Hmong Culture Presentation

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Hmong Culture Presentation

  1. 1. From about 2004 to 2007 I worked with the Hmong people living in North Carolina. For all of 2007 I was on the staff of the UHA, under a grant provided by the Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation.
  2. 2. <ul><li>15,000 statewide, 250,000 nationwide </li></ul><ul><li>12,000+ in 4 counties </li></ul><ul><li>902% population growth 1990-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>4 th largest Hmong region in US </li></ul><ul><li>Largest Hmong region in Southeast </li></ul><ul><li>Growth slower now, but still increasing </li></ul><ul><li>~75% animist, ~25% Christian </li></ul>Hmong In North Carolina
  3. 3. <ul><li>31% high school graduates </li></ul><ul><li>33% families earn <$20,000/year </li></ul><ul><li>>90% say they need languagervices & support </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd largest immigrant group in NC </li></ul><ul><li>Low 10-15% approval for public health services </li></ul>NC Hmong Risk Factors
  4. 4. <ul><li>Still prefer and first visit the shaman when sick </li></ul><ul><li>Wait till late in progress of illness to seek help beyond the shaman </li></ul><ul><li>Present too often with late-stage illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Do not understand basic prevention and health maintenance </li></ul>Most Hmong in North Carolina . . .
  5. 5. <ul><li>Pre-date Chinese migration into China, were there at least 2000 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Migrated into southeast Asia in past 300 or so years </li></ul><ul><li>French colonial Indochina, WWII and opium production </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. involvement in Vietnam, CIA Secret War </li></ul>Who Are The Hmong?
  6. 6. <ul><li>Flight from Laos, refugee camps, genocide </li></ul><ul><li>1980s migrations to U.S., settlement areas </li></ul><ul><li>Repatriation under Clinton Administration, arrest of General Vang Pao in 2007 </li></ul>Who Are The Hmong, continued
  7. 7. Cultural Characteristics: Authority <ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Clan </li></ul><ul><li>Village </li></ul><ul><li>Tribe </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Patriarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Elders </li></ul><ul><li>Gender identity </li></ul><ul><li>Family roles </li></ul>Cultural Characteristics: Individuals “ Meo,” White/Green/Flower Hmong, Montagnards (Fr., not Vietnamese tribe)
  9. 9. <ul><li>Animism </li></ul><ul><li>Spirits </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Buddhism </li></ul>Cultural Characteristics: Worldview
  10. 10. Cultural Characteristics: Education <ul><li>Banned written language </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on U.S. agencies </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cultural Characteristics: Health <ul><li>Shamans </li></ul><ul><li>Talk through husband </li></ul><ul><li>Postpartum chicken soup </li></ul><ul><li>Changing needs in U.S. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cultural Characteristics: Rural <ul><li>Settlement patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>Animal sacrifice </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cultural Charactericstics: Human Rights and Trust <ul><li>Military identification </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative vote </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsoring churches </li></ul><ul><li>Saying what is expected </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cultural Characteristics: Customs <ul><li>Baci String-tying ritual </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Death and funerals </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>New year </li></ul>
  17. 17. Holli’s Personal Anecdotes: Animal Sacrifice
  18. 18. <ul><li>Escape from Laos </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing genocide </li></ul>Holli’s Personal Anecdotes: “Crossing The River”
  19. 19. Holli’s Personal Anecdotes: No Vegetables & Chicken Soup
  20. 20. Culture In Transition

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