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Jain Philosophy an Introduction


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Jain Philosophy an Introduction

  1. 1. Arun Zaveri Phone: +91 22 2414-2989 Email: Paryushan Parva Lecture Series Jain Center of Greater Boston Norwood, Massachusetts, USA September 2-9, 2013 Day 1 Introduction
  2. 2. Inherent qualities of the Soul – Atma in its purest form Soul (Atma)  Enlightened knowledge  Enlightened world view  Pure spiritual energy  Bliss (inner happiness) 2
  3. 3. Qualities of the soul are unsighted by Karmic matter because it covers the soul Karmic matter Association with Karmic matter Soul (Atma) 3
  4. 4. Properties of Karmic Matter Viscosity – dryness may be interpreted as +ve and –ve charge From eight properties of matter Four available:  Hot  Cold  Viscosity  Dryness Four missing:  Heaviness  Lightness  Smoothness  Roughness 4
  5. 5. Eight Main Types of Karma Obscure and distort the qualities of the Soul: 1) Knowledge covering 2) Intuition covering 3) Deluding: a) View deluding b) Conduct deluding 4) Energy obstructing Makes future programs for the Soul: 5) Feeling producing (Pleasure / Pain) 6) Life-span determining 7) Body-making (species) 8) Status determining (geographical, societal) 5
  6. 6. Soul (Atma)  Enlightened knowledge  Enlightened world view  Pure spiritual energy  Bliss inner happiness Inherent Potency of the Soul Karmic matter cannot completely cover the fundamental qualities of the 6
  7. 7. akharassa anantaobhago niccughadio Inherent Potency of the Soul Infinitesimally small parts of knowledge, vision, energy, and bliss always remain uncontaminated, even in the nigoda state. Just as darkest and densest cloud cannot completely hide the sunlight, so also karma cannot completely cover the qualities of the soul 7
  8. 8. Gross Body Physical Body Subtle Body Taijjas body Karma body Subtlest Body Soul (Atma) Consciousness Three Types of Bodies 8
  9. 9. Fruition of subtle most Karmic matter produces Karmic codes in the form of energy Subtle Body – Taijjas Body “Link Body” Karmic Matter Influences the Gross Body Gross / Physical body The codes/messages created by the fruition of Karmic matter are transferred to the gross body through the Taijjas body Soul (Atma) Karma body Taijjas body Physical Body 9
  10. 10.  Upon fruition, karmic matter produces subtle most primal psycho-karmic expression (adhyavasaya) Fruition of Karma  Karmic codes of 10 instincts (Sanjna ), 9 Quasi – Passions (nokasaya ) 18 Sinful activities (Papa Karman 18)  Attraction or aversion ( 10
  11. 11.  After passing the messages to the taijjas body, the clusters of karmic matter are separated from soul  Subtle most primal psycho-karmic expression influences the subtle taijjas body The Role of Subtle Taijjas Body  In turn the taijjas body generates electromagnetic fields called lesya (aura) 11
  12. 12. Lesya – Psychic colors tejo orange padma yellow shukla white clear bright colors krishna black neel blue kapot grey dirty dark colors Ashubh Inauspicious Shubh Auspicious Lesya 12
  13. 13. Lesya Acts as Liaison Between the Subtle and Gross Bodies  Electromagnetic (light) energy of lesya influences neuro-endocrine secretions in the gross body  The released hormones express the instincts, emotions and feelings as per the message of the primal karmic messages  Consequently they are put across via mental, vocal and physical activities 13
  14. 14. Karmic expression manifests: 10 instincts:  Hunger  Fear  Reproduction  Possession  Anger  Pride  Deceit  Greed  Intuitive sensation  Mundane beliefs 9 Quasi – Passions :  Laughter  Relish  boredom  Grief  Fear  Hatred  Sexuality • Feminine • Masculine • Hermaphroditic 4 Passions 4 Primal drives 14
  15. 15.  Injury to life  Falsehood  Stealing  Sexual act  Possession  Anger  Pride  Deceit  Greed  Quarrel  Abuse /false allegation  Backbiting  Speaking ill of others  Feeling of pleasure in sensual indulgence or  Feeling of unpleasure in the practice of self restraint.  Dishonest  Untruthfulness  Thorn of perverted belief Karmic expression manifests: 18 Sinful activities: 15
  16. 16.  Mental, vocal, and physical activities attract new karmic matter Influx of Karmic matter  The karmic bondage depends upon the intensity of expression of the instincts, emotions, passions, and feelings  The new karmic matter bonds with the soul 16
  17. 17. 1. Type: Knowledge and intuition Covering, deluding, obstructive, body, lifespan, status, feeling producing. 2. Duration: Time period from binding to fall off after fruition. 3. Intensity: Quality of karmic fruition – degrees of depth and variety. 4. Mass: Quantity of Karmic particles assimilated. Four Aspects of Karmic Bondage 17
  18. 18. Vicious Cycle of Karma Fruition of Karma Karmic Expression Primal Drives Messages of  Attachment  Aversion Subtle Taijjas Body – Link body Lesya Psychic Colors Electromagnetic Field Limbic System Neuro-Endocrine Mechanism Activities:  Mental  Vocal  Physical Soul (Atma) Karma body Taijjas body Physical Body Instincts Passions, Quasi-Passions Influx of Karma Matter Karmic influx and bondage 18
  19. 19.  Fruition of bonded Karma  Messages of Karmic Codes  Mental Physical & Vocal expression  Influx of Karmic matter and bondage  Fruition of bonded Karma Vicious Cycle of Karma 19
  20. 20. Delusion and turmoil created by Karma prevents one from being aware of his/her own existence because of:  Misery  Suffering  Unhappiness  Weakness  Impatience  Ignorance Vicious Cycle of Karma 20
  21. 21.  The Soul transmigrates among 8.4 million species according to the programs of Karma and experiences pleasure and pain  Due to the fruition of the View Deluding Karma the Soul is unable to realize its true nature Transmigration 21
  22. 22.  Subsidence and partial destruction of the View Deluding Karma can result in right faith and firm conviction in the truthfulness of the truth  At this point the Soul will begin its journey on the path of liberation from karmic contamination Enlightened World View – Samyaktva  This can happen spontaneously or via teachings of another omniscient Soul 22
  23. 23. Enlightened knowledge Enlightenment Enlightened world view Right conduct 23
  24. 24. Four supreme auspicious good fortunes necessary for liberation from transmigration 1. Human life 2. Contact with eternal truth given by omniscient 3. Develop right faith 4. Practice self-restraint Path of Liberation 24
  25. 25. Path of Liberation Samvar – Stoppage / Inhibition of influx of karmic matter Nirjara – Tapa – Falling off / Destruction of karmic matter by means of penance 25