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Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
1000 days in the life of a 
Chief Scientific Adviser 
Professor Anne Glover CBE 
Chief Scientific Adviser 
to the President of the European Commission
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
"We also need a funda-mental 
review of the way 
European institutions 
access and use scientific 
advice. 
In the next Commission, 
I want to set up a Chief 
Scientific Adviser who 
has the power to deliver 
proactive, scientific advice throughout all stages of 
policy development and delivery. 
This will reflect the central importance I attach to 
research and innovation.“ 
- José Manuel Barroso, 15 September 2009
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The functions of the Chief Scientific Advisor will be as follows: 
• To provide independent expert advice on any aspect of science, technology and 
innovation as requested by the President; 
• […] to provide analysis and opinion on major policy proposals being submitted to 
the College touching upon issues of science, technology and innovation; 
• […] to provide authoritative guidance on interpretation of scientific evidence in 
presence of uncertainty; 
• […] to be involved in strategic emergency planning; 
• To build relationships with high-level advisory groups as well as with similar 
structures in Member States and other countries; 
• To advise on novel science, technology and innovation issues; 
• […] to serve as an early warning conduct point on issues that might arise when 
scientific progress entails either opportunity or threat for the EU; 
• To communicate the scientific values on which specific Commission proposals are 
based in order to enhance public confidence in science and technology; 
• […] to promote European culture of science and technology widely within Europe 
and abroad. 
IP/11/1497 - 05/12/2011
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
"Science for Policy" 
The institutional embedding of the CSA 
José Manuel Barroso 
President of the 
European Commission 
Professor Anne Glover 
Chief Scientific Adviser to 
the President 
Secretariat-General (SG) 
Impact Assessment Board 
Bureau of European 
Policy Advisers (BEPA) 
DG Research and 
Innovation (RTD) 
Joint Research 
Centre (JRC) 
"Policy for Science" 
European Commissioners (including Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, 
Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science) 
Directorates-General, 
including:
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Arriving in Brussels
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 1 
02/01/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
So, here I am – what can I do for you? 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The staff I had on the first day 
(that makes a team of 2) 
Source: ETHZ 
Lydia Laura 
(Secretary) 
Prof. Ana María 
Costa Freitas
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 23 
24/01/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
On this day I met some of the key figures 
Source: ETHZ 
Johannes 
Laitenberger, 
Head of the 
President's Cabinet 
Catherine Day, 
Secretary-General 
Máire Geoghegan- 
Quinn, Research 
Commissioner 
Dominique Ristori, 
Director-General 
Joint Research 
Centre (JRC) 
Koen Doens, 
Head of the 
Spokespersons 
Service
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 51 
21/02/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
My first 1:1 meeting with the President 
to discuss my priorities 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 78 
19/03/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I finally have a Scientific Assistant, 
seconded by the Joint Research Centre 
(that makes a team of 3) 
Source: ETHZ 
Dr Jan Marco Müller
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 92 
02/04/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Getting to know science in the Commission: 
Visiting Ispra (Italy), the largest JRC site 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 124 
04/05/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
My always supportive colleagues of 
DG CONNECT introduce me to the 
miraculous world of Twitter – 
how could I ever have lived without it? 
Source: ETHZ 
https://twitter.com/EU_ScienceChief
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 158 
07/06/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
In order to enhance transparency, 
I send my first weekly briefing to all DGs – 
sadly, others don't return the favour 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 185 
04/07/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Time to brief the President about 
some exciting European science 
Source: ETHZ 
Fabiola Gianotti, CERN
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 193 
12/07/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I am a special guest at the Euroscience 
Open Forum ESOF 2012 – but the European 
Commission seems to ignore my presence 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
On the same day my website goes online – 
updated by my own team 
Source: ETHZ 
http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/president/ 
chief-scientific-adviser/index_en.htm
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 207 
26/07/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Source: ETHZ 
After half a year, my terms of reference 
are defined in a message to all services 
of the European Commission
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 248 
05/09/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Visit to Washington: Seeking allies 
on the other side of the Atlantic 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 276 
03/10/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The Commission answers to a Parliamentary 
Question regarding public statements 
of the CSA on GMOs as follows: 
Source: ETHZ 
EN 
E-007606/2012 
Answer given by Mr Barroso on behalf of the Commission 
(3.10.2012) 
[…] The Commission wishes to use the opportunity to clarify to the 
Honourable Member the role of the Chief Scientific Adviser (CSA). The CSA 
reports directly to the President of the Commission and has the task to 
provide independent expert advice to the President on any aspect of science, 
technology and innovation and the potential opportunities and threats to the 
EU stemming from new scientific and technological developments. Likewise, 
the CSA has a role in enhancing public confidence in science and technology 
and to promote the European culture of science. In this context, the CSA has 
a role in stimulating societal debate on new technologies and to communicate 
the existing scientific evidence about such technologies. The CSA has a purely 
advisory function and no role in defining Commission policies. Therefore, her 
views do not necessarily represent the views of the Commission.
