Magna Carta• England• 1215 A.D.• It reduced the powers greatly of kings and queens• This is a form of “rule of law” because this limits the powers of kings and queens with a type of constitution of law
Glorious Revolution• England• William 111 of England• Bill of Rights
The English Bills Rights• 1688• The English Bill of Rights was written to give more power to parliament. Also it Englishmen basic rights.
Enlightenment• The Enlightenment was based on a cultural movement. It promoted new ideas. Also the Enlightenment promoted nonviolence.• The Enlightenment was important because it promoted new ideas of art, science and mathematics, and architecture
Charles-Louis Montesquieu• France• He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers. It was taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitution throughout the world.
John Locke• England• 1632-1704 A.D.• Natural Rights were two types of rights that were distinctly for science and politics.
Jean Jacques Rousseau• Republic of Geneva• 1712-1778• His social contracts are cornerstones in modern political and social thought and make a strong case for democratic government and social empowerment.
Thomas Jefferson• April 13, 1743 Shadwell Virginia• The United States Constitution• He switched “property” to the “pursuit of happiness” because the emotional effect it had on the U.S.