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Aapt new2011 (RUN-TIME)

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Run-Time, (a technical presentation at CSAAPT Meeting, Oct 28, 2011), refers to increase of time past and decrease of time in the future. A summary of 43 years musing science.

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Aapt new2011 (RUN-TIME)

  1. 1. Think way different (from) Thermodynamics, Swimming, and Panpsychism (TSP) subtitled (in reverse) {Feeling, Action, & Thought (FAT)} RUN-TIME *Chapter 6:The Philosophy of Evolution, 10/ 2010 (ISBN 978-81-86-882-35-9) (Copy posted @ http://www.sdogv.com/ImThermo.html) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL by T. A. Erikson [email_address] R/E UnLtd, SdogV [email_address] (A project status update*) For presentation at CAAPT Meeting At Tinley Park on Friday October 28, 2011
  2. 2. Think way different OUTLINE <ul><li>Overview (Motivation) </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamics (the Carnot cycle “human” engine) </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming (Mechanics, Physiology, Heat, and Motivation) </li></ul><ul><li>Panpsychism (the “ants” and the “elephant”) </li></ul><ul><li>Summary and Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>(Note: Sections are “highlights” of a work in progress, “my memoirs”) </li></ul><ul><li>Important word definitions (as implied here ) </li></ul><ul><li>thermotics 1 : “scientific study and exploration of steady heat and work processes” </li></ul><ul><li>swim 2 : “..to propel oneself in water by natural means (limbs, fins, or tail)..” </li></ul><ul><li>panpsychism 1 : “ancient philosophy that all matter is aware, living or non-living”, “defined here as the c 2 “ force” on mass” </li></ul><ul><li>feeling 2 : “..one of the basic physical senses..”, “..responsive awareness…” </li></ul><ul><li>percept 2 : “..impressions obtained by the senses: SENSE-DATUM..” </li></ul><ul><li>consciousness 2 : “ ..state of being aware esp. of something within oneself ..” </li></ul><ul><li>concept 2 : “..something conceived in the mind: THOUGHT,NOTION ..” </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>References: 1. “me”, Tykodi, and the web, 2. Webster’s 9th New Collegiate (1984) </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  3. 3. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  4. 4. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  5. 5. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  6. 6. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  7. 7. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the   (gravity constant) with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  8. 8. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. bottom-up” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  9. 9. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. bottom-up” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  10. 10. (1) RusselL, “ANALYSIS OF MATTER” (1954), p.397 “….intrinsic character of the world is derived from the mental side where causal laws confirm the physical side…but from philosophy the distinction between physical and mental is superficial and unreal.” !! (2) Lederman and Hill “SYMMETRY” (2004) p. 341 “… Is ‘now’ therefore real and part of the laws of physics? …’now’ has to do with the murky business of ‘consciousness’ … a very complex phenomena…We suspect ... that ‘N’ and ‘C’ are related to each other.” (3) Penrose, “ROAD TO REALITY”. (2004) p. 1045 “ ...Perhaps what we mainly need is some subtle change in perspective - something that we all have missed…..” (last sentence ) ( 4) “. imagination is more important than knowledge” Einstein (?) (5) “.. Unity is plural, and at a minimum, two…” Fuller, 1975 (6)..“.. knowledge can only relate to real objects…” Lektorsky, 1980 (7)..“.. on blackboard we look , measure, it, but..?  ?” ~ Feynman (8) “ insanity: same thing repeated over and over, expecting a different result .”Einstein Think way different Some notable Quotes ..(motivation) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  11. 11. Think way different I OVERVIEW (me) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  12. 12. <ul><li>Extract: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance and implication, than their simple expressions based on the experimental observations - they are The Fundamental Laws of Nature : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Zeroth (equilibrium existentialism), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The First (conservational transformationalism) , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Second (directional transformationalism) , and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Third (unattainability of emptiness). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They are defining and unifying our comprehension of all existence and transformations in the universe.” …………… </li></ul>II Thermodynamics (Kostic) SYMPOSIUM THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES 92ND ANNUAL MEETING OF (AAAS) JUNE 12-16, 2011 Revisiting The Second Law of Energy Degradation and Entropy Generation: From Sadi Carnot 痴 Ingenious Reasoning to Holistic Generalization Milivoje M. Kostic NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY DEKALB, IL 60115, USA Web: www.kostic.niu.edu * E-mail: kostic@niu.edu His words:“ The miracles are until we comprehend and explain them!” My words: “A remarkable expose’ of the subject and its ramifications!”
