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American Values Survey

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The study of What Americans Believe, conducted by Penn Schoen Berland for The Aspen Ideas Festival in partnership with The Atlantic and the Aspen Institute, provides a detailed assessment of what Americans say their values are. From death to taxes, the economy to politics, family, religion, science, education, free speech and beyond, this survey of 2,000 Americans identifies the issues that divide us and the ties that unite us as a nation.

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American Values Survey

  1. 1. The Atlantic / Aspen Institute American Values Survey1
  2. 2. Survey Objectives The study of What Americans Believe, conducted by Penn Schoen Berland for The Aspen Ideas Festival in partnership with The Atlantic and the Aspen Institute, provides a detailed assessment of what Americans say their values are. From death to taxes, the economy to politics, family, religion, science, education, free speech and beyond, this survey of 2,000 Americans identifies the issues that divide us and the ties that unite us as a nation.2
  3. 3. Survey Methodology §  From May 25, 2012 to June 6, 2012, Penn Schoen Berland conducted 2,006 interviews with the adult general population of the United States. Of the 2,006 interviews completed, 1,006 interviews were conducted by phone and 1,000 interviews were conducted online. Sample  Size Margin  of  Error General  Popula,on  (All),  including: 2,006 ±2.19% Male 963 ±3.16% Female 1,043 ±3.03% Age  18-­‐29 441 ±4.67% Age  30-­‐44 542 ±4.21% Age  45-­‐64 682 ±3.75% Age  65+ 341 ±5.31% Democrats 622 ±3.93% Republicans 542 ±4.21% Independents 782 ±3.50% Northeast 361 ±5.16% Midwest 441 ±4.67% South 722 ±3.65% West 481 ±4.47% §  The data presented in this study are reflective of U.S. Census Bureau demographic statistics in terms of gender, age, ethnicity, income, education, and region.3
  4. 4. Our values in decline4
  5. 5. Two thirds think the country is heading in the wrong direction Generally speaking, would you say things in this country are heading in the right direction or in the wrong direction? Right direction Wrong direction Dont Know 33% 63% 4% 2012 27% 65% 8% 2011; Rasmussen 31% 64% 5% 2010; Rasmussen 32% 62% 6% 2009; Rasmussen Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Right direction 33 35 31 37 32 33 28 55 10 32 35 32 32 32 Wrong direction 63 61 65 59 64 64 65 41 88 64 62 61 66 62 Don’t know 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 4 3 4 2 7 2 55
  6. 6. 7 in 10 think peoples’ values have been getting worse in America Would you say that people’s values in America have been getting better, getting worse, or staying about the same over the past 10 years? Getting better Staying the same Getting worse Dont know 9% 21% 70% 1% Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Getting better 9 10 8 15 7 7 8 11 6 10 10 8 8 9 Getting worse 70 68 71 66 71 71 71 62 82 67 69 69 70 71 Staying the same 21 21 20 19 21 21 20 27 12 22 20 22 21 19 Don’t know 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 16
  7. 7. A majority think their generation is worse off than their parents’ generation Are people in your generation better off or worse off than people in your parents’ generation? Better Same Worse Dont know 34% 14% 51% 1% Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Better 34 37 31 26 26 36 53 41 29 31 33 35 37 29 Same 14 14 14 16 17 12 11 14 13 15 11 13 14 17 Worse 51 47 54 57 56 51 34 43 58 52 55 51 48 52 Don’t know 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 0 2 1 1 2 27
  8. 8. Most think American values have declined since the 1970’s Do you think that American values have strengthened, declined, or stayed about the same since the 1970’s? Stronger Stayed the same Weaker Dont know 17% 12% 69% 1% Showing All8
  9. 9. Most think American values have declined since the 1940’s Do you think that American values have strengthened, declined, or stayed about the same since the 1940’s? Stronger Stayed the same Weaker Dont know 17% 13% 68% 3% Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Stronger 17 18 15 23 11 15 19 24 5 19 16 16 16 18 Weaker 68 67 70 60 71 72 67 59 87 63 68 69 71 65 Stayed about the same 13 12 13 14 15 10 11 16 6 14 14 12 12 12 Don’t know 3 3 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 4 1 3 1 59
