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BEN Investability Mike Southon


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BEN Investability Mike Southon

  1. 1. Presentation Summary and Financial Times Articles By Mike Southon Copyright ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved Not to be reproduced without permission in writing Articles originally published in the Financial Times Mike Southon can be contacted at:©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -1-
  2. 2. Something About the BeatlesPresentation SummaryBut first here is some advice on funding….What Investors are Looking For • Is it in a hot area? • Can we make our money back quickly? • Is there a proven team already in place?Things to Avoid • Being judged by people with less experience than yourself • Long, drawn-out decision-making process • • Anyone who is clearly evilThe Three Areas in Business • Sales • Delivery • FinanceThe Seven Stages of Finance 1. Run a cash business 2. Learn to use a spreadsheet 3. Find a local bookkeeper 4. Find a local accountant 5. Get a part time or virtual ‘finance cornerstone’ 6. Get a full-time finance director 7. Get a large accounting firm to act on your behalfPeople who might be able to help you (my e-zine sponsors)The TFM Centre Unlimited www.fdunlimited.comSmith & Williamson ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -2-
  3. 3. Something About The BeatlesThis presentation is about how anyone can be more enterprising and successful, either in theirown business or as an ‘intrapreneur’, being creative in a large organisation.It uses The Beatles as an example of creativity and entrepreneurship; The Fab Four may not havemade as much money as other well-known UK entrepreneurs, but they have touched more hearts,which is my measure of success in life.The Beatles’ brand is one of the best known in the world, even though they stopped recordingtogether over 40 years ago.So why be an entrepreneur, or be more intrapreneurial in your own organisation?The reasons people give are: • Make money • Make a difference to myself and my family • Make a difference to the world • Have Fun! • Freedom • Because I have toThe best reason, however, is ‘to create wealth’(The definition of the difference between ‘money’ and ‘wealth’ is given later)The Seven-Year CyclesWe tend to work in seven-year cycles, as follows: • Between 21 and 28: to try as many things as possible • Between 28 and 35: you should make a serious attempt at something • Between 35 and 42: you might want to try something different • Between 42 and 49: you are often at the peak of your powers • Between 49 and 56: represents maturity and self-awareness • Between 56 and 63: you might want to plan your legacy • Between 63 and 70: you become a true mentor ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -3-
  4. 4. A Critical MomentEntrepreneurs are characterised by critical moments, which they seize. (“Carpe Diem”)Regular people just watch critical moments drift by....For the delegates, hopefully this presentation features a ‘critical moment’ which will change theirlife or their perspective on work in some way.For the Beatles, February 9th 1964 was a ‘critical moment’. I Want to Hold your Hand wasnumber 1 in the USA, despite several other records failing beforehand. This enabled them toappear on The Ed Sullivan Show, where 20 million people were expected to watchVideo: The Beatles Performing ‘All My Loving’ on The Ed Sullivan ShowIn fact, the TV audience was 73 million, the largest in history.The UK’s Most Successful Entrepreneur, TodayVideo: Sir Paul McCartney Performing ‘All My Loving’ in the USA in 2002If you want one reason to be an entrepreneur, then consider the middle-aged man in the audiencewho bursts into tears on hearing the song.If you get that level of connection with people, your customers, your co-workers or someone whohas benefitted from your efforts, then that is a good definition of ‘wealth’.My First Advice for an Aspiring Entrepreneur (or Intrapreneur)Entrepreneurship is about teamwork, not just ideas. You should find a foil, someone with theopposite set of skills to yourself. If you are introvert, someone extrovert, if you are good withideas, someone who is good at completing tasks; if you are poor with money someone who isgood at budgeting and cost control....and vice-versa.Paul McCartney and John LennonGreat example of two people finding their foil: Sir Paul McCartney the extrovert who enjoysplaying live, John Lennon the introvert, much happier in the studio.Audio: ‘Getting Better’ from ‘Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band’McCartney: “I’ve got to admit it’s getting better, it’s getting better all the time”Lennon: “Can’t get no worse” ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -4-
