Powerpoint english level elementary (kelas xi)

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Powerpoint english level elementary (kelas xi)

  1. 1. 2.1 Memahami percakapan sederhana sehari-hari baik dalam konteks profesional maupun pribadi dengan orang bukan penutur asli
  2. 2. NURWITA DAINI FATAH S.Pd SMKN 2 GARUT
  3. 3. Ungkapan mengenai kesukaan/minat Grammar Reviews
  4. 4. • Do you like +Ving ? • Are you interested in +Ving ? • What do you like ? • What do you like doing in your spare time ? Pada saat menanyakan kesukaan/minat • Yes, I do. • S + like +Ving • S +Tobe (are,am, is) +intersted in +Ving Pada saat mengungkapkan kesukaan/minat
  5. 5. CONTOH 1. Do you like cooking? 2.What do you like? 3. Are you interested in playing football? -Yes, I do. - I like wall climbing. - She doesn’t like fishing.
  6. 6. 1. Gerunds 2. Questions: a.Yes-no questions b. Wh-questions c. Question tags 3.Too / Enough G R A M M A R
  7. 7. NURWITA DAINI FATAH S.P d SMKN 2 GARUT G E R U N D S
  8. 8. PENGERTIAN  Gerunds adalah kata kerja yang dibendakan  Bentuk dari gerunds adalah kata kerja ditambah akhiran – ing (Ving ) FUNGSI Secara umum terdapat 5 fungsi gerund,yaitu:  Gerund as Subject  Gerund as Object  Gerund as Predicate Complement  Gerund as Noun Modifiers  Gerund after Preposition
  9. 9. Gerund as Subject Ving muncul diawal kalimat Contoh: • Wall climbing is my hobby • Jogging makes me healthy
  10. 10. Gerund as Object Ving muncul setelah kata kerja (verb) Contoh: • She enjoys cooking very much • They start writing a poem
  11. 11. Gerund as Noun Modifier Ving muncul sebelum benda yang dimaksud Contoh: -We buy a frying pan -Mother needs a washing machine
  12. 12. Gerund after preposition Ving muncul setelah kata depan Contoh: - I think of crossing the river - He is interested in riding a horse
  13. 13. NURWITA DAINI FATAH S.Pd SMKN 2 GARUT
  14. 14. Yes-no question Wh- questions Question tags
  15. 15. YES-NO QUESTIONS  Adalah pertanyaan yang membutuhkan jawabanYA atau TIDAK  AuxVerb+S+V/non verb+O/C WH-QUESTIONS  Adalah pertanyaan yang diawali oleh kata tanya berawalan “wh”  Wh-question+aux verb+S+V/non verb+O/C
  16. 16.  Adalah akhiran tanya pernyataan.  Fungsi question tags adalah sebagai penegas atau pengukuh pernyataan sebelumnya.  Polanya adalah sbb: STATEMENTS Positive ( + ) Negative ( - ) TAG-QUESTIONS Negative ( - ) Positive ( + )
  17. 17. YES-NO QUESTIONS  Are you ready to study?  Does Gina bring umbrella?  Had they been here?  Did he write your adress?  Is the cat bark? WH-QUESTIONS  When did mother buy this house?  How is her life?  Why do you love me?  What is their major?  Where will she go?
  18. 18.  I am a doctor, aren’t I ?  The girls are smiling to me, aren’t they ?  Sarah can’t do the exercises, can she ?  Nothing can stop me to do the best, can it ?  Let’s have a party, shall we ?  Everyone didn’t hate her, did they ?
  19. 19.  Too digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang berlebihan  Enough digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang tidak kurang atau lebih (pas)
  20. 20. Pattern TOO S+TOBE/V+too+Adj/Adv+to+V1 S+TOBE/V+too+many/much+Noun ENOUGH S+TOBE/V+enough+Adj/Adv+to+V1 S+TOBE/V+enough+Noun
  21. 21.  The coffee is too hot to drink  Garbage is stinky enough for us to smell  I am too short to reach the book on the shelf  They have enough money  The teacher gives too many tasks to me
  22. 22. NURWITA DAINI FATAH S.Pd SMKN 2 GARUT
  23. 23.  Guest handling merupakan sebuah situasi dimana seseorang menangani tamu yang datang sesuai dengan bahasa yang berterima.  Guest handling dapat dilakukan secara langsung maupun melalui alat dalam situasi resmi maupun tidak resmi
  24. 24. IN GENERAL IN A HOTEL IN A RESTAURANT IN ATRAVEL AGENCY • Can I help you ? • What can I do for you ? • Would you like me to ....? • Please sit down • Welcome to our hotel. • What sort of room do you need ? • I am sorry,the rooms are booked. • Single or double bed ? • Welcome to our restaurant. • What kind of .... do you want? • We have special menu today. • Would you like something for dessert? • We have some tour to ....... • What sort of ticket do you need? • What seat do you like ?