  10. 10. Nearly half expect American values to weaken over the next decade Do you think American values will grow stronger, weaker, or stay about the same over the next ten years? Stronger Staying the same Weaker Dont know 23% 29% 46% 2% Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Stronger 23 24 22 29 18 21 28 29 16 23 24 22 23 23 Weaker 46 47 45 46 54 45 35 37 57 46 43 50 46 43 Stay the same 29 26 31 23 27 31 33 32 24 29 31 26 28 30 Don’t know 2 3 2 1 1 3 3 2 4 2 2 1 3 310
  11. 11. Over half say they are more open and tolerant than their parents How are your values different from your parents? Please indicate all that apply. I’m more open to new ideas 62% I’m more tolerant of other people or cultures 53% I’m more socially liberal 33% I’m more liberal in my political views 31% I’m less religious 29% I’m more conservative in my political views 25% I’m more socially conservative 22% I’m more religious 21% Other 3% None of the above 7% Showing All11
  12. 12. Over half say they are more open and tolerant than their parents § Younger Americans are less likely to say they’re more conservative or more religious than their parents How are your values Political Gender Age Region different from your parents? Affiliation All Please indicate all that 18-2 30-4 45-6 apply. M F 65+ D R I NE MW S W 9 4 4 I’m more open to new ideas 62 60 64 61 62 60 65 66 53 64 65 60 61 63 I’m more tolerant of other people or 53 52 54 57 51 50 59 58 46 54 48 55 53 56 cultures I’m more socially liberal 33 33 33 36 32 32 35 46 19 33 38 29 33 35 I’m more liberal in my political views 31 31 30 34 28 31 29 45 18 27 34 26 30 33 I’m less religious 29 32 26 34 34 26 20 32 20 32 31 25 24 37 I’m more conservative in my political 25 30 21 15 22 28 40 18 38 23 21 25 30 23 views I’m more socially conservative 22 23 21 16 19 24 31 18 30 20 17 20 24 24 I’m more religious 21 20 21 11 16 24 34 18 25 20 15 23 25 16 Other 3 4 2 1 4 3 4 1 3 5 3 5 3 2 None of the above 7 7 8 7 9 8 3 6 11 6 7 7 7 812
  13. 13. Well documented changes on social tolerance Please indicate whether each of the following is morally acceptable or morally objectionable. Morally acceptable Morally objectionable A woman with children working outside the home 90% 9% Using contraception 84% 13% Interracial marriage 83% 15% Sex education in public schools 78% 21% An unmarried man and woman living together 69% 30% Divorce 69% 29% Stem cell research 69% 26% Capital punishment 64% 32% Gambling 61% 37% Pre-marital sex 60% 39% Showing All Having a child out of wedlock 57% 40%13
  14. 14. Homosexuality is now morally acceptable to a majority while pornography and drug usage are not Please indicate whether each of the following is morally acceptable or morally objectionable. Morally acceptable Morally objectionable Homosexuality 53% 45% Adults viewing pornography 47% 52% Abortion 41% 57% Smoking marijuana 41% 56% Censoring explicit books or media 38% 58% Doctor-assisted suicide 37% 60% Prostitution 22% 77% Cloning designed to result in the birth of a human 18% being 79% Underage drinking 14% 85% Using illegal drugs (other than marijuana) 11% 89% Showing All Athletes using performance enhancing drugs 10% 89%14
  15. 15. Most Americans and especially younger generations accept alternative lifestyles Please indicate whether each of the following is morally acceptable or morally objectionable. % Morally Acceptable 18-29 65+ 76% 62% 52% 52% 45% 36% 36% 21% An unmarried man and Homosexuality Smoking marijuana Abortion woman living together15
  16. 16. Majority prefer Americans have a broad range of values Which of the following is closer to your view?It’s important that America would be there be a broad better if we all range of values shared the same represented in fundamentalAmerica, because values, since it causes us to 57% 39% there would be reevaluate our more own values and compromises and leads to societal less social Showing All progress conflict Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Broad range of values 57 57 58 66 60 56 47 65 46 59 60 55 54 63 represented in America Shared the same 39 40 39 33 39 42 43 32 48 39 38 41 41 35 fundamental values Don’t know 3 4 3 1 1 3 10 3 5 2 1 4 4 216
  17. 17. Core American Values17
  18. 18. Family and K-12 education have the greatest influence on our values Family Only a litte A fair amount A great deal None at all Higher Friends education News Showing All media Television and movies Social media 33% 31% 20% & the internet 46% 45% 39% 20% 73% 25% 11% Political 20% satirists 31% 26% 24% 14% 8% 6% 37% 40% 31% 24% 33% 33% 17% 16% 16% 32% 20% 30% 31% 33% 26% 20% 19% 21% 24% 23% 25% 14% 13% 17% 6% 1% 6% 8% 8% 9% 10% The schools 19% 21% 22% Books Religious 31% 31% you attended 44% 43% teachings Religious 48% K through 12 leaders Political leaders Celebrities & Political professionalWhen you think of how we learn what "right and wrong" means, athletes commentatorshow much of an influence would you say the following sources had or continue to have on developing your beliefs?18
