5 Cognitive Biases and How to Fight Them


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One of the key activities associated with learning is exploring and understanding the way the human brain functions, and using the results of this to properly hack the critical thinking process. For example, did you know that something called a cognitive bias exists? This term refers to the tendency to think in certain ways.

Critical thinking is an increasingly important skill that has been overlooked by many as information becomes more accessible and superfluous. Today, a critical thinker is able to set him or herself apart by lending his or her brain to the many others who have not yet figured it out. Becoming this “thought leader,” if you will, is beneficial in many ways, including the ability to gain the trust of those with whom you wish to connect as well as the authority in the space in which you have established your expertise.

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5 Cognitive Biases and How to Fight Them

  1. Learning to Learn: Five Cognitive Biases and How to Fight Them Ally Greer Community Manager, Scoop.it @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  2. The goal: using our brains to their fullest potential to become better critical thinkers. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  3. The challenge: @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  4. What is a cognitive bias? The tendency to think in a certain way that could affect the rationality and accuracy of assertions. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  5. Why should I care? @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  6. As a good critical thinker, you can... Gain authority and trust Lead others to intelligent conclusions Become a thought leader @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  7. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  8. The backfire effect The rejection of evidence that contradicts your point of view. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  9. The anti-backfire effect View your opinions as hypotheses. Accept contradicting data as new knowledge. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  10. The hard-easy bias Overconfidence in easy situations and under confidence in difficult situations. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  11. The anti-hard-easy bias Define, recognize, and leverage your capabilities and weaknesses. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  12. Irrational escalation Compounding a bad investment because “it’s already bad.” @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  13. Anti-irrational escalation If one thing turns out badly, the best thing to do is to make the rest of it turn out well. Crisis averted. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  14. The observer-expectancy effect When expectations influence outcome. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  15. The anti-observerexpectancy effect Re-open your mind. Data rarely lies. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  16. Reactance The desire to do the opposite of what you’re asked or advised, simply to prove your freedom of choice. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  17. Anti-reactance Swallow your pride. They have your best interests in mind, and are still aware of your free will. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13
  18. Read more info and find examples here. @allygreer Friday, November 1, 13