  13. 13. Think way different II Thermo (Carnot Cycle) <ul><li>Above from Kostic’s presentation: In general, a work efficiency,  , is </li></ul><ul><li>proportional to (1 - P LOW /P HIGH ), where “P” is any potential for, e.g., </li></ul><ul><li>“ Z” (gravity), “T” (temperature), “E” (volts), “  ” (chemical”), etc. </li></ul><ul><li>entailing reversible and irreversible processes through “entropy”. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  14. 14. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS (Carnot efficiencies) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL On left, usual ratio f=Tc/Th; On right, where Tc/Th =1/(1+ n)
  15. 15. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS (Relativity) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Rossini, F. Chemical Thermodynamics. Wiley, 1950 (pp, 33-42) Points out that IF mass exothermic losses (or endothermic gains) could be measured, calorimetry not needed. Thermodynamics & Relativity should relate  E =Q - W to  m o =  E/ c 2  (h/c 2 )  f i.e., photons are the “gains” and “losses”. Note: f = 10 13 Hz is ~e.m. middle average.
  16. 16. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  17. 17. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL From my 1959 thesis where the problem was to analyze existing data under Dr. Tykodi’s ideas. Above: System-surroundings Right: Alty’s data, (JCP, 1959)
  18. 18. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Thesis work relating thermal molecular effect showing  P for two temperature states of helium connected by a small capillary tube.
  19. 19. Thesis analysis of chemical reactions using Tykodi’s idea of “resistance” and my idea of generality (seemed important but now a vague memory). THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  20. 20. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL My Thesis work led to an AFOSR project at IITRI to study vaporization phenomena as applied to liquid propellants (Tykodi’s book on H 2 0 below).
  21. 21. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Tykodi’s “Thermal Converters” as heat-to-work type “engines” (pp.122-125, loc.cit.) considers entropy production as it relates to work, -W, and efficiency,  , via an “appropriate” heat current rate, ñ, (electric, mass, or chemical reaction measure). Invoking “stability” (Eq. 3:30) and the “haste makes waste” principle (Eq. 3:29), maximum work “B” and maximum efficiency “A” do not occur at the same “current” ñ.
  22. 22. Think way different III…. SWIMMER PROBLEM (personal notes) <ul><li>Swimming requires sensing (feeling!) reaction of water </li></ul><ul><li>Quality, (i.e., speed) has anaerobic limitations. </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity (i.e., distance) has aerobic limitations. </li></ul><ul><li>Serious swimming engages the elements of water, the factors in its environment, and the needs of the individual, in both a physiological and psychological sense. It is usually a healthful exercise and involves the heat of regular feedings to perform the work in a “steady” cycle of power output. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL 
  23. 23. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~7 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
  24. 24. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~7 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
  25. 25. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~7 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
  26. 26. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~6 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
  27. 27. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~7 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
  28. 28. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) <ul><li>Referring back to Tykodi’s idea of thermal converters for “work” and “efficiency”, my experience and swimmer research studies confirm efficiency is maximum for slowest pushes on water and less at stronger pushes. A swimmer must compromise “A” and “B” below with “feel”, </li></ul><ul><li>a swimmer coach’s dilemma for instructions. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  29. 29. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. ….A SWIMMER <ul><li>Parts (Kcal/hr) </li></ul><ul><li>Brain (2% body)11 (x20 to think!) </li></ul><ul><li>Heart 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Kidneys 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Liver/guts 20 ( swim energy loss!) </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal Muscle 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Skin 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Other 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Summed 85 </li></ul><ul><li>Daily ~ 2040Kcal </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellany </li></ul><ul><li>Brain uses ~50% O 2 & 10% of glucose input </li></ul><ul><li>Respiration: 0.5 Liter O 2 /breath </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 .04% in, 4.4% out </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal losses, Surface area, ~2m 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation ~ 26 cal/hr </li></ul><ul><li>Convective, ~ 80 cal/hr </li></ul><ul><li>This is incomplete.. </li></ul>COLLECTED INFO FROM “GOOGLING” (Work in progress) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  30. 