  19. 19. Obama, Clinton best represent American values today Whom do you think best represents American values today? Showing All19
  20. 20. Core American values of freedom are reaffirmed Which, if any, of these factors do you think contributes to America having stronger values than other places in the world? Please tell me all that apply. Freedom of speech 67% Freedom of religion 61% Free enterprise system 50% Principles of equality 50% The system laid out in our Constitution 50% America’s ability to change and adapt 46% Our form of government 44%Upward mobility/ability to pull oneself up by bootstraps 44% Being a melting pot / immigrant nation 42% Christian heritage 40% America’s influence in the world 39% The influence of many religions 37% Other 2% None of the above 6% Showing All20
  21. 21. Freedom of speech and religion contribute to our stronger values Which, if any, of these Political factors do you think Gender Age Region Affiliation contributes to America All having stronger values than 18-2 30-4 45-6 other places in the world? M F 65+ D R I NE MW S W 9 4 4 Please tell me all that apply. Freedom of speech 67 67 67 64 64 68 74 67 65 69 65 67 68 67 Freedom of religion 61 60 62 55 56 62 75 59 66 59 56 63 62 62 Free enterprise system 50 53 47 36 47 55 61 48 55 48 45 44 54 52 Principles of equality 50 52 49 46 50 52 55 52 50 49 49 45 55 49 The system laid out in our 50 55 46 39 46 54 63 44 59 49 43 47 54 54 Constitution America’s ability to change and 46 48 45 43 41 48 54 47 45 46 45 43 48 47 adapt Our form of government 44 46 41 37 41 44 54 43 48 40 43 40 48 40 Upward mobility / the ability to pull 44 46 41 38 43 44 52 43 47 42 35 41 47 48 oneself up by the bootstraps Being a melting pot / immigrant 42 45 40 38 43 45 42 46 38 42 42 41 41 45 nation Christian heritage 40 40 40 30 38 44 51 31 55 37 32 40 47 37 America’s influence in the world 39 39 38 35 39 39 43 41 39 36 38 32 41 42 The influence of many religions 37 37 38 34 35 37 46 39 33 38 36 38 37 39 Other 2 3 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 3 2 3 2 1 None of the above 6 5 6 4 9 6 1 5 5 7 6 6 6 521
  22. 22. Younger generations differ on importance of free enterprise system Which, if any, of these factors do you think contributes to America having stronger values than other places in the world? Please tell me all that apply. % say free enterprise system contributes to strong American values 55% 61% 47% 36% 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+22
  23. 23. Freedom of speech primarily extended to voting and freedom of information Which of the following do you think should be protected by the freedom of speech? Please indicate all that apply. Voting 70% Freedom of information 64% Commercial speech, such as advertising 48% Freedom from internet censorship 46% Donating money on political campaigns 37% Viewing pornography 31% Release of information pertaining to national security 31% Hate speech (religious, racial, sexual orientation, etc) 27% Flag-burning 27% "Fighting words," or speech intended to incite crime 19%Slander (false speech intended to harm another person) 18% Other 2% Showing All None of the above 9% 23
  24. 24. Freedom of speech by sub-group Which of the following do Political you think should be Gender Age Region Affiliation protected by the freedom of speech? Please indicate all All 18-2 30-4 45-6 M F 65+ D R I NE MW S W that apply. 9 4 4 Voting 70 71 69 69 71 70 70 71 70 68 68 73 66 74 Freedom of information 64 63 65 61 66 66 59 67 60 65 66 62 63 66 Commercial speech, such as 48 47 48 53 45 47 45 48 48 47 47 51 49 44 advertising Freedom from internet censorship 46 52 41 51 49 44 40 51 43 45 47 46 47 45 Donating money on political 37 38 37 33 40 38 35 34 42 36 36 34 39 38 campaigns Viewing pornography 31 39 23 35 35 27 26 32 24 33 34 36 26 30 Release of information pertaining to 31 30 31 28 32 31 31 34 25 32 27 29 33 31 national security Hate speech (religious, racial, 27 29 25 26 29 25 28 23 25 30 27 24 28 26 sexual orientation, etc.) Flag-burning 27 30 24 24 32 27 22 27 22 30 24 30 26 28 “Fighting words," or speech intended 19 19 20 21 22 16 21 20 17 20 20 15 21 21 to incite crime Slander (false speech intended to 18 20 16 18 17 18 20 17 17 19 19 17 19 17 harm another person) Other 2 2 2 0 1 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 None of the above 9 9 8 6 8 10 10 7 9 10 10 8 10 624
