Operation Torch Presentation


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Operation Torch Presentation

  1. 1. General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and his  Afrika Korps were in North Africa and allied with Italy They pushed the British out of their area and  captured Libya and Egypt The British were still present in that area, but  they were definitely not in control – they were defending their territory Britain asked the United States to invade and  overtake Northen Africa from Rommel
  2. 2. Operation to gain complete control of North Africa  This control would be over land from French  Morocco to Tunisia The plan was to take this land from the current  ruler and then control North Africa from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea First offensive operation that the United States did  against Germany during WWII The United States came by boat and landed in  three different places: Casablanca, Morocco; Oran, Algeria; Algiers, Algeria
  3. 3. United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt  British Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill  Western Task Force: Patton and his Western Task  Force from Hampton Roads, VA Center Task Force: Major-General Lloyd  Fredendall Eastern Task Forces from Britain under Lt. General  Kenneth Anderson (from America) French military forces defending Northwest Africa  – Vichy Troops General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and his  Afrika Korps
  4. 4. 1942 – Roosevelt and Churchill discussed the  invasion and reached agreement to send troops November 8, 1942 – 125,000 invaded French  North Africa under Eisenhower November 11, 1942 – Gen Mark Clark arranged  an armistice agreement with the French November 12, 1942 – Operation Torch ended 
  5. 5. Casablanca, Morocco  190 miles south of Gibraltar  Atlantic Coast  Western Task Force  Oran, Algeria  280 miles east of Gibraltar  Center Task Force  Algiers, Algeria  220 miles east of Oran  Easter Task Force 
  6. 6. The operation was a success after Admiral Jean  Darlan, the French Leader , agreed to a cease-fire Most of the North African Frenchman sided with  Darlan but others joined Hitler’s forces in Tunisia Eisenhower appointed Darlan as the leader of  North Africa but he was soon killed by an assassin They attempted to go into Tunisia to take that land  over but were unsuccessful and German troops pushed
  7. 7. The Eastern Task Force (in the west) advanced towards  Tunisia under Lt. General Kenneth Anderson Called the “British Eighth Army”  Moved East  In the Far East, L. General Bernard L. Montgomery led  British troops Moved West  Tried to catch Rommel in Between Anderson and  Montgomery’s troops By Nov. 16, troops had advanced into Tunisia 400 miles.  German counter offenses on November 27 and December 1  forced the troops to withdrawal from Tunisia “Campaign in Tunisia” – extension of Operation Torch did  not end until May 1943
  8. 8. Gordon, John. Joint Power Point Projection: Operation Torch.  10 May 2009 <http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/optorch4.pdf>. Morrison, Samuel E. Operation Torch (North Africa  Invasion). 10 May 2009 <http://www.internet- esq.com/ussaugusta/torch/index.htm>. Operation Torch November 8, 1942. 10 May 2009  <http://www.worldwar2database.com/html/torch.htm>. Operation Torch. 10 May 2009  <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWtorch.htm>.