Fife Council - Fleet experience by Bob McLellan

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Fife Council - Fleet experience by Bob McLellan

  1. 1. Low Emissions Vehicles Fleet Experience Dr Bob McLellan Head of Transportation & Environmental Services Fife Council
  2. 2. e-Fife • In 2013, the UK’s total CO2 emissions were 464 MILLION tonnes • Of that total, 25% of those CO2 emissions are as a result of Transport activities • The 2011 Local Authority Estimates show that transport in Scotland emitted 10.5 MILLION tonnes of CO2 • Transport in Fife accounts for 5.1% of the Scottish total CO2 emissions - 543.7 kilo tonnes of CO2 Global Vehicle Emissions Source: DECC Local Authority CO2 emissions estimates 2011
  3. 3. e-Fife European Perspective • In 2012, Norway had the highest percentage of new EV’s of all new vehicle registrations Country Total Plug in Vehicle Registrations Total Vehicle Registrations % of electric vehicles as total vehicle registrations Norway 6,287 276,312 2.3% Estonia 562 32,617 1.7% Portugal 2,250 248,713 0.9% Austria 4,924 692,155 0.7% Netherlands 6,030 1,058,390 0.6% Poland 1,640 551,016 0.3% Denmark 987 340,799 0.3% Switzerland 1,472 647,097 0.2% France 8,989 4,102,989 0.2% Sweden 1,128 584,883 0.2% Germany 6,553 6,256,138 0.1% UK 3,342 3,985,862 0.1% Source: ACEA, 2012 quoted in Article by W Straw, 2013
  4. 4. e-Fife Charging Infrastructure • Current technologies for EV’s have a maximum distance range on full charge of 80 -110 miles – BUT in practice, the range tends to be 40-60 miles, and also varies with other factors such as the weather • Users initially need the reassurance of additional public charging points until they have confidence in the range of their vehicle • FC have located trickle charging points within 10 miles of each other, as it is generally accepted that is the distance possible to travel after 1 hour ‘top up’ charge • In 2014, FC has 24 charging locations comprising 77 individual charging facilities, located at offices, depots, and car parks, of which 19 are publicly available charging points at Public Transport Interchanges & generally Long Stay car parks. • FC is expanding it’s network with the installation of 3 rapid charging points – which can recharge a battery from flat in 20-30 minutes www.greenerscotland.org/greener-travel/electric-vehicles/charge-point-map
  5. 5. e-Fife National Rapid Charging Points • There are 231 rapid charge points in the UK • Transport Scotland funded the installation of 25 combi rapid chargers in 2012/13, with plans to install a further 29 in 2013/14 • Currently no rapid charge points located in Fife BUT FC has secured funding for 3 rapid charge points - they will be installed at a 35 mile radius forming part of the Scottish Network of Rapid Chargers
  6. 6. e-Fife Fife Charging Infrastructure
  7. 7. e-Fife Grants & Subsidies in Scotland  Plug-in Car Grants – Subsidy of £5000 toward cost of cars – And £8000 towards cost of vans - for Business & domestic users  Free home charging installations - ChargePlace Scotland initiative  Free parking to EV drivers whilst charging as well as free electricity - Plugged in Places initiative
  8. 8. e-Fife Challenge in Increasing EV Users • Drivers require to build more confidence in the range of their vehicle, only 10 Private EV’s Registered in Fife, 17 Fife Council Fleet • Continuing Free electricity for EV users • Maybe Free Parking • Increase in rapid charger network to encourage wider use of EV’s BUT… • There are 19 national filling stations located across Fife – the same as the number of publicly available EV charging points currently available!
  9. 9. e-Fife The Challenge – Larger Vehicles • While technology for smaller cars improves, the challenge remains to find alternative fuel sources for the larger vehicles in the fleet • Alternatives include: • Hydrogen Fuel Cells • Energy recovery • Bioethanol • Natural gas
  10. 10. e-Fife Conclusions  Expansion of electric fleet continues but also requires expansion of existing charging infrastructure  Significant investment required to reduce carbon of remaining larger fleet – with limited proven technology on the required scale at present

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