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 289 
16/10/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I organise together with JRC and DG RTD 
the first meeting of the European 
Commission with the Presidents of all 
National Science Academies in Europe 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 291 
18/10/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The fun part of the CSA job is that 
you meet very high-flying people 
Source: ETHZ 
Frank De Winne 
1st European Commander of the ISS 
Walter Koenig alias Pavel Chekov 
Commander of the USS Enterprise
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 337 
03/12/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The European Space Agency seconds 
a foresight expert to my office 
(that makes a team of 4) 
Source: ETHZ 
Dr Didier Schmitt
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 345 
11/12/2012
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I speak to the Competitiveness Council 
(= the Science Ministers of Europe) 
about the value of having a science adviser 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 423 
27/02/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Source: ETHZ 
The first meeting of the President's Science 
and Technology Advisory Council (STAC)
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 432 
08/03/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Science writes 
my unofficial 
mid-term evaluation 
Source: ETHZ 
"Indeed, Glover's influence is 
hard to discern so far. […] 
With less than 2 years left 
until Barroso's term expires, 
Glover is pressing hard to 
raise the profile of science and 
evidence in European politics."
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 440 
16/03/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Being a CSA can be physically demanding 
Source: ETHZ 
Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) 
5050 m altitude
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Sharing the sheer joy of European science 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 513 
28/05/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I join the first meeting of the 
Chief Scientists of the European Union 
Agencies (EU-ANSA) 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 547 
01/07/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I finally have my own PA 
(that makes a team of 5) 
Source: ETHZ 
Suzanne Speer
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 556 
10/07/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I have the pleasure to address the College 
of Commissioners talking about an 
innovation-friendly societal environment 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 557 
11/07/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
My office receives the first access to 
documents (= freedom of information) 
request – there will be many more 
Source: ETHZ 
Note the interest in 
my correspondence 
with other CSAs 
Estimated working 
time needed to 
prepare the reply: 
30 hours
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 569 
23/07/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
As a science adviser, you always need to be 
on top of the scientific-technical progress
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 639 
01/10/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The first publication of 
my office, including the 
first report of the 
Science and Technology 
Advisory Council (STAC) 
"The Commission should facilitate the 
establishment of a pan-European 
platform and forum on public concerns 
about science and technology. This 
platform should operate like a broker. 
It should help people to find reliable 
and robust information and to arrive at a 
balanced and well-reflected judgment on 
their own (pro and con information that 
meets predefined quality criteria)."
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 662 
24/10/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I moderate a consensus meeting between 
two opposing scientific camps 
in the field of endocrine disruptors
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 683 
14/11/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The European Parliament creates for the 
first time an in-house research service 
The European Council still doesn't have one
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 698 
29/11/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
My first public call for resignation 
Source: ETHZ 
Prof. Gilles-Eric Séralini MEP Corinne Lepage
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 705 
06/12/2013
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
In response to public demands I publish 
a detailed Conflict of Interest statement 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 733 
03/01/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The access to documents 
requests get bigger 
Source: ETHZ 
Submitted by Pesticide Action Network Europe
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Source: ETHZ 
Estimated working time dedicated 
to this request: 60 hours
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 746 
16/01/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
A seconded national expert from the 
UK House of Commons joins my team, 
replacing Ana María Costa Freitas 
(that still makes a team of 5) 
Source: ETHZ 
Xameerah Malik
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 758 
28/01/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I continue trying to convince national 
governments why they should have 
a government science adviser 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 778 
17/02/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I chair the first meeting of the 
Commission's internal Foresight Network – 
with 200+ people from 20+ DGs signed up 
Source: ETHZ 
• Subtitle 
3D PRINTING 
Also known as additive 
manufacturing, this new 
application of ink-jet 
printing technologies 
makes possible mass 
customisation of most of 
the products currently 
generated in the world's 
manufacturing plants. 
