></ul><ul><li>In « Oliver Stone's » 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1999 movie comedy « Dick » </li></ul><ul><li>In the film « Secret Honor » </li></ul><ul><li>in the song &quot;The Love of Richard Nixon&quot; by Manic Street </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon's head is a recurring character in Futurama </li></ul><ul><li>Stuart Milligan portrayed Nixon in the 2011 « Doctor » </li></ul><ul><li>« The Impossible Astronaut and Day of the Moon » , which took place in 1969, in the months leading to the Apollo 11 launch. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Gloomy Gus - nickname awarded by his fellow students at Duke University School of Law, referring to his serious nature </li></ul><ul><li>Iron Butt - Law school nickname because he studied so hard </li></ul><ul><li>The Mad Monk Given to him by White House aide John Ehrlichman. </li></ul><ul><li>Tricky Dick From a Democratic Party ad leading up to the 1950 U.S. Senate election in California saying &quot;Look at 'Tricky Dick' Nixon's Republican Record.&quot; </li></ul>

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