  5. 5. The Original BeermatSource: Cover of ‘The Beermat Entrepreneur’The Elevator PitchA good elevator pitch has these 5 ‘P’s: • Pain What problem do you solve? • Premise Exactly what do you do? • People Who is in your team? • Proof Do you have a successful customer story? • Purpose Why are you doing this, rather than anything else?The Beatles’ Elevator Pitch • Pain Rock and roll stars like Elvis Presley would not play outside the USA, and The Beatles’ Idols, if they did play in Liverpool, were difficult to go and see Audio: ‘Viva Las Vegas’ from ‘Viva Las Vegas Soundtrack’ • Premise The music you like, for a price you can afford, down your local club ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -5-
  6. 6. Good attributes for a successful Premise: 1. Be Local 2. Be Reliable 3. Be Nice • People The Beatles, a great team only after they replaced two members Audio: John Lennon: “We were four guys...” from ‘The Beatles Anthology, Volume 1’ • Proof In 1961, The Beatles were the most popular live band in Liverpool • Purpose Part 1: To Make Money! (Part 2 comes later....) Audio: ‘Money’ from ‘With The Beatles’Find a Mentor.... who Can Open DoorsThe Beatles appointed as their manager Brian Epstein, who ran an electrical store in ChapelStreet, Liverpool, which had a large record department. He smartened them up, putting them insuits and behaving more professionally on stage.Brian Epstein’s big promise was to get them a recording contract, using his connections.Audio: Brian Epstein: “I secured them an audition….” from ‘The Beatles Anthology, Volume 1’Be Prepared for SetbacksThe Beatles were turned down by almost every record company, including Decca, whose A&R(talent) manager Dick Rowe famously said: “…guitar groups are on the way out”.In Dick Rowe’s defence, The Beatles audition tape was nothing special.Audio: ‘Searching’ from ‘The Beatles’ Anthology, Volume 1’The Beatles’ First CustomerAudio, Brian Epstein: ‘Well The Recording Test came and went…’ from ‘The Beatles Anthology,Volume 1’George Martin, at Parlophone (a minor label at EMI) was the only person to ‘get’ The Beatles ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -6-
  7. 7. He liked them personally, even though he didn’t think they could play that well and had no idea atthat time that they wrote such good songs.George Martin, a classically trained musician, arranger and composer, became their musicalmentor, playing on several of their records.Deal with the CompetitionIf you are a successful entrepreneur, then people will copy you. The Beatles faced fiercecompetition from other bands, including The Dave Clarke Five, The Hollies the Rolling Stonesand The Monkees.The Beatles responded to competition by constantly improving, for example by putting a stringquartet on one of their tracks.The album Revolver was released in1966 with innovative tracks such as Eleanor Rigby andTomorrow Never Knows; most pop bands of the time found it impossible to compete. Generally,the competition was beaten – or was it? Brian Wilson of the Beach Boys set out specifically tomake his album Pet Sounds better than Revolver.Be the Best You CanThe Beatles privately acknowledged that Pet Sounds by Brian Wilson and The Beach Boys was atleast as good as Revolver. Their response was: “wait till he hears Sgt. Pepper”, their next project,which innovated even further and is now their best-selling album.The Best Song Ever Written For EntrepreneursThe Beatles in 1967 were at the peak of their powers.As well as releasing Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band they released Strawberry FieldsForever/Penny Lane, arguably the best Double A-Side single ever.Amazingly, it was the first Beatles single for five years not to go to Number 1, beaten by ReleaseMe by Englebert Humperdinck.They also released a song which perfectly describes entrepreneurship.Video: ‘All you Need Is Love’ from the ‘Our World’ television broadcastNothing You Can Do that Can’t Be DoneThe lyric from All You Need is Love is a perfect statement of entrepreneurship“Theres nothing you can do that cant be done,Nothing you can sing that cant be sung,Nothing you can say but you can learn how to play the game…it’s easy.” ©John Lennon and Paul McCartney 1967 ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -7-
