Advising Evidence/Science + CooperationParticipants to discuss and populate
Advocacy Evidence/Science + Confrontation• Participants to discuss and populate
Lobbying Interest/Values+ CooperationParticipants to discuss and populate
Activism Interest/Values+ Confrontation• Participants to discuss and populate
Approach = Basis + Style•Different approaches used within anorganization•Organizations may emphasize oneapproach •Research organizations advise•Different approaches may suit differentsituations
Framework for Research-Policy LinkagesDeveloped by Overseas Development InstituteConsists of four components (PELE) Political context Local, national Evidence Credibility, communication Links Networks, influence, interactions External environment Regional, international
Framework for ActionFor each of the four components: What researchers need to know What researchers can do How to do it *Public policy self assessment tool
Political context : To Know•Who are the policymakers?•What is the policy making process?•Is there policymaker demand for new ideas?•What are the sources/strengths ofresistance?•What are the opportunities and timing forinput into formal processes?
Political context : To Do•Get to know the policymakers, their agendasand their constraints.•Plan and prepare for opportunities in regularpolicy processes.•Identify potential supporters and opponents.•Look out for and react to unexpected policywindows.
Political context : How to Do It•Work with policymakers.•Seek commissions.•Line up research programmes withhigh-profile policy events.•Allow sufficient time and resources.•Reserve resources to be able to movequickly to respond to policy windows.
Evidence : To Know•What is the current theory?•What are the prevailing narratives?•How divergent is the new evidence?•What sort of evidence will convince policymakers?
Evidence : To Do•Establish credibility over the long term.•Provide practical solutions to problems.•Establish legitimacy.•Build a convincing case and present clearpolicy options.•Communicate effectively.•Package new ideas in familiar theory ornarratives.
Evidence : How to Do It•Build up programmes of high-quality work.•Clear strategy for communication•Face-to face communication•Action-research and pilot projects todemonstrate benefits of new approaches.•Use participatory approaches to help withlegitimacy and implementation.
Links : To Know•Who are key stakeholders?•What links and networks exist betweenthem?•Who are the intermediaries, and do theyhave influence?•Whose side are they on?
Links : To Do•Get to know the other stakeholders.•Establish a presence in existingnetworks.•Build coalitions with like-mindedstakeholders.•Build new policy influencing networks.
Links : How to Do It•Partnership between researchers,policymakers and policy end-users.•Link up with key networkers and salesmen.•Use informal contacts.
External Environment: To Know•Who are the main international actors in the policyprocess?•What influence do they have?•What are their priorities?•What are their research priorities and mechanisms?•What are the policies of the donors funding theresearch?
External Environment: To Do•Get to know international organisations, theirpriorities and constraints.•Identify potential supporters, key individuals andnetworks.•Establish credibility.•Keep an eye on donor policy and look out for policywindows.
External Environment: How to Do It•Develop background on international, regional,donor policies.•Orient communications to suit their priorities andlanguage.•Cooperate with funders and seek commissions.•Contact (regularly) key individuals.
Group work•Divide participants into groups•For each group, they should choose a policyproblem/issue•Participants are required to (a) use the PELEframework and design how they would respond tothe situation, with the ultimate goal of influencingpolicy and action •30 mins group work; 30 minutes plenary presentation and discussions