Aapt new2011 (RUN-TIME)

2,121 views

Published on

Run-Time, (a technical presentation at CSAAPT Meeting, Oct 28, 2011), refers to increase of time past and decrease of time in the future. A summary of 43 years musing science.

Published in: Technology, Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,121
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • THE SUBMTTED ABSTRACT EXPANDED AS I REVIEWED WRITINGS FROM MY STORY OF THERMODYNAMICS, SWIMMING, AND PANPSYCHISM. “RUN-TIME” REFERS TO THE INCREASE OF PAST TIME RELATIVE TO ITS DECREASED FUTURE FOR ALL THAT LIVE. FROM A RESERVOIR OF IDEAS, “ACTION” AS CENTRAL BETWEEN FEELINGS AND THOUGHT IS MOST SIGNIFICANT. . .
  • WORDS MEAN DIFFERENT THINGS TO DIFFERENT FOLKS, HENCE SOME DEFINITIONS AS IMPLIED HERE-IN. TO FOCUS ON ONE, “PANPSYCHISM’: AN ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY THAT ALL THINGS ARE AWARE AND “FEEL”,,SCIENCE COUNTS ON THE ACTION OF WATER’S FEEL IS TO BOIL AT 212 O F WITH APPLIED HEAT. DEFINED HERE AS THE “FORCE” OF C 2 INFO CARRIED BY PHOTON MASSES
  • LENGTH, MASS, AND TIME (MKS) ARE REAL UNITS OF SCIENCE,, OBSERVED DIRECTLY. RADIATION CANNOT BE SEEN, NOR CHARGE HELD BOTH REQUIRE AN INTERACTION WITH THE SURFACE OF MASS…
  • MASS CAN GENERALLY BE CONSIDERED SPHERICAL, HAVING A RADIUS THAT FIXES AN ACTIVITY WITH SURROUNDINGS AS A SURFACE TO VOLUME RATIO
  • ENERGY IN ONE DIRECTION IS WORK, SPREAD IN TWO WOULD MAKE TRIANGULAR, AND IN 3 DIRECTIONS, I.E. A BALLOON BEING EXPANDED REQUIRES “PRESSURE”. . .
  • SURFACE TO VOLUME RATIO REPRESENTS ‘ACTIVITY’, WHICH ARE EQUAL FOR A GIVEN REGULAR TETRAHEDRON AND ITS INSCRIBJED SPHERE. MADE DIMENSIONLESS, TETRAHEDRON (AS MAXIMUM, TO SPHERE (AS MINIMUM) RATIO IS 3.307 FOR ANY SIZE!
  • MASS RATIO OF PROTON TO ELECTRON IS 1836 WITH EQUAL AND OPPOSITE CHARGE. PLUS/MINUS SQUARE ROOT OF GRAVITY CONSTANT ACCOUNTS FOR THE CHARGE. ASSOCIATED PHOTON ACTIVITY COMPENSATE MASS DIFFERENCE. A LARGE “RESISTANCE” EXISTS BETWEEN.
  • TOP-BOTTOM VS BOTTOM-UP VIEWS AS 1-D IMPLY ONE THING CONSIDERED. OUTSIDE=IN VS INSIDE OUT (2-D) IMPLY TWO THINGS TO CONSIDER..
  • I CAN’T SEE RADIATION NOR HOLD A COULOMB. INNER “ACTIVITY” OF SOMETHING IS DEPENDENT ON ITS SURFACE TO VOLUME AND HIDDEN. THERMODYNAMICS AND RELATIVITY IDENTIFY COMPLEXITY BY ENERGY AND MASS CHANGES.
  • QUOTES OF MOTIVATION FOR ME. PARTICULARLY PENROSE’S “ SOMETHING WE HAVE ALL MISSED” AS A FINAL STATEMENT AFTER 1,045 PAGES OF MATHEMATICAL COMPLEXITY.. A RE-RESEARCH OF THE PROBLEM SEEMED APROPO..
  • MY HISTORY UNCOVERED AN INFLUENCE DR. RALPH J. TYKODI HAD MADE ….AFTER 43 YEARS. FIV E OF MANY LONG SWIMS MADE ME ACUTELY AWARE OF A WORKING ‘STEADY’ SYSTEM WITHIN ITS SURROUNDINGS WITH LOTS OF TIME TO THINK AND FEEL MY ENVIRONMENT. NOTE THE INCREASED SPEED WITH SEA CREATURES AROUND.
  • SEVERAL READS OF THIS WORK CONVINCED ME IT WAS THE BEST COVERAGE OF THE SUBJECT I HAVE EVER SEEN. .
  • ALL POTENTIALS FOR ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS RUN DOWNHILL AND LOST IN IRREVERSIBLE REACTIONS. CARNOT’S CONCEPT OF REVERSIBLE REGENERATION OF POTENTIAL DEFINES A WORK EFFICIENCY AS (1-LOW T/HIGH T) FOR THE MOTIVE POWER OF HEAT FOR ANY MACHINE …. CAUSING A BIRTH OF ENTROPY PRODUCTION IN LATER YEARS. REMINDS ONE OF A SIMILAR FORM IN EINSTEIN’S ( 1 - V 2 /C 2 )
  • SOME CALCULATIONS MADE TO FAMILIARIZE EFFECTS WITH DIFFERENT ASSUMPTIONS OF THE TC/TH RATIO, ASSAYING CONDITIONS OF MAXIMUM WORK EFFICIENCIES.
