Defining citizen science…volunteer collection of biodiversity andenvironmental data which contributes toexpanding our knowledge of the naturalenvironment, including biological monitoring andthe collection or interpretation of environmentalobservations
Approaches to citizen scienceContributory projects – designed by professionalscientists; members of the public primarily contributedata.Collaborative projects - designed by professionalscientists; members of the public contribute data andinform the way in which the questions areaddressed, analyze data and disseminate findings.Co-created projects - designed by professional scientistsand members of the public working together and forwhich some of the volunteer participants are involved inmost or all steps of the scientific process.Volunteers work together on all stages of the projectwithout involvement of professional scientists. Such amodel is characteristic of, for example, local biodiversityatlas projects in Britain.Bonney, R. et al (2009) Public Participation in Scientific Research: Defining theField and Assessing Its Potential for Informal Science Education. A CAISE InquiryGroup Report. Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education(CAISE), Washington, D.C.
Scientific sampling• Designed, repeatedsampling• Often more local• Requiring specialequipment• Personal training givenMass participation• People take partanywhere, anyhow• Easy to take part• Support via thewebHigh investment, high return• Well developed supporting materials• But asking for richer data (lots of questionsand requiring quantitative answers)Lower investment, simpler data• Simpler projects, requiring less to be involved• Asking for simpler data (presence)Landscape of citizen science
Scientific sampling Mass participationHigh investment, high returnLower investment, simpler dataLandscape of citizen science