China symposium 1984

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China symposium 1984

  1. 1. China (1984): an international symposium on genetic manipulations in plants
  2. 2. 1993-1998: An Italy-China programme: “The World Laboratory for China” (Zichichi and Santi, directors)
  3. 3. Biotech. in China Nature 410, 1 (2001) “China's hopes and hypes” The scientific potential of China is great. Recent initiatives reflect the government's justified ambition for research. Scientific research in China stands to benefit greatly from a recent push by the government. ….The possibility of sequencing various other genomes is being investigated, and post-genomic projects are becoming widespread…. Universities, especially those of Peking and Tsinghua … are being developed as hubs of collaboration between industry and academia. Just two weeks ago, the Ministry of Science and Technology announced a 15 billion yuan (US$1.8 billion) investment in civil programmes for research and development.
  4. 4. Sequencing the rice genome in Beijing, China “A Draft Sequence of the Rice Genome (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica)” – (SCIENCE 296, p.79, 2002) Jun Yu,1,2,3,4* Songnian Hu,1* Jun Wang,1,2,5* Gane Ka-Shu Wong,1,,24* Songgang Li,1,5 Bin Liu,1 Yajun Deng,1,6 Li Dai,1 Yan Zhou,2,7 Xiuqing Zhang,1,3 Mengliang Cao,8 Jing Liu,2 Jiandong Sun,1 Jiabin Tang,1,3 Yanjiong Chen,1,6 Xiaobing Huang,1 Wei Lin,2 Chen Ye,1 Wei Tong,1 Lijuan Cong,1 Jianing Geng,1 Yujun Han,1 Lin Li,1 Wei Li,1,9 Guangqiang Hu,1 Xiangang Huang,1 Wenjie Li,1 Jian Li,1 Zhanwei Liu,1 Long Li,1 Jianping Liu,1 Qiuhui Qi,1 Jinsong Liu,1 Li Li,1 Tao Li,1 Xuegang Wang,1 Hong Lu,1 Tingting Wu,1 Miao Zhu,1 Peixiang Ni,1 Hua Han,1 Wei Dong,1,3 Xiaoyu Ren,1 Xiaoli Feng,1,3 Peng Cui,1 Xianran Li,1 Hao Wang,1 Xin Xu,1 Wenxue Zhai,3 Zhao Xu,1 Jinsong Zhang,3 Sijie He,3 Jianguo Zhang,1 Jichen Xu,3 Kunlin Zhang,1,5 Xianwu Zheng,3 Jianhai Dong,2 Wanyong Zeng,3 Lin Tao,2 Jia Ye,2 Jun Tan,2 Xide Ren,1 Xuewei Chen,3 Jun He,2 Daofeng Liu,3 Wei Tian,2,6 Chaoguang Tian,1 Hongai Xia,1 Qiyu Bao,1 Gang Li,1 Hui Gao,1 Ting Cao,1 Juan Wang,1 Wenming Zhao,1 Ping Li,3 Wei Chen,1 Xudong Wang,3 Yong Zhang,1,5 Jianfei Hu,1,5 Jing Wang,1,5 Song Liu,1 Jian Yang,1 Guangyu Zhang,1 Yuqing Xiong,1 Zhijie Li,1 Long Mao,3 Chengshu Zhou,8 Zhen Zhu,3 Runsheng Chen,1,9 Bailin Hao,2,10 Weimou Zheng,1,10 Shouyi Chen,3 Wei Guo,11 Guojie Li,12 Siqi Liu,1,2 Ming Tao,12 Jian Wang,1,2 Lihuang Zhu,3 Longping Yuan,8 Huanming Yang1,2,3 We have produced a draft sequence of the rice genome for the most widely cultivated subspecies in China, Oryza sativa L. ssp.indica, by whole-genome shotgun sequencing. The genome was 466 megabases in size, with an estimated 46,022 to 55,615 genes.
  5. 5. “From standing start to sequencing superpower” SCIENCE 296, 36 (2002) …….. • “The Ferrari-like acceleration from standing start to joining the join the global front-runners in genomic sequencing is a tale of timing, determination and hustle. …….. • Institute director Yang Huanming has made China a sequencing powerhouse using domestic computers. …….. • The Beijing Genomic Institute make genomic miracles routine. ……
  6. 6. Not only food from GM plants in China… Research is being developed to produce plants that: 1. Resist to biotic and abiotic stresses 2. Produce food with added nutritional value 3. Reduce environment impact of agriculture 4. Produce edible vaccines against deseases and tumours 5. Medicines 6. Chemicals for the industry (solar energy vs. oil)
  7. 7. a breakthrough : The Golden Rice Engineering the Provitamin A (B-Carotene) Biosynthetic Pathway into (Carotenoid-free) Rice Endosperm Ye X, Al-Babili S, Kloti A, Zhang J, Lucca P, Beyer P, Potrykus I (Institute of Plant Sciences Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland) SCIENCE vol. 287, p. 303, year 2000 Ingo Potrykus

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