  25. 25. X :Welcome to ‘Desire Resto’! Can I help you? Y : I want to reserve a table for two. X :Allright. Over here.....please sit down. Here is the menu. Y : Let me see......ehmmmm.....can we order later? X : oh,sure....I’ll be back if you are ready to order ( a couple minute later ) Y :Waiter....... X :Are you ready to order now?What would you like to eat ? Y :A small cheese burger and Italian salad X :What about the drink ? Y : Cappucino and apple juice X :Anything else ? Y : I think those are enough. X :Wait for a moment,your order will be ready in 10 minutes
  26. 26. NURWITA DAINI FATAH S.Pd SMKN 2 GARUT
  27. 27. MATERI PEMBELAJARAN Grammar Ungkapan tentang percakapan ditelepon
  28. 28. Expressions used in handling telephone Making a call Answering a call Leaving a message
  29. 29. Making a call Could I speak to ....? Is this...(telp number) ? Is this ... (name of company) ? Is ....(name) there? May I talk to...?
  30. 30. Who is calling, please? Yes.Who would you like to speak to? No,I’m sorry.You must dialled the wrong numbers. He/she is not at the office Yes,just a moment I’m sorry,He/she is not in
  31. 31. Leaving a message Can I leave a message? Please tell him/her to call me back. Would you like to leave a message? I’ll call back later,thanks.
  32. 32. PENJELASAN  Personal pronouns adalah kata ganti benda.  Personal pronouns digunakan untuk menggantikan seseorang atau sesuatu yang telah disebutkan sebelumnya yang ingin kita gunakan kembali. MACAM-MACAM PERSONAL PRONOUNS  Personal pronouns dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok,yaitu:  Subject  Object  Possessive Pronoun  Possessive Adjectives  Reflexive Pronouns
  33. 33. Adalah seseorang atau sesuatu yang merupakan pelaku pada suatu kalimat Macam macam kata ganti untuk subjek adalah I,YOU,WE,THEY,HE, SHE dan IT
  34. 34. Adalah seseorang atau sesuatu yang dijadikan sasaran dalam suatu kalimat Yang termasuk kata ganti untuk object adalah ME,YOU,US,THE M,HIM,HER dan IT
  35. 35.  Adalah kata ganti yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kepemilikan seseorang dengan menyertakan benda yang dimilikinya  Yang termasuk kedalam possessive pronouns yaitu: MY,YOUR,OUR, THEIR,HIS,HER dan IT
  36. 36. Possesive pronouns adalah sbb: MINE,YOURS, OURS,THEIRS, HIS,HERS dan ITS Yaitu kata ganti yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kepemilikan suatu benda tanpa menyertakan benda yang dimilikinya
  37. 37. Adalah kata yang digunakan untuk mengganti keterangan diri sendiri Reflexive pronouns tersebut yaitu: MYSELF,YOURSELF/ YOURSELVES, OURSELVES, THEMSELVES, HIMSELF,HERSELF dan ITSELF
  38. 38. • Adalah kalimat laporan . • Merupakan penyampaian ulang dari kalimat yang disampaikan secara langsung. • Reported speech disebut juga INDIRECT SPEECH (kalimat tak langsung). REPORTED SPEECH • Jika DIRECT SPEECH nya berbentuk PRESENT makaTENSE pada INDIRECT S PEECH TIDAK BERUBAH. • Jika DIRECT SPEECH nya berbentuk PAST maka TENSE pada INDIRECT SPEECH BERUBAH. ATURAN 1 • Dalam indirect speech terjadi beberapa perubahan yaitu: • TENSES • PRONOUNS • ADVERB OFTIME • ADVERB OF PLACE ATURAN 2 PENJELASAN
  39. 39. DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH  Simple Present  Present Continuous  Present Perfect  Present Perfect Continuous  Simple Past  Past Continuous  Modal Simple  Simple past  Past Continuous  Past Perfect  Past Perfect Continuous  Past Perfect  Past Perfect Continuous
  40. 40. DIRECT SPEECH I YOU/WE/THEY MY ..... OUR .... THEIR .... INDIRECT SPEECH HE / SHE YOU /THEY/THEY HIS .../ HER ... THEIR ........... THEIR ...........