  8. 8. Business in general, and entrepreneurship in particular is a very simple game with simple rules,even though it can involve hard work and long hours.Another Critical MomentIn 1967, just after the release of Sgt. Pepper, the Beatles manager and mentor, Brian Epstein diedfrom a suspected accidental drugs overdose.The Beatles at the time were in Bangor, following their new guru, the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.With typical successful entrepreneur over-confidence (which some might call arrogance), theydecided to manage themselves and manage their own affairs.They set up a wide range of entrepreneurial activities, under their new umbrella company TheApple Corporation, including a record label, a film company, electronics and a retail store.These companies were very badly run, and soon began to lose large sums of money. Their nextproject, a TV film called The Magical Mystery Tour, had some great music but was a criticaldisaster.The next project, the Let It Be album and film, was even more difficult on a personal level, withmuch conflict and arguing. This project was shelved for over a year.Back in FlowThe last project The Beatles worked on, the Abbey Road album, was, happily, a much morepleasant experience, with them working together well as a team.Audio: ‘Come Together’, from ‘Abbey Road’The Fifth Beatle - Neil AspinallNeil Aspinall started as The Beatles’ roadie. Later he ran Apple Corporation, turning it from oneof the worst run companies into one of the best. In my view, he is the true ‘Fifth Beatle’The Beatles’ LegacyToday, the Beatles’ brand is as strong as ever, and their legacy is secured.Apple Corporation (today a very professionally managed company) issued some out-takes andrare pictures as The Beatles Anthology DVDs and CDs in 1996, and a beautifully illustrated bookin 2000.In 2006, Cirque du Soleil opened a Las Vegas Show, called Love featuring Beatles re-mixes andstudio conversations, produced by Sir George Martin’s son Giles.In 2009 saw releases of digitally re-mastered versions of the Beatles back catalogue, and thehighly successful computer game Beatles Rock Band, which although designed for 13-year-olds isbeautifully designed and thematically perfect in every respect.In 2010 Apple corporation (The Beatles’ company) and Apple Computer (the computer companyfinally resolved their disputes and The Beatles back catalogue was realised on iTunes. ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -8-
  9. 9. Apple Computer agreed a massive publicity campaign, and The Beatles were introduced to awhole new generation of music lovers.The Beatles and Pete BestPete Best is perhaps the unluckiest man in the 1960s – he was fired from The Beatles andreplaced by Ringo Starr in 1962.While the popular belief is that this was the right decision, it was not handled very well. Pete hasnot spoken to any of The Beatles since then.When The Beatles released Anthology One, featuring some tracks that Pete Best played on, hereceived a significant amount of money, as was his due. Not everyone in The Beatles’ camp washappy about that, so when you look at the artwork on the CD cover, there is a Beatles poster withPete’s face ripped out.Pete responded with his own album, Haymans Green, after the location of The Casbah Club,where The Beatles actually started, not The Cavern as most people think. The cover artwork forthis album is the piece of the poster that was ripped out, featuring Pete’s face, restored.So while The Beatles are all now fabulously rich and much admired as proponents of peace andlove, their own behaviour was not always perfect. It can be argued that their ‘karma’ has sufferedbecause of this.The Difference between ‘Money’ and ‘Wealth’Roger Hamilton defines this as follows:‘Money’ is defined by what you have in your pocket, your bank account, or at the bottom of yourcorporate spreadsheet‘Wealth’ is what you would have if your money disappeared for some reason; this is yourreputation, what you know, whom you know and how nice you have been to people along theway.GuanxiThe Chinese describe this personal reputation and trust as your guanxi, which Wikipedia definesas follows:At its most basic, guanxi describes a personal connection between two people in which one isable to prevail upon another to perform a favor or service, or be prevailed upon. The two peopleneed not be of equal social status. Guanxi can also be used to describe a network of contacts,which an individual can call upon when something needs to be done, and through which he or shecan exert influence on behalf of another.In addition, guanxi can describe a state of general understanding between two people: "he/she isaware of my wants/needs and will take them into account when deciding her/his course of futureactions which concern or could concern me without any specific discussion or request". ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -9-
