INFLUENCING POLICY CHANGE         A framework for Action          Maurice Bolo, PhDBolo@scinnovent.org / ochibolo@gmail.com
INFLUENCING POLICY CHANGE:            Basis and styleTwo dimensions to approachBasis     - Evidence or science based     -...
Approach = Basis + Style                 Evidence,                  science   Advising                   AdvocacyCooperati...
Advising       Evidence/Science + CooperationParticipants to discuss and populate
Advocacy      Evidence/Science + Confrontation• Participants to discuss and populate
Lobbying       Interest/Values+ CooperationParticipants to discuss and populate
Activism     Interest/Values+ Confrontation• Participants to discuss and populate
Approach = Basis + Style•Different approaches used within anorganization•Organizations may emphasize oneapproach   •Resear...
Framework for Research-Policy LinkagesDeveloped by Overseas Development InstituteConsists of four components (PELE)  Polit...
Framework for ActionFor each of the four components:    What researchers need to know    What researchers can do    How to...
Political context :       To Know•Who are the policymakers?•What is the policy making process?•Is there policymaker demand...
Political context :       To Do•Get to know the policymakers, their agendasand their constraints.•Plan and prepare for opp...
Political context :   How to Do It•Work with policymakers.•Seek commissions.•Line up research programmes withhigh-profile ...
Evidence :         To Know•What is the current theory?•What are the prevailing narratives?•How divergent is the new eviden...
Evidence :       To Do•Establish credibility over the long term.•Provide practical solutions to problems.•Establish legiti...
Evidence :    How to Do It•Build up programmes of high-quality work.•Clear strategy for communication•Face-to face communi...
Links :   To Know•Who are key stakeholders?•What links and networks exist betweenthem?•Who are the intermediaries, and do ...
Links :   To Do•Get to know the other stakeholders.•Establish a presence in existingnetworks.•Build coalitions with like-m...
Links :     How to Do It•Partnership between researchers,policymakers and policy end-users.•Link up with key networkers an...
External Environment:        To Know•Who are the main international actors in the policyprocess?•What influence do they ha...
External Environment:     To Do•Get to know international organisations, theirpriorities and constraints.•Identify potenti...
External Environment:      How to Do It•Develop background on international, regional,donor policies.•Orient communication...
Group work•Divide participants into groups•For each group, they should choose a policyproblem/issue•Participants are requi...
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Context mapping policy influencing: a framework for action [compatibility mode]

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Context mapping policy influencing: a framework for action [compatibility mode]

  1. 1. INFLUENCING POLICY CHANGE A framework for Action Maurice Bolo, PhDBolo@scinnovent.org / ochibolo@gmail.com
  2. 2. INFLUENCING POLICY CHANGE: Basis and styleTwo dimensions to approachBasis - Evidence or science based - Interest or values basedStyle - Cooperation (inside track) - Confrontation (outside track)
  3. 3. Approach = Basis + Style Evidence, science Advising AdvocacyCooperation Confrontation Lobbying Interest, Activism values
  4. 4. Advising Evidence/Science + CooperationParticipants to discuss and populate
  5. 5. Advocacy Evidence/Science + Confrontation• Participants to discuss and populate
  6. 6. Lobbying Interest/Values+ CooperationParticipants to discuss and populate
  7. 7. Activism Interest/Values+ Confrontation• Participants to discuss and populate
  8. 8. Approach = Basis + Style•Different approaches used within anorganization•Organizations may emphasize oneapproach •Research organizations advise•Different approaches may suit differentsituations
  9. 9. Framework for Research-Policy LinkagesDeveloped by Overseas Development InstituteConsists of four components (PELE) Political context Local, national Evidence Credibility, communication Links Networks, influence, interactions External environment Regional, international
  10. 10. Framework for ActionFor each of the four components: What researchers need to know What researchers can do How to do it *Public policy self assessment tool
  11. 11. Political context : To Know•Who are the policymakers?•What is the policy making process?•Is there policymaker demand for new ideas?•What are the sources/strengths ofresistance?•What are the opportunities and timing forinput into formal processes?
  12. 12. Political context : To Do•Get to know the policymakers, their agendasand their constraints.•Plan and prepare for opportunities in regularpolicy processes.•Identify potential supporters and opponents.•Look out for and react to unexpected policywindows.
  13. 13. Political context : How to Do It•Work with policymakers.•Seek commissions.•Line up research programmes withhigh-profile policy events.•Allow sufficient time and resources.•Reserve resources to be able to movequickly to respond to policy windows.
  14. 14. Evidence : To Know•What is the current theory?•What are the prevailing narratives?•How divergent is the new evidence?•What sort of evidence will convince policymakers?
  15. 15. Evidence : To Do•Establish credibility over the long term.•Provide practical solutions to problems.•Establish legitimacy.•Build a convincing case and present clearpolicy options.•Communicate effectively.•Package new ideas in familiar theory ornarratives.
  16. 16. Evidence : How to Do It•Build up programmes of high-quality work.•Clear strategy for communication•Face-to face communication•Action-research and pilot projects todemonstrate benefits of new approaches.•Use participatory approaches to help withlegitimacy and implementation.
  17. 17. Links : To Know•Who are key stakeholders?•What links and networks exist betweenthem?•Who are the intermediaries, and do theyhave influence?•Whose side are they on?
  18. 18. Links : To Do•Get to know the other stakeholders.•Establish a presence in existingnetworks.•Build coalitions with like-mindedstakeholders.•Build new policy influencing networks.
  19. 19. Links : How to Do It•Partnership between researchers,policymakers and policy end-users.•Link up with key networkers and salesmen.•Use informal contacts.
  20. 20. External Environment: To Know•Who are the main international actors in the policyprocess?•What influence do they have?•What are their priorities?•What are their research priorities and mechanisms?•What are the policies of the donors funding theresearch?
  21. 21. External Environment: To Do•Get to know international organisations, theirpriorities and constraints.•Identify potential supporters, key individuals andnetworks.•Establish credibility.•Keep an eye on donor policy and look out for policywindows.
  22. 22. External Environment: How to Do It•Develop background on international, regional,donor policies.•Orient communications to suit their priorities andlanguage.•Cooperate with funders and seek commissions.•Contact (regularly) key individuals.
  23. 23. Group work•Divide participants into groups•For each group, they should choose a policyproblem/issue•Participants are required to (a) use the PELEframework and design how they would respond tothe situation, with the ultimate goal of influencingpolicy and action •30 mins group work; 30 minutes plenary presentation and discussions
  24. 24. www.scinnovent.org

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