THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT INDEVELOPMENT THE DAIRYVALUE CHAIN IN VIETNAM Dr. Do Kim Tuyen Department of Livestock Production - MARD THAILAND- DEC. 2010
contentsI. introductionII. The role of government indevelopment of dairy value chainIII. conclusion
I. INTRODUCTIONWhy in 2001 Vietnam Government had theDecision number 167/2001/QD-TTg about“The Policies and Measures for DairyProduction Development Program ofVietnam from 2001 to 2010 ”
BECAUSE Vietnam had a big changed in agriculturaldevelopment history from food deficits nation tothe agriculture products export country But every year Vietnam imported about90% of powder milk and dairy products . Total value of imported dairy products was2.5 millions USD in 1990 increase to 50millions USD in 2000. Mean that Vietnam had importedagriculture labors meanwhile Vietnamesefarmers were looking for the works for their life
II. The role of government fordevelopment of dairy value chain (Theo Q§ 167/2001/Q§-TTg)In 2001, Government of Vietnam issuedthe Decision No. 167/2001/QD-TTgdated 26/10/2001 on “The policies andmeasures for dairy productiondevelopment program of Vietnam from2001 to 2010 ”
1. OBJECTIVES Development of dairy production tomeet the local demand of milkconsumption, Reduce imported milk and dairyproducts, Create the new jobs, increase theeconomic income for farmers, changingof agriculture economic structure and Improve living standard for ruralareas.
2. Dairy Development Policies1. Government encouraging allorganizations, individuals of Vietnameseand foreign companies to invest for dairyfarming and dairy breeding2. Provincial authorities have land useplanning for dairy farm construction,upgrading of local cattle breed, dairy crossbreeding, grasses production and milkcollection points.
..Milk Collection Policies1. Milk collection must base on:Dairy development and milk productionregionConvenience to dairy farmer for fresh milkdelivery. The milk collection and delivered contractmust be singed with dairy farmers.2. Ministry of Industry Commercial hadannually plan for balancing the local milkproduction and imported dairy products inorder to support local dairy developmentprogram
…Credit and Loan policiesThe investment credit: including central budgetand local budget for:Improve the local yellow cattle breed by crosswith Zebu bullsFree supply in semen, liquid Nitrogen and IA kitfor dairy cow cross-breeding program.Support the subsidize fund about 200,000 VND(10 $ USD) for the new born male dairy calfduring first three years of dairy developmentproject.
...Credit and Loan policiesSupport low loan interest rate for purchasingof dairy cow to the farmers whose got thebank contracted in the first three years ofdairy development program.Support to dairy farmers with freevaccination cost of epidemic diseases fordairy cattle.Loan for constructing of milk collectingsystem and dairy processing plan accordingto the support development fund policy bygovernment Minute No. 43/1999/N§-CP.
3. THE MAIN ACHIVEMENTS. The number of dairy head and milk production increase fast during last 10 years
III. conclusion 1. Dairy production development programof Vietnam Government form 2001-2010had been successful and it meet the localdemand of dairy products 2. Encourage all the provincesestablished the dairy development programof their own, create the jobs, increase theeconomic in come and improve the livingstandard for dairy farmers.
…CONCLUSION3. Dairy production policies had theimportance role for changing economicstructure in Agriculture production4. The national target on 150,000 dairy cowpopulation and 330,000 tone of fresh milkproduction to year 2010 is achieved.5. We need the International cooperationand support for dairy development plan ofVietnam for the targets for the year 2020,