  25. 25. Over half think freedom of speech should apply to offensive language Which of the following is closer to your view?Americans should have the right to say, write, or The freedom of otherwise speech shoulddemonstrate what 56% 43% not apply tothey believe, even deeply offensive if it is deeply languageoffensive to most people Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Americans should have the right to say, write, or otherwise demonstrate what they 56 58 53 59 63 54 43 55 53 57 50 52 58 59 believe, even if it is deeply offensive to most people The freedom of speech should not apply to 43 40 46 41 36 45 53 43 46 41 49 46 41 38 deeply offensive language Don’t know 2 2 2 1 1 1 4 2 1 2 1 2 1 225
  26. 26. Only 20% believe that people are generally altruistic Which of the following is closer to your view? That people are That people are generally generally 20% 77% motivated by self altruistic interest Showing All Political Gender Age Region Income Race Affiliation All 18-2 30-4 45-6 < 35k- Whit Blac Hisp M F 65+ D R I NE MW S W 75k+ 9 4 4 35k 75k e k anic That people are 20 19 21 19 17 19 31 23 20 19 21 22 19 19 21 19 22 22 21 13 generally altruistic That people are generally motivated by 77 78 76 80 82 78 65 76 79 77 76 74 78 79 77 78 76 76 78 81 self interest Dont know 3 3 2 1 2 3 5 2 2 4 3 4 3 1 2 3 2 2 1 626
  27. 27. Political corruption, focus on money and declining family values weakens American values Which, if any, of these factors do you think contributes to America having weaker values than other places in the world? Please tell me all that apply. Political corruption 63% Influence of money in politics 61% Too much focus on money / material things 61% Declining family values 61% Celebrity-obsessed culture 57% Scandals by public officials 55% Use of drugs and alcohol 55% Lack of strong moral leaders / role models 53% Apathy / lack of strong work ethic 47% Too much political correctness 47% Power of Wall Street 43% Openness to accepting alternate lifestyles 30% Other 3% Showing All None of the above 3%27
  28. 28. Political corruption weakens American values Which, if any, of these Political factors do you think Gender Age Region Affiliation contributes to America All having weaker values than 18-2 30-4 45-6 other places in the world? M F 65+ D R I NE MW S W 9 4 4 Please tell me all that apply. Political corruption 63 64 62 57 61 66 67 59 63 66 61 66 61 64 Influence of money in politics 61 62 59 53 60 60 71 58 60 63 59 62 61 60 Too much focus on money / material 61 58 63 65 57 59 63 62 55 62 60 59 61 62 things Declining family values 61 60 63 52 62 64 65 51 74 60 58 62 64 59 Celebrity-obsessed culture 57 57 57 58 58 57 52 53 62 56 58 55 57 59 Scandals by public officials 55 55 56 49 52 58 63 50 60 55 52 57 57 53 Use of drugs and alcohol 55 54 55 46 51 57 67 53 61 51 55 54 54 56 Lack of strong moral leaders / role 53 55 51 44 53 55 62 44 65 52 49 54 56 51 models Apathy / lack of strong work ethic 47 48 47 41 46 53 46 40 54 47 47 46 49 45 Too much political correctness 47 52 43 37 45 49 58 40 55 47 42 48 47 50 Power of Wall Street 43 47 40 43 40 43 49 46 34 45 46 44 40 44 Openness to accepting alternate 30 30 29 23 27 33 35 24 40 27 25 30 33 27 lifestyles Other 3 4 2 2 4 4 3 3 4 3 4 2 3 3 None of the above 3 4 3 3 5 4 2 4 3 4 2 4 3 528
  29. 29. 68% think the media has a negative impact on American values Do you think the media has a positive, negative, or no impact on American values? Positive No impact Negative Dont know 18% 12% 68% 2% Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Positive 18 18 17 15 13 17 33 24 17 14 21 15 19 16 Negative 68 68 68 72 73 67 55 63 74 67 66 71 64 71 No impact 12 12 12 11 14 14 7 10 9 17 11 12 13 12 Dont know 2 1 3 1 0 3 5 3 1 2 2 1 3 129
  30. 30. Americans are split on whether our values are stronger or weaker than the rest of the world Do you think that American values in general are stronger, weaker, or about the same as in the rest of the world? Stronger About the same Weaker Dont know 36% 28% 33% 4% Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W TOTAL STRONGER 36 37 35 31 31 36 48 37 40 30 35 33 37 35 Much stronger 12 12 12 10 10 11 18 14 12 9 10 8 13 14 Somewhat stronger 24 25 23 21 21 25 30 23 28 21 25 25 24 21 About the same 28 25 31 32 34 26 19 27 24 33 30 26 28 30 TOTAL WEAKER 33 34 32 36 34 34 22 33 34 31 32 37 31 32 Somewhat weaker 23 22 24 26 23 24 17 23 24 22 25 26 21 22 Much weaker 10 12 8 10 11 10 5 10 10 9 7 11 10 10 Don’t know 4 4 3 2 1 4 10 3 3 5 3 4 4 330
