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Election 1937


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Election 1937

  1. 1. Pakistan Election 1937 By: Sehrish Shahid
  2. 2. Elections, 1937 The elections were held in January and February of 1937.congress won the absolute majority in the five provinces and was the largest province in four other. It was invited to united provinces, the central provinces, Bihar, Orissa, madras, Bombay and later, Assam and the three remaining provinces(Punjab, Sindh and Bengal) where there was a Muslim majority ,the league did not fare well. it won only 109 out of 482 seats while on the other hand congress won huge number of votes, however, which seats reserved for Muslims. The election had not been a success for the muslin league
  3. 3. Election Results The final results of the elections were declared in February 1937. The Indian National Congress emerged in power in all the provinces except for three - Bengal, Punjab, and Sindh. The All-India Muslim League failed to form the government in any province. The Congress ministries resigned in October and November 1939, in protest against Viceroy Lord Linlith gow's action of declaring India to be a belligerent in the Second World War without consulting the Indian people.
  4. 4. • Madras Presidency legislative assembly election, 1937 and Madras Presidency legislative council election, 1937 • In Madras, the Congress won 74% of all seats, eclipsing the incumbent Justice Party (21 seats). Madras Presidency
  5. 5. • Sindh legislative assembly election, 1937 • The Sind Legislative Assembly had 60 members. The Sind United Party emerged the leader with 22 seats, and the Congress secured 8 seats. Mohammad Ali Jinnah had tried to set up a League Parliamentary Board in Sindh in 1936, but he failed, though 72% of the population was Muslim.[2] Though 34 seats were reserved for Muslims, the Muslim League could secure none of them.[3] Sindh
  6. 6. United Provinces The UP legislature consisted of a Legislative Council of 52 elected and 6 or 8 nominated members and a Legislative Assembly of 228 elected members: some from exclusive Muslim constituencies, some from "General" constituencies, and some "Special" constituencies.[4] The Congress won a clear majority in the United Provinces, with 133 seats, [5] while the Muslim League won only 27 out of the 64 seats reserved for Muslims.[6]
  7. 7. In Assam, the Congress won 33 seats out of a total of 108 making it the single largest party, though it was not in a position to form a ministry. The Governor called upon Sir Muhammad Sadulla, ex- Judicial Member of Assam and Leader of the Assam Valley Muslim Party to form the ministry.[7] The Congress was a part of the ruling coalitio Assam
  8. 8. • Bombay Presidency elections, 19 • In Bombay, the Congress fell just short of gaining half the seats. However, it was able to draw on the support of some small pro-Congress groups to form a working majority. B.G. Kher became the first Chief Minister of Bombay Bombay
  9. 9. • In three additional provinces, Central Provinces, Bihar, and Orissa, the Congress won clear majorities. In the overwhelmingly Muslim North-West Frontier Province, Congress won 19 out of 50 seats and was able, with minor party support, to form a ministry.[8 • The Unionist Party under Sikander Hyat Khan formed the government in Punjab with 67 out of 175 seats. The Congress won 18 seats and the Akali Dal, 10.[9] In Bengal, though the Congress was the largest party (with 52 seats), The Krishak Praja Party of A. K. Fazlul Huq (with 36 seats) was able to form a coalition government. Other provinces
  10. 10. • The election results were a blow to the League. After the election, Muhammad Ali Jinnah of the League offered to form coalitions with the Congress. The League insisted that the Congress should not nominate any Muslims to the ministries, as it (the League) claimed to be the exclusive representative of Indian Muslims. This was not acceptable to the Congress, and it declined the League's offer The Muslim League
  11. 11. • The Muslims league did not do will in the elections of 1937 because of three reasons • Because of Jinnah’s voluntary exile • Because of less experienced leaders and the last • Because of less political amongst people Reason behind Muslim league bad performance in election 1937