Breast Cancer in Males?Most men in today’s times have animpression that breast cancer is not acquired by males, butthat is not true.The CDC has identified breast cancer in males is usually detected or found in menbetween 60 and 70 years of age, but it can develop at any age.Men make up less than 1% of allcases of breast cancer.This is possibly due to smaller amount of breast tissue and the fact thatmen produce less hormones such as estrogen that are known to affect breast cancers in women.Itis rare for men to develop this disease, but awareness is still important.So what causes breast cancer in males?According to cancer.govbreast cancer in men is sometimes caused by mutations or changesinherited in celldata carried in genes received from a person’s parents. Approximately 5% to10% of all breast cancer is made up of your hereditary breast tissue genes. Furthermore, somealtered breast cancer genes can be linked to or are more commonlyfound in certain ethnic groups.Males with altered genes related to breast cancer have an increased risk of developing thisdisease. Other risk factors include; history of breast cancer in a close female family member,radiation exposure to chest and severe liver disease. Lastly, if you experience abnormalenlargement of breasts in response to drug treatment, infections and poisons are more likely toraise your risk of breast cancer.What are the Symptoms and what can you do?1. Do a self-breast exam. Men who have breast cancer usually developed lumps that can bedetected. Male breast cancer typically presents as a painless, firm mass that is usually subareolar(below the areola of the nipple), is less often in the upper outer quadrant. The left breast isinvolved slightly more often than the right, and less than one percent of cases are bilateral. Checkyour breast tissue for signs or changes in size, shape, inversion (nipple), rashes, scaling,discharge, elasticity, retraction, areola edema, crusting and abnormal masses.A breast self-examination is done to detect breast problems or changes that may indicate breast cancer or otherbreast conditions that may require medical attention.
Male breast anatomy: Anatomy of the male breast showing the nipple, areola, fatty tissue, andducts. Nearby lymph nodes, ribs, and muscle are also shown. (Credit: cancer.gov)2. Get a clinical breast exam.For starters, knowing your family health history and your geneticriskswill help your doctor with identifying your risk level. Breast cancer in men is often found ordiagnosed in its late stages. Cancer found at a later stage is less likely to be cured. If you’reunsure of a discovery,a clinical breast exam by a healthcare professional can help identify tissueabnormalities. If abnormalities are found, yourhealthcare provider will follow-up with exams toidentify findings (looking for cancer cells or other diseases). Your provider may orderany of thefollowing: Ultrasound, MRI, blood chemistry studies, or a biopsy to evaluate thetissue.Treatment decisions are based on the results. Findings may identifymalignancy, rate ofgrowth and likely hood of reoccurrence.The same treatments used in treating breast cancer inwomen (surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and endocrine therapy) are also used to treat breastcancer in men.The following types of breast cancer are commonly found in men (cancer.org): Infiltrating ductal carcinoma: Cancer that has spread beyond the cells lining ducts in the breast. Most men with breast cancer have this type of cancer. Ductal carcinoma in situ: Abnormal cells that are found in the lining of a duct; also called intraductal carcinoma. Inflammatory breast cancer: A type of cancer in which the breast looks red and swollen and feels warm. Paget disease of the nipple: A tumor that has grown from ducts beneath the nipple onto the surface of the nipple.
If you find or are concerned of any discovery we recommend you get seen by a provider. Youcan schedule an appointment with your primary care team at 256-WELL (9355).Your providerwill set a plan in motion to accurately provide the best standard of care. For any DiagnosticImaging questions please give us a call at 256-7420.Lastly, in support of Breast Cancer Awareness Month the 375th Medical Group would like toinvite you to our Breast Cancer AwarenessSeminar. Come join us onOctober 30, 2012 in theMedical Group Deltgen Auditorium from 0800 to 0900. The event will cover the followingtopics: Medical advancements, proper breast self-examination and local cancer recourses. Pleasebring your questions and/or concerns to our medical staff! Snacks and beverages will beprovided.No reservations or appointments required.