  41. 41. DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH Now Then Today / Tonight That day / that night Yesterday The day before / the previous day Tomorrow The next/ following day Last...... ...... ago The previous ...... ....... Before Next ...... The following ........
  42. 42. DIRECT SPEECH: HERE INDIRECT SPEECH : THERE
  43. 43. 1. STATEMENTS (PERNYATAAN) Omit comma and quotation marks Add ‘that’ as the conjunct ion Change the pronouns/ adverb/int o the appropiate forms Change the verbs/be into the appropiate forms
  44. 44. DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH Hendrick said, “ I am very hungry now. “ Gina said, “ My mother works hard today.” Hendrick said that he was very hungry then. Gina said that her mother worked hard that day.
  45. 45. 2.COMMANDS/REQUESTS (PERINTAH/PERMINTAAN) Omit comma and quotation marks Change the pronouns/a dverb/into the appropiate form Change the verbs/be into ‘to+V1’ forms In a compound sentence,chan ge the verbs/be of the subordinate clause into the appropiate forms
  46. 46. DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH He told me, “Clean the whiteboard.” He told me to clean the whiteboard. She asked me, “Don’t be afraid of me.” She asked me not to be afraid of her. He asked me, “Tell me when my father come.” He asked me to tell him when his father came.
  47. 47. 3. QUESTIONS Omit comma,quotation and question marks Change verbs/be into the appropiate forms Change the question into statement Changeb the pronouns/adverb into the appropiate forms InYes-No question, add ‘whether/if’ as the conjuncti0n InWH- question, the question word is as the conjunction
  48. 48. DIRECT SPEECH: Mother asked me,”Are you angry?” Mike asked me,”what do you study?” INDIRECT SPEECH: Mother asked me whether I was angry. Mike asked me what I studied.
  49. 49. PENGERTIAN POLA URAIAN MATERI
  50. 50. Klausa yang digunakan untuk memberikan informasi tentang frase kata benda.
  51. 51. Adjective clause ditandai dengan munculnya relative pronouns/adverbs. Relative pronouns : who,whom,which dan that. Relative adverbs : when dan where.
  52. 52. WHICH/ THAT WHOSE WHOM WHO WHO Digunakan pada saat membicarakan tentang ORANG sebagai Subjek. WHOM Digunakan pada saat membicarakan tentang ORANG sebagai Objek. WHOSE Digunakan ketika membicarakan tentang kepunyaan. WHICH/ THAT Digunakan untuk menjelaskan BENDA selain dari orang.
  53. 53. who • The girl is my fiance. She wears a blue jacket. • The girl who wears a blue jacket is my fiance. whom • They meet uncle.They offer him an o range juice. • They meet uncle whom they offer an orange juice. whose • Hedy works at a hospital. His apartement is burnt. • Hedy whose apartement is burnt works at a hospital. which • My Blackberry is ringing. It is on the table. • My Blackberry whiich is on the table is ringing.
  54. 54. WHERE Digunakan untuk menjelaskanTEMPAT WHEN Digunakan untuk menjelaskanWAKTU
  55. 55. • The house is full of memories.I grew up there. • The house where I grew up is full of memories. WHERE • I will always remember the day. I first met him then. • I will always remember the day when I first met him. WHEN
  56. 56. Telling about people’s job using Simple Present Curriculum Vitae Expressing facts and figures Telling about people’s educational background using Simple Past
  57. 57. NURWITA DAINI FATAH S.Pd SMKN 2 GARUT
  58. 58. SIMPLE PRESENTTENSE OCCUPATIONS POKOK BAHASAN
  59. 59. THE USES THE FORMS ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY EXAMPLES
  60. 60. The Uses Talk about general,more or less permanent actions Refers to repeated actions,habits and customs. Refers to a scheduled or fixed future events Talk about general truth
  61. 61. Positive • Verbal : S +V1 (-s/-es) + O • Nominal : S +Tobe present + NonVerb + C Negative • Verbal : S + don’t/doesn’t +V1 + O • Nominal : S +Tobe + not + NonV + C Interrogative • Verbal : Do/does + S +V1 + O ? • Nominal :Tobe + S + NonV + C ?