  31. 31. Half think America should not concern itself with values of other countries Which of the following is closer to your view? Showing All 51% 31% 15% America should focus on trying to America should try to learn from the Neither – America has its own spread our values to other values of other countries around values and should not concern countries around the world the world itself with the values of other countries Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Spread our values 15 13 17 8 18 13 25 15 19 13 12 13 20 13 Try to learn from the 31 34 29 45 34 26 20 36 23 32 31 28 30 37 values of other countries Neither 51 51 51 46 47 59 50 46 55 53 55 56 49 47 Don’t know 2 1 3 1 1 2 5 2 2 2 2 4 1 231
  32. 32. American values are most similar to those of the U.K., France How similar or different do you think American values are from those of the following countries? Different Similar Dont know Showing All 64% 39% 34% 25% 24% 15% 14% 11% 5% 9% 5% 4% 2% 3% 4% 2% 3% 3% 2% 7% 4% 3% 33% 57% 62% 73% 68% United 81% 87% 83% 88% Kingdom 93% 92% France Israel Brazil Mexico Russia India China Egypt Iran North Korea32
  33. 33. Nearly 9 in 10 think the U.S. should focus on domestic issues rather than international issues In your opinion, what is more important for the United States to focus on in the next decade? Domestic issues International affairs Dont Know 88% 10% 2% 2012 83% 12% 5% 2011 Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Domestic issues 88 87 89 85 92 89 83 87 91 86 88 91 85 89 International issues 10 10 9 14 7 9 11 10 7 11 10 6 12 9 Don’t know 2 3 2 1 1 2 6 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 Showing  All  33
  34. 34. Family values34
  35. 35. Family and moral values are the most important in Americans lives Which of the following types of values do you consider to be most important in your life? Family values 41% Moral values 31% Religious values 17% Ethnic or cultural values 3% Values about beauty and art 2% Political values 1% Other 2% Showing All None of the above 2% Gender Age Political Affiliation Region Parent All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Yes No Family values 41 41 42 41 46 37 42 42 35 45 44 41 40 42 47 38 Moral values 31 29 34 30 30 33 32 32 31 32 35 29 31 31 27 34 Religious values 17 17 16 13 13 21 19 12 27 13 10 18 21 14 17 16 Ethnic or cultural values 3 4 3 5 3 3 3 6 2 3 5 5 2 3 2 4 Values about beauty and art 2 2 1 6 1 1 0 2 1 2 1 2 1 3 2 2 Political values 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 1 1 Other 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 3 1 1 2 1 2 None of the above 2 2 2 2 3 2 0 2 1 2 1 1 2 3 2 1 Dont know 1 2 1 0 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 1 135
  36. 36. Two thirds lament the loss of traditional family life, calling its loss damaging to society The percentage of traditional families (with a married husband, wife, and potentially children living together) among Americans has declined significantly over the past several years. Do you think this has a positive, negative, or no particular impact on American society? Positive No impact Negative Dont know 11% 24% 64% 1% Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region Parent All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Yes No Positive 11 11 12 13 10 11 12 13 8 13 9 11 10 15 12 11 Negative 64 62 66 56 64 66 72 60 79 57 59 67 66 61 61 65 No impact 24 25 23 31 26 21 14 27 12 30 31 21 22 23 26 22 Dont know 1 2 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 2 1 1 136
  37. 37. 8 in 10 parents think it is tougher to be a parent today IF PARENT: Is it tougher to be a parent today than it was for your parents? Yes No Dont know 81% 17% 2% Showing All; N= 729 Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 D R I NE MW S W Yes 81 76 86 74 80 88 79 87 79 78 82 83 80 No 17 22 12 23 18 9 19 11 18 20 15 15 18 Dont know 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 1 3 2 2 2 237
  38. 38. Parents want more time with their kids but daycare does not hinder success39%  of  Parents   say  they  are  not  able  to  spend  as   &   much  ,me  with  their  children  as  49%  of  Dads   they  want  to.   Believe  children  can  grow  up  to  be   51%  of     successful  even  if  they  spend  a  majority   of  their  developmental  years  in  day  care   Americans   or  other  child-­‐care  services.  38
  39. 39. 39% of parents, and half of dads, want to spend more time with their children IF PARENT: Are you able to spend as much time with your children as you want to? Yes No Dont know 59% 39% 2% Showing All; N= 729 Political Gender Age Region Income Race Affiliation All 18-2 30-4 45-6 <35 35k- Hispa M F 65+ D R I NE MW S W 75k+ White Black nic 9 4 4 K 75k Yes 59 48 69 68 51 63 97 63 55 60 58 64 59 56 64 62 54 60 63 57 No 39 49 30 25 49 36 3 34 45 37 42 35 40 38 34 36 44 39 35 39 Dont know 2 3 1 7 0 1 0 3 0 2 0 0 2 6 1 2 2 1 1 439