30. Think way different III….SWIM PROBLEM SUMMARY (Steady State System) R/E Unlimited,Chicago, IL <ul><li>= (1 - T 300 /T 310 ) = 3.2% </li></ul><ul><li>= (1 - T 310 /T 1000 ) = 69% =(1 - T 310 /T 5000 ) = 94% </li></ul>T B = 310 o K(37 o C  98.6F) T W = 300 o K (  10 o C T H = 1000 o K or 5000 o K IV. Thermal (Carnot)  … . CO 2 + H 2 O  Waste (feces, urine, sweat..  = ~40% Basal: ~100 Kcal/hr Req’d: 450 - 650 Kcal/hr Wt. loss: 0.4-0.2 Kg/hr III. Physiology (chemistry) Glucose C 6 H 12 O 6  Air……….6 O 2  <ul><li>  75% (my est.) </li></ul><ul><li>… .V w + V d </li></ul><ul><li> = 65% (quoted) </li></ul>Propulsion V s = V w +V d  +  Drag……… V d  Ms Vs = m w+d v w+d II. Mechanics (physics) Water velocity, Vw  55 - 65 strokes/min (3600/hr), 6-beat kick  Speed (quality)  Distance (quantity) I. (a) Aerobic  (b) Anaerobic  OUT Swimmer IN
  31. 31. <ul><li>THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (Intro) </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>States of these project problems presented in following slides: </li></ul><ul><li>The puzzle; “How - could, did, or do - the elements of inanimate matter originate and become “animate”, i.e. living from zero ? </li></ul><ul><li>Can panpsychism be simply the probability of “tuning”, I.e., being in right place at the right time as quantum theory suggests? </li></ul><ul><li>3 Or does panpsychism have unique components of a force that directs a given mass to grow or decay, given contact and time? </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical charge (the electron) and electromagnetism (light as photons) can do this (so-called pair production), yet both require an association with mass and/or time to be seen or observed directly. Can their “reality” prove something is hidden? ) </li></ul><ul><li>Might thermodynamic and relativity “logic”produce a useful model? </li></ul>
  32. 32. 1 t + 1 2 t- 3 t o 5 t+ 8 13….10 23 .. ∞ 0 t 0 Avogadro value at n = 116 1 t - -1 2 t+ -3 t o 5 t- -8 13 -21...± ∞’s n -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 Rules: (Note plurality of “0”) (1) t + = t - + t o  t o = t + - t- = 0 !! (2) 1.618.. = t + / t o = t o / t -  t o ≈  {(t + )( t- )} 1/2 = 1 !! Apply Newton’s Law of “action-reaction” at zero for the Fibonacci equation to produce 2 reactions, one + going to  and another alternate  and going to  , a symmetry of different “contents”. n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ….116 R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (zero)
  33. 33. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV A BIT OF GEOMETRY (circles & tetrahedrons) Dimensionless Geometrical Constants of Nature?  R 2-d (activity) R 3-d (activity) equals C/r P 2 /A A 3 /V 2 Implies C=2  r P=(A R 2-d ) 1/2 A=(R 3-d V 2 ) 1/3 Or r= C/2  A=P 2 /R 2-d V=(A 3 / R 3-d ) 1/2 The ratios of dimensionless “activities” @ any size for: 2-D triangle to circle and 3-D Tetrahedron to Sphere are: (R 2-d ) t /(R 2-d ) c (R 3-d ) T /(R 3-d ) S = 1.654 =3.307 Inverse = 0 .6046 = 0.3024 For a real inscribed sphere in a regular tetrahedron, their surface to volume ratios are equal!. © 2011 R/E Unlimited, Chicago IL.
  34. 34. <ul><li>THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (quantum & thermo) </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>Quantum theory has provided physicists with remarkable achievements through probabilistic means. Yet, agreement with gravity and relativity is a puzzle.. </li></ul><ul><li>1st Law of Thermodynamics requires conservation of mass, momentum, and energy. Yet, Einstein believed that “God does not play dice” and “equivalence of mass-energy” implies a weighty role for photons here-to-fore assumed “mass-less”. </li></ul><ul><li>2nd Law Carnot cycle shows that any source of energy potential for “non-equilibrium” decays. Reversible equilibrium considerations define “entropy” for a work efficiency. But energy going “downhill” causes “entropy” to always increase. </li></ul><ul><li>3rd Law implies “nothingness” at absolute zero, yet approaches to this limit suggest aggregations of everything as “one”. </li></ul>
  35. 35. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV PANPSYCHISM (hidden forces) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Idea#1: The “ants” and “ elephants ” refer to ~  e  p + n Photon electron “handshakes” (A source of panpsychism at “c” velocity?) Defining it’s “force” as c 2 leads to an energy, “E” = c 2 M*, where M* are n ~. Looking at light,  = h/p  c t, with Wien’s Law,   .003/T produces: T t  .003/c = ~ 10 -11 deg K-sec ( 2h/k b ) Substituting “average” f  10 13 as 1/t implies T  100 o K reference for all e.m.