  62. 62. Adverbs of Frequency Single word Always Usually Often Sometimes Seldom never Multi words once a .... Twice a .... Three times a ... Every...
  63. 63. The sun rises from the east. We aren’t always at home at 1 p.m. Do they learn Math twice a week? Father never comes home late.
  64. 64. KINDS OF OCCUPATIONS JOBS’ DESCRIPTION
  65. 65. Kinds of Occupation Teacher Doctor Mechanic ArchitectGardener Butcher Nurse
  66. 66. • What is a teacher ? • A teacher is a person who teaches a lesson/material. Teacher • What is a doctor ? • A doctor is a person who examines the patient.Doctor • What is a mechanic ? • A mechanic is a persaon who repairs a car.Mechanic • What is an architect ? • An architect is a person who design a building,house,etc Architect • What is a gardener ? • A gardener is a person who keep the garden clean.Gardener
  67. 67. SIMPLE PAST The Forms Adverb of Time Examples The Uses
  68. 68. EXPLANATION The Uses Refers to a completed action or event in the past Refers to a repeated past events Refers to past situations or states that we consider to be finished
  69. 69. Positive S+V2+O S+Tobe past+Non Verb+C Negative S+didn’ t+V1+O S+Tobe past+not+ N0nVerb+C Interrogative Did+S+ V1+O? Tobe past+S+Non Verb+C?
  70. 70. The past form of be in nominal sentence are: WAS : I,HE,SHE,IT WERE :YOU,WE,THEY
  71. 71. ADVERBS OFTIME ....ago Yesterday Last ....
  72. 72. They bought something last night Were your family at Bali three days ago? I didn’t remember what he said yesterday She was very glad
  73. 73. Answers: I graduated from... He learned...at college Yes, I did No,I didn’t QUESTIONS: When did you graduate from .... What did he learn at the college? Did you attend some courses last...?
  74. 74. NURWITA DAINI FATAH S.Pd SMKN 2 GARUT
  75. 75. EXPLANATION FORM OF CV WRITING CV SAMPLE
  76. 76. Explanation CV is usually written in special form and it is separated to your application letter You usually have to make up your own Curriculum Vitae and enclose it with your application letter CV tells about your biographical information
  77. 77. There are two tips about writing a curriculum vitae: Always put down anything interesting, special or you have done,all courses,etc. Make sure every year is mentioned.Write your curriculum vitae briefly and clearly.
  78. 78. CURRICULUMVITAE (Please write in block capitals) Name : ___________________________ Sex : ___________________________ Adress : ___________________________ Telephone : ___________________________ Place&Date of Birth : ______________________________ Marital Status : ______________________________ Present Occupation : ______________________________ Educational Background: Year Education ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Courses andTraining Programs: Year Kinds of courses and training programs ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
  79. 79. CURRICULUMVITAE NAME : CHANDRA WIBOWO ADDRESS : Jl. Kebayoran 54, solo TELEPHONE NUMBER : (0271) 7070707 PLACE&DATE OF BIRTH : Surakarta, June 12th 1980 MARITAL STATUS : Married EDUCATION BACKGROUND : June 1993-1996 :Technical High School June 1996-1998 : Computer and EnglishCourse June 1996-1999 : Polytechnic, Bandung EXPERIENCES : 1997-2006 :Worked in Megasteel Bandung as Machine Operator 2007 : Left the previous job for personal reasons.
