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  1. 2. Understanding Depression <ul><li>Some people say that depression feels like a black curtain of despair coming down over their lives. Many people feel like they have no energy and can't concentrate. </li></ul><ul><li>Others feel irritable all the time for no apparent reason. The symptoms vary from person to person, but if you feel &quot;down&quot; for more than two weeks, and these feelings are interfering with your daily life, you may be clinically depressed. </li></ul>
  2. 3. Depression is… <ul><li>one of the most common and most serious mental health problems facing people today. </li></ul><ul><li>not simply a passing sadness or blue mood that lifts in a few hours or days, but it’s persistent </li></ul><ul><li>a serious medical illness that involves the brain </li></ul>
  3. 4. Brain disorder The right picture illustrated the brain of the person who suffers from depression. The degree of serotonin is curiously low. The serotonin is responsible for irrational decision making.
  4. 5. Causes of Depression <ul><li>Family history. </li></ul><ul><li>Trauma and stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Pessimistic personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Other psychological disorders. </li></ul>
  5. 6. The symptoms <ul><li>constant feelings of sadness, irritability, or tension </li></ul><ul><li>decreased interest or pleasure in usual activities or hobbies </li></ul><ul><li>loss of energy, feeling tired despite lack of activity </li></ul><ul><li>a change in appetite, with significant weight loss or weight gain </li></ul><ul><li>restlessness or feeling slowed down </li></ul><ul><li>feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, or guilt </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>thoughts of suicide or death </li></ul><ul><li>concentrating and complaints of poor memory </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia or oversleeping </li></ul><ul><li>I rritability </li></ul><ul><li>Slow speech; slow movements </li></ul><ul><li>Headache, stomachache, and digestive problems </li></ul>
  7. 8. Depression Dysthymia Seasonal Affective Disorder Postpartum Depression Bipolar disorder
  8. 9. Who Gets Depression? <ul><li>Women are almost twice as likely to become depressed as men. The higher risk may be due partly to hormonal changes brought on by puberty, menstruation, menopause, and pregnancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Although depression can make you feel alone, 16% of Americans will have it during their lifetime. While depression can affect anyone, its effect may vary depending on your age and gender. </li></ul><ul><li>Men. Although their risk for depression is lower, men are more likely to go undiagnosed and less likely to seek help. </li></ul><ul><li>Elderly. Older people may lose loved ones and have to adjust to living alone </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Depression can make you feel hopeless and helpless. But just taking the first step —deciding to get treatment—can make all the difference. </li></ul>Psychotherapy, or &quot;talk therapy&quot; , in which you and a professional talk about what you're feeling, is a vital tool in the treatment of depression. For people with mild to moderate depression, it may be effective on its own. There are several types of therapists who work with people who have depression, including psychiatrists, psychologists, and social workers. Treating Depression
  10. 11. <ul><li>Recognize early signs. </li></ul><ul><li>Set realistic goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Do what you enjoy. </li></ul><ul><li>Hold off on big decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle Changes </li></ul>
  11. 12. Don`t worry, be happy!!!