Implementation research: a locally tailored
intervention to improve adherence to a
clinical practice guideline
NHMRC Partn...
THE RESEARCH TEAM
• Sax Institute: Mary Haines, Bea Brown, Amanda Dominello
• Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia: Mir...
“Australia needs a stronger connection between health and
medical research, and the delivery of health-care services.
Embe...
HOW TO DISSEMINATE BEST PRACTICE?
• Clinical practice guidelines have been extensively
developed as a means to ensure clin...
“Evidence based medicine needs to be
complemented with evidence based
implementation”
Richard Grol
Grol R. Beliefs and evi...
WHAT IS IMPLEMENTATION RESEARCH?
The goal of implementation research is to reduce the
evidence-practice gap by testing str...
EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION
The growing body of evidence from implementation research suggests
several core implementation st...
CLINICAL NETWORKS: A MEDIUM FOR IMPLEMENTATION
In NSW, a coordinated program of 30 clinical networks, institutes and
taskf...
Clinical networks embody, or have the potential to enable, the core features of
successful implementation strategies and t...
• Prostate cancer is the most commonly registered cancer in Australia
and the second most prevalent cause of cancer death ...
STUDY AIMS
To trial an implementation strategy that harnesses NSW hospitals within
the ACI Urology network to implement a ...
Phase 1: Prospective randomised cluster trial
Phase 2: Before and after mixed-methods study
Sample: 8-12 NSW hospitals wit...
IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY
In accordance with best practice in implementation research12-14 we will
develop and trial a clini...
INTERVENTION DESIGN METHODS
Consultation with Cancer Care Action Advisory Group
Evaluate feasibility with policy agencies ...
SUMMARY: CLINICIAN PERCEPTION
OF BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENTATION
Workshops
Clinician – evidence
Patient – preference and cost o...
PROPOSED INTERVENTION FORMAT
• Real time point of care reminders
on pathology report
• Automatic flagging of cases at MDT
...
REFERENCES
1. Grol R, Grimshaw J. From best evidence to best practice: effective implementation of change in
patients’ car...
8. Partin AW, Pound CR, Clemens JQ, Epstein JI, Walsh PC. Serum PSA after anatomic radical
prostatectomy. The Johns Hopkin...
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Bea Brown | a locally tailored intervention to improve adherence to a clinical practice guideline

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Bea Brown gave a presentation on her research for the Sax Institute at the University of Sydney for the School of Public Health's 2013 research presentation day.

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Bea Brown | a locally tailored intervention to improve adherence to a clinical practice guideline

  1. 1. Implementation research: a locally tailored intervention to improve adherence to a clinical practice guideline NHMRC Partnership Project 1011474 co-funded by PCFA 2011 – 2014 Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12611001251910 School of Public Health 2013 Research Presentation Day
  2. 2. THE RESEARCH TEAM • Sax Institute: Mary Haines, Bea Brown, Amanda Dominello • Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia: Miranda Xhilaga • Agency for Clinical Innovation: Andrew Brooks, Violeta Sutherland, Donald MacLellan • Cancer Council NSW: Dianne O‟Connell, David Smith • University of Sydney: Jane Young, Andrew Kneebone
  3. 3. “Australia needs a stronger connection between health and medical research, and the delivery of health-care services. Embedding research into health care will ensure government investment in research benefits all Australians – through better health outcomes – and delivers the greatest economic value.” Simon McKeon, Strategic Review of Health and Medical Research Final Report February 2013
  4. 4. HOW TO DISSEMINATE BEST PRACTICE? • Clinical practice guidelines have been extensively developed as a means to ensure clinical decision making is informed by recent, credible research evidence • BUT timely and effective implementation of guidelines into practice is inconsistent
  5. 5. “Evidence based medicine needs to be complemented with evidence based implementation” Richard Grol Grol R. Beliefs and evidence in changing clinical practice. BMJ, 1997 315:418-421.
  6. 6. WHAT IS IMPLEMENTATION RESEARCH? The goal of implementation research is to reduce the evidence-practice gap by testing strategies to translate knowledge from evidence, such as clinical trials, into practice across the healthcare system.