  80. 80. NURWITA DAINI FATAH S.Pd SMKN 2 GARUT
  81. 81. POKOK BAHASAN Words used in Facts and Figures Expressions of Facts and Figures Verbs of Facts and Figures
  82. 82. Expressions used in facts and figures : The ratio x:y means... The total number reflects ... The graph shows that ... Verbs usually used in explaining facts and figures: Mean Reflect Show Indicate Describe/ Explain
  83. 83. All of Most of Some of A few of A little of
  84. 84. All :100% Most :50%-99% Some : 25%-49% A few :1%-24% A little :1%-24% None :0% A half : 1/2 A quarter: ¼ Three quarter: ¾ A fifth : 1/5 An eigth: 1/8 A tenth : 1/10 Fifty percent: 50% Twenty percent: 20%
  85. 85. NURWITA DAINI FATAH S.Pd SMKN 2 GARUT
  86. 86. -Telling about Past Events -Telling about Future Plans - Sample of Personal Letter - Relevant Grammar I’m going to have a date......
  87. 87. SIMPLE PAST TENSE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE PAST PERFECT
  88. 88. SIMPLE PASTTENSE • Simple past is used to express actions that ended before the present timeEXPLANATION • POSITIVE SENTENCE: • Verbal : S +V2 + O • Nominal: S +Tobe past + NonVerb + C PATTERN • NEGATIVE SENTENCE: • Verbal : S + didn’t +V1 + O • Nominal: S +Tobe past + not + NonVerb + C PATTERN • INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE: • Verbal : Did + S +V1 + O ? • Nominal:Tobe past + S + NonVerb + C ? PATTERN
  89. 89. They were on time Did you write on paper? She grabbed the vase fast I wasn’t at the office yesterday EXAMPLES
  90. 90. PAST CONTINUOUS • Past continuous is used to emphasize the continuation of an action at a time in the past EXPLANATION • S + was/were +V-ing + OPATTERN ( + ) • S + was/were + not +V- ing + O PATTERN ( - ) • Was/were + S +V-ing + O ?PATTERN ( ? )
  91. 91. He was finishing the task They were sleeping well The girls weren’t changing their car I wasn’t cooking a friedrice Were you watching football match? Was Frida buying laptop?
  92. 92. PAST PERFECT TENSE EXPLANATION PATTERNS EXAMPLES
  93. 93. USAGE PAST PERFECT IS USEDTO INDICATEACTIONSTHAT HAPPENED BEFORE ANOTHERACTION INTHE PAST EXPLANATIO N
  94. 94. S+ HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE S + HADN’T + PAST PARTICIPLE HAD + S + PAST PARTICIPLE ?
  95. 95. NOMINAL PATTERN POSITIVE S + HAD +BEEN + C NEGATIVE S + HADN’T + BEEN + C QUESTION HAD + S + BEEN + C ?
  96. 96. PAST PERFECT’S ADVERBS WHEN BEFOREAFTER
  97. 97. EXAMPLES John had gone to the store before he went home Had they moved to Solo after their son graduated? Swan hadn’t been in Africa when you arrived
  98. 98. THANKYOU
  99. 99. POKOK BAHASAN SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE FUTURE CONTINUOUSTENSE
  100. 100. SIMPLE FUTURETENSE THE USAGE THE PATTERN EXAMPLES
  101. 101. will Be going to Simple Future Tense
  102. 102. will A decision of doing something in the future at the time of speaking Predictions or personal opinions about future Be going to A decision or a plan that has already been made Predictions based on evidence
  103. 103. patterns S + will +V1 / be + O / C S + won’t +V1 / be + O / C Will + S +V1 / be + O / C ?
  104. 104. Patterns S+ is/am/are+ going to+V1 S+ is/am/are+not+ going to +V1 Is/am/are + S + going to+V1 ?
  105. 105. I will get the phone She will be angry to me It is going to rain soon Are you going to be a superstar? Will they catch the frog?
  106. 106. FUTURE CONTINUOUSTENSE EXAMPLES USAGE PATTERNS
  107. 107. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE FUTURE EVENTSWHICH ARE ALREADY PLANNED OR ARRANGED ACTIONSTHATWILL BE IN PROGRESSAT A SPECIFIC TIME INTHE FUTURE ACTIONSTHATWILLTAKE PLACE INTHE FUTURE, BUAT AS PART OF REGULAR ROUTINE
  108. 108. PATTERNS S + will be +Ving + O S + won’t be +Ving + O Will + S + be +Ving + O ?
