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SeehanIslam_Electric Vehicle


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SeehanIslam_Electric Vehicle

  1. 1. Past, Present and Future Electric Vehicle Seehan Islam Student No: 1405059
  2. 2. Introduction  Thomas Parker, an English electrical engineer, was the first person to create an electric vehicle suitable for production in 1884, using rechargeable batteries.  By 1900, – 40% cars were electric – 38% ran on steam – 22% was powered by gasoline Fig1: One of Parker’s electric cars, Parker is in the middle 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059
  3. 3. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 1. BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle) – No IC (Internal Combustion) engine – Only electric drive – Battery pack size is large (20-80 kWh) – Require external source of electricity to recharge their batteries – Example: Nissan Leaf, Tesla Model S Types of Electric Vehicles
  4. 4. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 2. HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle) – Has IC engine and electric motor – The batteries get charged by engine – Battery pack size is medium (6-12kWh) – Cannot be recharged from power grid. Energy comes from gasoline and regenerative braking – Example: Honda Civic Hybrid Types of Electric Vehicles HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle)
  5. 5. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 3. PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) – Has IC engine and electric motor – The batteries can be recharged from an external source in public network – Example: BMW i8 Types of Electric Vehicles PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle)
  6. 6. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 4. FCEV (Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle) – A fuel cell is an electrochemical device in which the chemical energy of hydrogen and oxygen is converted into electrical energy. – Hydrogen is used as fuel – Water-only emissions – Still in development phases – Example: Toyota Mirai Types of Electric Vehicles FCEV (Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle)
  7. 7. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 How can Smart Grids help optimise scheduling of EV charging? • By shifting charging load to off-peak periods • Advanced metering equipment is an essential equipment enabling two-way flow of information • Advanced meters collect, store and report customer consumption data to avoid charging at peak periods when prices are highest • Advanced meters permit remote connection and disconnection • Advanced metering technology can allow charging to start only after the morning demand peak has been passed. Smart Grids and Electric Vehicles
  8. 8. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 To what extent could Evs help meet peak load • Smart-grid technology enables EVs to be used as distributed storage devices: – V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid): Feed electricity stores in the batteries back into the system when needed – V2H (Vehicle-to-Home): for use within the home or office Smart Grids and Electric Vehicles
  9. 9. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 Impact of Smart Grids and EV deployment on peak electricity demand in North America SGo is a reference scenario where no smart-grid technologies are deployed SGMIN is a reference scenario in which smart grid policy adopted at minimum level: G2V is manged in a limited way and V2G is minimal SGMAX is a reference scenario in which smart-grid policy adopted at maximum level: G2V is managed on a widespread basis and V2G is deployed widely
  10. 10. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 • EVs powered by the present European electricity mix offer a 10% to 24% decrease in global warming potential (GWP) relative to conventional diesel or gasoline vehicles assuming lifetimes of 150,000 km. • Nearly half of an EVs life-cycle GWP is associated with its production. GWP from EV production is estimated 87-95 grams CO2 equivalent per km which is roughly twice the 43 g CO2-eq/km associated with internal combustion engine vehicles production. • Other powertrain components, notably inverters and the passive battery cooling system with their high aluminium content, contribute 16% to 18% of the embodied GWP of EVs. • An assumption of 100,000 km [lifetime use] decreases the benefit of EVs to 9% to 14% with respect to gasoline vehicles and results in impacts indistinguishable from those of a diesel vehicle. Environmental Impact of Electric Vehicles
  11. 11. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 • Until 2016, for each EV sold will count as more than one car when a manufacturer’s average is calculated. Thus the regulation incentivises these technologies. • EVs which meet performance, reliability and safety criteria will be eligible for a 25% purchase price subsidy, up to a maximum of £5,000. In July 2010, £43m funding for the scheme was confirmed. • is setting out a framework for the development of a recharging network for electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles • In 2009, the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) was created jointly within DfT, BIS and the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) to oversee aspects of EV funding, including the „Plugged-in Places‟ (PiP) scheme. UK Government Policies towards EVs
  12. 12. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 Rise of Electric Vehicles
  13. 13. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 Rise of Electric Vehicles
  14. 14. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 • EVs will enhance energy security by reducing our dependence on foreign oil. • Save money by cutting fuel costs for families and businesses • Protect our health and safety by mitigating the impact of energy production and use on climate change. • Knowing what’s under the hood of EVs will help you evaluate the available choices in the market. Enjoy driving into the future! • Conclusion
  15. 15. 31/10/2016Seehan Islam - 1405059 Electric Cars Could Wreak Havoc on Oil Markets Within a Decade