  7. 7. EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION The growing body of evidence from implementation research suggests several core implementation strategies are effective in bringing about system wide and sustained change1-4 : • clinical champions supporting change within their practices and settings • system, structural and organisational support for system-wide changes enabling implementation strategies to be rolled out (e.g. legislation, resources, mechanisms for communication and collaboration between health sectors) • on-going monitoring, evaluation and feedback of the changes as they are implemented
  8. 8. CLINICAL NETWORKS: A MEDIUM FOR IMPLEMENTATION In NSW, a coordinated program of 30 clinical networks, institutes and taskforces has been established by the NSW Agency for Clinical Innovation. These voluntary networks provide a framework for clinicians and consumers to meet across regional and service boundaries with a mandate to drive improvements in service delivery and care outcomes through innovation in clinical practice.
  9. 9. Clinical networks embody, or have the potential to enable, the core features of successful implementation strategies and therefore are a mechanism for health system change in Australia for three reasons: 1. Clinical networks contain clinical leaders who can design and champion change to improve care within their practices and influence wider culture change within their healthcare settings 2. Clinical networks are a „ready made‟ organisational structure through which innovations may be promulgated and accelerated by clinicians 3. Clinical networks provide a structure to monitor and evaluate changes as they are implemented to answer questions about effectiveness and the success of implementation strategies CLINICAL NETWORKS: A MEDIUM FOR IMPLEMENTATION
  10. 10. • Prostate cancer is the most commonly registered cancer in Australia and the second most prevalent cause of cancer death in men.5 • Radical prostatectomy is the most frequent procedure for advanced prostate cancer • Following surgery it is estimated that between 20% and 50% of men are at “high risk” of experiencing progression or recurrence.6-10 • Evidence from RCTs indicates we should offer adjuvant radiotherapy to men with certain disease features*,** • Currently less than 10% of care within NSW complies with recommended care11 BACKGROUND/CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE * Australia Cancer Network Guideline 2010 ** American Urological Association (AUA) Guideline 2013
  11. 11. STUDY AIMS To trial an implementation strategy that harnesses NSW hospitals within the ACI Urology network to implement a clinical practice guideline for the management of men with high-risk prostate cancer: Phase 1. Assess whether a clinician-led and locally tailored intervention increases evidence based care for patients at high risk after surgery – PRIMARY OUTCOME: referral to radiation oncology for discussion of adjuvant radiotherapy in line with guideline recommendation Phase 2. Identify reasons why the intervention did or did not result in greater referral.
  12. 12. Phase 1: Prospective randomised cluster trial Phase 2: Before and after mixed-methods study Sample: 8-12 NSW hospitals with: (i) Urology MDT (ii) Member of ACI Urology Network N 5-10 Urologists that perform radical prostatectomy per hospital  l DESIGN
  13. 13. IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY In accordance with best practice in implementation research12-14 we will develop and trial a clinical guideline implementation strategy that: • Addresses prospectively identified barriers. • Uses program logic to promote clinician acceptance and change practice. • Is locally tailored to each implementation site to take account of the organisational context.