  36. 36. R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Idea #2: Consider: Heisenberg principle; h  E n t n (usual mechanistic) But “action” can have two “reactions” (  motion and  growth) So, with motion and growth “energies” assumed equal, might: Planck’s “h” = ? E t (1 - t g / t m ) = E t (1 - f m /f g ) (where t g or f m are usually considered to be zero. Such forms, even Einstein’s (1 - v 2 /c 2 ), are suspiciously like those of the Carnot cycle for “efficiency”. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (heisenberg)
  37. 37. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (charge) <ul><li>Idea #3: </li></ul><ul><li>Assume two forces of nature: Let units and symmetry guide! </li></ul><ul><li>mechanical(Newton) vitalistic (Einstein) </li></ul><ul><li>F n = M a (Kg-m 2 /sec) F e = c 2 (m/sec) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>E n = F n x d E e = F e x M* </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Same “units” of energy </li></ul><ul><li>E 1 = F n x M* (m-Kg 2 /sec 2 ) E 2 = F e x d (m 3 /sec 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Note: NOT same, E 1 /d = (M*/t) 2 and E 2 / M*  “G” (m 3 /Kg-sec 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>For spherical shape with radius, r, A = 4  r 2 and V = 4/3  r 3  A/V =3/r </li></ul><ul><li>Charge ( acts at surface) and gravity ( acts on content ) with forces  to 1/d 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Rates of area change for an electron and proton are: </li></ul><ul><li>With h/M e = Á e (m 2 /sec) = c 2 t e </li></ul><ul><li>and h/M p = Á p (m 2 /sec) = c 2 t m </li></ul><ul><li>Their ratio t e /t m =1836 </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  38. 38. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (charge-gravity) <ul><li>Idea #4 :  </li></ul><ul><li>Assume gravity constant, G, makes charge at small “d” by: </li></ul><ul><li>q 2 /m 2 = G = 6.67 x 10 -11 (m 3 /Kg-sec 2 ) so that </li></ul><ul><li>q/m = G 1/2 =  8.17 x 10 -6 (m 3/2 /Kg 1/2 -sec) and </li></ul><ul><li>(electron) q e = G 1/2 M e = - 74.4 x 10 -37 (m 3/2 -Kg 1/2 /sec) (Current, I!) </li></ul><ul><li>(proton) q p = G 1/2 M p = + 13.6 x 10 -33 (m 3/2 -Kg 1/2 /sec) </li></ul><ul><li>Potential (volts), V = c 2 / G 1/2 = 1.1 x 10 22 (Kg-m) 1/2 /sec </li></ul><ul><li>So E = V x q e = 81.8 x 10 -15 ( Kg-m 2 /sec 2 ), i.e. c 2 M e </li></ul><ul><li>BUT, Resistance, R e = E/I = 1.5 x 10 57 (sec/m) !! </li></ul><ul><li>Finding the last interesting so far. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  39. 39. Think way different V SUMMARY <ul><li>MY “STATES OF SYSTEM” NEED CONFIRMATION OR PROVED FALSE!: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. bottom-up” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul><ul><li>Added: “Action” is trapped between logic of thought and intuition of past feelings. (made clear by driving a car or riding a bicycle). </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  40. 40. Think way different V CONCLUSIONS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL From “ T h ermodynamics, Swimming, and Panphychism ” , some conclusions presently are: FEELING is intuitive; an intrinsic property of all things ordained by latent memory ACTION is real; a motion and/or growth of anything in space for a duration of time. THOUGHT is info; supplied at a c 2 rate to employ within oneself or to transfer to another. Newton’s mechanistic force is F = M a, or E/d. Einstein’s E/m = c 2 implies a force on mass as c 2 , a phychistic force? Equating forces imply M = c 2 / a = d? ( M and d are useful as scaling factors for the forces ) Planck’s “a c tion ” constant implies two rates as frequencies of mass and area change A(Mf m ) or M (Af A ). Charge is the same for masses that differ by 1836. While  G creates the opposite signs, photon “forces” at c 2 cause charge magnitude to be equal for the mass difference. Carnot cycle work efficiency as (1-W/Q) suggest kinetic theory of “bouncing” molecules of perfectly elastic collisions in a gas at 100% efficiency is impossible Obviously, the logic of these statements need more experimental verification for application, as does Tykodi’s “ thermo-static, thermo-staedic, and thermo-dynamic states” . This highlights 43 years of musings in a dozen personal research and swimming logs. I would be pleased if someone experimentally verifies or theoretically disproves.