  • SO, ANY EXOTHERMIC REACTION INVOLVES A MASS LOSS (AND GAIN FOR AN ENDOTHERMIC REACTION?) , PRACTICALLY NEGLIGIBLE UNLESS……ONE CONSIDERS THE SO-CALLED MASS-LESS PHOTONS OF LIGHT. THE 13TH POWER OF FREQUENCY HAS USE AS AN AVERAGE OF ALL RADIATION!!
  • AS A RESEARCHER AT IITRI, LAB WORK WAS PLENTIFUL, SO SEEKING A MASTERS DEGREE FOR WORK ADVANCEMENT, I FOUND DR. TYKODI’S RESEARCH AS A “PAPER STUDY” APPROPRIATE. AS A CHEMICAL ENGINEER AND A NOVICE IN HIS FIELD, HE WAS VERY PATIENT WITH EXPLANATIONS. THEN, IT WAS MOSTLY GREEK AND NEEDED FOR M.S., , BUT LOOKING BACK NOW, I SEE POTENTIAL MERIT. IN HIS APPROACH.
  • MY WORK BEGAN WITH A STUDY OF STEADY FORCED VAPORIZATION USING PUBLISHED DATA ON WATER AND CARBON TETRACHLORIDE ANALYZED BY TYKODI’S CONCEPTS. CLEARLY, ALTY’S DATA SHOW THAT FOR APPRECIABLE DEPARTURES FROM EQULIBRIUMS, THERE IS A CONSTANT “RESISTANCE’ FACTOR.NOTE EXTENDED SLOPE OF LINES. STUDY CONTINUED WITH AVAILABLE DATA FOR OTHER PROCESSES.
  • REPORTED DATA OFA BI-THERMAL EFFECT WAS ANALYZED FOR HELIUM AND ARGON. MIGRATION OCCURS TO A MAXIMUM PRESSURE DIFFERENCE WHICH HELD STEADY AT LOW PRESSURES. . MORE DATA WAS REQUIRED TO APPLY TYKODI’S CONCEPTS ANY FURTHER..
  • 1ST AND 2ND ORDER CHEMICAL REACTIONS WERE STUDIED BY KINETIC RATE CONSTANTS DEFINING DEPARTURES FROM EQUILIBRIUM BY A NORMALIZATION PROCEDURE. THE RESISTANCE FOR 1ST ORDER (SLOPE OF LINES ON LEFT) BELOW AND ABOVE K=1 VARY FROM LOW TO HIGH, RESPECTVELY FOR REASONABLE DEPARTURES FROM EQUILIBRIUM. ON THE RIGHT SHOWS THIS DEPENDENCE WITH “N” BUNCHING AT K EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN ONE.
  • SINCE FUELS VAPORIZE IN BURNING, I PROPOSED A PROJECT TO AFOSR ON FORCED VAPORIZATION TO STUDY VARIABLES. . EQUIPMENT DESIGN (SHOWN ON RIGHT) WAS DISTRESSFUL TO GLASSBLOWER, BUT…WORKED SUCCESSFULLY TO MEASURE SIMULTANEOUS LEVEL CHANGES OF 5 TUBES AT A STEADY COMMON PRESSURE IN A MONOTHERMAL BATH. ON RIGHT, MEASURED FLOW RATES WERE ORMALIZED IN PLOTS AS MEASURED-TO-MEAN, SHOWING ALL DATA FIT ON ONE LINE AND MEASURED-TO-ALL, SHOWING INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR.. CONFIRMATION OF DR. TYKODI’S ‘RESISTANCE’ HOLDING QUITE FAR FROM EQUILIBRIUM WAS SUCCESSFUL, AS REPORTED IN HIS BOOK. .
  • CLEARLY, MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY WILL BE NEAR EQUILIBRIUM, ALTHOUGH LITTLE WORK CAN BE DONE (NEAR EQUILIBRIUM) MAXIMUM WORK IS ACHIEVED FARTHER FROM EQUILIBRIUM WHICH IS NOT AT THE SAME MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY, I.E., n AND -W BOTH DIMINISH AND BECOME EQUAL AT n MAXIMUM, A THERMAL CONVERTER WOULD THEN NEED AN EXTERNAL WORK SOURCE .
  • ENOUGH “THERMO”; ON TO SOME PERSONAL SWIMMING NOTES OVER THE PERIOD SHOWN, AVERAGE STEADY SPEED INCREASED, AND BY 1967, NEW” FEELINGS” OF SEA CREATURES AIDED MORE IMPROVEMENT. PRESENTLY, SHARP DECLINES IN BOTH SPEED AND DISTANCE.HAVE ARRIVED IN ~2007, WHERE ONE MILE AND ONE HOUR ARE MORE COMMON.
  • AS A CARNOT ENGINE, A SWIMMER IN HEAT SINKS GREATER THAN BODY TEMPERATURE, A WORK EFFICIENCY WOULD BE NEGATIVE,I.E., NO PLACE TO DUMP HEAT)……UNLESS…..