Researchers have also 
shown it is possible to 
print living cells. 
PHOTONICS & LIGHT 
Advances in photonics will 
make it possible to interact 
with light in extreme 
conditions, work with new 
materials (engineered and 
organic) and work at the 
nanoscale. The result will 
be dramatic increases in 
data transmission speeds 
and bring about zero defect 
manufacturing through 
laser processing. 
PERSONALISED 
MEDICINE 
The first generation 
of 'digital patient profiles' 
brings with it the possibility 
to offer safer, cheaper 
integrated treatment and 
diets. No more treatment 
based on averages or 
statistics, just what you 
need, when you need it, 
based on your specific 
genome and biochemistry.
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 793 
03/03/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
My office welcomes a trainee from the 
Belgian Academies for Science and Arts 
(this makes temporarily a team of 6) 
Source: ETHZ 
Sofie Vanthournout
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 823 
03/04/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Doing some hands-on science diplomacy 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 850 
30/04/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The access to documents requests 
get bigger and bigger 
Source: ETHZ 
Submitted by 
Corporate 
Europe 
Observatory 
(CEO)
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Source: ETHZ 
Estimated working time dedicated 
to this request: 90 hours
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 870 
20/05/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
I invite a number of NGOs to discuss 
how the use of scientific evidence by 
the Commission could be improved 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 904 
23/06/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Finding people 
similar to me 
in Europe 
wasn't easy 
(Situation 
01/2012)
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
In the 
meantime 
there are a few 
more of us 
(Situation 
08/2014)
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Terms of Reference 
European Science Advisers Forum (ESAF) 
Mandate 
The European Science Advisers Forum is an 
independent and informal network of government 
science advisers in Europe. 
The aim of the European Science Advisers Forum is 
to provide a platform on which government science 
advisers in Europe can 
• discuss and explore potential consensus on the 
scientific dimension of European-wide policy 
challenges 
• communicate with each other in emergency 
situations, 
• exchange experiences and best practices, 
• promote evidence-based policy-making in Europe. 
Finally: The first ever meeting of 
government science advisers in Europe 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 933 
22/07/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
NGOs ask for the CSA post to be "scrapped" 
Source: ETHZ 
"The post of Chief Scientific Adviser is 
fundamentally problematic as it 
concentrates too much influence in one 
person, and undermines in-depth 
scientific research and assessments 
carried out by or for the Commission 
directorates in the course of policy 
elaboration." 
"Until now, the role of Chief Scientific 
Adviser has been unaccountable, 
intransparent and controversial." 
"We hope that you as the incoming 
Commission President will decide not to 
nominate a chief scientific adviser and 
that instead the Commission will take its 
advice from a variety of independent, 
multi-disciplinary sources, with a focus on 
the public interest."
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Luckily, I have some friends 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
And they are very vocal 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 961 
19/08/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
The NGOs send another letter 
Source: ETHZ 
"The intention of our letter was to 
stimulate a debate about […] the risks 
that continuing the CSA position poses to 
scientific policy advice in general. […] Far 
from being anti-science, our message is 
that there should be more objective and 
diverse expertise available to policy-makers 
than any single adviser could 
reasonably be expected to provide. […] 
President Barroso’s experiment of 
establishing a CSA position […] under-mined 
expert research undertaken by 
European agencies and independent 
scientists." 
"The question is how to ensure that the 
best representation of wide-ranging 
scientific advice is available to you and 
your colleagues. The CSA position does 
not and cannot fulfil this purpose. This is 
not because of a lack of resources but 
because of the fundamental flaws of 
the role itself."
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 970 
28/08/2014
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
So, here I am – sharing my experiences 
with some of my fellow travellers 
Source: ETHZ
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
• EU policies are much more technical than national policies 
(as much of it is about harmonisation) – this drags science 
into a political battlefield. 
• Convincing the Commission of the scientific evidence is the 
easy part. It's harder to convince 751 MEPs from 190 
different national Parties as well as 28 national governments 
(who all want to say at home that their position was adopted 
in Brussels). 
• Therefore, a science adviser in the Commission must have 
counterparts in the Parliament and in the Council / in 
Member State governments. 
• The diversity of cultural approaches to science advice should 
not be underestimated. Some Member States think that the 
CSA model does not suit them, while for others science 
advice as such is an entirely new concept. 
