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Parkiteer - Secure bicycle access at Public Transport nodes

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An evaluation of the Parkiteer secure bicycle parking project as deployed on Melbourne's rail network and the knowledge gained from the first 18 months of Parkiteer operations.

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Parkiteer - Secure bicycle access at Public Transport nodes

  1. 1. Parkiteer –secure bike parking at PT nodes Scott Martin – Department of Transport
  2. 2. Train patronage at historic highs FirstWorldWar Firstelectrificationscheme openedprogressivelyfrom1919to1923 GreatDepression SecondWorldWar-nopatronagereported Suburbanservicesweresuspendedfor34daysduetostrikes suburban'20milelimitdropped;PetrolrationingendsFeb1950 Allservicessuspendedfor55daysduetostrikes Dandenong-Pakenhamelectrifiedforcoaltraffic 1956OlympicGames CreditSqueeze UpperFerntreeGully-Belgraveelectrified Recession SuburbanservicesextendedtoPakenham Burnleyloopopens,Comengtrainsenterservice The'Met'formed,last'redrattler'withdrawn AltonaLoopopens Lastofthefourcityloopsopens PortMelbourneandStKildalinesclosed. Recession Cranbourneelectrificationopens Franchising-ConnexandNationalExpress Sydenhamelectrificationopens Re-franchising-Connexassumescontrolofentirenetwork Craigieburnelectricficationopens 0 50 100 150 200 250 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s Boardings(millions) Neutral Events Events likely to have a positive effect on patronage Events likely to have a negative effect on patronage Estimated Metropolitan Train Patronage 2008-09 revised forecast 220.1 million boardings Prior to 1982-83 patronage was enumerated as journeys derived from ticket sales. Figures prior to this date have been factored up by 5% to allow for journeys involving more than one train boarding. Note:
  3. 3. Access to railway stations Source: Metlink OD Survey (2006) Access mode Number % Bicycle 5,266 1.6% Bus 32,558 10% Car (driver) 54,966 16.9% Car (passenger) 39,084 12.0% Train 14,631 4.5% Tram 9,717 3.0% Walked 169,435 52.0% TOTAL 325,658 100.0%
  4. 4. Market segmentation There are three distinct cycling markets that combine bike riding with public transport: 1.‘Bike and Ride’ – cycle from home to entry station 2.‘Bike and Ride and Bike’ – cycle to entry station, take bike on train, cycle from exit station 3.‘Ride and Bike’ – cycle from exit station to destination
  5. 5. Is promoting ‘bike and ride’ commuting good for rail users? • Riding to the station reduces time-based ‘interchange penalties’ from: Walking to the station or feeder mode (bus/tram) stop Journey times on feeder modes • Door-to-door journey times for riding on short (2-3 km) trips are comparable with car travel on local roads • Wider health benefits from active transport use
  6. 6. Case Study: Bike journey times comparable to car Door-to-door travel times for sample 2.8km journey to Werribee station: Bus – 20 minutes (includes walking & waiting time) Bike – 13 minutes (includes Parkiteer lock-up time & walk to station entrance) Car – 11 minutes (includes search for parking & walk to station entrance)
  7. 7. Why is promoting ‘bike and ride’ commuting good public transport policy? For rail operators ‘bike and ride’ can: • Increase train capacity by removing bikes from peak period trains • Intensify land use around stations • Reduce pressure on station car parking
  8. 8. Case Study: Intensifying land use at stations How much is parking 26 vehicles really costing us? Gross Area Gross Area per vehicle Total Cost Cost per vehicle 26 Car Spaces 365m2 14.04m2 $390,000 $15,000 26 Bike Lockers 138m2 5.3m2 $65,000 $2,500 Parkiteer Cage (26 bikes) 35m2 1.35m2 $90,000 $3,462 Parkiteer lands 26 bikes in 1/10th the area of 26 car spaces and 1/4 the area of 26 bike lockers
  9. 9. Why Parkiteer? Existing ‘formal’ bike parking at stations include: • Rails • Racks • Other ‘furniture’
  10. 10. Why Parkiteer? Poor siting and perceived insecurity of formal parking leads to ‘informal’ parking at stations. This creates potential pedestrian and DDA access issues.
