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  1. 1. Team 1)Rajani Shelke 2)Manish RavalaniPACEMAKERS 3)Rashmi Gulhane 4)Priyanka Pandey 5)Monika Ganacharya 6)Sonia Sharma 7)Vikas Kale 8)Prachi Pande 9)Pooja Gaikwad 10)Gauri Khetre 11)Anjali Shinde 12)Saurabh Gole“A Person who sets the speed of a race”
  2. 2. What is a pacemaker?A pacemaker is a small electrical device that runs on a battery and produces low voltagerhythmic electrical signals that keep the heart beating when the hearts own electricalsignals are deficient. A pacemaker continuously "watches" the electrical system of your heartand provides the needed electrical signal if your heart does not do so. During periods whenthe heart produces its own electrical signal normally, the pacemaker does nothing except tocontinue to monitor.A pacemaker system is made up of three parts:1.The generator, a smooth, lightweight case containing a tiny computer and a batterywhich makes the electrical signals needed to pace the heart;2.The connector or header, which is the part of the generator where the leads are attached;and3.The leads, which are wires covered in soft, flexible plastic that are inserted into the heartto help the generator watch the heart and carry the generator’s signals to the heart
  3. 3. Why would I need a pacemaker? Your heart beats too slow or too fast. Your heart doesn’t beat regularly. There’s a block in your heart’s electrical pathways
  4. 4. What are the type of pacemaker?Internal Pacemaker External Pacemaker
  5. 5. How it work? •A pacemaker uses batteries to send electric signals to your heart to help it pump the right way. • The pacemaker is connected to your heart by one or more wires. Tiny electric charges that you can’t feel move through the wire to your heart. • Pacemakers work only when needed. Theygo on when your heartbeat is too slow, too fast or irregular.
  6. 6. Benefits of pacemakerNeurostimulation involves modulation of the nervous system and electricallyactivate neurons in the body. The activation of neural elements in a part of thenervous system can be effectively facilitated by stimulation. Micro-electrodes areutilized to interface with excitable tissue in order to either restore recordingexperiences to the implant recipient or control an effector organ. Neurostimulationtechnology improves the life quality of those who are severely paralyzed or sufferingfrom profound losses to various sense organs. It serves as the key part of neuralprosthetics for hearing aid, artificial vision, artificial limbs, and brain-machineinterfaces. In the case of neural stimulation, mostly an electrical stimulation isutilized and charge-balanced biphasic constant current waveforms or capacitivelycoupled charge injection approaches are adopted. Alternatively, the transcranialmagnetic stimulation has been proposed as a non-invasive method in whicha magnetic field causes neurostimulation.
  7. 7. Which age group can use the pacemaker?
  8. 8. Precautions should be taken while using pacemaker/external pacemaker?
  9. 9. Pacemaker ManufacturersMedtronic, Inc., (U.S.A.)Pacesetter, Inc., from 1995 a St. Jude Medical CompanyBiotronik (Deutschland)Cardiac Control Systems, Inc., (U.S.A.)Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc., (U.S.A.)C C C (Uruguay)Cordis, Inc.ELA Medical, Inc, (U.S.A.)Elema (Sverige), later Siemens-Elema AB, and Pacesetter AB, a St. Jude MedicalCompany.Guidant (Minnesota, U.S.A. - Puerto Rico)IntermedicsSiemens-Elema (Sverige), from 1996 Pacesetter AB, a St. Jude Medical Company.Sulzer Intermedics Inc.Telectronics, Inc
  10. 10. Thank You PACEMAKERS“A Person who sets the speed of a race”