Lessons learned (1)
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
• Many people inside and outside the Commission appreciated 
the fresh air brought by my role. In fact, there was more 
appetite for scientific evidence in Brussels than I thought. 
• There was tremendous support for the role from the 
scientific community as well as business (which perceives 
the CSA as a "voice of reason"), while NGOs opposed it. 
• Though not part of my job description, a considerable part of 
my time had to be devoted to acting as a kind of "scientific 
ombudsman" of the Commission, handling complaints about 
the Commission allegedly ignoring scientific evidence (which 
shows the necessity of such a function). 
• I have been a constant target of lobbying (under the wrong 
assumption that this would influence my advice and that I 
have much more influence than I have in reality), therefore 
transparency is essential for the function, while respecting 
confidentiality. 
Lessons learned (2)
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
• Overall I was impressed with the rigour of Commission 
procedures, while I also identified many areas for 
improvement (e.g. science in impact assessments, lack of 
harmonised guidelines for evidence gathering, selective use 
of evidence). 
• The wealth of competence and expertise already available – 
e.g. in the JRC, in the EU Agencies, in national science 
academies – is far from being fully valued and harnessed. 
• A body like the European Commission is not used to the fact 
that someone does not speak "the official line". Hence, the 
administration felt uncomfortable with my role. 
• In-house politics hampered the efficiency of the role. 
Although I had the necessary independence, I was often 
excluded from essential information (sometimes being 
informed by people external to the Commission). 
Lessons learned (3)
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
• Being attached to the President did not mean that I saw him 
a lot – but it meant that people listened to me. 
• Despite not having any institutional power, my position 
gave me unique convening power – across Commission 
services and across Institutions. 
• But: Running a Chief Scientific Adviser function in the 
European Commission is not possible without adequate 
resources. 
• I would not have achieved anything without my always 
creative and hard-working team. 
• I confess that there have been frustrating days in this job – 
but this was more than balanced by the joy of being a voice 
for the most exciting European science. 
Lessons learned (4)
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
Day 1000 
The President-elect announcing 
that he wants to strengthen the 
Chief Scientific Adviser role?
Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 
E-mail: ec-csa@ec.europa.eu 
Twitter: EU_ScienceChief 
Thank you for your attention!

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CSA Role in Providing Independent Science Advice

  • 1. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 1000 days in the life of a Chief Scientific Adviser Professor Anne Glover CBE Chief Scientific Adviser to the President of the European Commission
  • 2. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 "We also need a funda-mental review of the way European institutions access and use scientific advice. In the next Commission, I want to set up a Chief Scientific Adviser who has the power to deliver proactive, scientific advice throughout all stages of policy development and delivery. This will reflect the central importance I attach to research and innovation.“ - José Manuel Barroso, 15 September 2009
  • 3. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The functions of the Chief Scientific Advisor will be as follows: • To provide independent expert advice on any aspect of science, technology and innovation as requested by the President; • […] to provide analysis and opinion on major policy proposals being submitted to the College touching upon issues of science, technology and innovation; • […] to provide authoritative guidance on interpretation of scientific evidence in presence of uncertainty; • […] to be involved in strategic emergency planning; • To build relationships with high-level advisory groups as well as with similar structures in Member States and other countries; • To advise on novel science, technology and innovation issues; • […] to serve as an early warning conduct point on issues that might arise when scientific progress entails either opportunity or threat for the EU; • To communicate the scientific values on which specific Commission proposals are based in order to enhance public confidence in science and technology; • […] to promote European culture of science and technology widely within Europe and abroad. IP/11/1497 - 05/12/2011
  • 4. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 "Science for Policy" The institutional embedding of the CSA José Manuel Barroso President of the European Commission Professor Anne Glover Chief Scientific Adviser to the President Secretariat-General (SG) Impact Assessment Board Bureau of European Policy Advisers (BEPA) DG Research and Innovation (RTD) Joint Research Centre (JRC) "Policy for Science" European Commissioners (including Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science) Directorates-General, including:
  • 5. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Arriving in Brussels
  • 6. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 1 02/01/2012
  • 7. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 So, here I am – what can I do for you? Source: ETHZ
  • 8. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The staff I had on the first day (that makes a team of 2) Source: ETHZ Lydia Laura (Secretary) Prof. Ana María Costa Freitas
  • 9. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 23 24/01/2012