  • MUSCLES ARE SAID TO BE COMPRIZED OF ~20 CELLS OF MANY MOLECULES. … A MOLE OF THESE ‘ANTS’ IN A HUMAN BODY CAN DO THE WORK CREDITED TO THE BODY( “ELEPHANT”) AT A RESONANT FREQUEMCY.
  • MOTIVE POWER OF HEAT CAN THEN BE EMPLOYED FORTHWITH. AN EXPLANATION OF FORTHWITH IS “BEFORE” ANYTHING HAS DETECTABLY HAPPENS!. . .
  • HARD TO BELIEVE SUCH A HIGH TEMPERATURE, BUT WORK CAN BE USED LOCALLY FORTHWITH FROM HEAT OF COMBUSTION. AND SIMULTANEOUS MASS LOSS IS ALSO EXTREMELY LOW. I
  • THERE ARE SEVERAL RESEARCHERS PURSUING THE IDEAS OF LOCAL HOT SPOTS AND MASS LOSS FROM EXOTHERMIC REACTIONS.
  • A WEIGHTLIFTER SWAM ALONGSIDE ME IN A POOL NEEDED TEN STROKES TO MY ONE. EXHAUSTED AND WINDED AFTER ONE LENGTH, HE ASKED WHAT HE DID WRONG. IT WAS IMPOSSIBLE TO CONVINCE HIM THAT HE WAS TOO POWERFUL AND NOT FEELING THE SLIGHT PRESSURE NEEDED TO MOVE IN WATER. HE NEVER UNDERSTOOD WHY HIS POWER COULD NOT EQUAL ME WITH A LESSER POWER..
  • GATHERING TOGETHER ALL SOURCES OF INFO COHERENTLY TAKES TOO MUCH TIME. I STOPPED WITH THIS. I FOUND THE 20 TIMES BRAIN USE WHEN THINKING VERY INTERESTING. HMMM,, A SWIMMER SHOULD NOT THINK? ,A WASTED ENERGY HERE,.
  • THE CENTRAL COLUMN IS ‘STEADY’, LEFT IS GOING IN AND RIGHT IS COMING OUT. MOMENTUM EQUALITY RESOLVES MECHANICAL EFFICIENCY, VARIED ASSUMPTIONS REQUIRED, BUT ~ 70% APPEARS NORMAL. ABOUT 500% OVER BASIL IS NECESSARY TO SWIM. I MEASURED A 17 POUND WEIGHT LOSS ON ONE AND ESTIMATED A RANGE OF 0.4 (EARLY) AND 0.2 (SUSTAINED LATER) LBS/ HR LOSSES. 3-5 % WORK EFFICIENCY IS UNREALISTIC. MAYBE NOT A “CARNOT ENGINE”, BUT A LOCAL 1000 O K RESULT OF ~70% SEEMS MOST REASONABLE. LINE.
  • HOW DID ALL THIS COME ABOUT? BIG BANG IS UNSATISFYING. CAN THERE BE, AS PENROSE SUGGESTS, “ SOMETHING WE HAVE MISSED”? GROWTH, AS A FORCE, IS GENERALLY OVERLOOOKED IN PHYSICS. CAN C 2 BE CONSIDERED A FORCE, “INFORMATION TRANSFER”? CHARGE AND LIGHT CANNOT BE IDENTIFIED DIRECTLY WITHOUT ASSOCIATION WITH MASS AND/OR TIME. REFLECTED LIGHT AND CHARGED PARTICLES
  • FIBONACCI EQUATION, STARTING FROM ZERO PROCEEDS IN TWO DIRECTIONS, ONE THE USUAL ADDITION FORWARD POSITIVE, THE OTHER A SUBTRACTION BACKWARD, ALTERNATELY POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE. APPLYING THE SIMPLE RULES AT ZERO, FULLER’S “UNITY IS PLURAL” IS CONFIRMED HERE…. AT ZERO!
  • SUMMING UP:. SURFACE TO CONTENT RATIO IS A GEOMETRIC “ACTIVITY” FOR THAT WITHIN TO THAT WITHOUT (SYSTEM-SURROUNDING INFLUENCE). SHOWN AS DIMENSIONLESS, I.E. ANY SIZE CIRCLES (2-D), AND 3-D SPHERES AND REGULAR TETRAHEDRON . FOR THE RATIO OF TETRAHERON TO SPHERE, IT IS 3.307, A FACTOR FOR ENERGY TO MASS INTERACTION?. A REAL INSCRIBED SPHERE WITHIN A REGULAR TETRAHEDRON HAVE EQUAL SURFACE TO VOLUME RATIOS.
  • THE DETERMINISM OF THERMODYNAMICS AND PROBABILITY OF QUANTUM THEORY MAY RESOLVE BY INCORPORATING EINSTEIN’S, E = M C^2, DIFFERENTLY , PLACING THERMOTICS AND RELATIVITY ON EQUAL TERMS FOR ENERGY AND MASS CHANGES
  • A REALITY OF PHOTONS SUGGEST HIDDEN FORCES ON MATTER. THE “T x t “ PRODUCT IMPLIES AT GIVEN “T”, t APPROACHING ZERO IS “ADIABATIC”, AND t APPROACHING INFINITY IS “REVERSIBLE”, IMPLY CONDITIONS OF NEGLIGIBLE ENTROPY PRODUCTION. REPLACING t WITH 1/f, WHERE f IS AN AVERAGE OF ALL ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION, ~10 13 IMPLIES A TEMPERATURE OF ~100 O K. HMMM.
