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Situational grammar in pictures


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Situational grammar in pictures

  1. 1. Situational grammar in pictures
  2. 2. Sentence  У меня есть корова. = Я имею корову. I have a cow.  Это красивая корова. Эта корова красивая. It is a nice cow. This cow is nice.  Молоко даёт корова. = Корова даёт молоко. The cow gives milk.  Мне она нравится. = Я люблю её. I like her.  Я хочу, чтобы она пришла. I want her to come.  Холодно. На небе тучи. It is cold. There are clouds in the sky.  Мне нечего делать. I have nothing to do.  Никто ничего не сказал. Nobody said anything.
  3. 3. Nouns  People use different transport means. The car is the best transport means for me.  This cactus is a rare species. Alice is fond of growing rare species of cacti.  There is a deer in the picture. There are three deer in the woods.
  4. 4. Pronouns  Tom, behave yourself!  Ann, do it yourself!  Boys, help yourselves to the kiwi!  Enjoy yourselves!  - Whose calculator is that? - The one on the table? - Yes, the green one. - It isn’t mine, it’s Helen’s. - And whose books are those? - The ones on the shelf? - Yes. If they are hers, I’ll ask her to give me the most interesting ones.
  5. 5. Prepositions  in the picture in the sky in the tree in the street in the rain  listen to music write to my friend explain to the pupil  enter the room speak English play football play the piano  go, come, get, return, move (куда?) to school/ home  be, stay, remain (где?) at school/at home/in the park  arrive in the country/in the city/in the town/ at the place/at the village  leave Moscow for Paris уезжать откуда? куда?
  6. 6. Auxiliaries глагол – одно слово  work - do + V1  works - does + V1  worked/ - did + V1 went глагол – два слова и более  be (am, is, are, was, were)  have (has, had)  will, shall / would, should  can/could, may, must, should, ought to, need, dare
  7. 7. Articles  Give me a book about travelling. Give me the book my friend took last week.  Tom has a cat. The cat is nice.  Give the cat some milk. The milk is in the fridge. Have a piece of cake.  Tom went to school. His mother went to the school to talk to his teacher.  Andrew works in a hospital. A new hospital was built. A car stopped near the hospital.
  8. 8. Adjectives and Adverbs  Mary is a careful driver. She drives her motorbike carefully. She looks nice.  I can hardly help her. She works hard. She is a good worker. She works well. Her English is fluent. She speaks fluent English. She speaks English fluently .
  9. 9. Tenses of the Verb present  My father works as a manager. Now he is working in Berlin. He is on business there.  Alice has been typing for 20 minuters. She has typed three letters since 2 o’clock.  Jack lived in Bristol for two years. Then he moved to London. He has been living in London for six months.
  10. 10. Tenses of the Verb past  - Have you ever been to Minsk? - Yes, I went there last May.  - What a nice dress! - I have made it myself. I made it two days ago. I had bought the necklace a week before I made the dress. I had been looking for it for quite a long time. When I was doing shopping I met an old friend of mine.
  11. 11. Tenses of the Verb future  Lucy and I are meeting at 8. We are going to the cinema. The film begins at 9. I am going to wear a new coat. Look! The sky is dark. It is going to rain. I shall take a taxi. I hope Lucy will come on time.
  12. 12. Tenses of the Verb future  If the weather is fine we shall go to the seaside. I would like to know if it will be fine tomorrow.  Tomorrow at 10 o’clock we shall be lying on the beach.  By the time we get there we shall have been flying for 4 hours. We shall have crossed 2 time zones.
  13. 13. Modals  - Do you happen to know where Jack is? - He must be at home, I am sure. - What is he doing? - He may be working on his computer, but I am not sure.  You are to write the report, it’s your task. You must do it quickly, it’s urgent. You should use some additional literature, I advise you to do it. You ought to help each other, it is our rule. You may split your duties, I allow you to do it.
  14. 14. Passive  Мене подарили это. I was presented with it.  Говорили, что он живёт здесь. He was said to live here.  Нам сказали прийти. We were told to come.  Её искали. She was looked for.  Кем написана эта книга? Who is this book written by?
  15. 15. Verbals  I like reading.  I would like to read an interesting book.  I prefer reading to watching TV.  I would rather read a book than watch TV.  The book is so fascinating. I am fascinated by it.
  16. 16. Wishes  I wish I were slender and beautiful.  If only a prince married me! I’d rather he shot an arrow to our swamp!  If I were a princess, I would wear expensive dresses.  If the prince had noticed me yesterday, he would have liked me.  If I had met a prince last year, I would live in a palace now.
  17. 17. Reported Speech I want to tell you that I spoke to Mother half an hour ago.  She said she was at lunch then.  Mother said that she would come home at 8 o’clock.  She asked me if you had done your homework.  She said that you are a bright boy.  She told you to clean the room.  She said to me that you should do it in time.
  18. 18. Word Order  В горах находится старинный замок. An old castle is situated in the mountains. There is an old castle in the mountains. The old castle is in the mountains.  Кто живёт в этом замке? Who lives in this castle?  В этом замке живут эльфы и феи. Elves and fairies live in this castle.
  19. 19. Word Order  The knight rode quickly to the forest at twilight. Кто? что сделал? как? куда? когда?  The knight saw the dragon unexpectedly in the forest at dawn. Кто? что сделал? кого? как? где? когда?
  20. 20.  Who gave you this pen? Who did you give your pen to? Who went with you? Who did you go there with? What happened? What made you think so?  You live in Pinsk, don’t you? = You don’t live in Pinsk, do you? – Yes, I do.  Which of the books you bought yesterday do you like most of all?  What is your friend like? What kind of boy is he? What does he look like? What does he like to read? Questions