  • 10. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 On this day I met some of the key figures Source: ETHZ Johannes Laitenberger, Head of the President's Cabinet Catherine Day, Secretary-General Máire Geoghegan- Quinn, Research Commissioner Dominique Ristori, Director-General Joint Research Centre (JRC) Koen Doens, Head of the Spokespersons Service
  • 11. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 51 21/02/2012
  • 12. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 My first 1:1 meeting with the President to discuss my priorities Source: ETHZ
  • 13. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 78 19/03/2012
  • 14. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I finally have a Scientific Assistant, seconded by the Joint Research Centre (that makes a team of 3) Source: ETHZ Dr Jan Marco Müller
  • 15. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 92 02/04/2012
  • 16. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Getting to know science in the Commission: Visiting Ispra (Italy), the largest JRC site Source: ETHZ
  • 17. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 124 04/05/2012
  • 18. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 My always supportive colleagues of DG CONNECT introduce me to the miraculous world of Twitter – how could I ever have lived without it? Source: ETHZ https://twitter.com/EU_ScienceChief
  • 19. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 158 07/06/2012
  • 20. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 In order to enhance transparency, I send my first weekly briefing to all DGs – sadly, others don't return the favour Source: ETHZ
  • 21. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 185 04/07/2012
  • 22. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Time to brief the President about some exciting European science Source: ETHZ Fabiola Gianotti, CERN
  • 23. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 193 12/07/2012
  • 24. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I am a special guest at the Euroscience Open Forum ESOF 2012 – but the European Commission seems to ignore my presence Source: ETHZ
  • 25. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 On the same day my website goes online – updated by my own team Source: ETHZ http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/president/ chief-scientific-adviser/index_en.htm
  • 26. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 207 26/07/2012
  • 27. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Source: ETHZ After half a year, my terms of reference are defined in a message to all services of the European Commission
  • 28. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Source: ETHZ
  • 29. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 248 05/09/2012
  • 30. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Visit to Washington: Seeking allies on the other side of the Atlantic Source: ETHZ
  • 31. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 276 03/10/2012
  • 32. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The Commission answers to a Parliamentary Question regarding public statements of the CSA on GMOs as follows: Source: ETHZ EN E-007606/2012 Answer given by Mr Barroso on behalf of the Commission (3.10.2012) […] The Commission wishes to use the opportunity to clarify to the Honourable Member the role of the Chief Scientific Adviser (CSA). The CSA reports directly to the President of the Commission and has the task to provide independent expert advice to the President on any aspect of science, technology and innovation and the potential opportunities and threats to the EU stemming from new scientific and technological developments. Likewise, the CSA has a role in enhancing public confidence in science and technology and to promote the European culture of science. In this context, the CSA has a role in stimulating societal debate on new technologies and to communicate the existing scientific evidence about such technologies. The CSA has a purely advisory function and no role in defining Commission policies. Therefore, her views do not necessarily represent the views of the Commission.
  • 33. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 289 16/10/2012
  • 34. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I organise together with JRC and DG RTD the first meeting of the European Commission with the Presidents of all National Science Academies in Europe Source: ETHZ
  • 35. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 291 18/10/2012
  • 36. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The fun part of the CSA job is that you meet very high-flying people Source: ETHZ Frank De Winne 1st European Commander of the ISS Walter Koenig alias Pavel Chekov Commander of the USS Enterprise
  • 37. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 337 03/12/2012
  • 38. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The European Space Agency seconds a foresight expert to my office (that makes a team of 4) Source: ETHZ Dr Didier Schmitt
  • 39. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 345 11/12/2012
  • 40. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I speak to the Competitiveness Council (= the Science Ministers of Europe) about the value of having a science adviser Source: ETHZ
  • 41. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 423 27/02/2013
  • 42. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Source: ETHZ The first meeting of the President's Science and Technology Advisory Council (STAC)
  • 43. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 432 08/03/2013
  • 44. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Science writes my unofficial mid-term evaluation Source: ETHZ "Indeed, Glover's influence is hard to discern so far. […] With less than 2 years left until Barroso's term expires, Glover is pressing hard to raise the profile of science and evidence in European politics."