  • THE PLANCK CONSTANT IS CLEARLY A LOWEST LIMITING ACTION FOR THE HEISENBERG PRINCIPLE, BUT HP DOES NOT DEFINE POSSBILITY OF TWO REACTIONS.
  • I BELIEVE LENGTH, MASS, AND TIME ARE THE REAL UNITS OF SCIENCE AND OTHERS OBFUSCATE BECAUSE THEY ARE CONCEPTS RATHER THAN PERCEPTS. I CAN ‘SENSE’: HEAT, NOT TEMPERATURE, CHARGE, NOT COULOMBS, ETC. PLANCK CONSTANT DIVIDED BY PARTICLE MASSES IMPLIES A RATE OF SURFACE ACTIVITY.
  • HERE, GRAVITY AND RADIATION FORCES MAY CAUSE CHARGE STABILITY WHERE THE STEFAN-BOLTZMANN LAW BALANCES G IN THE MICROSCOPIC WORLD.
  • SAME AS EARLIER. WITH AN ADDED FINAL THOUGHT IN REVIEWING. ANY “ACTION” IS PROMPTED BY INTUITION GAINED FROM PAST FEELINGS AND/OR . A CONSIDERED LOGIC OF THOUGHT.
  • WORDS HAVE DIFFERENT MEANINGS TO DIFFERENT FOLKS. I HOPE THERE IS REASONABLE CLARITY..IF NOT, SO MOTE IT BE.
  • PART OF MY REFERENCE COLLECTION WHICH NUMBER OVER AN ADDITIONAL HUNDRED FROM GOOGLE SEARCHES.
  • THIS IS ONE THAT CAUGHT MY ATTENTION. ATTEMPTS ARE ONGOING TO ASCERTAIN A USEFUL APPLICATION. .
  • A ND FOR THOSE WHO MUST WONDER WHO IN HELL I AM, MY SCIENTIFIC AND SWIMMING CREDENTIALS. AS BACKGROUND.
  • Aapt new2011 (RUN-TIME)

    1. 1. Think way different (from) Thermodynamics, Swimming, and Panpsychism (TSP) subtitled (in reverse) {Feeling, Action, & Thought (FAT)} RUN-TIME *Chapter 6:The Philosophy of Evolution, 10/ 2010 (ISBN 978-81-86-882-35-9) (Copy posted @ http://www.sdogv.com/ImThermo.html) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL by T. A. Erikson [email_address] R/E UnLtd, SdogV [email_address] (A project status update*) For presentation at CAAPT Meeting At Tinley Park on Friday October 28, 2011
    2. 2. Think way different OUTLINE <ul><li>Overview (Motivation) </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamics (the Carnot cycle “human” engine) </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming (Mechanics, Physiology, Heat, and Motivation) </li></ul><ul><li>Panpsychism (the “ants” and the “elephant”) </li></ul><ul><li>Summary and Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>(Note: Sections are “highlights” of a work in progress, “my memoirs”) </li></ul><ul><li>Important word definitions (as implied here ) </li></ul><ul><li>thermotics 1 : “scientific study and exploration of steady heat and work processes” </li></ul><ul><li>swim 2 : “..to propel oneself in water by natural means (limbs, fins, or tail)..” </li></ul><ul><li>panpsychism 1 : “ancient philosophy that all matter is aware, living or non-living”, “defined here as the c 2 “ force” on mass” </li></ul><ul><li>feeling 2 : “..one of the basic physical senses..”, “..responsive awareness…” </li></ul><ul><li>percept 2 : “..impressions obtained by the senses: SENSE-DATUM..” </li></ul><ul><li>consciousness 2 : “ ..state of being aware esp. of something within oneself ..” </li></ul><ul><li>concept 2 : “..something conceived in the mind: THOUGHT,NOTION ..” </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>References: 1. “me”, Tykodi, and the web, 2. Webster’s 9th New Collegiate (1984) </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    3. 3. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    4. 4. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    5. 5. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    6. 6. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    7. 7. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the   (gravity constant) with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. inside out” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    8. 8. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. bottom-up” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    9. 9. Think way different I OVERVIEW (present status) <ul><li>AFTER 83 YEARS, SOME PRELIMINARY “STATES OF MY SYSTEM” ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. bottom-up” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    10. 10. (1) RusselL, “ANALYSIS OF MATTER” (1954), p.397 “….intrinsic character of the world is derived from the mental side where causal laws confirm the physical side…but from philosophy the distinction between physical and mental is superficial and unreal.” !! (2) Lederman and Hill “SYMMETRY” (2004) p. 341 “… Is ‘now’ therefore real and part of the laws of physics? …’now’ has to do with the murky business of ‘consciousness’ … a very complex phenomena…We suspect ... that ‘N’ and ‘C’ are related to each other.” (3) Penrose, “ROAD TO REALITY”. (2004) p. 1045 “ ...Perhaps what we mainly need is some subtle change in perspective - something that we all have missed…..” (last sentence ) ( 4) “. imagination is more important than knowledge” Einstein (?) (5) “.. Unity is plural, and at a minimum, two…” Fuller, 1975 (6)..“.. knowledge can only relate to real objects…” Lektorsky, 1980 (7)..“.. on blackboard we look , measure, it, but..?  ?” ~ Feynman (8) “ insanity: same thing repeated over and over, expecting a different result .”Einstein Think way different Some notable Quotes ..(motivation) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    11. 11. Think way different I OVERVIEW (me) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    12. 12. <ul><li>Extract: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance and implication, than their simple expressions based on the experimental observations - they are The Fundamental Laws of Nature : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Zeroth (equilibrium existentialism), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The First (conservational transformationalism) , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Second (directional transformationalism) , and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Third (unattainability of emptiness). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They are defining and unifying our comprehension of all existence and transformations in the universe.” …………… </li></ul>II Thermodynamics (Kostic) SYMPOSIUM THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES 92ND ANNUAL MEETING OF (AAAS) JUNE 12-16, 2011 Revisiting The Second Law of Energy Degradation and Entropy Generation: From Sadi Carnot 痴 Ingenious Reasoning to Holistic Generalization Milivoje M. Kostic NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY DEKALB, IL 60115, USA Web: www.kostic.niu.edu * E-mail: kostic@niu.edu His words:“ The miracles are until we comprehend and explain them!” My words: “A remarkable expose’ of the subject and its ramifications!”