  109. 109. I will be watching TV at 6 p.m He won’t be going to Europe Will Fred be visiting us next Monday morning Jim will be studying Chemistry at 7 a.m tomorrow examples
  110. 110. DESCRIPTION KINDS LAY OUT SAMPLE PERSONAL LETTERS
  111. 111. PERSONAL LETTERS DESCRIPTION This is written when we want to inform or tell something to family or friends.This must be written well,neatly and interestingly KINDS Invitations Letters of Congratulation Letters of Condolence Love Letters
  112. 112. Personal Letters consist of 1.The address of the letter 2.The date 3.The greeting or salutation 4.The content/ body of the letter 5.The closing 6.The signature
  113. 113. December 13, 2009 Dear Rara, I got your letter two days ago. I am so glad to know that you will be engaged withTommy. I will be there to attend your invitation. Congratulation for your engagement n hopefully you’ll live happily ever after. Ok Ra,that’s all about my letter. Just wait for my coming. Love, Sarah Lee
  114. 114. KOMPETENSI DASAR 2.5 MENGUNG KAPKAN BERBAGAI MACAM MAKSUD HATI
  115. 115. GIVING INVITATIONS GIVINGAND RESPONDINGTO COMPLIMENTS EXPRESSING ARGUMENT GRAMMAR REVIEW [ CONCESSIVE & USEDTO ] EXPERSSING OPINIONS BARGANING EXPRESSING CERTAINTY AGREEMENT /DISAGREEMENT
  116. 116. • I’d like to invite you to ....... • I was wondering if you would like to ....... • I’d love you to come to ...... • Are you free on .....? • Would you like to .......? • What/ how about .........? The expressions of making invitation • Thank you. I’d love to • That would be wonderful • Yes, thank you. What time ? • Ok • Sure / ofcourse / Allright The expressions of accepting invitation • I’m awful sorry, i have other plans • I wish i could but ......... • Forgive me, i can’t • I’d really like to but ....... • Sorry, i have to ......... • Sorry I’ve already made a plan for ........ The expressions of refusing invitation
  117. 117. BARGAINING Is there any discount for it? Can you give me any discount for it? What about $ ...? How about Rp .....? Can you make it about ......?
  118. 118. I’m quite sure about it I’m a little bit sure that .... I’m pretty sure that .... I’m sure (that) it’s going to .... I’m really sure (that) you’ll .... It must be you who got ....
  119. 119. GIVING COMPLIMENTS  I’d like to compliment you on......  I think your ..... Is very nice  I just love your ......  I really like your ......  That’s neat  Great  Good job  Terrific  Excellent  Wowwwwww,,,,,,  Wonderful  Amazing  etc RESPONDINGTO COMPLIMENTS  Thank you very much  It’s nice of you to say so  I’m glad you like it  Thanks a lot  Really.....  Do you think so?  Thank you but it isn’t special  Oh......  etc
  120. 120. Asking for Opinion : -What do you think of / about ....? -What’s yuor opinion of ....? - How do you find of ....? - How do you feel about ....? Giving an Opinion : - I think ( that ) .... - In my opinion .... -To me, .... - If you ask me, .... - As I see, it .... - As far as I’m concerned, .... - My view is that .... -The way I look is .....
  121. 121.  I agree completely....  In my opinion, you are correct.  That’s just what I think, ofcourse.  I suppose you are right.  I couldn’t agree more.  Well, maybe ...  You’re right.  Sure.  Absolutely.  I’m sorry but I have to disagree  No, that’s wrong.  It’s not true.  I wonder if there’s a mistake.  I couldn’t agree less.  I refuse to believe that ...  I’m afraid you’ve got wrong information.  No way!  You’re dead wrong.
  122. 122. EXPRESSING ARGUMENT a. It might be true,but .... b.That may be so, but ..... c.Yes,but don’t forget that ... d. I might be wrong, but I also can say that...