  • 45. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 440 16/03/2013
  • 46. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Being a CSA can be physically demanding Source: ETHZ Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) 5050 m altitude
  • 47. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Sharing the sheer joy of European science Source: ETHZ
  • 48. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 513 28/05/2013
  • 49. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I join the first meeting of the Chief Scientists of the European Union Agencies (EU-ANSA) Source: ETHZ
  • 50. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 547 01/07/2013
  • 51. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I finally have my own PA (that makes a team of 5) Source: ETHZ Suzanne Speer
  • 52. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 556 10/07/2013
  • 53. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I have the pleasure to address the College of Commissioners talking about an innovation-friendly societal environment Source: ETHZ
  • 54. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 557 11/07/2013
  • 55. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 My office receives the first access to documents (= freedom of information) request – there will be many more Source: ETHZ Note the interest in my correspondence with other CSAs Estimated working time needed to prepare the reply: 30 hours
  • 56. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 569 23/07/2013
  • 57. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 As a science adviser, you always need to be on top of the scientific-technical progress
  • 58. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 639 01/10/2013
  • 59. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The first publication of my office, including the first report of the Science and Technology Advisory Council (STAC) "The Commission should facilitate the establishment of a pan-European platform and forum on public concerns about science and technology. This platform should operate like a broker. It should help people to find reliable and robust information and to arrive at a balanced and well-reflected judgment on their own (pro and con information that meets predefined quality criteria)."
  • 60. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 662 24/10/2013
  • 61. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I moderate a consensus meeting between two opposing scientific camps in the field of endocrine disruptors
  • 62. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 683 14/11/2013
  • 63. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The European Parliament creates for the first time an in-house research service The European Council still doesn't have one
  • 64. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 698 29/11/2013
  • 65. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 My first public call for resignation Source: ETHZ Prof. Gilles-Eric Séralini MEP Corinne Lepage
  • 66. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 705 06/12/2013
  • 67. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 In response to public demands I publish a detailed Conflict of Interest statement Source: ETHZ
  • 68. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 733 03/01/2014
  • 69. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The access to documents requests get bigger Source: ETHZ Submitted by Pesticide Action Network Europe
  • 70. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Source: ETHZ Estimated working time dedicated to this request: 60 hours
  • 71. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 746 16/01/2014
  • 72. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 A seconded national expert from the UK House of Commons joins my team, replacing Ana María Costa Freitas (that still makes a team of 5) Source: ETHZ Xameerah Malik
  • 73. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 758 28/01/2014
  • 74. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I continue trying to convince national governments why they should have a government science adviser Source: ETHZ
  • 75. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 778 17/02/2014
  • 76. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I chair the first meeting of the Commission's internal Foresight Network – with 200+ people from 20+ DGs signed up Source: ETHZ • Subtitle 3D PRINTING Also known as additive manufacturing, this new application of ink-jet printing technologies makes possible mass customisation of most of the products currently generated in the world's manufacturing plants. Researchers have also shown it is possible to print living cells. PHOTONICS & LIGHT Advances in photonics will make it possible to interact with light in extreme conditions, work with new materials (engineered and organic) and work at the nanoscale. The result will be dramatic increases in data transmission speeds and bring about zero defect manufacturing through laser processing. PERSONALISED MEDICINE The first generation of 'digital patient profiles' brings with it the possibility to offer safer, cheaper integrated treatment and diets. No more treatment based on averages or statistics, just what you need, when you need it, based on your specific genome and biochemistry.
  • 77. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 793 03/03/2014
  • 78. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 My office welcomes a trainee from the Belgian Academies for Science and Arts (this makes temporarily a team of 6) Source: ETHZ Sofie Vanthournout
  • 79. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 823 03/04/2014
  • 80. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Doing some hands-on science diplomacy Source: ETHZ
  • 81. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 850 30/04/2014
  • 82. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The access to documents requests get bigger and bigger Source: ETHZ Submitted by Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO)
  • 83. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Source: ETHZ Estimated working time dedicated to this request: 90 hours
  • 84. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 870 20/05/2014
  • 85. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 I invite a number of NGOs to discuss how the use of scientific evidence by the Commission could be improved Source: ETHZ
  • 86. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 904 23/06/2014
  • 87. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Finding people similar to me in Europe wasn't easy (Situation 01/2012)
  • 88. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 In the meantime there are a few more of us (Situation 08/2014)
  • 89. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Terms of Reference European Science Advisers Forum (ESAF) Mandate The European Science Advisers Forum is an independent and informal network of government science advisers in Europe. The aim of the European Science Advisers Forum is to provide a platform on which government science advisers in Europe can • discuss and explore potential consensus on the scientific dimension of European-wide policy challenges • communicate with each other in emergency situations, • exchange experiences and best practices, • promote evidence-based policy-making in Europe. Finally: The first ever meeting of government science advisers in Europe Source: ETHZ
  • 90. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 933 22/07/2014
  • 91. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 NGOs ask for the CSA post to be "scrapped" Source: ETHZ "The post of Chief Scientific Adviser is fundamentally problematic as it concentrates too much influence in one person, and undermines in-depth scientific research and assessments carried out by or for the Commission directorates in the course of policy elaboration." "Until now, the role of Chief Scientific Adviser has been unaccountable, intransparent and controversial." "We hope that you as the incoming Commission President will decide not to nominate a chief scientific adviser and that instead the Commission will take its advice from a variety of independent, multi-disciplinary sources, with a focus on the public interest."