    13. 13. Think way different II Thermo (Carnot Cycle) <ul><li>Above from Kostic’s presentation: In general, a work efficiency,  , is </li></ul><ul><li>proportional to (1 - P LOW /P HIGH ), where “P” is any potential for, e.g., </li></ul><ul><li>“ Z” (gravity), “T” (temperature), “E” (volts), “  ” (chemical”), etc. </li></ul><ul><li>entailing reversible and irreversible processes through “entropy”. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    14. 14. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS (Carnot efficiencies) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL On left, usual ratio f=Tc/Th; On right, where Tc/Th =1/(1+ n)
    15. 15. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS (Relativity) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Rossini, F. Chemical Thermodynamics. Wiley, 1950 (pp, 33-42) Points out that IF mass exothermic losses (or endothermic gains) could be measured, calorimetry not needed. Thermodynamics & Relativity should relate  E =Q - W to  m o =  E/ c 2  (h/c 2 )  f i.e., photons are the “gains” and “losses”. Note: f = 10 13 Hz is ~e.m. middle average.
    16. 16. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    17. 17. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL From my 1959 thesis where the problem was to analyze existing data under Dr. Tykodi’s ideas. Above: System-surroundings Right: Alty’s data, (JCP, 1959)
    18. 18. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Thesis work relating thermal molecular effect showing  P for two temperature states of helium connected by a small capillary tube.
    19. 19. Thesis analysis of chemical reactions using Tykodi’s idea of “resistance” and my idea of generality (seemed important but now a vague memory). THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    20. 20. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL My Thesis work led to an AFOSR project at IITRI to study vaporization phenomena as applied to liquid propellants (Tykodi’s book on H 2 0 below).
    21. 21. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. …..THERMODYNAMICS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Tykodi’s “Thermal Converters” as heat-to-work type “engines” (pp.122-125, loc.cit.) considers entropy production as it relates to work, -W, and efficiency,  , via an “appropriate” heat current rate, ñ, (electric, mass, or chemical reaction measure). Invoking “stability” (Eq. 3:30) and the “haste makes waste” principle (Eq. 3:29), maximum work “B” and maximum efficiency “A” do not occur at the same “current” ñ.
    22. 22. Think way different III…. SWIMMER PROBLEM (personal notes) <ul><li>Swimming requires sensing (feeling!) reaction of water </li></ul><ul><li>Quality, (i.e., speed) has anaerobic limitations. </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity (i.e., distance) has aerobic limitations. </li></ul><ul><li>Serious swimming engages the elements of water, the factors in its environment, and the needs of the individual, in both a physiological and psychological sense. It is usually a healthful exercise and involves the heat of regular feedings to perform the work in a “steady” cycle of power output. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL 
    23. 23. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~7 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
    24. 24. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~7 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
    25. 25. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~7 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
    26. 26. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~6 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
    27. 27. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>As a Carnot engine, a human that maintains a body temperature of 310 o K (~98.6 o F) could not even perform work in a surrounding heat sink at >310 o K, i.e,  = (1 - T C /T H ) = negative! </li></ul><ul><li>But imagine muscles that supply human power for swimming as a mole (6 x 10 23 !) of “ants” representing an “elephant” (a resonance of a multi-cylinder car or military platoon marching in-step.) </li></ul><ul><li>These muscle “engines” obtain combustion heat directly to create local “hot-spots” of extremely high temperatures that forthwith transform into work as the “motive power of heat”. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplied with oxygen, foods provide ~7 Kcal/gr. Assuming blood is water,  T = Q/C H2O = (~6 Kcal/gr)/(1cal/gr- o C) =6,000 o C! </li></ul><ul><li>Mass-energy equivalence implies  m  -  E/c 2  - 10 -13 Kg! </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamic 1st law energy transformations conflict with Relativity in microscopic systems, an area being pursued by many research investigators in the field. </li></ul>