  40. 40. One-third of parents say their child has been a target of bullying IF PARENT: Has your child ever been a target of bullying? Yes No Dont know 33% 66% 1% Showing All; N= 729 Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Yes 33 27 38 24 40 30 11 35 29 33 33 39 33 26 No 66 71 62 71 60 70 89 63 70 66 67 61 66 70 Dont know 1 2 1 5 1 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 1 440
  41. 41. 76% of parents are focused on their children’s future success IF PARENT: Which of the following is more important to you? Making sure my Preparing my child is happy 22% 76% child for success now in the future Showing All; N= 729 Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Making sure my child is 22 21 23 29 18 20 65 24 18 24 24 21 23 20 happy now Preparing my child for 76 76 75 71 79 75 35 75 78 75 73 79 74 76 success in the future Dont know 2 3 2 0 2 4 0 1 4 1 3 0 3 441
  42. 42. Education system is an American value and should prepare students for success and hard work 76%   Of parents are more focused on preparing their children for success in the future than making sure their child is happy now 82%   Believe that the public education system is a central American value Which of these do you think should be the primary goal of public schools in America? Instilling students with the values of dedication and hard work 27% Preparing students for successful careers 26% Instilling students with the most academic knowledge 18% Preparing students to be active, engaged citizens 12% Helping students get into the best colleges 6% Showing All Helping students live happy lives 4% Other 3%42
  43. 43. Primary goal of public schools by sub-group Political Which of these do you think should be the Gender Age Region Affiliation primary goal of public schools in America? All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Instilling students with the values of dedication 27 27 27 24 26 29 30 23 32 28 27 25 31 24 and hard work Preparing students for successful careers 26 29 24 29 27 26 23 28 21 29 23 25 25 32 Instilling students with the most academic 18 19 18 19 20 18 15 18 21 17 21 24 17 13 knowledge Preparing students to be active, engaged 12 9 14 9 13 13 11 14 11 10 15 13 9 10 citizens Helping students get into the best colleges 6 6 7 9 6 6 6 7 8 5 5 5 7 8 Helping students live happy lives 4 4 4 8 3 2 4 4 3 5 4 2 4 7 Other 3 4 3 0 2 4 8 2 2 6 3 3 5 2 None of the above 1 1 2 1 2 1 0 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 Dont know 1 1 0 0 0 1 4 2 0 0 0 3 0 043
  44. 44. 8 in 10 think public education is a central American value Which of the following is closer to your view? Public education The public is not aneducation system American value, is a central and is not American value 82% 15% necessary to that ensures an ensure Americans opportunity for have an success for all opportunity for Americans Showing All success Gender Age Political Affiliation Region Parent All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Yes No The public education system is a central 82 81 83 79 80 86 82 86 80 80 84 80 83 82 82 82 American value Public education is not an 15 15 15 16 17 13 13 13 17 15 16 13 15 16 16 14 American value Dont know 3 4 2 5 3 1 5 2 2 5 0 7 3 2 1 444
  45. 45. Americans perceive public schools in their district to be better than schools nationally What grade would you give the public schools in the nation as a whole / in your district? – A, B, C, D, or FAIL? Grade  for  public  schools  na1onally   Grade  for  public  schools  in  your  district   C   45% B   33% 30% 22% 11% 13% 11% 17% 10% 2% 3% 3% A B C D FAIL Dont A B C D FAIL Dont know know45
  46. 46. Almost half give our public schools a “C” grade And what about the public schools in the nation as a whole? What grade would you give the public schools nationally – A, B, C, D, or FAIL? A 3% 2% B 17% 22% C 45% 47% D 22% 2012 13% 2002 FAIL 10% 3% Dont know 3% 13% Showing All 2002; Gallup Gender Age Political Affiliation Region Income All 18-2 30-4 45-6 35k-7 M F 65+ D R I NE MW S W < 35k 75k+ 9 4 4 5k A 3 6 2 8 0 3 4 4 4 2 3 3 2 5 5 5 1 B 17 15 19 20 20 15 15 20 14 17 14 21 19 15 22 15 15 C 45 47 42 40 47 47 41 49 44 43 51 41 44 44 40 41 55 D 22 18 25 21 21 24 20 18 24 24 22 18 24 21 24 23 22 FAIL 10 13 8 10 11 10 12 7 13 11 7 12 9 13 6 14 7 Dont know 3 1 4 2 0 2 9 2 1 3 2 4 2 2 3 2 146