  41. 41. V. (References) Coxeter , “REGULAR POLYTOPES ” , (1973) Dodge, “CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS’” (1954) Einstein, THE MEANING OF RELAVITY, Princeton Press (1953) Erikson, &quot;THERMODYNAMICS OF STEADY STATES&quot; , M.S. Thesis, I.I.T (1959) Fuller , &quot;SYNERGETIC S&quot; (1975) Geroch, GENERAL RELATIVITY, Univ. Chic. Press (1978) Glasa, &quot;FROM CLOCKS TO CHAOS, The Rhythms of Life, (1988) Halliday and Resnick, &quot;PHYSIC S&quot; , (1963) Hawkings, UNIVERSE IN A NUTSHELL, Bantam Books (2001) Hornung, &quot;DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS, Examples of use of Symmetry&quot; ( 2006) Kafatos and Nadeau, “THE CONSCIOUS UNIVERSE”. (1990) Lederman and Hill , SYMMETRY, (2004) Lotka, ELEMENTS OF MATHEMATICAL BIOLOGY, (1956) Penrose, , &quot; ROAD TO REALITY ,&quot; (2004) Pippard, &quot;CLASSICAL THERMODYNAMICS&quot;, (1964) Rigden, HYDROGEN, The Essential Element” , (2002) Schlegel, SUPERPOSITION AND INTERACTION, U. Chic. Press (1980) Smolin, “Three Roads to QUANTUM GRAVITY”, (2001) Thims, “HUMAN THERMODYNAMICS”, (2007) Tykodi, &quot;THERMODYNAMICS OF STEADY STATES&quot; (1967) Tykodi, &quot;THERMODYNAMICS OF SYSTEMS IN NON-EQUILIBRIUM STATES&quot; (2002) Wheaton, TIGER AND SHARK, Roots of wave-particle dualism, Cambridge Univ Press (1983) http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/panpsychism (~80 citations from 1889 to 2005, ) And ~300 web references and .pdf’s on “U name it”). R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
  42. 42. TABLE 1 –Unit Analysis ( Based on George E. A. Matsas et al, “ Number of dimensional fundamental constants” arXiv:0711.4276v2 [physics.class-ph] 4 Dec 2007) protocols.  2010 R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Think way different MISCELLANY (INTERESTING PROTOCOL) ? ? ? Not Gaussian) Coulombs 1.6 x 10 -19 1 electron L Kg 1/2 /m 1/2 Kg/m 3 Kg/m 2 Kg Kg Kg/m Kg Kg m 2 Kg-m m/Kg (c) Kg.,m Kg 1/2 s 1/2 m 9/4 /s 2 (x G 1/2 ) Kg 1/2 m 3/2 /s 1.52 x 10 -14 Charge = (esu) K Kg/s 3 m 2 /s 4 Kg/m-s 2 E/V = E/m 3 Pressure J Kg/s 2 m 3 /s 4 Kg/s 2 E/A =E/m 2 Surface tens. I Kg c 3  ; 182.4 x10 -34 Kg-m/s 27.3 x 10 -23 p (mnt) = M e c H Kg c 3  2 ; 547.2 x10 -26 Kg-m 2 /s 2 8.1 x 10 -15 Energy = M e c 2 G Kg/s m 4 /s 4 ; c 4 Kg-m/s 2 - Force= M e a F Kg m 3 /s 2 ; c 2  Kg 1836M e M p ) (proton) E Kg c 2  ; 60.8 x 10 -42 Kg 9.1 x 10 -31 M e (electron) D s 2 c 3  2 ; 44.5 x 10 --45 m 5 /s 3 44.5 x 10 -45 G x h C Kg-s m 5 /s 3 ; c 3  2 Kg-m 2 /s 6.63 x 10 -34 h (Planck) B s/Kg m 3 /s 2 ; c 2  m 3 /Kg-s 2 6.67 x10 -11 G (gravity) A (c) Kg.,sec (G Protocol) m eter, s econd Units Value QUANTITY I.D

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