    28. 28. THINK WAY DIFFERENT III. ….A SWIMMER(engine) <ul><li>Referring back to Tykodi’s idea of thermal converters for “work” and “efficiency”, my experience and swimmer research studies confirm efficiency is maximum for slowest pushes on water and less at stronger pushes. A swimmer must compromise “A” and “B” below with “feel”, </li></ul><ul><li>a swimmer coach’s dilemma for instructions. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    29. 29. THINK WAY DIFFERENT II. ….A SWIMMER <ul><li>Parts (Kcal/hr) </li></ul><ul><li>Brain (2% body)11 (x20 to think!) </li></ul><ul><li>Heart 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Kidneys 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Liver/guts 20 ( swim energy loss!) </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal Muscle 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Skin 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Other 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Summed 85 </li></ul><ul><li>Daily ~ 2040Kcal </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellany </li></ul><ul><li>Brain uses ~50% O 2 & 10% of glucose input </li></ul><ul><li>Respiration: 0.5 Liter O 2 /breath </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 .04% in, 4.4% out </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal losses, Surface area, ~2m 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation ~ 26 cal/hr </li></ul><ul><li>Convective, ~ 80 cal/hr </li></ul><ul><li>This is incomplete.. </li></ul>COLLECTED INFO FROM “GOOGLING” (Work in progress) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    30. 30. Think way different III….SWIM PROBLEM SUMMARY (Steady State System) R/E Unlimited,Chicago, IL <ul><li>= (1 - T 300 /T 310 ) = 3.2% </li></ul><ul><li>= (1 - T 310 /T 1000 ) = 69% =(1 - T 310 /T 5000 ) = 94% </li></ul>T B = 310 o K(37 o C  98.6F) T W = 300 o K (  10 o C T H = 1000 o K or 5000 o K IV. Thermal (Carnot)  … . CO 2 + H 2 O  Waste (feces, urine, sweat..  = ~40% Basal: ~100 Kcal/hr Req’d: 450 - 650 Kcal/hr Wt. loss: 0.4-0.2 Kg/hr III. Physiology (chemistry) Glucose C 6 H 12 O 6  Air……….6 O 2  <ul><li>  75% (my est.) </li></ul><ul><li>… .V w + V d </li></ul><ul><li> = 65% (quoted) </li></ul>Propulsion V s = V w +V d  +  Drag……… V d  Ms Vs = m w+d v w+d II. Mechanics (physics) Water velocity, Vw  55 - 65 strokes/min (3600/hr), 6-beat kick  Speed (quality)  Distance (quantity) I. (a) Aerobic  (b) Anaerobic  OUT Swimmer IN
    31. 31. <ul><li>THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (Intro) </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>States of these project problems presented in following slides: </li></ul><ul><li>The puzzle; “How - could, did, or do - the elements of inanimate matter originate and become “animate”, i.e. living from zero ? </li></ul><ul><li>Can panpsychism be simply the probability of “tuning”, I.e., being in right place at the right time as quantum theory suggests? </li></ul><ul><li>3 Or does panpsychism have unique components of a force that directs a given mass to grow or decay, given contact and time? </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical charge (the electron) and electromagnetism (light as photons) can do this (so-called pair production), yet both require an association with mass and/or time to be seen or observed directly. Can their “reality” prove something is hidden? ) </li></ul><ul><li>Might thermodynamic and relativity “logic”produce a useful model? </li></ul>
    32. 32. 1 t + 1 2 t- 3 t o 5 t+ 8 13….10 23 .. ∞ 0 t 0 Avogadro value at n = 116 1 t - -1 2 t+ -3 t o 5 t- -8 13 -21...± ∞’s n -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 Rules: (Note plurality of “0”) (1) t + = t - + t o  t o = t + - t- = 0 !! (2) 1.618.. = t + / t o = t o / t -  t o ≈  {(t + )( t- )} 1/2 = 1 !! Apply Newton’s Law of “action-reaction” at zero for the Fibonacci equation to produce 2 reactions, one + going to  and another alternate  and going to  , a symmetry of different “contents”. n 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ….116 R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (zero)
    33. 33. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV A BIT OF GEOMETRY (circles & tetrahedrons) Dimensionless Geometrical Constants of Nature?  R 2-d (activity) R 3-d (activity) equals C/r P 2 /A A 3 /V 2 Implies C=2  r P=(A R 2-d ) 1/2 A=(R 3-d V 2 ) 1/3 Or r= C/2  A=P 2 /R 2-d V=(A 3 / R 3-d ) 1/2 The ratios of dimensionless “activities” @ any size for: 2-D triangle to circle and 3-D Tetrahedron to Sphere are: (R 2-d ) t /(R 2-d ) c (R 3-d ) T /(R 3-d ) S = 1.654 =3.307 Inverse = 0 .6046 = 0.3024 For a real inscribed sphere in a regular tetrahedron, their surface to volume ratios are equal!. © 2011 R/E Unlimited, Chicago IL.