  10. 10. In 1970, after The Beatles split up, they had little cash and were being aggressively pursued bythe tax authorities, as their business affairs were so badly managed at that time.The Beatle who built up his ‘guanxi’ quickest was George Harrison, who organised a charityconcert The Concert for Bangladesh in 1971, long before Live Aid.How to Build Up Your GuanxiThree simple rules: • Always treat people like you want them to treat you • Always help people, without going broke in the process • Always tell the truthAnd In The EndAlmost the last track The Beatles recorded on Abbey Road was the aptly titled song ‘The End’In this track, Ringo Starr gets acknowledged, with his one and only Beatles drum solo. Then theother three Beatles play lead guitar in rotation; first Paul McCartney, then George Harrison andthen John Lennon, three times in total.Audio: ‘The End’, from ‘Abbey Road’Video: ‘Closing Cinematic’, from ‘Beatles Rock Band’Then there is ‘The Meaning of Life’ and the moral of this presentation:“And in the end the love to take is equal to the love you make” © John Lennon and Paul McCartney 1969 ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -10-
  11. 11. Financial Times Articles These articles are copyright ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved Not to be reproduced without permission in writing Originally published in The Financial Times Mike Southon can be contacted at, www.beermat.bizLiverpool VisionBy Mike SouthonIt is good to recharge your ‘spirit battery’ now and then, and well-known destinations for thisinclude The Vatican, Mecca and Jerusalem. I always feel spiritually enriched when visitingWestminster Abbey, but recently returned from a pilgrimage to my first spiritual home,Liverpool.I have always had a deep affection for the area; my first job after leaving university was as aconstruction engineer, based in Widnes. It was always a thrill to sit on the town’s station platform(where Paul Simon wrote ‘Homeward Bound’) and to take the short trip to the hallowed stompinggrounds of my great musical heroes, The Beatles.What really struck me then about Liverpool was not so much the place itself as the people. Theywere uniformly open and hugely welcoming to a stranger in their midst, despite my being aslightly confused ex-public schoolboy, ostensibly from the better side of the tracks.Back in the 1980s, Liverpool was a town in distress. The Toxteth Riots were followed by theHillsborough disaster, which left a sad legacy and still results in lingering prejudices fromoutsiders. But Liverpool is now completely transformed and almost unrecognisable from thosedark days. The city is well laid-out, airy and clean; they have carefully preserved their heritagewhile simultaneously developing new attractions, such as the Liverpool One shopping centrewhich connects the city centre to the formerly grim Pier Head waterfront area. But the chief assetof the city still remains the people who live and work there.Paul McCartney explains the nature and attraction of the region perfectly in the BeatlesAnthology. Liverpool covers a relatively small area, about ten miles, but has its own distinctdialect and culture as well as a deep sense of civic pride. Every taxi driver is an ambassador forthe city; most people you meet serving in hotels and bars are locals and fiercely proud of theircity. This is a refreshing change from London, where, inevitably, few people you meet in aservice environment are home-grown.Getting to Liverpool has greatly improved since my first trips in the 1980s. It may be popular tocriticise Virgin Trains, but my train was clean and well appointed, the journey time was only justover two hours, and my off-peak return tickets booked online were only £35. ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -11-
  12. 12. I felt compelled to book into The Hard Day’s Night Hotel, which, while significantly Beatlesthemed, is a delightful and tasteful boutique hotel, reminiscent of the Hotel du Vin andMalmaison chains. It has a perfect location for Beatles enthusiasts, on the corner of MathewStreet, home to the now rebuilt Cavern Club.While tourism is important to Liverpool, to get a wider business perspective on the region, Ivisited Liverpool Vision, the city’s economic development company.They are charged with leading the next phase of economic development, from the springboard ofthe urban renaissance of the last five years.The fruits of the £4bn or so of the mostly private investment include the expansion of LiverpoolJohn Lennon, now the UK’s fastest growing regional airport, and ACC Liverpool which housesthe BT Convention Centre and the Echo Arena, capable of seating over 10,000 concert goers. Thecity is home to an increasing number of pharmaceuticals and biotechnology companies, such asEli Lily, Novartis and Astra Zeneca, who have access to leading-edge life sciences research anddevelopment in local universities.Recent inward investments include a headquarters relocation by shipping giant