  47. 47. “B” is most common grade for local public schools Using the scale of A, B, C, D, or FAIL, what grade would you give the public schools in your district? A 11% 10% B 33% 37% C 30% 34% 2012 D 13% 2002 10% FAIL 11% 3% Dont know 2% 6% Showing All 2002; Gallup Gender Age Political Affiliation Region Income All 18-2 30-4 45-6 < 35k- M F 65+ D R I NE MW S W 75k+ 9 4 4 35k 75k A 11 11 12 10 10 13 13 10 16 8 12 15 14 4 10 11 14 B 33 30 35 33 37 29 32 36 30 32 46 33 28 29 31 28 38 C 30 34 27 32 28 32 28 29 28 33 27 26 33 32 31 32 31 D 13 13 13 13 11 15 12 12 13 15 7 14 13 18 15 15 10 FAIL 11 10 11 11 13 9 9 11 10 10 7 11 10 14 11 13 6 Dont know 2 2 2 1 1 1 5 2 2 1 2 2 1 3 1 2 247
  48. 48. Half think children can be successful even if they spend their developmental years in day care Which of the following is closer to your view?Children can grow Children can only up to be grow up to besuccessful even if successful if they they spend a spend a majority majority of their 51% 45% of their developmental developmentalyears in day care years being cared or other child- for by a parent care services Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Majority of their developmental years in day 51 48 53 54 52 50 44 56 46 51 53 56 50 46 care or other child-care services Majority of their developmental years being 45 48 42 46 44 45 46 40 51 44 43 40 47 49 cared for by a parent Dont know 4 3 5 0 4 5 9 4 3 5 4 4 4 548
  49. 49. Majority think it is better for both members of a household to work Do you think it is better for both members of a household to work in paying jobs, or is it better when only one spouse works? 3% 31% Both Only one 67% Dont know Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region Income Parent All 35k – M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W < 35k 75k+ Yes No 75k Both 67 67 67 78 63 66 58 75 60 65 70 65 68 63 77 58 66 59 72 Only one 31 31 30 21 36 30 37 23 37 32 29 32 29 33 21 38 31 39 25 Dont know 3 2 3 1 2 4 5 2 2 3 1 4 2 4 2 4 3 2 349
  50. 50. Our values in healthcare and science50
  51. 51. 69% say ensuring access to healthcare is the responsibility of the government Do you think it is the responsibility of the government to make sure that all Americans have...? No Yes 71% 69% 68% 47% 46% 40% 29% 31% 31% 51% 53% 59% Enough food Access to A high school healthcare education coverage A home to live in A job A college Showing All education51
  52. 52. Responsibility of the government by sub- group § Younger Americans demonstrate far stronger support for government involvement in healthcare Do you think it is the Political responsibility of the Gender Age Region Affiliation government to make sure that all Americans have...? All 18-2 30-4 45-6 M F 65+ D R I NE MW S W Showing % Yes 9 4 4 Enough food 71 65 75 82 69 69 60 86 47 74 81 69 64 74 Access to healthcare coverage 69 67 70 81 70 66 55 90 42 69 75 69 61 74 A high school education 68 65 71 76 68 65 66 83 51 69 77 62 62 77 A home to live in 47 45 50 62 42 48 37 64 27 48 57 45 43 48 A job 46 42 51 61 40 42 45 60 30 47 46 49 42 51 A college education 40 37 42 57 36 36 34 53 24 40 35 41 40 4452
  53. 53. 54% say the government should exert more influence over healthcare system Which of the following is closer to your view? The government The governmentshould exert more should reduce the influence over amount of America’s influence it has healthcare over America’s system, in an 54% 44% healthcare attempt to lower system, becausecosts and provide a more free- healthcare market system coverage for all Showing All will bring costs Americans down % say the government should exert more influence over America’s healthcare system 76% 55% 26% Democrats Republicans Independents53
  54. 54. 3 in 4 say those with pre-existing conditions should not be denied coverage Which of the following is closer to your view? Health insurance Pre-existing should be conditions can be required to very expensive, provide care for and health people who have 77% 20% insurers or the pre-existing government conditions, even should not beif the government required to pay has to pay for it Showing All for them % say health insurance should be required to provide care for people who have pre-existing conditions 88% 78% 62% Democrats Republicans Independents54
  55. 55. 59% think contraception should be covered under employer health plans Should employer-provided health insurance plans be required to cover contraception? Yes No Dont Know 59% 40% 2% Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Yes 59 49 68 70 63 56 39 76 39 59 62 55 56 62 No 40 49 31 28 36 43 55 22 61 38 36 42 42 36 Don’t know 2 3 1 2 1 0 6 2 0 2 1 2 2 255