  123. 123.  CONJUNCTIONS ; EVENTHOUGH ALTHOUGH THOUGH DESPITE INSPITE OF  USEDTO +V1  BE USEDTO +Ving  GET USEDTO + Ving
  124. 124. USAGE PATTERNS EXAMPLE S
  125. 125. KATA PENGHUBUNG YANG DIGUNAKAN UNTUK MENYATAKAN HUBUNGANYANG BERTOLAK BELAKANG TERDAPAT 5 KATA PENGHUBUNG YANG BIASA DIGUNAKANYAITU ; 1. EVENTHOUGH 2. ALTHOUGH 3.THOUGH 4. DESPITE 5. INSPITE OF CONCESSIVE RELATIONSHIP
  126. 126. EVENTHOUGH/ALTHOUGH/THOUGH ARE ALWAYS FOLLOWED BY CLAUSE Examples They learn English though their mom is angry Eventhough I love you so, we can’t live together DESPITE/INSPITEOF AREALWAYS FOLLOWED BY NOUN/Ving/Being +Adj Examples Despite being sad, he keep smiling Today is hot inspite of raining
  127. 127. • The word used to is expresses past habits or situations that no longer exist in the present Explanation • Used to can be followed byVerb 1 and Verb ing • Used to +V1 • Be used to +V-ing • Get used to +V-ing Patterns
  128. 128. S+used to + V1/ be+O S+tobe+used to+V-ing S+get used to+V-ing
  129. 129. I used to drive car by myself She isn’t used to waiting on him Do they get used to travelling alot? George used to be here with me EXAMPLES
  130. 130. 2.6 MEMAHAMI INSTRUKSI-INSTRUKSI SEDERHANA
  131. 131. MATERI PEMBELAJARAN SEBAGAI BERIKUT :
  132. 132. DESCRIBING PROCESS SENTENCE CONNECTORS SOMEWORDS USED
  133. 133. EXPLANATION Showing someone how to do something are to make things Sentence connectors used for telling actions in order Showing the order of instructions
  134. 134. Words used as sentence connectors next finally After that then first second third First of all
  135. 135. SUGGESTIONS /ADVICE ASKING FOR EXPALANATION OFFERING/ GIVING
  136. 136. EXPLANATION • It is one’s opinion about what somebody else should do • It’s also one’s opinion about how somebody should behave ASKING FOR SUGGESTION /ADVICE • Do you think I ought to... • Should I .... • If you were me,what would you..? • Do you have any ideas of how ....? • What should I do? • Can you give me some advices? • Can you recommend ..... GIVING SUGESTION/ ADVICE • I think you’d better ..... • If I were you,I’d ..... • Why don’t you ......? • How about (+Ving)...? • Let me suggest that .... • I recommend that ..... • I advice you to ...... • My advice is to ......
  137. 137. • It is used to state that something is necessary to be done • Words that are usually used are need and necessary Necessity • It is used to state that something is a duty • Words that are usually used are must and have toObligation
  138. 138. EXAMPLES It’s necessary for us to sleep before the ship depart I have to listen all my parents’ advice She needs money to pay her loan We must be going before the storm strikes
  139. 139. EXPRESSING CONVINCING OTHERS UNGKAPANYANG DIGUNAKAN PADA SAAT MEYAKINKAN ORANG LAIN - I’m sure you are on the right track. - I bet you could do it. -You’re capable of doing that. -Trust me,You can ! - I’m really sure that .... -You are the best! - I can count on you. etc
  140. 140. EXPRESSING PERSUADING UNGKAPAN YANG DIGUNAKAN SAAT MEMBUJUK ORANG LAIN Why don’t you try.... If I were you, I would .... How about .... Think about it once more,... What if ....