Maersk, Prinovis,who invested in a £130m gravure printing plant in Speke to produce large volumes of high-quality publications and catalogues, , and stockbroker Panmure Gordon & Co. recently opened itsfirst regional office at Rumford Investments in Chapel Street, near where Beatles Manager BrianEpstein once had his NEMS record store. Liverpool Vision is also particularly focused onattracting the creative and media industries.I promised to return to Liverpool and counter any lingering doubts about the merits of their cityby writing about their new generation of very successful entrepreneurs. So, if you are looking torelocate your business to a thriving and optimistic city, with a family atmosphere and highlyskilled local work force, then Liverpool has to be high on your list.Of course, any business decision should be based on compelling benefits, carefully considered.My suggestion would be to present the business logic first, and then play your hard-noseddecision makers the Beatles tracks ‘In My Life’, ‘Strawberry Fields Forever’ and ‘Penny Lane’.If they don’t get it then, they never will.Liverpool Vision can be found at ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -12-
  13. 13. The Seven-Year Itch (Harry Freedman)By Mike SouthonI often provide mentoring for early stage entrepreneurs and it is always fun to discuss newbusiness ideas with enthusiastic people. But I sometimes have to point out that their recent trackrecord of serial failure suggests that their best course of action is to find a proper job, at least fornow.A common reason for people to become entrepreneurs is that they have come to the conclusionthat they are essentially unemployable; many have been let go from their last place of work andhave resolved that from now on they will only work for themselves.This argument has merit, but only extends their aspiration as far as being a ‘sole trader’. Thisrequires them to do all three jobs themselves: delivery, sales and finance. To grow their businessthey have to learn how to attract and work with a team, as well as develop some leadership skills,fixing the two character flaws that helped terminate their employment last time.Alternatively, it is very common for successful entrepreneurs to have spent their twenties quietlyworking for other organisations. Once they reach their thirties, have developed their life skills andbuilt a network, they can go for a gap in the market with a higher probability of success.But entrepreneurs are easily bored, and I have noticed this tends to work in a cycle of seven years.When I mentor entrepreneurs who are successful but still seem unfulfilled for some reason, mysuggestion is they consider handing over their business to their staff, taking a break and thenlooking for a brand new opportunity.Harry Freedman runs Career Energy, which helps people find new employment. His business isthe perfect bellwether of the careers market; when times are good, he is advising ambitious butbored people on radical career changes. In these hard times, much of his activity is inoutplacement, helping often very dispirited people regain their self-esteem and find a new job.Freedman has written a very timely book How to Find a Job in a Recession, which explains hisprocess. He explains that looking for a job in a recession is different; the key is to be pro-active,and not just to wait for opportunities. You need to target the right opportunities and then presentyourself in the right way.A basic difference between people is that some will be introvert, and spend most of their timeworking on their CV, filling it with relevant features, while others are extrovert and will rush offand network. It is important to remember that both tasks need to be done; a brilliant CV, which isnot actively promoted, will just gather dust, and a candidate with an outgoing personality butwithout the right collateral will be overlooked for the best opportunities.Freedman works on both aspects, starting with where to look for potential jobs when nothing isbeing advertised. The key is in personal and on-line networking; there are many on-line tools to ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -13-