  11. 11. Why Parkiteer? Lockers – many drawbacks including: • Low patronage and perceptions of insecurity • Low utilisation (2008 audit showed 19% utilisation) • Space hungry and difficult to effectively manage
  12. 12. What is Parkiteer? Parkiteer is a ‘machine ensemble’ made up of: • Structural elements (the cage) • Bike parking systems (rails and racks) • Power supply (solar or shore power) • Access controls (electronic door lock/ swipe card access) • Control systems (back to base monitoring)
  13. 13. Structures, parking and power supply systems
  14. 14. Access system
  15. 15. Control system • Back to base monitoring • Remote control access control • 24 hour user support
  16. 16. Parkiteer rolls out There are 43 Parkiteer cages currently in use. There have been two main waves of Parkiteer cages: • Late 2008 – 20 cages (16 metro/4 regional) • Mid 2009 – 15 cages (11 metro/4 regional) Eight additional cages have rolled out as part of station upgrades or new stations.
  17. 17. Marketing Parkiteer Parkiteer has been marketed to users through: • Bike locker waiting lists at stations with Parkiteer • Bicycle Victoria’s members and ‘friends’ database • VTP-themed signage on cages with website links • Signage referring to SMS callback service
  18. 18. Evaluating Parkiteer Evaluation is still in progress, however useful performance measures include: • Some reduction of bikes on trains, especially in peak periods • High Parkiteer utilisation levels • Conversion of car drivers and car passengers to cyclists through Parkiteer (average 40%) Additionally, useful data has been gained on who uses cages.
  19. 19. Bikes on trains are steady or decreasing, especially at peak times Bikes on metro trains trends: Bikes observed at cordon stations - May 2007 to October 2009 0 50 100 150 200 250 May-07 Oct-07 May-08 Oct-08 May-09 Oct-09 Linear (Inter Peak (2 pm to 4pm) from City) Linear (Inter Peak (9am to 12pm) to City) Linear (AM Peak (7am to 9am) to City) Linear (Pre AM Peak (6am to 7am) to City) Linear (PM Peak (4pm - 7pm) from City) Linear (Post PM Peak (7pm-10pm) from City)
  20. 20. Utilisation levels remain high 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 02/03/2009 -06/03/2009 16/03/2009-20/03/2009 30/03/2009-03/04/2009 13/04/2009-17/04/2009 27/05/2009-01/05/2009 11/05/2009 -15/05/2009 25/05/2009-29/05/2009 08/06/2009 -12/06/2009 22/06/2009-26/06/2009 06/07/2009-10/07/2009 20/07/2009-24/07/2009 03/08/2009-07/08/2009 17/08/2009 -21/08/2009 31/08/2009-04/09/2009 14/09/2009 -18/09/2009 28/09/2009-02/10/2009 12/10/2009 -16/10/2009 26/10/2009-30/10/2009 09/11/2009-13/11/2009 23/11/2009 -27/11/2009 07/12/2009-11/12/2009 21/12/2009 -25/12/2009 04/01/2010-08/01/2010 18/01/2010-22/01/2010 01/02/2010-05/02/2010 15/02/2010-19/02/2010 01/03/2010 -05/03/2010 15/03/2010-19/03/2010 29/03/2010 -02/04/2010 12/04/2010-16/04/2010 26/04/2010-30/04/2010 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Cage Users No of Cages Easter School holidaysQueens b'day School holidays Incentive schemeSchool holidays Melb Cup Christmas/New Year Aust Day Week Labor DayWeek Easter School Holidays Parkiteer average weekly usage: March 2009 – April 2010
  21. 21. Parkiteer – converting motorists into cyclists? • 40% of cage users previously travelled by car (as driver or passenger) • 32% of cage users already rode to the station • On an average weekday, 100 car spaces a day across the rail network are freed up by motorists cycling to the station Car (as Driver) 29% Car (as Passenger) 12% Bus 5% Bike 32% Walk 14% Other 8% N= 1263 Source: Bicycle Victoria (2010)
  22. 22. Who’s using Parkiteer? 71.5% 28.5% Male Female N= 1263. Source: Bicycle Victoria (2010)
  23. 23. Who’s using Parkiteer? Parkiteer cage users - Age profile 0.2% 4.8% 21.0% 30.7% 32.2% 9.3% 1.5% 0.2% 0.2% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 5 to 11 12 to 17 18 to 24 25 to 34 35 to 49 50 to 59 60 to 69 70 to 79 80 or over Over 80% of cage users are aged 18-49 N= 1263. Source: Bicycle Victoria (2010)
  24. 24. Conclusion Questions?

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