  • 92. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Luckily, I have some friends Source: ETHZ
  • 93. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 And they are very vocal Source: ETHZ
  • 94. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 961 19/08/2014
  • 95. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 The NGOs send another letter Source: ETHZ "The intention of our letter was to stimulate a debate about […] the risks that continuing the CSA position poses to scientific policy advice in general. […] Far from being anti-science, our message is that there should be more objective and diverse expertise available to policy-makers than any single adviser could reasonably be expected to provide. […] President Barroso’s experiment of establishing a CSA position […] under-mined expert research undertaken by European agencies and independent scientists." "The question is how to ensure that the best representation of wide-ranging scientific advice is available to you and your colleagues. The CSA position does not and cannot fulfil this purpose. This is not because of a lack of resources but because of the fundamental flaws of the role itself."
  • 96. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 970 28/08/2014
  • 97. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 So, here I am – sharing my experiences with some of my fellow travellers Source: ETHZ
  • 98. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 • EU policies are much more technical than national policies (as much of it is about harmonisation) – this drags science into a political battlefield. • Convincing the Commission of the scientific evidence is the easy part. It's harder to convince 751 MEPs from 190 different national Parties as well as 28 national governments (who all want to say at home that their position was adopted in Brussels). • Therefore, a science adviser in the Commission must have counterparts in the Parliament and in the Council / in Member State governments. • The diversity of cultural approaches to science advice should not be underestimated. Some Member States think that the CSA model does not suit them, while for others science advice as such is an entirely new concept. Lessons learned (1)
  • 99. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 • Many people inside and outside the Commission appreciated the fresh air brought by my role. In fact, there was more appetite for scientific evidence in Brussels than I thought. • There was tremendous support for the role from the scientific community as well as business (which perceives the CSA as a "voice of reason"), while NGOs opposed it. • Though not part of my job description, a considerable part of my time had to be devoted to acting as a kind of "scientific ombudsman" of the Commission, handling complaints about the Commission allegedly ignoring scientific evidence (which shows the necessity of such a function). • I have been a constant target of lobbying (under the wrong assumption that this would influence my advice and that I have much more influence than I have in reality), therefore transparency is essential for the function, while respecting confidentiality. Lessons learned (2)
  • 100. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 • Overall I was impressed with the rigour of Commission procedures, while I also identified many areas for improvement (e.g. science in impact assessments, lack of harmonised guidelines for evidence gathering, selective use of evidence). • The wealth of competence and expertise already available – e.g. in the JRC, in the EU Agencies, in national science academies – is far from being fully valued and harnessed. • A body like the European Commission is not used to the fact that someone does not speak "the official line". Hence, the administration felt uncomfortable with my role. • In-house politics hampered the efficiency of the role. Although I had the necessary independence, I was often excluded from essential information (sometimes being informed by people external to the Commission). Lessons learned (3)
  • 101. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 • Being attached to the President did not mean that I saw him a lot – but it meant that people listened to me. • Despite not having any institutional power, my position gave me unique convening power – across Commission services and across Institutions. • But: Running a Chief Scientific Adviser function in the European Commission is not possible without adequate resources. • I would not have achieved anything without my always creative and hard-working team. • I confess that there have been frustrating days in this job – but this was more than balanced by the joy of being a voice for the most exciting European science. Lessons learned (4)
  • 102. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 Day 1000 The President-elect announcing that he wants to strengthen the Chief Scientific Adviser role?
  • 103. Science Advice to Governments, Auckland, 28-29 August 2014 E-mail: ec-csa@ec.europa.eu Twitter: EU_ScienceChief Thank you for your attention!