  14. 14. help raise your profile, another way of describing your personal brand. Most of us now are onsocial networks, such as LinkedIn, which is specifically geared for job-seekers.Freedman’s book also covers the mechanics of responding to job advertisements, the best way touse recruitment consultants, how to make speculative approaches and the challenge of coldcalling. Then it is all about the interview, an area where everyone, especially the most confident,needs significant coaching. An interviewer will be trained to deal with the nervous; an over-enthusiastic interviewee can talk themselves out of an opportunity in a few minutes.I discussed the seven-year cycle with Freedman and he had some additional insights based onpeople’s ages. He suggests that between twenty-one and twenty-eight, you should try as manythings as possible. From twenty-eight to thirty-five, you should make a good ‘fist’ of something.Between thirty-five and forty-two, you might decide to try something different.Between forty-two and forty-nine you are often at the peak of your powers, while forty-nine tofifty-six represents maturity. Between fifty-six and sixty-three you might want to plan your exit,so from sixty-three onwards you can enjoy your grandchildren.Once you understand the mechanics of job-hunting and the cycles of life, you might eventuallyconclude that, in retrospect, that forced career move was the best thing that ever happened to you.As Freedman says in his book, there are still many great opportunities out there; all it requires is apositive mind-set, to understand themselves and then the job market.How to Get a Job in a Recession by Harry Freedman is published by Infinite IdeasCareer Energy can be found at ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -14-
  15. 15. Something About The Beatles (and Stackridge)By Mike SouthonI am not a great fan of the television programme Dragon’s Den; in my view it is as much to withentrepreneurship as The X Factor has to do with The Beatles.The Beatles themselves were entrepreneurs, following the model laid out in our book TheBeermat Entrepreneur. They developed an Elevator Pitch (‘like Elvis, Little Richard and ChuckBerry, only better...’) found a Mentor (their manager Brian Epstein), and then a First Customer,(producer George Martin, who signed them to EMI).They had plenty of upsets and rejections along the way, including being famously turned down byDecca, but eventually they were at the right place at the right time, specifically the Ed Sullivanshow on February 9th 1964, when Paul McCartney counted in All My Loving and 73 millionpeople simultaneously got the point.There was inevitably competition, in the shape of The Beach Boys’ stunning Pet Sounds, but theyimmediately innovated themselves clear of the pack with Sergeant Pepper’s Lonely Hearts ClubBand in 1967. They were at the peak of their powers, also releasing All You Need Is Love andprobably the best double A-side of all time, Strawberry Fields Forever/Penny Lane.Ironically, this was the first Beatles single for five years not to go to number one, beaten to thetop slot by Release Me by Englebert Humperdinck, positive proof that customers are not alwaysright.But in August 1967, the Beatles had a critical moment; their manager Brian Epstein died of asuspected accidental drug overdose. The Beatles decided they could manage themselves, but theirnext project, Magical Mystery Tour, while containing fabulous music, was a critical flop, a self-indulgent film which did not really work in black and white TV, the only multimedia platformavailable in most homes that Boxing Day.‘The White Album’ again featured great songs, but was a less than pleasant experience for them,with Ringo Starr quitting at one point. Their producer George Martin became exasperated by thelack of teamwork; sometimes they would work separately in three different studios. Disappointedby the final result, he resolved not to work with them again.The next Beatles project, which eventually became the album Let It Be, was another difficultexperience, and was shelved. But they decided to come together with George Martin again for onelast album, Abbey Road, which contains a beautiful epitaph for the band and the sixties: “and inthe end, the love you take is equal to the love you make”.The Beatles story has many business learning points, and is now my keynote presentation for bothentrepreneurs and large organisations. It goes down particularly well in schools and colleges,which not only gives me great hope for the future of UK plc, but also reflects my own personalexperience in the early 90s. ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -15-
