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Scientific revival day for africa workshop kenya's biotech dev agenda-Dr. Mugiira


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Kenyan agenda for biotechnology development

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Scientific revival day for africa workshop kenya's biotech dev agenda-Dr. Mugiira

  1. 1. Biotechnology and Biosciences Programme in the Medium Term Plan II (2013-2017) of the Kenya Vision 2030 Dr. Roy B. Mugiira Senior Assistant Director of Research State Department of Science and Technology The Africa’s Scientific Revival Day Celebration workshop: Has Biotechnology Worked for Kenya? 30th June, 2014 REPUBLIC OF KENYA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  2. 2. Outline • Highlights of the Kenya National Biotechnology Development Policy, 2006; • Non-written policy statements; • From Biotechnology to Biosafety; • The Biotechnology and Biosciences programme in the Medium Term II of the Kenya Vision 2030; • The Cabinet ban on importation of GM-foods; • Potential areas of collaboration with key stakeholders;
  3. 3. Some Policy Statements from The National Biotechnology Development Policy of Kenya • “The Government recognized the role Biotechnology can play in poverty reduction, enhancing food security, and in the conservation of biodiversity and the environment”. ©Government Printer 2006 • “The Government will, as a matter of priority, initiate appropriate steps to explore the use of biotechnology for the benefit of Kenyans and, furthermore, ensure that Kenya becomes a key participant in the international biotechnology enterprise within a decade…….” • “……this will be pursued through the provision of an enabling environment that responds to the needs of the biotechnology industry, the research and development communities as well as relevant national and international biosafety concerns”. ©Government Printer 2006
  4. 4. President Barak Obama At the first inauguration speech said: “We shall restore science to its rightful place; we shall harness the sun, and the wind and the soil to power our factories and fuel our cars ” Un-written Policy Statements At the 3rd Scientific Conference for dissemination of Research Results and Exhibition of Innovations said: “We shall aggressively pursue Science (read Bio-) Diplomacy with like minded Nations to foster cooperation and collaboration in the field of Science, Technology and Innovation………”Prof. Crispus Kiamba, Former PS MoHEST Leading Kenyan delegation as Minister for MoHEST, to the COP-MOP5, Nagoya Japan at the opening session said: “Let those with the luxury to chose whether to have red meat, white meat or whatever other colour meat not stand on the way of those who are simply asking to have a meal” His Excellency William Ruto
  5. 5. From Biotechnology to Biosafety • Focus shift from Biotechnology Development to Biosafety Regulation:  The law;  Institution;  5 regulations;  Entry points manning;  Border surveillance; • Little attention to capacity building for Biotechnology Research and product development
  6. 6. • Regulatory process is keeping golden rice away from malnourished children who need it! “The use of GMOs has the potential to offer real benefits in agricultural practice, food quality, nutrition and health, and we support on-going research in this field” The Royal Society, UK In 2002, US President George Bush accused the European Union of blocking efforts to fight famine in Africa because of "unfounded and unscientific " fears over genetically modified foods. Is Regulation a Bottle Neck?
  7. 7. 7/3/2014 ██ 0.950 and over ██ 0.900-0.949 ██ 0.850-0.899 ██ 0.800-0.849 ██ 0.750-0.799 ██ 0.700-0.749 ██ 0.650-0.699 ██ 0.600-0.649 ██ 0.550-0.599 ██ 0.500-0.549 ██ 0.450-0.499 ██ 0.400-0.449 ██ 0.350-0.399 ██ 0.300-0.349 ██ under 0.300 ██ n/a Human Development Index Biotech Crop Countries and Mega- Countries, 2009 Life Expectancy
  8. 8. Biotechnology and Biosciences Programme in Kenya’s 2nd Medium Term Plan (MTPII) 2013- 2017 Objectives of the Programme: • To enhance the national capacity and capabilities for harnessing Biotechnology/Bio resources to produce goods and services; • To develop institutional, human and infrastructural capacity for Biotechnology development and application; • To review the existing Biotechnology policy, legal, regulatory and institutional framework into a more robust framework that will encompass all areas of the Biosciences discipline; • To deliver Biotechnology products and manage technology stewardship;
  9. 9. Biotech Programme in MTP II Cont’ The programme will be implemented through the following 5 projects: • Biotechnology Policy and Legal Framework: To review the existing Biotechnology policy, legal and regulatory framework (National Biotechnology development policy and Biosafety Law), and develop a new policy, legal, regulatory and institutional framework for the governance of Biological/life Sciences. • Establish Centres of Excellence in Biotechnology Research within Research and Higher Learning Institutions: To identify and equip Biotechnology Research laboratories in research and higher learning institutions. • Development of Human Capacity for Biotechnology Research and Product Development: To develop a critical mass of a competent human resource for the development and application of Biotechnology. • Public Education and Awareness on Biotechnology and Biosciences: To educate the public and create awareness on the whole subject of Biotechnology and Biosciences. • Delivery of genetically modified (GM) crop varieties for commercial production by Kenyan farmers: To facilitate the commercialization of genetically modified crop varieties as products of modern Biotechnology.
  10. 10. Potential Areas of Collaboration with key Stakeholders; • Key stakeholders are invited to refer to the 5 project areas under the Biotechnology/Biosciences Programmes and identify areas with potential for collaboration with public institutions;
  11. 11. The Cabinet ban on importation of GM-foods • Selarini et al 2012 press conference and publication; • Hon. Minister’s presentation to Cabinet and subsequent ban; • Task force formed; • Presentations made to task force; • Report of the task force awaited; • Decision to follow;
  12. 12. Conclusions • The current ban on GM food imports into Kenya is transient; • Kenya’s Biotech development agenda is still on-course as evidenced in the 2nd MTP; • Kenya will continue to pursue her quest to retain the status of the regional leader and key participant in the global Biotech enterprise;
  13. 13. The Real Last Word Pomato: A graft of Tomato on Potato Eradicate Hunger and Poverty the Biotech Way