Association Disassociation of Karma


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Association Disassociation of Karma

  1. 1. Arun Zaveri Phone: +91 22 2414-2989 Email: Paryushan Parva Lecture Series Jain Center of Greater Boston Norwood, Massachusetts, USA September 2-9, 2013 Day 2 Influx (Asrava) - Stoppage (Samvar) - Falling off (Nirjara)
  2. 2. Vicious Cycle of Karma Fruition of Karma Karmic Expression Primal Drives Messages of  Attachment  Aversion Subtle Taijjas Body – Link body Lesya Psychic Colors Electromagnetic Field Limbic System Neuro-Endocrine Mechanism Activities:  Mental  Vocal  Physical Soul (Atma) Karma body Taijjas body Physical Body 2 Instincts Passions, Quasi-Passions Influx of Karma Matter Karmic influx and bondage
  3. 3.  Mental, vocal, and physical activities attract Karmic matter 3 Influx and Bondage of Karma  Bondage (Type, Duration, Intensity, and Quantity) depends upon the type and intensity of the expression of the instincts, emotions, passions, and feelings
  4. 4. 1. Perverse Beliefs – 2. Non-abstinence – 3. Spiritual remissness – Passion – 5. Activity – Primary Causes of Influx of Karma –
  5. 5. Cause 1: Perverse Beliefs -  False world view  Wrong beliefs – contrary to what the Omniscient has explained  Assuming social welfare as spiritual religion  False interpretation of spiritual religious practice for materialistic goals  Believing and practicing a vitiated form of religion
  6. 6. Cause 2: Non-abstinence -  Materialistic lifestyle without self-restraint and unaware of the spiritual aspects of Jain religion  Karmic influx continues due to lack of self- restraint even after having the right belief
  7. 7. Cause 3: Remissness (Negligence) -  Remissness of the spiritual objective allows karmic influx  It is essential to continuously remember the main objective of life  While doing worldly activities one should persistently remember the spiritual goal
  8. 8. Cause 4: Passions - Fruition of conduct deluding karma generates strong destructive feelings of attraction and aversion, which produce four destructive passions  Anger  Pride  Deceit  Greed which are important causes of influx of karma
  9. 9. Cause 5: Activity -  Injury to life  Falsehood  Stealing  Sexual activity  Possession  Quarrel  Abuse / false allegation  Backbiting  Speaking ill of others  Deceit and untruthfulness Mental, physical, and vocal activities with perverted beliefs and worldly activities attracts Karmic matter
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  11. 11. Perverse Beliefs ( Non-abstinence ( 11 Relative Importance of the Gates of Karmic Influx Remissness ( Passions ( Activities ( Mental Vocal Physical
  12. 12. Stoppage of Influx of Karma - A purified state of the soul is competent to close the gates of asrava and block the influx of karma - Samvara 1. Right Faith & Attitude 2. Abstinence & Self-Restraint 3. Spiritual Alertness 4. Freedom from Passions 5. Mental, Vocal, and Physical Stillness
  13. 13. Samvar 1: Right Faith & Attitude- Right faith and firm conviction in the truthfulness of the truth Enlightened Knowledge Enlightened World View Right Conduct Right faith occurs when one tries to understand the eternal truths and realities, without prejudices and presumptions, from a knowledgeable Guru who is well versed with the agamas – the original teachings of an Omniscient.
  14. 14. Right World View -  Existence of the Soul  Each Soul is distinct and everlasting  Influx of Karmic matter  Experience of the fruits of Karma  Emancipation is possible by self-effort  Enlightened knowledge, enlightened world view and right conduct form the path of liberation
  15. 15. Samvar 2: Abstinence -  After the dawn of enlightenment, self-restraint and self-discipline are the important next steps in spiritual advancement  With strong determination one takes the vows prescribed by an Omniscient and follows a lifestyle that is beneficial for the stoppage of karmic influx
  16. 16. Samvar 3: Spiritual Alertness  Constant awareness of the self (Soul) and what one must do for stopping the influx of karmic matter  While living in the materialistic world, one must always remind the self to overcome the spiritual inertia through right conduct
  17. 17. Samvar 4: Freedom from Passions  Attitudinal change and behavioral modification is the next step for reducing the intensity of passions  It can be achieved with practice of contemplative meditation exercises prescribed by Omniscient  Meditation is the process of self-refinement to reduce destructive emotions, passions and feelings like anger, pride, deceit , greed, enmity, envy, cruelty, etc.
  18. 18. Samvar 5: Absence of activities  Samayik is the most popular practice in Jain tradition  In Samayik one takes vow for stopping mental, vocal and physical activities arising due to karmic messages coming from within  Being away from worldly activities, one exerts self control to observe equanimity – neither attraction nor aversion ( towards worldly matters
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  20. 20. Right Faith & Attitude Abstinence & Self-Restraint 20 Close the Gates of Karmic Influx Spiritual Alertness Freedom from Passions Stillness Mental Vocal Physical
  21. 21.  Nirjara is the separation of karmic matter from the Soul Falling off of Karma – Nirjara  Main function of religious and moral activities – penance and austerities (tapa) – is to purify the Soul by purging karmic matter  The bondage of punya karma and its fruits are incidental byproducts only  The foremost aim of tapa is to purify the soul
  22. 22. 22  Fasting enhances self-restraint and removes karma  Semi-fasting less intake of food  Conditional acceptance of food Restrict the variety of food items  Abstinence from delicacies Give up stimulating foods and drinks  Austerity (postures) Practice various postures for transmutation of body  Seclusion (withdrawal of the sense organs) Choose solitary place for less distraction Six-fold External Penance –
  23. 23.  Atonement Penances are prescribed to rectify the wrongdoing of vows  Reverence Due respect for learning and the learned  Service Offer service with humbleness to ascetics  Scriptural study Study, discussion and analysis of scriptures  Meditation Restraint of body, speech and mind  Abandonment (Kayotsarg) Calm and eliminate internal passions Six-fold Internal Penance –