Constructivism Learning Theory

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Constructivism Learning Theory

  1. 1. By Sarah B
  2. 2. Constructivism: What is it?Jean Piaget Piaget’s Cognitive StagesJerome Bruner Bruner’s Spiral CurriculumConstructivism in the classroom The Socratic MethodMy educational philosophy
  3. 3.  “Ihear and forget. I see and remember. I do and I understand.”-ConfuciusA learner never comprehends something “from scratch,” but learns new information by relating it to information they already know Students form what they learn or comprehend by active engagement
  4. 4.  Piagetbelieved that children and adults think very differently Hebelieved that children were natural, active learners and did not need motivation from adults to learn
  5. 5.  Piagetbelieved that children were constructing new knowledge as the moved through different cognitive stages, building on information they already knew
  6. 6.  Proposed that learning is an active process Believed that the learner constructed new ideas or concepts based on their current knowledge Constructivist learners are participatory learners
  7. 7.  Constructivismemphasizes an integrated curriculum where students learn a subject through varying ways and activities
  8. 8.  Students actively engaged in a variety of activities which build of knowledge that already have
  9. 9.  Example: Students studying the parts of a flower by researching using books, videos, and digital media.  Drawing the parts of a flower  Reading about the parts of a flower  Looking at a physical flower  Working in groups
  10. 10.  Teachersshould encourage students to discover concepts on their own Teachers should engage students by guiding them through activities which create opportunities for discussion Use the Socratic Method
  11. 11.  When students learn how to analyze problems Students are able to think critically about their view and the opinions of others Students can articulate and defend their position
  12. 12. My teaching philosophy: I believe, much like Jerome Bruner, that teachers should actively engage students in their own learning Childrennaturally enjoy learning; teachers need only to appropriately foster that drive for students to be successful
  13. 13.  Students should work collaboratively, to gain insight on the perspectives of othersI can integrate technology into my classroom to help support constructivism and engage learning too!  Digital learning games  Electronic group presentations  Various videos, digital media, and Websites

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