  56. 56. Most feel excited when they read about a major scientific advancement When you read about a major scientific advancement in the news, do you usually feel more excited or more nervous? 8% Excited 34% Nervous 58% Dont know Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Excited 58 64 53 54 58 59 61 63 60 54 64 60 56 55 Nervous 34 28 40 42 35 33 25 33 30 37 31 32 34 39 Dont know 8 8 7 4 7 8 13 4 11 9 5 8 10 756
  57. 57. 42% think science and religion generally conflict with each other Which of the following is closer to your view? Showing All 2005 2012 2005; CNN/ USA Today/ Gallup Poll 42%   35%   36%   35%   24%   20%   Science and religion generally Science and religion generally Science and religion are not agree with each other conflict with each other related in any meaningful way Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Science and religion generally agree with 20 23 18 20 20 20 23 18 26 18 22 18 22 20 each other Science and religion generally conflict with 42 38 45 49 47 39 32 45 41 40 40 44 39 45 each other Science and religion are not related in any 35 34 35 29 31 40 37 34 33 37 36 34 35 33 meaningful way Dont know 3 4 2 2 1 2 9 3 1 5 2 3 4 257
  58. 58. A majority support stem-cell research Some people support stem-cell research, saying its an important way to find treatments for many diseases. Other people oppose stem cell research, saying its wrong to use any human embryos for research purposes. What about you? Do you support or oppose stem cell research? Support Oppose Dont Know 67% 30% 3% 2012 58% 30% 12% 2001; ABC News/Washington Post Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Support 67 66 68 75 70 68 55 73 56 69 75 71 60 69 Oppose 30 30 30 24 27 30 39 25 41 27 23 25 36 30 Dont know 3 4 2 2 3 2 7 2 3 4 3 4 4 158
  59. 59. Americans also see a strong right to live If the government (for example through Medicare) is paying the medical bills, should someone on life support be required to be kept alive? 5% Yes 39% 56% No Dont know Showing All59
  60. 60. Most say it is morally acceptable to take a patient off life support at their request If someone is on life support, for which of these reasons would it be morally acceptable to take them off life support, allowing them to pass away? Please select all that apply. The person on life support requested they not be kept alive in these situations 78%   The person on life support is suffering 63%   The family of the person on life support is enduring great emotional pain 30%   The family of the person on life support cannot afford the medical bills 20%   It is never morally acceptable to take someone off life support 8%   Showing All Another reason 7%   Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W The person on life support requested they 78 77 79 71 76 83 81 74 80 80 84 79 77 74 not be kept alive in these situations The person on life support is suffering 63 58 67 62 66 63 59 67 58 64 62 63 60 67 The family of the person on life support is 30 29 30 26 31 30 31 33 29 27 25 27 32 31 enduring great emotional pain The family of the person on life support 20 20 20 26 18 20 15 23 21 18 17 15 23 23 cannot afford the medical bills It is never morally acceptable to take 8 9 7 9 12 4 6 5 8 9 6 8 9 7 someone off life support Another reason 7 7 8 3 5 11 10 8 7 7 9 7 8 560 Dont know 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1
  61. 61. Over half think financial cost is not sufficient reason to take a patient off life support Which of the following is closer to your view? Someone on life It’s acceptable tosupport should be take someone off required to be of life support if kept alive, 57% 33% the financial cost regardless of the of keeping them financial cost alive is too great Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Someone on life support should be required to be kept 57 55 59 63 64 55 43 57 55 59 60 56 59 54 alive, regardless of the financial cost It’s acceptable to take someone off of life support if 33 36 31 36 29 35 34 35 38 30 32 34 32 37 the financial cost of keeping them alive is too great Dont know 9 9 10 1 7 10 23 8 7 11 8 10 9 961
  62. 62. 59% think someone on life support should be required to be kept alive if a private insurer is paying If a private insurer is paying the medical bills, should someone on life support be required to be kept alive? 4% Yes 37% 59% No Dont know Showing All Gender Age Political Affiliation Region All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I NE MW S W Yes 59 62 56 72 63 55 43 61 48 65 57 56 59 63 No 37 36 39 28 33 41 50 37 48 31 40 40 38 32 Dont know 4 3 5 0 5 4 7 2 4 4 3 4 3 462

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