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Concept of guidance


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Guidance: meaning, nature, scope etc

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Concept of guidance

  1. 1. .Concept of Guidance By Dr. Satish Raj Assistant Professor Scholl of Education Lovely Professional University Jalandhar, Punjab, India Email:- +91 7589110552
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  5. 5. Meaning of Guidance • Literally guidance means ‘to direct’, ‘to point out’, ‘to show the path‘. • It is the assistance or help rendered by a more experienced person to a less experienced person to solve certain major problems of the individual (less experienced) i.e. educational, vocational, personal etc.
  6. 6. Guidance is a concept as well as a process • As a concept guidance is concerned with the optimal development of the individual. • As a process guidance helps the individual in self understanding (understanding one‗s strengths, limitations, and other resources) and in self-direction (ability to solve problems, make choices and decision on one‗s own).
  7. 7. Definition of Guidance • Ruth Strang, ―Guidance is a process of helping every individual, through his own efforts, to discover and develop his potentialities for his personal happiness and social usefulness.‖ • Knapps, ―Learning about the individual student, helping him to understand himself, effecting changes in him and in his environment which will help him to grow and develop as much as possible – these are the elements of guidance.‖
  8. 8. NEED AND IMPORTANCE OF GUIDANCE • Self understanding and self direction: Guidance helps in understanding one‗s strength, limitations and other resources. • Guidance helps individual to develop ability to solve problems and take decisions. • Optimum development of individual • Solving different problem of the individual • Academic growth and development • Vocational choices and vocational adjustments, vocational maturity
  9. 9. NEED AND IMPORTANCE OF GUIDANCE • Social adjustment • Personal adjustment • Better family life • Good citizenship • For conservation and proper utilization of human resources • For national development • Help to make a satisfactory transition from home to the school. • To diagnose the difficulties in the learning of basic skills. • To help to avoid potential dropouts to study in schools. • To help them understand the purpose and meaning of life. • To plan for further education.
  10. 10. Nature of Guidance • 1. Guidance stands for the process of education as a whole • 2. The guidance is meant for all the children • 3. Guidance is attainment of self-direction by an individual • 4. Guidance as a continuous process • 5. Guidance is both a science and an art • 6. Guidance is a process of learning, helping and effective for an individual • 7. Guidance is a team work • 8. Guidance as the promotion of the growth of the individual in self direction • 9. Guidance is functional by nature • 10. Guidance is a process of assisting an individual to find his place
  11. 11. Nature of Guidance • 11. Guidance establishes an effective relationship • 12. Guidance is regarded as a professional process • 13. Guidance is individual and grouped in nature • 14. Guidance as a systematic phase of the educative process • 15. Guidance is a process of assisting to adjust • 16. The guidance is meant for the development of self • 17. Guidance as helping and adjusting • 18. Guidance as adjustment and vocational • 19. Adjustment to environment • 20. Guidance regards the worth of each and every child
  12. 12. Principles of Guidance • Principle of universality • Principle of continuity • Principle of Individualism • Principle of flexibility in methods and procedures • Principle of complexity of problems • Principle of self pacing
  13. 13. Scope of Guidance service • Educational Guidance • Vocational Guidance • Personal Guidance • Social Guidance • Advocational Guidance • Health Guidance
  14. 14. Guidance at Elementary School level • To adjust the new environment. • To adjust the special character of some children. • To identify learning difficulties and the special needs of children • To reduce the learning disabilities. • To preserve their emotional, educational, social needs. • To prevent emotional, educational, social backwardness.
  15. 15. Guidance at Secondary School level • Increase self-knowledge and how to relate effectively to others. • Broaden the knowledge about the changing environment. • Helps them reach their fullest academic potential. • Provides opportunities for career exploration, planning and decision making. • Provides an opportunity for networking with services and thus establishes an effective support system. • To help child in selecting subjects • To help child to maintain good health • To encourage children • To participate in co-curricular activities • To develop & maintain records of children
  16. 16. Guidance at University level • Sorting out their educational problems • To develop personality and behaviour • To provide a complete picture about the reality of life • To help them in achieving the goals of life • To acquaint them with the scope of higher studies • To enable them to plan and organise seminars etc. • To help them in finding job opportunities.
  17. 17. Need of Organizing Guidance Programme • (i) It helps the teachers to take note of potentialities of each student in different degree in different direction. • (ii) It helps the students and their parents to make right and appropriate career plans for future. • (iii) It helps to understand the physical, social, emotional and intellectual characteristics and the need of pupils. • (iv) It promotes efficiency in providing essential reliable and scientific data on pupils. • (v) It provides knowledge to children in making satisfactory adjustment in the school and the community. • (vi) A well organized guidance programme saves time, money and effort.
  18. 18. Need of Organizing Guidance Programme • (vii) It helps students to find a suitable occupation or vocation. • (viii) It helps teachers to understand the individual differences of children in various spheres. • (ix) It can properly utilize skill, training, knowledge, potentialities and interest of staff members of the school. • (x) It co-ordinates the work of all persons engaged in the guidance programme. • (xi) It utilizes community resources properly for ensuring smooth organization of guidance programme. • (xii) It helps the students in achieving self-development, self- direction and self-realization. • (xiii) It considers the activities and functions of the personnel engaged in school guidance services. • (xiv) It helps in developing good human relationships.
  19. 19. Principles of Organizing Guidance Programme • (i) The guidance services should be meant for all the categories of students. • (ii) Organization of guidance programme of any type— educational, vocational and personal should be done in accordance with the interests, needs and purpose of the pupils. • (iii) The guidance service should consider the total environment of the child while organizing guidance programme for them. • (iv) The guidance programme may be different in an industrial school from that of an agricultural school. • (v) The guidance services should treat the pupil in its entirety. • (vi) It should also meet the specific needs and problems of the pupil.
  20. 20. Principles of Organizing Guidance Programme • (vii) Adequate information regarding occupational and educational requirements and opportunities should be stored. • (viii) The guidance services should co-operate with all the agencies of education and provide for leadership. • (ix)Problems of pupils should be dealt with before they become serious. • (x)It should be directed towards improving pupils self- knowledge and self-direction. • (xi) Adequate provision should be made in guidance services for testing tools to be used in it. • (xii) The interest and effort of every member of the staff should be given top most priority in the organisation of guidance services. • (xiii) It should be as simple as possible.