Khmer modern music


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Khmer Modern Music from 1960s till now.

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  • He entered elementary school at 5 years old and finish around 1950. He learnedPali from Buddhist monks and enjoys reading book, playing soccer and flying kite. Beside he studied medicine, he try to find free time to learn how to sing and compose songs. Then, he became famous in his school for his musical skills and lyrical talent, and was asked to sing at school ceremonies. His songs were usually of a sentimental nature, reflecting on the longings, pains, and pleasures of romance. 
  • There was no formal schooling and artistry, no professional artists, no freedom of creatively. It’s all about political and revolution.
  • 60 recitation styles of traditional poems have been preserved. 102 theatrical pieces have been created and staged.The Ministry of Information and Culture's publishing house and bookstore, a lot of audio cassettes of various genres of Khmer songs, music, poems, and theatrics have been created, dispersed, and sold to the general public.
  • There are broadcasting channel such as MyTV and K-POP that screening almost about Korean Music. Cambodia teenager start to make up and dress up like Korean stlye. Past: no such as these genres,
  • Violin, banjo, trompetteKeyboard, electric guitar, drums
  • Plagiarism: the act of copying or stealing another person’s ideas, and pretending that they are your own.Choreography: The sequence of steps and movements in dance, especially staged dance.
  • These people do not like the way Cambodian music production plagiarize songs from other countries. This is the reason why they criticized them in the social networks.
  • Lack of knowledge: Composer these days do not have enough experience compare to the past. Laziness: In Cambodia, song’s albums are easily copied. This is the reason why the music composer in Cambodia always plagiarize the melody from other countries and make it as their own.Not enough budget: In order to compose a music, you need time and especially money. In Cambodia, people tends to copy the original album because it is much cheaper. And because of that, the music production earn less profit.
  • Khmer modern music

    1. 1. ContentIntroductionGeneral informationModern music from the 1950sSin Sisamouth’s biographyDuring and after Khmer RougeCambodian music todayComparisonCopyright issuesConclusion
    2. 2.  5 genres of music known in Khmerculture even today. Pleng Pin Peat, Pleng Mohaori, PlengChayam, Pleng Arek, and Pleng Kar. Played in wedding, rites of passage,ceremony for the Neak Ta (localterritorial spirits), and Buddhist festival.General Information
    3. 3. General InformationDuring the 20th century, “modern” or “new” musiccame to Cambodia .First type “modern music” : changes on themusic of fanfare and parade.It was similar to soldier and potentate ofEurope.Adapt the symphony orchestra and the choir.
    4. 4. General InformationSecond type of “modern music” translations offoreign pop music (The Beatles, Rock and Roll).Second type of “modern music” arose during 1950sand 60s.Mid of the 19th century, a group of Filipinomusicians were brought to Cambodian court to playWestern military band music: march, anthem, andfanfare.
    5. 5. General InformationThe music played by Filipino musicians came to bepopularly known as “Manila music”.Francois Perruchot (director of music) at the Palace.Albert Tricon played popular traditional songs withmusicians that he collected from villages and The RoyalPalace.In 1946 established the National School of Music.Both traditional Khmer music and Western forms of musicwere taught in this school.The National School of Music the Department of Music in1965, when the Royal University of Fine Arts wasestablished.
    6. 6. Modern Music From1950sKing Sihanouk composed many songs and musicalpieces during the 1950s and 1960s.Tango, the Mambo, the Samba and more were famousmusic of King.These popular forms of music came to Cambodia byradio, films, the gramophone, and through sheet music.Baksei Cham Krong, the Phirum Youth group, SangkumOne, and Two were the famous groups during 1960s.Mix instruments such as saxophone, guitar, drums wereused by these groups.
    7. 7. Khmer Artists during(1950s-1960s) Many professional writers and artists, such asMa LaopiPov SiphoSous MatSin Sisamouth RosSereysotheaPaen Ron
    8. 8. Sin Sisamouth’sBiographyConsidered as “Emperor of Khmer Music” (អអអអអអអអអអអអអអ)Born: 23rd, August 1935 in Stung Treng ProvinceFather: Sin Leang (Prison Warden)Mother: Sip Bunluer (Lao-Chinese)Interest in music (Guitar) at age 6 or 7 and Buddhist scriptureMoved to Phnom Penh, studied medicine.Compose melodies on Mandolin
    9. 9. Cambodia during KhmerRouge Regime
    10. 10.  Around 2 millions Khmer people were killed and manyconstructions were abolished Almost 90% of educated people died: artists, dancers, and writers. Close to extinguishing Khmer culture, art, civilization and tradition. All songs are related to Khmer Rouge service.Cambodia during KhmerRouge Regime
    11. 11. Anthem of DemocraticKampuchea
    12. 12. Revival after Khmer RougeThere were around 10% of intellectuals survived.The quality cannot compare to the prewar.The University of Fine Arts was reopened in 1980.
    13. 13. Global Influences “Culture is the soul of a nation. Without culture,there is no nation.” Foreign influences on culture: Tradition, Custom,language, outfit and so on. Foreign influences on music: Korean, Thailand,Chinese and USA… etc
    14. 14. Language Influences
    15. 15. Huge influence: Korean; music, movie, fashion, style,food and production.Cambodian Music Today
    16. 16. Cambodian Music TodayNew genres of music: Hip-Hop, Rap, Rock, R&B andHybrid.Rappers: Pu klaing, DJ Kdep& Ada
    17. 17. ComparisonPast and PresentLyric and meaning of the song:Past:• usually described about love, scenery and beauty of aplace, nature…etc.• Songs were full of rhythm.Present:• almost 90% of the songs are about LOVE and meaningless.• Quantity but no quality.
    18. 18. ComparisonSingerDuring 1950s Nowadays
    19. 19. ComparisonInstrumentKhmerTraditionalinstruments
    20. 20. During 1950s Nowadays
    21. 21. Copyright IssuesAccording to The Ministry of Culture and Fine Art(MCFA):Article 6: copying from other countries for doingbusiness without the owner’s permission, must bestopped.
    22. 22. Copyright IssuesPlagiarism: (without asking for others permission.)MelodychoreographyStyle (dressing, face decoration, …etc)
    23. 23. Copyright Issues
    24. 24. Criticism
    25. 25. Copyright Issues
    26. 26. Copyright IssuesKorean Version Cambodian Version
    27. 27. Why is Cambodia aCOPYCAT?Lack of knowledge.Laziness.Not enough budget.Less sponsor and support.
    28. 28. Conclusion“One good thing aboutmusic, when it hits you, youfeel no pain.”Bob Marley
    29. 29. References “Khmer Modern Music” in Facing Khmer Cultures – Reyum Publication,pp. 193-200; 225-237