    34. 34. <ul><li>THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (quantum & thermo) </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL <ul><li>Quantum theory has provided physicists with remarkable achievements through probabilistic means. Yet, agreement with gravity and relativity is a puzzle.. </li></ul><ul><li>1st Law of Thermodynamics requires conservation of mass, momentum, and energy. Yet, Einstein believed that “God does not play dice” and “equivalence of mass-energy” implies a weighty role for photons here-to-fore assumed “mass-less”. </li></ul><ul><li>2nd Law Carnot cycle shows that any source of energy potential for “non-equilibrium” decays. Reversible equilibrium considerations define “entropy” for a work efficiency. But energy going “downhill” causes “entropy” to always increase. </li></ul><ul><li>3rd Law implies “nothingness” at absolute zero, yet approaches to this limit suggest aggregations of everything as “one”. </li></ul>
    35. 35. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV PANPSYCHISM (hidden forces) R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Idea#1: The “ants” and “ elephants ” refer to ~  e  p + n Photon electron “handshakes” (A source of panpsychism at “c” velocity?) Defining it’s “force” as c 2 leads to an energy, “E” = c 2 M*, where M* are n ~. Looking at light,  = h/p  c t, with Wien’s Law,   .003/T produces: T t  .003/c = ~ 10 -11 deg K-sec ( 2h/k b ) Substituting “average” f  10 13 as 1/t implies T  100 o K reference for all e.m.
    36. 36. R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Idea #2: Consider: Heisenberg principle; h  E n t n (usual mechanistic) But “action” can have two “reactions” (  motion and  growth) So, with motion and growth “energies” assumed equal, might: Planck’s “h” = ? E t (1 - t g / t m ) = E t (1 - f m /f g ) (where t g or f m are usually considered to be zero. Such forms, even Einstein’s (1 - v 2 /c 2 ), are suspiciously like those of the Carnot cycle for “efficiency”. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (heisenberg)
    37. 37. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (charge) <ul><li>Idea #3: </li></ul><ul><li>Assume two forces of nature: Let units and symmetry guide! </li></ul><ul><li>mechanical(Newton) vitalistic (Einstein) </li></ul><ul><li>F n = M a (Kg-m 2 /sec) F e = c 2 (m/sec) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>E n = F n x d E e = F e x M* </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Same “units” of energy </li></ul><ul><li>E 1 = F n x M* (m-Kg 2 /sec 2 ) E 2 = F e x d (m 3 /sec 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Note: NOT same, E 1 /d = (M*/t) 2 and E 2 / M*  “G” (m 3 /Kg-sec 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>For spherical shape with radius, r, A = 4  r 2 and V = 4/3  r 3  A/V =3/r </li></ul><ul><li>Charge ( acts at surface) and gravity ( acts on content ) with forces  to 1/d 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Rates of area change for an electron and proton are: </li></ul><ul><li>With h/M e = Á e (m 2 /sec) = c 2 t e </li></ul><ul><li>and h/M p = Á p (m 2 /sec) = c 2 t m </li></ul><ul><li>Their ratio t e /t m =1836 </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    38. 38. THINK WAY DIFFERENT IV ….PANPSYCHISM (charge-gravity) <ul><li>Idea #4 :  </li></ul><ul><li>Assume gravity constant, G, makes charge at small “d” by: </li></ul><ul><li>q 2 /m 2 = G = 6.67 x 10 -11 (m 3 /Kg-sec 2 ) so that </li></ul><ul><li>q/m = G 1/2 =  8.17 x 10 -6 (m 3/2 /Kg 1/2 -sec) and </li></ul><ul><li>(electron) q e = G 1/2 M e = - 74.4 x 10 -37 (m 3/2 -Kg 1/2 /sec) (Current, I!) </li></ul><ul><li>(proton) q p = G 1/2 M p = + 13.6 x 10 -33 (m 3/2 -Kg 1/2 /sec) </li></ul><ul><li>Potential (volts), V = c 2 / G 1/2 = 1.1 x 10 22 (Kg-m) 1/2 /sec </li></ul><ul><li>So E = V x q e = 81.8 x 10 -15 ( Kg-m 2 /sec 2 ), i.e. c 2 M e </li></ul><ul><li>BUT, Resistance, R e = E/I = 1.5 x 10 57 (sec/m) !! </li></ul><ul><li>Finding the last interesting so far. </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    39. 39. Think way different V SUMMARY <ul><li>MY “STATES OF SYSTEM” NEED CONFIRMATION OR PROVED FALSE!: </li></ul><ul><li>Units of length, mass, time, radiation, and charge are perceptual, but the latter two tend to introduce units of a conceptual nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass at rest has weight, occupies a local space and is generally most stable as a geometric sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Energy is motion in linear, triangular, and tetrahedral forms that identify 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D shapes in time, generally not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface to volume for tetrahedron to sphere have a 3.307 dimensionless ratio at any size, while equal for inscribed sphere in a tetrahedron. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity and charge combine to imply charge to mass ratio as equal to the  (gravity constant) 1/2 with charge units of (M 3/2 Kg 1/2 )/sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Views “outside-in vs. inside-out” against “top-down vs. bottom-up” imply that any Newton or Planck “action” can cause 2 (or more) reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Panpsychism”, as inner properties of nature that become innate with complexity require thermodynamic and relativity concepts as one. </li></ul><ul><li>Added: “Action” is trapped between logic of thought and intuition of past feelings. (made clear by driving a car or riding a bicycle). </li></ul>R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    40. 40. Think way different V CONCLUSIONS R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL From “ T h ermodynamics, Swimming, and Panphychism ” , some conclusions presently are: FEELING is intuitive; an intrinsic property of all things ordained by latent memory ACTION is real; a motion and/or growth of anything in space for a duration of time. THOUGHT is info; supplied at a c 2 rate to employ within oneself or to transfer to another. Newton’s mechanistic force is F = M a, or E/d. Einstein’s E/m = c 2 implies a force on mass as c 2 , a phychistic force? Equating forces imply M = c 2 / a = d? ( M and d are useful as scaling factors for the forces ) Planck’s “a c tion ” constant implies two rates as frequencies of mass and area change A(Mf m ) or M (Af A ). Charge is the same for masses that differ by 1836. While  G creates the opposite signs, photon “forces” at c 2 cause charge magnitude to be equal for the mass difference. Carnot cycle work efficiency as (1-W/Q) suggest kinetic theory of “bouncing” molecules of perfectly elastic collisions in a gas at 100% efficiency is impossible Obviously, the logic of these statements need more experimental verification for application, as does Tykodi’s “ thermo-static, thermo-staedic, and thermo-dynamic states” . This highlights 43 years of musings in a dozen personal research and swimming logs. I would be pleased if someone experimentally verifies or theoretically disproves.
