The movement of the camera and lens can also be used within mise-en-scene, in a similar way. For example, the classic first scene from Jaws in which the camera zooms out whilst tracking forward, to distort the background of the image while the character remains the same size within the shot. This is usedCamera Shots, angles and movement can be used as part metaphorically of mise-en-scene in a few ways. Different shots can be because the beach isused metaphorically within the scene, such as a high angle being attacked by theor birds eye shots being used to make the character seem shark, ‘distorted’, while smaller or as a religious reference such as God looking people remaindown on them, or a low angle shot with the opposite affect unaware and continue of the character seeming larger and of more authority. normally.
Props• Props within a shot can play a big part in what a demographic views of the person with it, or the Within The Street extract scenario it is in. In a similar way to that we watched, a shot took place of the chocolate a characters costume, if the éclair prop just after she character was to be using an had gone upstairs to cheat intricately designed cane or walking on her husband with the stick you would assume that both man who had fixed the they are quite posh or well off, they water leak from the sink, and when they return they may be old or have some sort of share it together. This is problem with walking and that it used for both continuity and may be from a different time period to help signify their depending on the rest of the indulgence, and as they are setting. both from middle/lower classes, it helps with this because they would not usually have the treat.
Costume• Costume will often be used to help demographics get an idea of the characters class, sexuality, age, race, time period or in some cases gender. This can be done easily because people have ideologies that link different clothing to all of these With this example it can aspects automatically, but it isn’t also be enhanced by necessarily correct. For example a setting, i.e. if the man wearing camp clothing and character were in a dark make-up or a woman with short hair alley etc. and tattoos would be seen as ‘gay’. Or a young person with a hood might be seen as a potentially violent character.
• As a demographic, people will always be looking to judge or understand a lot of the key Character characters within a scene, almost subconsciously. Therefore the way that characters acts may have to be very specific in order for the viewers to fully understand this character, or not understand if the idea is for them to be mysterious. For example, a character may be •Another example manipulative and therefore their would be something as actions can show so through the simple as showing a way they talk to others and the way less confident that the other character reacts to character not this. conversing with a lot of other characters and in their body language, which will be immediately picked up by the majority of the audience.
• As with the Characters, costume andSetting props, the setting of a scene is also used to enhance the demographics understanding of the scene, i.e. if it were set in a castle or mansion then you would assume that they are rich and depending on which of these it is and the style of it, what time period it is set in. As well as helping the viewer understand, it can also mean more toward understanding the character deeper, if they were to be spending a lot of their shots in the same location away from others you may say that he is very desolate and keeps themselves to themselves.
• Sounds is used within a scene to enhance Sound the mood of it, almost always soft music for slower/longer scenes of emotion, and faster, high tempo music for a chase or action sequence. This is not always true, and when a scene uses opposing music than what would be assumed to fit the scene, it is known as contrapuntal sound, an example would be from ‘9’ where they are playing ‘(somewhere) over the rainbow’ diagetically within the scene to celebrate a victory, and then they are attacked again with the music still playing in the background.
Lighting• ‘The intensity, direction, and quality of lighting have a profound effect on the way an image is perceived. Light (and shade) can emphasise texture, shape, distance, mood, time of day or night, season, glamour; it affects the way colours are rendered, both in terms of hue and depth, and can focus attention on particular elements of the composition.’ For example dark colours will resemble darker and more mysterious characters as it is simply perceived this way. Not being able to see all of a person through lighting intrigues an audience into wanting to know more about the character. While lighter and brighter ones will have the opposite affect.
• The narrative of a film or TV show is sometimes considered to be Narrative slightly apart from mise-en-scene because the narrative itself is the way in which the story is told onThe narrative of a piece of media is closely screen while mise-en-scene goesrelated to the plot itself, and how it is more in depth into every aspect ofdepicted through screenplay throughout. the shot itself.There are a few different ways that this canbe done; Simply showing the plot from startto finish the way it happens(chronologically), through starting the TV End Openingshow or film later on in the plot andunfolding throughout, or through differentmethods such as repeating a single event Solutionand showing a different result or outcomefrom each. All will have a different affect onthe larger demographic, whether it is Build Upintrigue or suspense. Problem
• Within Mise-en-scene, editing can play a slight part into making the scene. Editing has to be ‘seamless’, so it is a very precise art of making Editing editing work with the scene. Continuity Editing: Is when, within a scene, the shots will blend together and use techniques such as the 180 degree rule, establishing shots and shot reverse shot. An example of this would be within a conversation, using both shot reverse shot and 180 degree rule. More complex examples might include if somebody wasDiscontinuity Editing: This is essentially to mention a characters name within athe opposite of continuity editing, scene and then cuts to a shot of thatdeliberately working against the scene. character.The viewer’s expectation of continuity canbe violated by such methods as changingimage size between shots, changingdirection or changing frames before theviewers has time to take in what ishappening within the scene.
Constructional • Constructionalrepresentation is the idea that representation is a mixture of many things; The thing itself, The opinions of the people representing thatsubject/item, The reactionof the individual that views the thing/subject and the context that it has withinthe larger society that it is taking place in.
Reflective• Reflective representation is when the media represents something, taking the true meaning and attempting to create a replica of it within the viewer/readers mind within the audience - like a reflection, hence the name.• A lot of people will naturally assume that the news is an accurate representation of what is going on. However it doesn’t take much thought to realise that the news often manipulates information to keep viewers interested with the subject and to give the audience part of their personal opinion of it.• A major example would be that in America, a lot of the news on the war in Iraq perceives it as being very worth the losses made, however in England it isn’t as strong and is often a shy subject within news, which creates a very different opinion of the war with the public.
Intentional• Intentional representation is essentially the opposite of reflective, this time the most important person is the one doing the representing.• They present their own view of the thing they are representing using words or images to show this how they mean it to. This is known as the preferred reading, the meaning that producers of texts would like the audience to receive.
Different Ideologies• An ideology is what the greater community naturally assume about a race, religion, gender or sexuality. For example, if a Muslim was sat on a train with a rucksack on, some people would naturally assume and be wary that they are a terrorist.• This can sometimes be from the representation that is produced from the news or from television programmes/movies. I.e. representing that ‘hoodies’ are all bad etc.