  14. 14. INTERVENTION DESIGN METHODS Consultation with Cancer Care Action Advisory Group Evaluate feasibility with policy agencies – 3 June 2013 Consumer Feedback ACI Urology Network Consumer Representatives: What patients want from their Urologist at prostate cancer diagnosis (N≈15) Semi-structured interviews to identify site specific barriers and needs Cancer Care Nurse Coordinators (N=7) Radiation Oncologists (N=9) Urologist Clinical Leaders (N=7) National Survey of Urologists to explore current knowledge, attitudes and practice and wider context Urologist members of USANZ (N=157), 45% response rate Iterative workshops ACI Urology Network Members (N=25) Interviews with nursing and radiation oncology staff Literature Review Components of interventions that have been successfully used in the implementation of clinical practice guidelines
  15. 15. SUMMARY: CLINICIAN PERCEPTION OF BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENTATION Workshops Clinician – evidence Patient – preference and cost of care Hospital systems & processes – waiting times for pathology results, post surgery appointments with Urologist & Rad Onc Survey Clinician – evidence, overtreatment / unnecessary discomfort & toxicity/side effects, ongoing clinical trial Patients – preference and cost of care Hospital systems & processes - NONE Interviews Clinician – evidence, overtreatment & toxicity/side effects, ongoing clinical trial Patient – preferences (influenced by urologist) Hospital systems & processes – variation in engagement with MDT
  16. 16. PROPOSED INTERVENTION FORMAT • Real time point of care reminders on pathology report • Automatic flagging of cases at MDT • Individual, hospital, state level referral patterns and treatment uptake • Email/SMS • Clinical Leader/ CCNC to present at MDT – quarterly • Video presentation - local, non- partisan experts: urologists radiation oncologist, consumer • Urologist Clinical Leader facilitated discussion – reinforce key messages • Summary of guideline & evidence - one page • Patient-Urologist discussion guide - BEFORE and AFTER surgery Printed Materials Opinion Leaders Reminders Audit & Feedback CLICC
  17. 17. REFERENCES 1. Grol R, Grimshaw J. From best evidence to best practice: effective implementation of change in patients’ care. Lancet 2003; 362:1225-1230 2. Greenhalgh T, Robert G, MacFarlane F, et al. Diffusion of Innovations in Service Organizations: Systematic Review and Recommendations. Milbank Quarterly 2004;82(4):581-629 3. Francke AL, Smit MC, de Veer AJ, et al. Factors influencing the implementation of clinical guidelines for health care professionals: A systematic meta-review. BMC Medical Informatics & Decision Making 2008;8(38) 4. Davies P, Walker AE, Grimshaw JM. A systematic review of the use of theory in the design of guideline dissemination and implementation strategies and interpretation of the results of rigorous evaluations. Implementation Science 2010;5(1):14 5. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). ACIM (Australian Cancer Incidence and Mortality) Books. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2009 6. Catalona WJ, Smith DS, Ratliff TL, Basler JW. Detection of organ-confined prostate cancer is increased through prostate-specific antigen—based screening. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 1993;270(8):948-54 7. Partin AW, Kattan MW, Subong ENP, Walsh PC, Wojno KJ, Oesterling JE, et al. Combination of prostate-specific antigen, clinical stage, and Gleason score to predict pathological stage of localized prostate cancer [Erratum in JAMA 1997 Jul 9;278(2):118]. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 1997;277(18):1445-51
  18. 18. 8. Partin AW, Pound CR, Clemens JQ, Epstein JI, Walsh PC. Serum PSA after anatomic radical prostatectomy. The Johns Hopkins experience after 10 years. The Urologic clinics of North America 1993;20(4):713-25 9. Pound CR, Partin AW, Epstein JI, Walsh PC. Prostate-specific antigen after anatomic radical retropubic prostatectomy: patterns of recurrence and cancer control. Urologic Clinics of North America 1997;24(2):395-406 10. Hakkenes S & Dodd K. Guideline implementation in allied health professions: a systematic review of the literature. Quality and Safety in Health Care 2008;17:296-300 11. Smith DP, King MT, Egger S, Berry MP, Stricker PD, Cozzi P, et al. Quality of life three years after diagnosis of localised prostate cancer: population based cohort study. BMJ 2009;339:[12p.] 12. Baker R, Camosso-Stefinovic J, Gillies C, Shaw EJ, Cheater E, Flottorp S & Robertson N. Tailored interventions to overcome identified barriers to change: effects on professional practice and health care (Review). The Cochrane Collaboration 2010, Issue 3 13. Grol R. Successes and failures in the implementation of evidence-based guidelines for clinical practice. Medical Care 2001; 39 (2): 1146-115 14. Prior M, Guerin M & Gimmer-Somers K. The effectiveness of clinical guideline implementation strategies – a synthesis of systematic review findings. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2008;14:888-897 REFERENCES

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