  16. 16. After we sold our company, I decided to put together a band, reinventing myself as ConfusedRock Legend Mike Fab-Gere. Bizarrely, I found a significant market in UK universities and forseveral years was the top draw on the college circuit, sponsored by Sol Beer and Durex condoms.We played many Beatles tunes, and I was delighted that all the kids knew all the words; it’s amyth that the young people just listen to rubbish, I concluded.Today, I have great fun mixing entrepreneurship with the music that I love. My talk is calledSomething about the Beatles, a song by my second favourite band, Stackridge. Their career in the70s replicated much of the Beatles model: they were a popular live act, were produced by GeorgeMartin, and even played at Wembley Stadium with Elton John, The Beach Boys and The Eagles.For some reason they did not sell millions of albums, and eventually split up.But the Stackridge story has a happy ending; two of the members, James Warren and Andy Davis,later formed The Korgis, and had a huge international hit with Everybody’s Got To LearnSometime. Stackridge have now reformed, are touring again, and are working on a new albumwith a well-known producer.I met with them at their recent 100 Club gig in London, and they seemed serene and radiant, agood combination. Best of all, they are clearly successful entrepreneurs; not in the Bill Gates orBeatles league, but while some might wish for that level of success, it does come with a price.As Sir Paul McCartney said on Abbey Road: “boy, you’re gonna carry their weight a long time”. ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -16-
  17. 17. The Long and Winding RoadBy Mike SouthonFans of Sir Paul McCartney are eagerly looking forward to his European Tour, the latestcelebration of his long and successful career as a musician. What is sometimes overlooked is hisstatus as also one of the UK’s most successful entrepreneurs.There is a wonderful moment on his 2002 Back in the US DVD. McCartney starts All My Loving,and the camera cuts to ecstatic members of the audience, both young and old. Notable is one manabout my age, who is clearly taken right back to watching The Ed Sullivan Show in the sixties,and tears well up in his eyes.I am currently touring Universities as part of the NCGE’s ‘Make It Happen’ programme, and Iexplain to the young delegates that this is a perfect example of how they can become successfulentrepreneurs. If they can achieve this level of personal engagement for their products andservices, then people will turn into loyal customers for life.McCartney’s own career followed the classic route of the aspiring entrepreneur. At first he wasdriven only by his passion for playing the music he loved, and was later delighted to realise hecould actually earn a living this way.The Beatles’ success soon meant that they were able to take on extra staff. Neil Aspinall, an oldclass-mate of McCartney’s, bought an old Commer Van for £80 and charged each band memberfive shillings for carrying their equipment.The band soon came to the attention of Brian Epstein, who signed them to their first managementcontract, promising to get them a recording deal. The Beatles later secured recording andpublishing deals, and even started their own entrepreneurial organisation The Apple Corporation,a very ambitious venture encompassing a record label, films, publishing and a retail clothesoperation.Looking back with expert hindsight, it might be argued that the various deals the Beatles signedwere less than ideal, and that the Apple Corporation back then, while well-intentioned, lackedfocus and experienced business management.But like all successful entrepreneurs McCartney learned from this experience and all his venturesare now extremely well run. The Beatles’s legacy is now expertly managed by The AppleCorporation, run until 2007 by Aspinall, the one-time roadie.Not only has the original Beatles material been carefully digitally re-mastered, their brand hasalso been successfully extended into Love, the Cirque du Soleil show in Las Vegas and TheBeatles Rock Band computer game. This game works at every level; for its target market of teengame-buyers it works perfectly, while Beatles enthusiasts of my generation appreciate itsassiduous attention to detail. ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -17-
  18. 18. The Beatles signed away their publishing rights back in the sixties with little understanding of thefull implications or of their own artistic longevity. McCartney now has his own publishingcompany, MPL Communications which owns and administers the rights to a large back-catalogueof songs from Buddy Holly to Grease as well as his own solo material.The McCartney brand has also been successfully extended by others, notably his late wife Linda’srange of vegetarian food products which were the first and only option for many years, and hisdaughter Stella’s fashion, perfume and skin care enterprises.So I will indeed be cheering on Sir Paul McCartney at the O2 arena just before Christmas, and Iam sure mine will not be the only dry eye in the house as he fires up his many hits. And as aloyal customer of one of the UK’s most successful entrepreneurs, I am indeed hoping Santa willbring me a copy of his new DVD, Good Evening New York City. ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -18-