  141. 141. GRAMMAR REVIEW IMPERATIVES COMPARISON DEGREES
  142. 142. COMPARISON DEGREES Adalah derajat perbandingan yang digunakan untuk membandingkan dua atau lebih orang ataupun sesuatu
  143. 143. SUPERLATIVE Membandingkan satu hal yang paling dari yang lainnya “The adj + est atauThe most + adj “ COMPARATIVE Membandingkan dua hal yang memiliki kelebihan “ Adj + -er atau more + adj “ Comparison degrees consist of : POSITIVE Menyatakan hal yang memiliki persamaan “as + adj + as “
  144. 144. • Noun 1 +be/V1 (not)+as+adj+as+ Noun2 POSITIVE • Noun 1+be/V1+(adj+er)+than+Noun 2 • Noun 1+be/V1+(more+adj)+than+Nou n2 COMPARATIVE • Noun1+be/V1+(the adj+est)+of all • Noun1+be/V1+(the most+adj)+of all SUPERLATIVE
  145. 145. The knife is as sharp as the cutter - Steel is harder than iron - Gold is more expensive than silver Atom is the smallest element The battery is the most powerful EXAMPLES
  146. 146. IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES POSITIVE GOOD BAD LITTLE FAR MANY MUCH OLD COMPARATIVE BETTER WORSE LESS FARTHER MORE MORE ELDER SUPERLATIVE BEST WORST LEAST FARTHEST MOST MOST ELDEST
  147. 147. FORMS IMPERATIVE FUNCTIONS
  148. 148. Imperatives is used to: Give command Give directions Give an instruction Make a polite request Warn somebody
  149. 149. The forms of imperatives The negative form of imperatives is “don’t +V1” Use the base form of the verb : “V1”
  150. 150. EXAMPLES Don’t go there alone Take the first turn on your right Please,raise your hand Boil three glasses of water
  151. 151. 2.7 Membuat pesan-pesan pendek,petunjuk dan daftar dengan pilihan kata, ejaan dan tata tulis yang berterima
  152. 152. MATERI PEMBELAJARAN Sample of short messages,directory and list Content, punctuation and spelling
  153. 153. MESSAGE A verbal message is an exchange of information using words.Examples include face-to- face communication,telephone calls,voicemails,etc . A nonverbal message is communicated through actions or behaviors rather than words. Examples include the use of body language and the actions made by an individual idea. A message in its most general meaning is an object of communication. It is a vessel which provides information. Messages can be verbal or nonverbal
  154. 154. Direction oral Your voice should be clear and clean You have to pronounce the words clearly and correctly You may use gesture with your hand to emphasize your words Don’t say it too fast You have to mention the name of the street also mention the distinctive feature written You should give detail information (mention the name of the street passed by the person,the number of the bus/train,etc)
  155. 155. Message and Note - Give only the important information about something/someone. - Use only simple and clear words. - Give only the important points of a news/a telephone conversation/a meeting (you have to get the main idea of it).
  156. 156. LIST A number of names of person, places, items, things,etc in written/printed. A number of outline activities.
  157. 157. PUNCTUATIONS Full stop Questions mark Exclamation mark Comma Quotation marks ApostropheParentheses Dash Colon Semicolon hyphen
  158. 158. Full stop . Used to mark the end of the sentences Used in abbreviation Questions mark ? Used at the end of a direct question Used in parentheses to express doub
  159. 159. • Used at the end of a sentence or remark expressing a high degree of anger, amazement or other strong emotion Exclamation mark (!) • Used in direct speech • Used around slang or technical term when it is in a context which the writer wishes to draw particular attention Quotation marks (‘ ‘) or (“) • Used to separate extra information, an after-through or a comment from the rest of the sentence • Used to enclose cross-references Parentheses ()
  160. 160. Comma (,) Used to separate the items in list of words,phrases or clauses. (sometimes) used after a subordinate adverb,clause or after a phrase which comes before the main clause. Used after a non-finite or verb less clause at the beginning of a sentence. Used to separate an introductory or transitional words or phrases from the rest of the sentence. Used before and after any element which interrupt s the sentence. Used before and after a non-defining relative clause or a phrase in apposition,which give more information about the noun it follows (sometime) used to separate main clause linked by a conjunction especially when the first clause is long.
  161. 161. Apostrophe (‘) Used with “s” to indicate the possessive Used in a contracted form to indicate the omission of the letters or figures Used with “s” to form the plural of a letter,figure or abbreviation Used with “s” to form the plural of the word that doesn’t usually have a plural
  162. 162. Sometimes used to form a compound word from two other words. Used to form a compound word from prefix and a proper name. Sometimes used to separate a prefix ending in a vowel from a word beginning with that same vowel. Used to form a compound word from two other words which are separated by prepositions. Hyphen (-)
  163. 163. Dash Used instead of a colon or semicolon to make the writing more vivid or dramatic Used single on in pairs to separate extra information,an after thought or a comment Colon (:) (formal) used after a main clause where the following statement illustrated or explains the content of that clause Used before a long list,and often introduced by phrases such as: for example:, for instance:, as follows: Semicolon (;) (formal) used to separate main clauses,not (usually) joined by a conjunction,which are considered so closely connected as to one sentence Used instead of a comma to separate from each other partss of a sentence that is already separated by commas

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