    41. 41. V. (References) Coxeter , “REGULAR POLYTOPES ” , (1973) Dodge, “CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS’” (1954) Einstein, THE MEANING OF RELAVITY, Princeton Press (1953) Erikson, &quot;THERMODYNAMICS OF STEADY STATES&quot; , M.S. Thesis, I.I.T (1959) Fuller , &quot;SYNERGETIC S&quot; (1975) Geroch, GENERAL RELATIVITY, Univ. Chic. Press (1978) Glasa, &quot;FROM CLOCKS TO CHAOS, The Rhythms of Life, (1988) Halliday and Resnick, &quot;PHYSIC S&quot; , (1963) Hawkings, UNIVERSE IN A NUTSHELL, Bantam Books (2001) Hornung, &quot;DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS, Examples of use of Symmetry&quot; ( 2006) Kafatos and Nadeau, “THE CONSCIOUS UNIVERSE”. (1990) Lederman and Hill , SYMMETRY, (2004) Lotka, ELEMENTS OF MATHEMATICAL BIOLOGY, (1956) Penrose, , &quot; ROAD TO REALITY ,&quot; (2004) Pippard, &quot;CLASSICAL THERMODYNAMICS&quot;, (1964) Rigden, HYDROGEN, The Essential Element” , (2002) Schlegel, SUPERPOSITION AND INTERACTION, U. Chic. Press (1980) Smolin, “Three Roads to QUANTUM GRAVITY”, (2001) Thims, “HUMAN THERMODYNAMICS”, (2007) Tykodi, &quot;THERMODYNAMICS OF STEADY STATES&quot; (1967) Tykodi, &quot;THERMODYNAMICS OF SYSTEMS IN NON-EQUILIBRIUM STATES&quot; (2002) Wheaton, TIGER AND SHARK, Roots of wave-particle dualism, Cambridge Univ Press (1983) http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/panpsychism (~80 citations from 1889 to 2005, ) And ~300 web references and .pdf’s on “U name it”). R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL
    42. 42. TABLE 1 –Unit Analysis ( Based on George E. A. Matsas et al, “ Number of dimensional fundamental constants” arXiv:0711.4276v2 [physics.class-ph] 4 Dec 2007) protocols.  2010 R/E Unlimited., Chicago, IL Think way different MISCELLANY (INTERESTING PROTOCOL) ? ? ? Not Gaussian) Coulombs 1.6 x 10 -19 1 electron L Kg 1/2 /m 1/2 Kg/m 3 Kg/m 2 Kg Kg Kg/m Kg Kg m 2 Kg-m m/Kg (c) Kg.,m Kg 1/2 s 1/2 m 9/4 /s 2 (x G 1/2 ) Kg 1/2 m 3/2 /s 1.52 x 10 -14 Charge = (esu) K Kg/s 3 m 2 /s 4 Kg/m-s 2 E/V = E/m 3 Pressure J Kg/s 2 m 3 /s 4 Kg/s 2 E/A =E/m 2 Surface tens. I Kg c 3  ; 182.4 x10 -34 Kg-m/s 27.3 x 10 -23 p (mnt) = M e c H Kg c 3  2 ; 547.2 x10 -26 Kg-m 2 /s 2 8.1 x 10 -15 Energy = M e c 2 G Kg/s m 4 /s 4 ; c 4 Kg-m/s 2 - Force= M e a F Kg m 3 /s 2 ; c 2  Kg 1836M e M p ) (proton) E Kg c 2  ; 60.8 x 10 -42 Kg 9.1 x 10 -31 M e (electron) D s 2 c 3  2 ; 44.5 x 10 --45 m 5 /s 3 44.5 x 10 -45 G x h C Kg-s m 5 /s 3 ; c 3  2 Kg-m 2 /s 6.63 x 10 -34 h (Planck) B s/Kg m 3 /s 2 ; c 2  m 3 /Kg-s 2 6.67 x10 -11 G (gravity) A (c) Kg.,sec (G Protocol) m eter, s econd Units Value QUANTITY I.D

    ×