  19. 19. Attract OppositesBy Mike SouthonI often meet people in large organisations who want to be more enterprising. The discussion isalways about new business ideas, and how they plan to stimulate innovation from within.Once the new ideas are on the table, the challenge is always execution: how to make themactually happen. However, while most people think that the next stage involves generating newrevenue or an internal budget, I have a more immediate piece of personal advice: that they shouldfind a ‘foil’.A ‘foil’ is someone with complimentary skills to your own. If you are naturally creative then theyare more grounded, preferring to make judgements based on careful market analysis. If you arenaturally extrovert and find it easy to generate attraction for your ideas, then you need someonemore introverted and systematic to add substance, the ‘steak’ to your ‘sizzle’.In addition, many entrepreneurs I meet are terrible with money; they seem to spend every pennythey have, never saving for a rainy day. Their natural ‘foil’ is someone who never seems to be indebt, using the simple expedient of only having debit, rather than credit cards and accounting on amonthly, rather than a mañana basis.With entrepreneurs, I explain that their ability to find a ‘foil’ represents the difference betweensuccess and failure for their new venture. It is possible to be a sole trader, earning a good living asa ‘gun for hire’, such as a good local plumber or freelance software engineer. These are peoplewith good delivery skills who learn the hard way how to generate sales for themselves, and dotheir basic accounts, usually on a cash basis.But if someone has ambitions for scaling their business, then a ‘foil’ is essential. Even the mostcursory study of successful, high-profile entrepreneurs always reveals someone in the backgroundmaking sure that all the promises are always kept, to the institutions as well as to the customers.For every Richard Branson, there is a Robert Devereaux; for every Charles Dunstone there is aDavid Ross, and for every Bill Gates, there is a Steve Ballmer. Not all of these lesser-known‘foils’ are necessarily introverts. They do all share the common vision and trust of their betterknown colleagues, but also have the ability to shine in areas where entrepreneurs are lacking, suchas systems, process and people management.Creativity and innovation in large organisations is facilitated by the simple expedient of puttingtogether mixed teams from the pool of talent available. It is wrong to say that more traditionalorganisations lack creativity; in my experience there is always plenty going on, but typicallyunder the surface, encouraged and monitored by internal mentors.These mentors, or sponsors as they are more commonly labelled, understand how the processes oftheir organisation work, and are very skilled at finding ways round the system, when necessary.Their other skill is to find creative talent and then double-team these people with the right ‘foil’, ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -19-
  20. 20. more process-oriented people, such as engineers, marketers and finance experts, to increase thechances of success for the new idea.I was reminded of someone working well with a ‘foil’ when playing the splendid Beatles RockBand game with my son. I explained that when Paul McCartney wrote “it’s getting better all thetime”, his ‘foil’ John Lennon chipped in with the perfect riposte: “can’t get no worse”.Entrepreneurship is often about blind optimism in the early stages. To succeed long-term, a moreobjective and realistic balance is always required, and this is all about people with opposite skills,working toward a common goal.More Financial Times columns by Mike Southon can befound at and ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -20-
  21. 21. About Mike SouthonMike is one of the world’s top business speakers, a Fellow of The Professional SpeakersAssociation.He is a very experienced conference facilitator and moderator, having interviewed over 100 topbusiness people, now featured every Saturday in his Financial Times column, “My Business”.Mike is co-author of several best-selling business books, including The Beermat Entrepreneurand Sales on a Beermat. He is a Visiting Fellow in Innovation and Entrepreneurship at LondonSouth Bank University and has made frequent appearances on television and radio.Mike built and sold his own company in the 80s and worked on seventeen different start-ups inthe 90s (two later went public, three went broke!). Mike Southon is now the UK’s leadingentrepreneur mentor, and delivers over 100 presentations every year, all over the world.Mike Southon can be contacted at:mike@mikesouthon.comwww.mikesouthon.comUK: 07802 483834Outside UK: +44 7802 483834 ©Mike Southon 2011 All Rights Reserved -21-